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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta lalurdoy, April IS, THt IBTHBRIDOI HtKAlD 5 Margaret Luckhnrsl People of llto soitlli. Hotelier's daughter recalls early days "T BELIEVE I have lived in 1 the best part of this cen- Gladys Home (Mrs. Fai'rficld Lelhbridgo old-timer said during an inter- view the other day. "So many exciting things happened in Ilia earlier decades, things my gen- eration never anticipated. I re- member for instance, seeing the first car in Lclhbridgc, and well I recall the first lime I saw an airplane, Now, of course, lite everywhere is quilo different, the pace has changed, and for one who has seen so many changes, even around Lcthbridge, it is all a little frightening at times." There are probably not too many pioneers left who can look back over 75 years in Lethbridge and reminisce over the changes locally, but Mrs. Home is one of them. "My life Etory isn't very sho explained apologetically, "ac- tually it was my father who was a true pioneer, and if he were alive today he could tell many details of the early west. He did write a book on his ex- periences called "My Lite" but it was never published. It real- ly is for family reference only but It does make good reading for people interested in our early history." Mrs. Home's father was Fred W. Downer, who, as a young iad left his home In Brighton, England, to seek Ills fortune in (he New World, his book relates that lie got a liltlo tired of bis rather mundane job nnd taking leave of his parents and with very little cash in hi.i pockets, caught a ship to Can- ada travelling steerage class. Fortunately for young Fred ho met another young adventurer on hoard who wasn't nearly 13 adventurous as he thought. Half-way on the long journey lo Canada this misguided adven- turer got a terrible case of home-sickness and could hard- ly wait to return to England. Upon arriving at Quebec in the- fali of 188G he generously do- nated his train ticket to Win- nipeg to young Fred (who was pretty well stony-broke) and returned tc England forthwith. But not Fred. He caught the next train to Winnipeg where upon arrival, he promptly found himself a job as a porter in a hotel. This didn't hold his interest for too long, however, as tales of the exciting west seemed to otter more opportu- nity. He popped on a train again and went to B.C. where ho took on whatever work he could find in logging camps, on the railway, and in other as- sorted jobs of the day. For the next couple of years this young Englishman travel- led around both in Canada in the U.S. gaining experience wherever he went, eventually settling for a time in Montana. "He worked on the construc- tion of the Great Northern prior to going Mrs, Home said. "He home- steaded the town ot Columbia Falls, where eventually he built a furniture store. He sold the furniture store after a while and went to manage the Gay- lord Hotel. He went back to England to marry my mother nnd took her back to Columbia Falls. 1 expect the frontier life was quite a jolt to an English bride, but she seemed lo adjust well. I remember her telling me how surprised she was to see so much Mrs. Home was born in the Gaylord Hoi el, but the family did not stay loo long n Colum- bia Falls. Mr. Downer moved them to Great Falls where he again wcnl into the hotel busi- ness at Ihe Grand, for a time. It was while they were living here that his Interest in mov- ing buck lo Canada was renew- ed. "Mr. Robert O'Hagan, the father of another old-limcr Mrs. W. J. iFloss) Armstrong, was ati engineer on the narrow gauge railroad lhal used lo run from Lethbridge lo Great Falls. He showed my father a posler announcing the COth an- niversary of Queen Victoria's reign. 1 guess it made him homesick. He said he wanted to see Ihe Union Jock again, and encouraged by the reports of development in Alberta, he deckled to move us up here. We arrived in Lcthbridge in the fall of 1897. 1 was four- years-old." Mr. Downer went into part- nership with Wm. Henderson in opcraling the Lethbridgc Ho- tel. "Lelhbridge was very busy at that Mrs. Home said, were buildhig the Crowsnest Pass railroad so there were a lot of workers coming and going. During the extra busy limes the billiard tables bad lo be converted to beds to accommodate the over- flow of guests." "At the titne we moved lo t.elhbridge Iherc was a popula- tion of about We had electricity, but there was no sewer or waler. Waler was de- livered to our door at twenty- five cents a barrel." Mrs. Home, altl-ough an An- glican, received her early schooling at St. Aloysius Con- vent. "It was convenient and my parents liked the program. Later on 1 attended Havergal Ladies' College in Winnipeg where I graduated from high school. I was sent there be- cause other young ladies in town had attended and it had been highly recommended but il was a long way from home." Fifth Street in the pioneer days of Lclhbridge was the main shopping area, Mrs. Home recalled. "It was always very busy as II had shops of every kind for all shoppers' needs. It doesn't seem quite right that it is no longer the hub of the business district. I think shopping centres and su- permarkets are one of the greatest changes I've seen in Lethbridge, and while I sup- pose they have Iheir place, I do feel sorry for the merchants downtown." Youngsters made their own fun years ago, Mrs. Home re- called. "As a child we played in the irrigation ditches that ran down the main streets. We fished in the ditches in the summer and played in the snow in them in the winter." As Lethbridge grew, Mr. Downer expanded his business interests to include real estate. MRS. FAIRF1EID HORNE Pbolo by Ed Finloy Book Reviews War recollections and reflections "Wars and Rumors of Wars" by Roger L. Shinn (Ahingdon, 298 pages, SE.S.i, distributed by G. R. Welch Company, two-thirds ot this book consists of the au- thor's battle and prisoner of war experiences in the Euro- pean theatre of the Second World War. The remaining third is a miscellany ol mate- rial on war in general and conscientious objection to wars in particular. soon after the events described, the first part has re- mained unpublished until now. Dr. Stiinn rcsisled the urge (o rewrite it and contented him- self with adding a few foot- notes. He has allowed what he calls the naivete to stand. It is a gripping narrative, moslly about his prisoner of war ex- periences which included hun- dreds of miles of marching through Poland and Germany while cold and hungry. In- cluded is Ihe account of the premature 'release' of prison- ers by an American force, on orders by General George Pat- ton, which resulted in the de- struction of almost the entire force. Such waste of life trou- bled Shinn, as did the devastat- ing bombing of German cities. This Is the backdrop against which Dr. Shinn reflects, in the second part, on contemporary reactions to war. Although not a pacifist, Dr. Shinn is sym- pathetic to those young men in the United States today who arc opposed to participating in Lhe Vielnam war. As a the- ologian (on the staff of Union Theological Seminary in New York) he has testified lo Ihe validity of conscientious objec- lion to a particular w a r. Some of these instances are recount- ed. In the end Dr. Shinn does rot offer much hope for the elim- ination of war. Realism about the human condition prevents that. But he remains hopeful because of his faith in a king- dom that has no end. There is a unity to this book but it would not surprise me il some readers missed it. The various parts, especially in the second section, are not clearly tied together, DOUG WALKER. Japanese living art Lapse into barbarism T "The Failure of lllihcral- Istn" by Fritz Stern (Alfred Knopl, Random House of Canada Limited, SO.50, 233 'PHIS is a book of essays on the political culture of modern Germany. Professor Stern, a distinguished tu'sto- rian anrl a recognized authority on Modern Europe, examines the emergence of political il- liberalism in Germany and the complex events and situation that led to the cataslrophe that resulted from the clash of German power with the inter- ests of other European states. National socialism can only he understood against the background of German tradi- tion. Politics is more than (he collision of economic or class interests, says -he author, it is al.so a matter of attitudes or styles ol thought. From Bis- marck to Adenauer the Ger- mans have sought a father and the concept of the state has been patterned after tho model of Ihe family. A German would learn illiberal attitudes or see illiberal models at every stage of his life. In the schools, the universities, the army and in positions of authority they had evolved for so long that they had become a cultural style. The result was law-abiding docile populace, but politically very immature. Throughout Ihe book the au- thor relates the past lo the present and we begin to under- stand how a civilized nation can lapse so folally inlo bar- barism, abandon its free- dom and become indifferent to the monstrosities and savagery mclcd out to other nations and other races. GERTA PATSON, "Practical Bonsai for Ilr- ginners" by Kcnji (Ixmgm.in Canada Ltd. E ART of growing minia- ture trees in pots has been known and respected by the Japanese for centuries. T 11 c tiny replicas arc regarded as. an example of living art and arc created with superb aesthe- tic sense and dexterity to dem- onstrate the full natural beauty of the plant used as b a s i f material. Growing bonsai can becom" a passionate dedication even to the Westerner to whom it is a relatively new interest He must be natient. The rr.ward.s of his efforts are slow to show up, but once a bonsai is succcss- lully rooted, and starts to grow, a family heir- loom is born. In Japan they arc handed on from generation to generation in the confidcnca that they will be looked after as carefully as we atlempl to preserve the family plate. (Don't let the capital gains lax interfere wilh your pleasure if you should decide to lako up bonsai culture. P'orget Mr. Ben- son and enjoy cadi diminutive twig.) If money is no object you can buy a bonsai complete with, pot and rock. Fairly good ones usually cost around f50 with prices going up according to the quality of both container and plant. It is much more satisfying to me your OSWL ingenuity and initiative wilh this book to guida ya- along the way. Written by Japan's expert, Mr. Kenji Murata, founder and permanent adviser to the Bon- sai Union and Japan Suiseki In- stitute, it tells just about every- thing you need to know pre- paration methods, transplant- ing, rejuvenation, trimming leaves, cutting branches and roots etc. Numerous sketches aJid illustrations fire included, plu.i handsome reproductions of some of the most famous bon- sai in history. The jacket cover displays one of these a five needle pine, 300 years old and still going strong. JANE E. 1IUCKVALH lie built Slrnlhcona Court. Vic- toria M a n s i o n s, Connaught Mansions, and for his family a large home on the corner of Third Avc. and 13th Street S. (now the Chinook "My father was active in commu- nity affairs from the time we moved lo Mrs. Ilornc explained, "he had a great intcrcsl in the potential of the area and as a member of the Hoard ol Trade attend- ed the International Dryland Farming Congress in Colorado. He was determined lo have a similar one in Lethbridge and worked toward that end. With Ihe assistance of the board he promoted, organized and man- aged the Dry Land Congress held here in 1912. It was a big "first" for Lcthbridge and a very busy lime. My mother en- tertained guests at luncheons and teas; our bouse seemed to be busy the whole time." Following graduation from Havergal where she won two scholarships, young Gladys in- dicated she'd like lo go lo col- lege but her father disap- proved. "He didn't think this was suitable for a young lady so T returned to Lclhbridge and went to work at the Herald on the Miladi page. The paper was smaller in those days of course and contained more hometown news events. I wrote up many lengthy accounts .of weddings, teas and so forth. It was very enjoyable." "This was during the First World war before there was radio. Every afternoon one man from Ihe Pass phoned (or the latest war news. I expect he was anxious over someone at the front. On the day the war was finally over there had been a false alarm earlier a huge crowd gathered around Ihe Herald waiting for official news of the armistice." A highlight lor young ladies of that genre was Iheir "com- ing out parly" at the age of 18. "It was quite an event for me the evening 1 came Mrs. Home recalled with a smile. "Father had rented Ihe Pyth- ias Hall, we had servers in elegant uniforms and 1 wore a very lovely gown, the very latest of the day, which in- cidentally I still have. It was a freezing cold night in Novem- ber, but that didn't dampen anybody's spirits at all. It was a very fine party indeed." In 1917 Gladys married Fair- field Home who worked wilh his father in the local branch of ttie wholesale grocery chain. They built a home at Ihe cor- ner of llth Street and 3rd Ave. S. where their three children, John, Donald and Dorothy were raised. Early in the Sec- ond World War Mrs. Home was widowed. "It was a bad time for me as John had enlist- ed and spent the next few years overseas. However, I had the other two children who were of immense help to me during those difficult years." Mr. Downer lived until Into his 80s. "He was still involved in community h i s daughter recalled. "He had a particular interest In the Chi- nook Club, and on his 76th birthday be sold them our old family home for It seems to be fulfilling its pur- pose for that organization very well." Mrs, Home is a life member of the K i r Alexander Gait Chapter 10DE and was award- ed a 50-year gold membership pin for her work tn the sol- diers' cemeteries in the city. Recently she was named Iwn- orary regent of the chapter. She is also a member of St. Augustine's Anglican Church, the Pemmican Club and the Women's Pemmican Club. Al- though severely crippled now with arthritis Mrs. Home keeps in close touch with her community. "I can't read very much but I always read the Alhertan and, of course, The she said. Her son John and his family live in Lelhbridge, but both Donald and Dorothy, also married and raising families, live else- where. "Don't forget to mention Uiat I have nine grandchildren and two she said proudly, as she show- ed pictures of two grcat-grand- rlaughlers. "I don't see nearly as much of them as I'd like to, but I hear from them often." Also within her family circle is a brother and his family who live at the const. "He was in the First World War and suf- fered injuries so he is not ablo to live in this high altitude." she explained. Mrs. Home's main regrel B one consistent wilh age. "Al- most all ot my old friends are she lamented, "and each year still more of them go. It gives me a lonely feeling, after knowing them so many years. But Lethbridgc hns been a wonderful plncc in which to live, and I only hope it con- tinues to be so (or the gen- erations of. the future." Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Whelslone 'PILE mside cover slates "Whetstone is designed to encourage artistic expres- sion in all forms and creative expression in interdisciplinary thought." The 25 pages inside say things like The Grey Lndy A Personal Memoir. The Mobile Soul, Dodos Did Not Make It, Lesson in Dalliance, and The World as Dichotomy in poem and prose form. There are a number of ink, charcoal, pencil and photographic works which say other thhgs. The 32 persons who contributed the above (and more) arc peo- ple from the university and the commu- nity and all have sjwnt a good deal of time making ready their presentations lo the second annual (1972) edition of the uni- versity's first (1971) creative journal, pro- duced entirely on campus and known as Whetstone. Whetstone is an impressive project, not only because it is the physical representa- tion of a good deal of effort on the part of an editorial board and editor on campus, but it's the kind of creative work that brings together artistic lypes in the as the first sentence states. Perhaps the diversity of works Is best exemplified by the fact that the list of contributors includes people in school, people on the (acuity, people who are cur- rent U n i v c r sity of Lethbridge students, people who used to be University of Lcth- bridge students and people from Leth- bridge who care to be included in that im- pressively expanding group of establishing constructive reciprocal relationships with The University of Lethbridge. Similarly, the editorial board is madfl up of people whose specialities (academ- ic) associate them with colloquium study, history, English, art, modern languages, linguistics and the library, but whose artis- tic creativity and-or interest in the expres- sive freedom of olhers have brought Ihem lo devote much lime to Ihis the sec- ond in what will hopefully be a continu- ing series of Whetstone productions. Whetstone Is worthwhile as an interest- ing visual and literary experience anil is now available on campus. Briefly. This weekend marks the end of classes for the semester, exams beginning Monday. Stretching the histories! aspect just a touch, Ihe spring semester as il now concludes represents the last phase of operation of the split-campus, now famous (or is it for shuttle-buses, two campuses ten miles apart and some very tricky class schedules, No more. Summer session I begins May Sth and will make it? home entirely on (he west side. During May, June July the remaining "east- erners" will be moved to Iheir permanent quarters on the west side, nil construc- tion for wluch will be concluded in June. It is with a good deal of anticipation that people look forward to the Official Open- ing '72 ceremonies set for September 22, 23 and 24 to appropriately acknowledge tills new and interesting campus. In the meantime there will be semesters of summer session, spring con- vocation exercises and H certain amount of activity lo be tempered positively by en- couraging enrolment iiK'rejiScs experienced this past semester. The university greatly appreciates the number of individuals and groups which have taken advantage of student-conducted tours offered by information services dur- ing the last eight months. These have now been discontinued, for the time being at least, mainly because the student guides are in the process of final preparations for semester exams and presentations. Efforts will be made to look after the many pen pic who come to the cnmpus on week- ends and I would Iw rcrni.ss not to sUto that we arc hoping to build a good deal of enthusiasm around the official opening ceremonies which will allow the univer- sity to introduce its newest building (the physical education nrl complex) as well as the major academic residence complex, in recognition of the completion of the first phase of development of the now campus. A reminder that the complete sum- mer session calendars are now Available and the 1972-73 main calendar is just coiri- pleling its run on the University of Leth- bridge production service's press. Contact registrar. 3AU Funds At a recent, meeting of the board of governors it was report- ed that the imiversily has, to the present time, received M00.367 from Ilia Three Al- berta Universities Fund. In addilion, and as per the agreement be- tween the universities and the government, an amount of bns been received si fl matching grant from the government. The important point to be made here le- thal the much needed physical education --art complex now being completed would likely still be on the drawing board if il had not been tor the outstanding support shown to 3AU by Lethbridge and area cil- izens. ir The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY Is church iinily in retreat? A SWISS theologian, August Bernhard Hasler, has resigned from the Vati- can Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity alleging that the Pope and the sec- retariat are now giving priority to solving the Catholic Church's internal problems and have put Ihe ecumenical movement "on ice." There are many other indica- tions that the ecumenical movement will by no means be a quick and easy lobag- gan slide. In England the Presbyterian and Congregational Churches have come to- gether to form the United Reformed Church. Its membership, however, is un- der one million and thus will be but a small percentage of the lolal population while enthusiasm must be tempered by the fact that between six and seven hundred Congregational Churches have elected to stay out of the union. It also appears very doubtful that the talks between the Metho- dist Church of England and the Church of England will result in union but this will be clearer after the May 3 vote of the General Synod. The ghastly tragedy in Ireland which ap- peared to display such a division between Protestant and Roman Catholic may, how- ever, turn out lo have exactly the opposite effect of promoting co-operation and un- derstanding between the two denomina- tions, Conversations between Koman Cath- olic and Protestant have increased and deepctied quite dramatically in the neces- sity of the tragedy. Tlotnan Catholic in- volvement in the World Council of Churches has also been intensified while Uic statement of the Anglican-Roman Calh- olic International Commission on the Eu- charist was a major ecumenical develop- ment, "Beware of the terrible simplificrs; it is they who will do us most harm in the said Jacob Burkhart, the Swiss his- torian. There are no simple and easy an- swers lo Church unity for men who hold the purity of the Gospel in deepest con- cern. Nevertheless unity and brotherhood of spirit is absolute essential for the Church in facing the paganism of tha world. In the early Church the unity was so real thai the Christians were called "a third race" by their critics, a criticism lhal was their glory, The boundaries of color and nalion were transcended by spir- itual bonds so that they were all one In Jesus Christ. In Ihe light of the Gospel disunity Is a sin and in this sin every communion has shared. It is shocking how easily disunity comes in to disrupt relations. On the occa- sion of the Women's World Day of Prayer this year a leader in one town with a tri- vial excuse threw out the order of service used in the world wide worship on that day and substituted OTIC of her own. The act violated the vcn spirit of the service. The Church is Ihe basis for Ihe unity of mankind. As St. Thomas Aquinas put it, "The union of men with God is the union of men wiih one another." The conception of mankind as a universal family of God is only possible in a world wide Church displaying a profound unity. Only the Christian Internationalist can challenge in the name of Christ the blasphemy of a self-sufficient rationalism. The desperate need and hope of the world is (or (ha coming of the Kingdom of God on earth and to join with the Holy Spirit in the creation of this Kingdom is the primary task of the Church. A divided Clnirch is a farce and a hypocrisy. Diversities arc en- riching and right; disunities are smfuf and wrong. But we must remember that God Himself is a creator of unity and the uni- fying spirit cannot be generated by merely human efforts. The Church has Ihe mis- sion and destinv of proclaiming and rm- bcdying the love and Ihe Kingdom of God but she certainly cannot do this in rivalry, hostility, and denominational pride. Good, bul not good By Doug U'alVrr up mv offer of prom- ised immunity from being filler fodder enough JTLSPCTlt took if she could identify the writers of the cd itorials for the last six days of February. She called them correctly for the first five days and then failed to pass the final hurdle. Thirteen editorials were published dur- ing the test period: six were by Jane Huck- vale; two by Clco Mowers; one by Mar- garet Luckhurst; and four by me. Elspetti gave Margaret credit for writing a piece Jane had authored. Awareness that Jane had gone on a winter vacation was Elspeth's undoing. I have to admit that Elspeth is very per- ceptive about our differing stylos but I'll bet she didn't know that Joe Balla and Jofl Ala contributed editorials recently, ;