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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta ______ FLU-SUES' FOtKAST HIGH WDNBDAY 40 The Uthbridge Herald VOL. LX1II No. 1M LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1170 paras NOT ovra CENTS THREE SECTIONS 42 PAGES Biggest Jtfcm Killing Grim Sight: Hundreds Of Bodies Float Down Cambodian Stream Boditt Dot Woton For A Up Ttw Mekong Rivw NEAK LEUNG (AP) -fix nodfe of 'hundreds of Vietaam- feated down the Mekong Hirer a southeast May, many with their handi tied beted them. II appeared to be DK biggest miss kilting yet revealed in Cambodia. A police official at the Neak Leung ferry crossing 36 miles southeast of Phnom Peak the Cambodian Capital said he hid couoted 400 bodies (hit morning. But still they come, and more could be sees for a mile up the river, until itdiiapcr. ired around abend. Some womee were among tie slain. Host were men clad only in black shorts. Ooe group of eight bodies, including one woman, floated by bed together. Cambodian along the Including the police said they had no idea where the bodies came from. The government leaders who deposed Prince Nordom Sihan- ouk have been whipping up an anti-Vietnamese campaign di- rected not only al the thousands 'of Viet Cong and North Viet- namese troops who operate back and forth across the bor- der with South Vietnam but at the Vietnamese who .live In Cambodia. The Khmer people of Cam- bodia and lie Annamiles of Vietnam have been traditional enemies for centuries, an gov- ernment planes dropped kaOets in Phnom Penh Saturday re- minding the people o( a historic massacre when "the Khmers once rose up and killed all An- namites on Cambodian territory in one night." Indian Ri Court Cases In Prospect TORONTO (CP) Canada's Indian, Eskimo and Metis have obtained an 'outline of broken treaties and ignored aboriginal rights in a legal reput re- leased here that is expected to become the basis lor court cases across Canada. Walter Dieter, president of the National Indian Tuesday 85 per cent of the land b Lhe country is mfulfilled.treaties ia some areas and no treaties at all in others. The National Indian Brotherhood has "deems" of claims" before it, he said in aa Intoriew, and the brotherhood is waiting to hear'from local bands ind prprada! organizations, to Brt pripritiej on wbicn claims are.based to take to .court in test I .The, JB-page report was conmlSGtoaed by.the.In- djan-Eikhno Association of Canada uid the National Indian'Brotherhood. prepared by a team of lawyers, law professors and rrmulUnti headed by Draii John MicdoBild of the UmTOsiiT 'of To- ronto's taw faculty. Calgary oil millionaire Eric-Harm, 78, made an undisclosed grant from the Harvie Foundation to pay .forthettidy., Half Signed Nothing report says half Canada's Indians entered info treaty at Ibe request of the Crown. The other half, including Eskimos in the Yukon and Indians ia Brit- ish-Cohurpia and the Maritimes, were never given that opportunity. "This raises significant questions about the legal correctness of dealings with land.in- the- remaining., the report says. "If I legal remedy existi for non-treaty areas, now in Bon-Indian ownership; it could' only be a claim for compensation. Such a daim not, io dale, been pursued in wr courti." Even where treaties were made, the report nyi, "certain treaty promises have bees broken by tbt federal government, notably in relation to bunting and fishing "Our courts have held that the federal govern- ment can override .treaty by legislation. The qwBtion whether such legil deprivation of .ipeclal rights can grve rise to a claim for compensation Is a matter that has not been pursued our The federal government had never been .wed to compel it tti honor treaty promises, such M the (flota- tion ol reserves in the north. MayActSooit Note Tone MM Crippled Spaceship Nursed Toward Earth WASHINGTON (CP) The state department said day the United States "can wi- ther accept nof acquiesce in" the recent Canadian assertion of Arftic and temtorial-sea juris- diction. In particular, the statement said, "we are concerned that this action by Canada, if not op- posed by us, would be taken as precedent in other parts of the world, for other unilateral infr- ingements of the freedom .of the seas." In general, (he statement, ap- proved in advance by Slate Sec- retary Wnb'am Rogers, was considerably milder in tone than suggested in a flood of rumors here Tuesday. 'Tor the reasons indicated earlier, the United States cannot accept the unilateral jurisdic- tional assertion. and we have urged the government to defer makog' them effective while cooperating in efforts promptly to reach tatmtation-, ally-agreed solutions." The statement, distributed to the press at the daily state de- partment briefing, represent! the gist of a U.S. note handed to fjmiHian Ambassador Marcel Cadieux who was summoned to the state department Tuesday, a spokesman said. In Ottawa, informed sources were quoted Tuesday as saying Canada would reject, firmly but politely, the U.S. complaint. "The history of U.S.-Canadian relations is unique in world.af- fairs for its closeness and co-op- the statement said. "We are cmftdenl that, in this spirit, our two countries wll continue to resolve.our differ- ences amicably and with mutual Confidence Buikh Up 'They Will Make It Fran AP-Rortm HOUSTON (CP) Apollo 13's astronauts nursed their disabled spaceship beck toward earth today as confidence built among space officials that they would make it. But the men have no margin for error or further malfunc- tions. They are living and Cyiag on emergency "supplies. James A. Lovell, Fred W. anil John L. Swigert were boarding- their vital oxygen, TROUBLE: Miss _ BULLETIN HOUSTON Control reported today that the Apollo 13 spaceship was oft course and must make a mid- course engine correction tonight or Thursday'if it is to return to earth.If the firing is not suc- cessful, the spaceship would miss the earth by 1M miles and probably would have no way to get home. However, officials'noted tbat. the dunces of making this course correction were "excel- lent." The normal firing would be done with the engine of the lunar module, a power plant that fired .flawlessly Tuesday night. A burn of only a few seconds is required to aller the course to 'aim at the desired iMvtmg area In the Pacific Ocean. If the lunar module engine should fail, the astronauts could nse the small control jets on the either the lunar module or the command ship. Space Sidelights MOSCOW (Reuters) Soviet two Russian ships have been or- Premier Alexei Kosygin offered dered toward the splashdown President Nixon today al] possi- assistance in'recovery of the Apollo 13 astronauts and said target area in the Southwest Pa- cific. Dean Macdoiuld says in the report that Indian, Metis and Eskimo people are becoming so toncemed about their treaty and aboriginal rlgbU that they ea> be expected to take their claims to court "in the near future." Alternatives to costly court cues would be a ne- gotiated settlement o( claim, a claims commigini or a legislative jolutioo, perhapf similar U the one cur- rently proposed in the United States lor claim In Alaska, he said. Mr. Dieter said the claims range from large tracts of land with the attached mineral rights lo null, camp grounds 'or fishing stations. "In a number of these the Hudson's Bay Co, onus land rights in the centre of a reserve. We want to know bow this happened. "I don't sec it ever being straightened oat satis- factorily. I hope they will make some attempt to sit down and listen to UK Indians." Walter Currie, president of the Indian Eskimo As- sociation, Mid in bV Yukon and Northwest Territories, where land was aside for native people bat nem given lo them, the contract Is "nun and raid" ird new contracts should be driwo up. Whea Canada eltimi its tarttorii] rights in UK Arctic, h. de- terniM bow nucb tba r U.S. Judge Turns Down Motion BOSTON (AP) Federal Judge Andrew Caffrey turned down today a motion by a pro- fessional stenographer to bar release of the Mary Jo Ko- pechne inquest transcript. But. stenographer Sidney Upmaa may appeal. The transcript, a 764-page document, and the 12-page judge'! report on the inquest had been scheduled for release at 11 a.m. by Suffolk Superior Court. The action was the latest legal tangle ia the case involv- ing Miss Kopechne, t a-year- oU Washington, D.C., secretary who was drowned last July in the car of U.S. Senator Edward M. Kennedy (Dem. Brooks Woman Found Dead In Hotel LEDUC, Alberta (CP) Di- ane Beasley, a, of Brooks, WM found dead ia a botd Tuesday. Police uid they bettered she hit her bead while in the bath- tab nd drowned. Aa ntopiy will be performed. OTTAWA (CP) Defence 'Minister Leo Cadieux said Tues- day the government will re- spond lo any request from the .United States, for naval stops which might aid in recovery of the Apollo astronauts. He was replying' in the Commons to Wallace Nesbitt a former naval officer. AUCKLAND (AP) Prime Minister Keith Horyoake offered today, the assistance of New Zealand's navy ships ad in recovering the stricken ApoDo 13 spacecraft after splashdown. HOUSTON (AP) Having talked with President Nixon and met with NASA's top official, two Apollo 13 wives resumed the vigil today over their hus- bands1 troubled space nussoo. N'ixon telephoned Marilyn Loven< and Mary Haise late Tuesday to express concern (or the crew. Mrs. Haise and Mrs. Lovell 1 stock close to home, watching television newscasts-and listen- Ing to communications between the crew and flight ctujtiuUers. VATICAN CITY (Reuters) Pope Paul prayed today for the safe return of the three' ApoDo 13 and laid that he the universal trenHstico orer thai fate. water raid power, supplies effec- tively as Apollo 13 escaped from lunar gravity and sped into the earth's sphere of mOoence at a point miles in space. The spacecraft was travelling miles in hour. The astronauts rested and did little as they conserved their consumables. They were in good spirits after the tense hours of Monday and Tuesday. An oxy- gen tank rupture late Monday aborted their moon landing plans and placed them in the gravest danger ever faced by American astronauts. Although confidence was building that they would land safely in the Pacific, officials cautioned there is always a pos- sibility so me thing could go wrong ia the remaining two days. The astronauts have been reduced to dependence on the power and other resources, of the attached lunar.landing' Cldft, OB (be performance of the lunar module, flight- director Eugene Kranz said, "I think the LM spacecraft is in excellent shape, and I think it's Fully cap- able of getting the crew back. I fed we are much better off than we were last night as far' as consumables and everything is concerned. We have better margin to work with and we have more flexibility." The' astronauts will ride the command ship through the at- mosphere to a planned splash- down near Samoa in the Pacific at f.M p.m. EST Friday, some 46 minutes, later than earlier es- timated by the space agency. Because o( the possibility that tropical storm Helen, now about 500 miles away, might be in the leooveiy area, Mission Control toU the astronauts it might delay a final course correction until Thursday afternoon. GO ON RATIONS The astronauts rationed wafer, oxygen nd power to keep them alive for splash- down. The system that purifies the oxygen was giving them trouble' by allowing too much carbon divsids, a product of breathing, into their cabin. They were told to rig up a makeshift system that would help remove the COZ. With two days to go it's stiH a potentially perilous journey, with the astronauts reducMJ to dependence, on the power and other resources of the fltlacned hoar module Aquarius. And ahead DCS the critical re- entry when the crippled com- mand ship Odyney must carry LoveTJ, Raise and Swigert on a blistering dive through the earth's atmosphere. WOttlED MAN i Astronaut Alan B. Shepnard, Jr., America's'. first tpan, poied ihij study ai KB communicated with, the troubled Apollo 13 ipqcecraft crew-from .Mission Control Memned Spacecraft Centre, Houston, Today. Shepherd Is commander.of the. Apollo Hipqeefligfit, scheduled for launch in the fall. Two Persons Dead Following Party Copithorne Moves Over To Conservative Side EDMONTON (CP) Clar- encee Copithorne, the only In- dependent member of the Al- berta Legulacore, announced today, he will join UK rdne- rnember Progressive Conserva- tive opposition. "I am Joining the Progres- sive the 49- year-oM member from Banff- Cochrane lotd the house. In an interview, he said he had been disappointed with the Social Credit gorcrnment'i pot- Ida oi and by iti current stand on the federal white piper on taxation. "I also found that I supported the bilb proposed this year by the opposition during the ses- he MHJ. "In fact, some of the honorible members have already said 1 had joined the opposition." Mr. Coprthw, A nnchtr, was elected to the legislature in the 1967 genera! election. He narrowly defeated a Social Credit candidate by vote; (o The New Democratic PBtjr WM taw 374 votes in the three-way nee. Standings in the legislature BOW are Social Credit 51 aad ConserritHes 10. Mr. Copithorne said the re- iction from members In his riding was mixed, but many havt promised lo support Urn in the next election, During this session Mr, Copl- presented one bill, a proposal to 'let Aug, l ts a to panlai. ond Htoni ABOUT TOWN I ETH BRIDGE FARMER Pete Zmirfhik unhappy, with ttie federal govero- meol's Operation Lift (wheat acreage seen walking along the road near Taber carrying out his own project Operation Bottles (picking up dlscirded bottles) Mrate Dart- recalling me "good old days" when farmers got together for a butchering willi ill the goodies like hontt-made and hickory-sacked CALGARY (CP) -.Police said today that two persons are dead and six others are in hos- pital poisoning in- cident at a party in Canmore, 50 nules of Calgary. Dead are Donald Malcolm Ronald Gor- donHubrcan, of Can- more. Three males and three fe- males ranging m age from 14 to 25 j-ears are in hospital, m serious condition. Their names were withheld. Police said the victims were i Calgary Storm Slows Traffic CALGARY (CP) _ Traffic moved slowly today on roads made, icy by an overnight snowstorm. The weather office reported that three Inches had fallen in the Calgary area In the 24-hour period to 5 a.m. MST today. A further two .Inches was forecast before sides cleared and tem- peratures rose Thursday. The snow came from an In- tense storm that travelled northwest from Utah Tuesday night. The Alberta Motor Associa- tion Mid highway conditions in southern Alberta were normal, with exception of Highway 2 south from Calgary, wftch was anew-covered. attending a party during which a possibly some form of raw alcohol, was mixed soft drinks. Alberta Stays Gunmen Hide In Building WINNIPEG (CP) Three masked gunmen who apparent- ly hid in a north Winnipeg bank before opening hour es- caped with the contents o( ils main vault today after locking the staff In a basement room. W. Cowling, manager of the Bank o( Montreal branch at Main St. and Bannerman Ave., Mid the loot was not esta- Immediately but term- ad k "labataBDaL" OTTAWA (CP) Federal and provincial governments Tuesday set up machinery to cpur adoption o( recommenda- tions made last (all lo curb health care costs. The action come at meetings among senior officials which were boycotted by Alberla. Re- ports were that the Alberta gov- ernment Is irted at federal Health Minister John Munro over a recent speech. Mr. Munro told a meeting last Reek on llio Saddle Lake Indian reserve in Alberta that the province Is profiteering on In- dian health services financed by Ottawa. His accusation drew B heated denial from Alberla Health Min- ister James Henderson, who de- scribed Mr. Munro's arithmetic as "nonsense." In lurn he ac- cused Ottawa of trying to back away from federal responsibil- ity for care of Indians, The dispute failed (o disrupt the talks here although ques- tions about Alberta's absence met willi embarrassed evasions from participant who conferred behind closed doors. Louis Riel Stamp OTTAWA (CP) A six-cent stamp honoring Louis Riel will be bsued June 19, the 100th an- niversary of the year1 in which the Metis leader reached trie apex of career, the post off- MI department announced ;