Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
In 196T President John F. Kennedy set a goal for America in space. believe we should go to the moon before this decade is he said. On February 20, 1962, John Glenn became the first American and the second human being to orbit the earth. Our physical trip to the moon had begun. In the years since, America's space program has been the center of jubilation and bragging and criticism, advances and setbacks. As America enters its second decade in space we have thoughts reaching far beyond the moon. For the future we would be wise to keep in mind that not only the joys of the past, but the frustrations as well, will be magnified many times. MERCURY 2-20-62 Glenn 5-24-62 Carpenter 10-3-62 Schirra 5-15-63 Cooper 3 orbits (Atlas 6) 3 orbits (Atlas 7) 6 erbits (Atlas 8) 22 orbits (Atla: 9) GEMINI 6- 3-69 12- 6- APOLLO Schirro, Eiselc, Cunningham, )63 orbits (7 Borman, Lovcll, Anders, 10 moon orbits McDivilt, Scott, Schweickort, 151 orbits (9) Stafford, Ccrnan, Young, 31 moon orbits (10) Armstrong, Aldrin, Collins, moon landing (II) Conrad, Bean, Gordon, moon landing (12) Lovell, Haise, Swigcrt; lunar landing aborted (13) Shepajd, Roosa, Mitchell, moon landing (14) Scott, Warden, Irwin, lunar rover (15) HIGHLIGHTS ASTRONAUTS OF SPACE EXPLORATION SPACES 1962-1972 EARTH ORBITS Carpenter Schirrd (3) Cooper (3) Grissom Young (3) Mercury-Ailas 6: Feb. 20, 7963, John Glenn is first American in orbit. Gordon Cooper mokes 22 earth 5 orbits May IS, 1963, tinf McDivitf (2) White Conrad (3) Borman (3) Lovell (4) Stafford (2) long night by American, Gemini 4: Ed White takes 21 -minute "space walk" r' during 62-orbit with Jones McDivfff June 3, 1965. 7: Walter SMtra, Donn fj'sefc and Waller Cunningham taks first manned Apolla flight (163 orbits) Oct. II, 1968. TRANSIUNAR ORBITS s Apollo 8: frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders, lint voyage around 1 moon (10 orbitil Dec. 21, 1963. Apollo 11: Neil Armstrong, first man en moon July 20, 7969. Edwin Aldrin follows 1 while Mike Collins stays in command module. Apollo 12: Charles Conrad and Allan Bean land on moon Nov. 14, 1969. Rich- ard Gordon pilots command module. Apollo 13: Paver failure en- route cancels scheduled lunar landing April II, 1970. I Apollo 14: Man ShcparJ, tint American in space, landion moon Jan. 31, 1971. Apollo 75; David Scott and James Irwin explore lunar surface in "moon huggy" July 26, I97J. Cunningham Anders Schwcikarr: Bean Swigert Warden Irw MANNED VS. UNMANNED In 1959, S330 million was without human pilots, appropriated lo the National The feat raised anew the Aeronautics and Space Ad- question of the merits of ministration. By 1972 the fig- manned versus unmanned ure had catapulted to more space flight. Luna 16 cost than billion. something over However, manned flight one-sixth the price of Apolla programs have faced trouble li- as a result of the spectacular Proponents of unmanned fiighr or the LiSSR's Luna 16 spuci; enyluruiiun ory spacecraft in 1970, which a move away from manned landed on the moon, scooped flight would not only be cco- up a few ounces of lunar ma- nomical but would also clini- tcria! and returned to earth inate the risk to human life. Backers of Ihe manned space program, however, point out that automatic ex- ploration suffers from one in- surmountable deficiency: You cannot build a machine to ob- serve the unexpected. Pro- poncnts also suggest that the relative cost of plugging a as disparate as it may ap- pear, since the capability for manned flight has already been developed. CASUALTIES Three American astronauts vcie killed in n sudden fire Jon. 27, 1967. Virgil I. Gris- som, 40, Air Force colonel and one of the first 7 Mercury project astronauts; Edward H. White; 2nd, 36, Air Force lieutenant colonel and the first American to "walk" in space; and Roger 8. Chaffec, 31, Navy lieutenant com- mander who had not yet mode a space flight, were partici- pating in a full-scale simula- tion of the Apolla program's first launching. The astronauts were tho first to bo Killed vhile en- gaged in n spsce test pro- gram. Earlier three American astronauts had been killed in plane crashes. There hove been no casualties among American astronauts since.