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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD MONDAY, APRIL 15, 1946 Fernie Centre of Rich Coal Mining Area the same as the capacity of the Elk is also sold as fuel for heating V V -i- Modern Collieries of Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Produce More Than Half of British Columbia's Total of Tons of Coal in Reserve River plant. i Keeping pace with, modernizing jthe coal industry, tne Crovr's Kest [Pass Coal Company supplemented its long batteries of beehive type of coke ovens at Michel with 20 by- product coke ovens and the tetter now produce the lion's share of the company's coke. About a hundred of the older type of coke ovens are still oper- ated at Michel, this process pro- large buildings in cities across west. Before shipment of coal eastward to Ontario vas stop- ped in '1942 to assure the vest of required supplies, much Fernie and Michel coal had been going to eastern province, pulp and paper companies, gold mining and owners of large buildings pro- viding a substantial marker HEAT VALUE OF COAL the teat value of different t can be drawn awav and the opera- Pouiie- tion is completely "mechanized. The 1 Production figures for the coking nrocess in the i and Micnel fields reflecs the up- ovens requires oclv hours. 31ECHANICAL, CAEKIEK A large mechanical carrier oper- ating on rails dumps coal into ward surge in coal mining activity accompanied Canada's all- out war effort. Rapidly accelerating their opera- ovens and when the coke is ready iions" by" emcloving more men. the it is pushed out of the oveas by collieries in "tile two fields boosted a long steel bar and omo a production past the million endless chain. The emotv oven is i ton-mark earlv ia the war. The immediately re-filled with coaL consoaay's output was cording to T. G. E-A-art, assistant i result el the general strike of coal to the president, in charge of busi- j miners in AlberJa and British Co- ness administration for the coalilumbia for higher pav. mining company, -the C-PJR. can] the late W R WU- take all the tar we can give." Founded to the late w. K. wa- Gas from the by-product coking! ovens Is used as fuel around the 1 _.jnded by the son. who for manv years was presi- dent of the company, the CroWs Kest Pass Coal Company now has ihis son, H. B. Wilson of Fernie as Marketing the coke Is without president. The tatter's son. T. H. anv worries, smelters in Canada vrasan of Fernie, is the general and tne united States readily ab- manager of the comoany and W. C. maintenance work. Its monthly pro- duction !S about. 25.000 tons of coal. UNDERGROUND WORKINGS The underground workings which were started the original Michel colliery in 1899 are still being oper- ated and ar that colliery two seams of coal are in production. Several others of the known. 18 in the field have been worked out for miles from the cleaning and washing plant. About 125 of the men employed i3t the Michel colliery are residents jthe colliery worked about 190 davs of Fernie, travelling the 23 miles j a year. j to and from work by special buses, j Since 1934 the Michel colliery has Remainder of the employees live in j had more than 200 working days a j Natal and MicheL year, averaging nearly 250. It "has i Favored with a good cleaning been working full time since the i plant and able to establish large outbreak of war. Production has i markets throughout Canada and; been exceeding the northwestern United States, the ianx of raial mnnfT Michel colliery did not receive as jsorbing the entire production. A special tyoe of foundry coal is also made in the beehive ovens and this product is sold to foundries and shioyards ai Vancouver and Seattle. As can be expected for all the steam coai mines in the Crow's Nest the northwestern United States, the tons Of coal monthly. j Michel colliery did not receive as The colliery's plant for severe a blow during the depres- i coal, washing Whittaker of Fernie is general superintendent. RED CROSS SHIPMENT following shipment was made to headqusr- Red Pass, the C.P.R. is the principal iers from the Natal-Michel market for coal from the E3k I Cross branch: 6 small quilts, 18 and Michel collieries, taking more girl's singlets, 16 girl's panties, 1 than half the total output. babr gown. 2 baby's underpants, 10 The company also enjovs a strong bovrs shorts, 5 baby jackets. 2 baby bonnets. 1 oair bootees. 5 pairs girl's mitts. 9 pairs men's mitts. 5 plant for sizing- _ it with water and ,sioa years as many other coal then giving it a dustless treatment, _ Even during its worst- period has a capacity of 3oO tons Vancouver and Seattle. Much coa! i socks, 9 balls wooL general market, supplving various industries, particularly "public utili-. j ry companies manufacturing arti- j boy's sweaters, 3 pairs boy's knee ficial gas and coke at "Winnipeg, j.socks, 1 pair mitts. 1 pair ankle Engraving. Shown here various views taken at collieries operated, at Ferras and Michel. B.C., by the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company. TAd. At the top are the company's two coBiery plants, the oas at the left being the BEfe Biver colliery lour miles east of Feraie, and the one at the ligat the Michel colliery. Both are ne-w plauts. The centre pictare, taken by the Travel Bureau of the British ColtauMa government, shows coke betas- dischareed from one of the 20 byproduct coke ovens operated at the Michel colliery. The mass of coke is being pushed oat ot the oven by a huge bar. As the coke breaks up and falls into tise trough at the right, it is carried away on an' endless rhain. At the bottom can be seen a general -view of the Elk River col- Uery. The colliery's processing plant can be seen in the valley, while a 40-degree inclined mine railway runs tip the mountainside for feet to bring the coal from three seams to the sizing, wasn- Ing and dusUess treating plant. This new colliery, the most modem in Caisada, was established at a cost of and also hanaes the production from the one seam still operated in the Coal Creek workings, this coal being brought to the new plant on the railway seen hugging tha mountainside at the left, just above the colliery's plant. (By .Staff Reporter) FER-XiB, 3.C., April More than 55 per cer.t of Eiiush Columbia's annual coal pro- duction is coming from two large collieries in the western section of toe Crow's Nest Pass. The collieries, operated by the CroVs -Nest Pass Coal Company, miles east of Fernie and Michel, produce at times more than a -million .tons of high grade fcjfamiyiniif coal year for max- kets scattered between the Pacific coast and Winnipeg. I Last year these collieries, each of which boasts a comparatively new I plant, sent out of the 673 tons of coal produced in all of British Columbia. Their production was higher in the preceding four years. Employing more than a thousand men at its collieries, the pioneer coal mining company has an over- 1 all employment roll of 400 men above its pre-war, level and, u suf- fitieafc experienced miners were available, could readily engage an- other hundred men. A total of 375 men are employed at the nearby Elk River and Coal Creek workings and 550 at the Michel colliery. Sixty men are also employed at coke production at the Michel Dlant, which nrocuces be- tween and ions of coke annually. EU3IEXSE RESERVES Even with its high rate of pro- duction, the company, which started operations here" in 1897 and at Michel in 1899, has so fears of running short of coal when K has billions of tons of coal on the acres on which it owns the coal rights in southeastern British. Columbia. Confident of a bright future even in the less prosperous year of 1937, the company quickly rebuilt its colliery plant at Michel after as was destroyed by fire on October 2o of that year. The new plant is fully modern and is operated in conjnnc- ion with the only by-product cofc- ng ovens to be found in the Crow's Kest Pass. Continued confidence was re- flected by the company when it established the River colliery just east- of here at a ccst of more than sparing neither money nor effort to completely elec- trify the plant and i; the best colliery plant in Canada. 'While regarding as fantastic the estimate made by a Dominion gov- ernment geological survey that their property contains 11 billion tons of coal, officials of the company, nevertheless, are certain that "we have enough coai in our acreage for centuries to Tests have revealed that at some points in their vast acreage there are at least 18 seams of coal varv- ing in thickness between five a'ad 20 feet. The company started operations by bringing the old Coal Creek mines into production near this city in the fall of 1897. and this colliery and its modernized versions operated continuously until Novem- ber, 1943, albeit on slack time dur- ing various periods. At the peak of its history the collierv was "em- ploying well over a. thousand men in 1913. LOSE RATL MARKET When the Coal Creefe colliery lost the Great Northern Railwav as a customer, the American railway having switched from Fernie coal to Montana oil. difficulties devel- oped and for six months 1933 the colliery was completely shut down for lacs of markets. When it re- sumed operations only 165 rcen could be given work for three days week. "In IS'sO, however, the great de- mand for coal for railways and war industries pressed the Coal Creek colliery into full time operation and the working force was graduallv Jn- creased. Construction of the Elk River colliery was started in May, 1942, and in November of the follow- ing year the new plant went into operation and the Coal Creek plant was abandoned. Development work has brought three seams of coal, ranging from five to 20 feet in thicir.ess. into production at the ;iiew colliery. The new plant also j handles coal from one seam of the jpoal Creek workings which is still i in production. There are 11 known seams of coal on Uiis property. While the colliery plant is com- pletely electrified outside, power in- side the mine workings is supplied by compressed air. Working full time sivce the new colliery was established his been a wholt shift for regular operations and a small afternoon shift for nickel anadian AUSTRALIA is me woricFs largest producer Of fine -wool. Canada is the world's largest producer of Nickel. Wool is Australia's chief export. Less than three per cent of the Nickel produced in Canada is consumed in Canada. The rest is exported, and the money received helps to pay for Australian wool and Other products necessary to good living in Canada. Canada cannot keep on importing from other lands unless Canadian goods are exported. Also, we must continue to export Canadian Nickel if we are to continue to employ thousands of Canadians in the Nickel mines, smelters and refineries, and other thousands who produce the lumber, -power, steel, machinery and supplies purchased by the Canadian Nickel industry. By constantly expanding the use of Nickel at home and abroad, the Canadian Nickel industry brings additional benefits to Canada and Canadians. THE INTERNATIONAL NICKEL COMPANY OF CANADA, LIMITED, 25 KING ST. WEST, TORONTO W SPAFER ;