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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta - \ VOLUME XI. LETHBUIDGE. ALBERTA. MONDAY, APRIL 15, 11)18 NUMBER 105 BRITISH LINES BEING FIRMLY HELD Diary of Hun Officer Clearly Shows Objects of the Germans HOPE FOR PEACEABLE SETTLEMENT NOW London, April 14.-There are strong hopet in London that Irish troublee will undergo a gradual and pacific solution. An (important fact Is that the menace of critical event* In France overshadows all other considerations snd Imposes restraint upon all the fact-Ions of Irishmen and their ardent British supporters. ARE DETERMINED TO DESTROY BRITISH ARMY AND GET TO CHANNEL With the British Army In France, April 15.-(By the Associated Press) -An interesting and Illuminating dial'}* concerning tlio great German offensive waB found on an enemy officer 'belonging to the ,twenty-sixth division who was killed south of He-L buterne. In this document the writer stated that the general intention was to separate the British from the French, but in any, case the main effort would be directed against the former. The day for the beginning of the attacV:, March 21, was called ''Michael Day" - to symbolize the fact that it was to be "German"Michael'*" day of revenge. Michael is a popular genejric name for the German. Writing on March 18, the officer said: "We belong to the seventeenth army. The commander is at present unknown; the chief of the general staff of this army, however, is Count Von Delmensingen, who was with ua in Italy. At last we are getting further information about operations on this front. Masses of J troops are moving forward. "In the salient south of Arras attacks will be launched at three different points, the code names for which will be 'Michael 1, '2 and 3.' Zero Day is to be called 'Michael Day,' the name being the symbol for the German .Michael's day-of re-venge. The geuor�l"Tlnw T�f advance In a western direction to fixe ports of Boulogne. Abbe vale, etn., is in order to separate the British from the French. If France is left to' herself she will come to terms quickly, i therefore the chief blows are to bej directed against the British. Preparations have been so carefully planned that failure is almost an impossibility. | "In spite of all of this, if it should' happen that our attack is held up at any one point it will be immediately broken off there and troops j moved to another sector. We have a colossal amount of artillery at our disposal. For instance, in our di-j vision, of.which only two regiments will be in line) we have sixty-eight batteries and several hundred_trench mortars of various calibres. Gas Is to be freely used. "An immeasurable quantity of ma-' terial is.at hand for bridging tren-' ones and shell holes�JiO enable transport and artillery of the attacking in-l'untry to follow up the enemy. Large formations are following behind to ileal with tho booty,,wounded and prisoners. "Our forward move is via Valenciennes and Denain to the neighbor AFTER HIS FUTILE ATTEMPT AT PEACE Can't Explain His Actions Satisfactorily to Germans Who Are Displeased ------- 0 Amsterdam, April 15.- Count CzernIn, the Austro-H ungarlan foreign minister, according to a dispatch from Vienna has resigned. Emperor Charles accepted the resignation and entrusted Count Caernln with the conduct of foreign affairs until hi* successor is appointed! The recent publication by the French government of the futile peace appeal sent out by Emperor Charles of Austria-Hungary in March, 1917, and the efforts of the emperor and the Austro-Hungarlan foreign office to explain this letter to the satisfaction of Germany .and, the German emperor, probably were the most potent influence in bringing about the resignation of Count Czernin. Since he was appointed foreign minister on December 8, 1916, Count Czernin lias . been very active in attempting to brtng about peace and the moderate t6he of his speeches has been in sharp contrast with that of the German chancellors and foreign secretaries. However, hit participation.in th� forced pe*c^ noon Baaaiu as well a* that upon Roemanla; did' not show that his actions Jcopt'Step with his words. �'� In, the Vpew* offensive." ter the present'year, Count Ciernin, in the AuB~trian.relchsrath.40n January 25, suggested an exchange of views between Austria-Hungary and the United States, but there was always doubt as to whether his peace manoeuvres were honest. Count Czernin on April 4, in an address at Vienna declared that Premier Clemenceau had sought peace negotiations with Austria. The French premier replied, that Count Csernin lied. The French and Austrian foreign offices then issued statements explaining the unofficial negotiations in Switzerland. Early last week the French government declared that Emperor Charles and Count Ccernin both had said that the claim of France to Alsace-Lorraine was just. This brought a denial from Emperor Charles in the form of a telegram to Emperor William to whom he reiterated his loyalty to the German cause and denied that he had said France was justified in wantiug Alsace-Lorraine returned. Opposed to Pan-derma ns i,�rf ~o sii,...!.., i i,,,, ____1 Count Ciernln is a very close friend ll00Loi�l}Tl*y- J.}}Tt}?J}7 m5n!of Count Bercbtold, foreign minister. at the outbreak of the'Svar, and who has been reported as the political mentor of the young emperor. Count Berchtold has been opposed to the pan-German war party and htB resig nation was brought about by them. In addition to being foreign minister, Count Cternln was premier and chancellor of the dual empire. He is about CI years old. Huns Continue To Sacrifice Men In Their Vain Attempts To Capture The Keys To The Channel Ports GERMAN COL/RTS FOR BELGIUM NOW A Duel of Big Armies Paris, April 15.-The military critic of the Temps writes: "Two adversaries possessing about the same number of forces face each other. These forces on both sides are composed of approximately two hundred divisions or five million men. "Both adversaries are equally determined to make an. end of the other. It Is hopeful of final decision and each aims at the vital point. It Is no longer a question of progress or gaining an advantage or of shortening ttte line. "The enemy army must be destroyed. ~- "Faclng the strategist of tho Masurian Lakes is a French general of marvellous Intelligence and aetivity. He economizes his forces and awaits his hour. The duel of the two men will decide the fate of the world. "The enemy failed at Amiens on March 26. In a struggle Of this character a blow missed can become singularly dangerous for the one who attempted it, and we have the feeling the success obtained up till now by the adversary Is of doubtful result. "They have gained advantages but they have placed themselves in an unstable situation which can become perilous. ''Completely engaged, he is obliged to pursue his plan to the end. He is like a man who asoends a steep mountain ImeV who 1* Hanging on a narrow (edge-between precipices. If he sue-eeede ha will win a brilliant vie-' tory. If tie .fails disaster Is inevitable. In this, success which.' has not been won immediately, the situation becomes problematical. That of the Germans becomes more so each day."' British Repulse Seven German Attacks on Sunday in Vicinity of Neuve EgKse-British Line Is Still Holding Firm in Spite of Continued Assaults of Desperate Huns- French and Americans Have Success in Repulsing Strong Attacks T. Labor Members Threaten To Withdraw Their Support in my platoon. Their morale and general condition Is satisfactory. Everything passes on smoothly and it is strange to think of all - the troops who are marching westward on til various roads over a wide front tonight. Germany is on the march." I COMB OUTOFCUOTE i GOVT. RAILWAY YARDS BU Categories "A" and "B" of Class One To Be Called in Full Ottawa, April 15.-Nothing official has yet been given out by the government as to the proposed amendments to the Military Service Act. It la generally believed, however, that the government proposes to take step's which will mean that the majority of men of Class One of both first and second medical categories are likely to bs in uniform at no very distant date. In other words there is likely to be a most vigorous combing out of all unmarried men and widow-era without dependents between the ages of 20 and 34 years. It la considered unlikely that'the second class will be called until this combing process has taken place In the first class. Every effort will be made to speed up the hearing of appeals bsfore the appeal tribunals and-authority may be taken which will materially shorten the procedure in connection MThe machine gun is the dominating feature of the present open fighting southwest of Ypres. says the correspondent of the Daily Mail at British headquarters and the issue of local battles often turns on the answer to. the question of which aide can get its machine guns into oommandlnc positions first. Just south of St. Florin", on the Lys canal toward Merville, British traope rushed a brick field and were clearing it of Germans and would have killed them all but for a machine gun post nearby! The correspondent continues::, "The idea behind the German plan in sending troops forward in succes hundred . yards appears to be \h&t under such conditions retirement la almost impoesible." A British officer explained to the correspondent: "We nearly always broke ttoe first line. It would fall bacK.but it cannot as the second wave comes up and carries It forward again. There is a movement of recoil then, but by tbiB time .the third wave is advancing and on comes the attack once more. "Thus the Germans, by deliberately, sacrificing large numbers, are able sometimes to make little gaps in our line. ' / "A party of refugees from Bailieul With the British Army jn France, April 15-The battle about Neuve Eglise, near the Belgian border which has been re-taken by the Germans, continued to rage . this morning with the same intensity that ha* (narked it for days and the Brltleh are pounding the Germans hard; Another seswult on Bailleul, four milts we*t of Neuve Eglise, is expected Momentarily. The latest reports this afternoon showed that �j� Brltisheline was being strongly held as a whole in .the north tone and in some . instances had been considerably improved by counter attacks. The British last evening followed up their. sufcees of Saturday when they pushed the Germans back-from Robeeq-on the Clarence River. Local' counter attacks delivered on th* German positions three thousand yards to the east of thia town were completely successful and. the enemy again was forced to felt'back somewhat. The/British In the course of the afternoon also pushed out several potts north ef the canal between the Lawe and- Clarence rivers. London, . ;Apr!i 15.--Seven attacks by .-Imp Germane in the Merville- eeeeor of the northern battle frWwt Have been repulsed by they British, who MHNeted heavy ttesacjn-the enemy, It Is annouweeev  WBJjNi ily>J The BritlttfmiVe lost Neuve Eglise. Southwest of Bailleul the Germane temporarily penetrated the' British petitions but were driven out by a counter attack. HOLDING FIRM v; . London, April 15,-nThe entire allied line'in Belgium and France is holding firm. .Nowhere have the Germans been, able, notwithstanding the great numbers of men-hurled against it, especially that portion on the Flanders front where British are holding forth, to gain an inch of ground. Field Marshal Haig's order that no more ground be ceded to the enemy is being rigidly complied with, as is attested now by the thousands of German dead piled before the British positions southwest of Ypres, where it is ' the ambition of the German high command to break through and envelop Field Marshal Haig's forces and gain, an open highway toward the English Channel. slve waves at intervals of about one reports that the town Is burning.' THE FORMALDEHYDE HAS NOT BEEN TAMPERED WITH Edmonton, Apr. 15.-Early last week the provincial department of agriculture received numerous reports from various points in the province 4h/it seed treated with formaldehyde was not germinating. Immediately the department secured samples, treated seed, and had it placed in* germinators by Prof. Cutler at the University, and by the agronomists at the schools of agriculture. Chemical tests were also commenced by the provincial annalyist, Mr. Kelso. Reports of five day's germination teste of seed treated with formalin from 26 different parte of the provinces shows seed of high germination, and strong vitality. Nineteen tamplee at the University teated an average of 08 per 08nt for treated esed as against 89 per ceht for untreated seed of similar kind, and origin. The provincial analyst states "I find no evidence of adulteration of any kind whatever In the samples submitted to me for analysis." From the evidence at hand, the department feel absolutely eafe in atating that formalin has not been adulterated, and will not result in Injury to seed, If fresh, clear formaldehyde is used, at the rate of one pound to forty galloni of water. Sunt. Fairfield announces similar results from hur tests at the experimental farm. With the French Army in France, April 15^-(By the Associated Press.) -All efforts of. the German high command tor the present are directed toward the systematic destruction of the British armies. Having failed to break the communications between the British .and French, the enemy has turned his sole attention northward and it appears likely that the Germans will continue to throw all their available strength in that direction. The enemy's plan seems to be to deliver a succession of hammering blows at different points between the Somme and the sea and with the desire of bringing about a British evacuation of the entire northern district of France. Six German armies are participating in the battle raging along the front. There is a remarkable parallel between the present battle and the operations after the battle of the Marne, when there was a race toward the sea between the Germans, who were endeavoring to reach the channel ports, and the allies, who succeeded in stopping the Germans' push, and. although forced under overwhelming strength of the German armies to recede some distance, they are planning a -stern resistance to a further advance. Americans Won With the American Armies in France, April 13.-(By the Associated Press.)-After another night of tej'-rlflc MtUlery fire and a bombardment with gas? -shells, the Germans' continued today their efforts to drive through to the third line of the American positions near Aprembnt Forest, northwest of Toul. They made two attacks, both of which failed. The enemy's casualties in the four days' fighting are estimated between 300 and 400. On The French Front Paris, April 15.-Oh the front above Mont Didier the French made a successful local attack last night, taking prisoners, the War Office announces. The statement follows: "In the region of Haugard the French carried out a local operation with complete success arid took ten prisoners. Since April l'J, we have taken 150 prisoners in tuts sector. "Between Mont Didier and Noyon, and in the Champagne,, south of Mont Tetu, we carried out successful raids and brought back prisoners. A German effort north of the Chemin Des Dames, southeast of Corbeny, was without success. "There was intermittent bombardments at several points on the front." British Official London, April 15.-The British official statement follows: "Severe fighting contlnued'all day yesterday around Neuve Eglise. After beating off numerous attacks our troops were in the end compelled to withdraw a second time in the village. "Strong attacks were made by the enemy yesterday afternoon at a number of points on the battle front. Northwest of Merville fierce fighting took place as a result, of which the attacking German infantry were driven back with great loss. The hostile infantry advancing along the northern bank" of the Lys . were caught by the fire of our artillery and were unable to develop their attack. "In the course of the day no less than seven attacks were delivered by the enemy in the Merville sector, all of which were repulsed with heavy loss to his troops. In one case the enemy advanced to the assault In five waves. Under the weight of this attack our line was bent back slightly, but was completely restored by a counter. attack. "Southwest of Bailleul, parties of the enemy succeeded temporarily in penetrating our. positions, but were driven out by. our counter attacks and our line was restored. "Successful � minor operations were carried* out. by us during the night east of Robecq. Several machine guns and 150 prisoners- were captured by us. : " Fighting took place also early this morning south of the Somme, in the neighborhood of Hangard. Our position in this sector hae been.improved and a number ofN prisoners have been taken. The hostile artillery was active last night  in 1 the neighborhood of Bucquey." Havre, April 15.-The German intention to replace Belgian tribunals by German courts is confirmed by a notice issued by Governor Von Falkenhausen, basing the measure on political manifestations by Belgian courts which refused to sit as a protest against the arbitrary methods of the invaders. The notice eays that until German courts are organized military commanders will undertake the repression of crime and misdoings. ACCEPTANCE OF THE Threatened to Resign and Socialists Got Into Line to Support Annexations MANY OFFICERS London, April 16.-A caaualty list published by the War Office today contains the names of 604 officers. Seventy-nine were killed, ,265 died of wounds, and 140 are mlssi/ig. Presumably this is the-first casualty list from the heavy fighting in France in the last three weeks. Amsterdam, April 15.-The Tag-lische Runds Chau of Berlin, a copy of which has been received here, contains a story that Count Von Hertling, the German Imperial chan cellor, broke off relations" .with Ma-thias Erzberger, leader of tb.3 Catholic Centrists in the -reichajtag, and threatened to resign when informed by the leaders of the majority party that they adhered to their resolution for peace without annexations or indemnities. Sections of the majority party, the newspaper adds, thereupon decided to accept the government's new pro gramme for incorporating - French territory and the coast of Flanders into the German empire, and levying war indemnities on the 'western pbw era. The majority Socialists have also accepted the programme of annexations, � says the newspaper. The Taglfache Rundschau 'also- declares that Herr Erzberger in 1917, during the reginfe of'Chancellor'Vain Bethmann-Hollipeg, "made *""peace, offer to the enemy through a .Dutch journalist. This offer, the' paper says, amounted to a plea for peace at any price. ' "Chancellor Von Hertling now refuses to receive Herr Bribergeri" the paper states. �  E- Japan Will Not Relax Her Vigilance on Behalf of the Allies A Pacific Port, April 15.-Viscount Ishii, Japanese ambassador to the United States, succeeding Ambassador Sato, arrived (here today enroute to Washington. In reference to Siberia tiie ambassador said that if the Imperial Japanese government deemed it necessary to undertake the sending of a military expedition into Siberia, such intention would be for the bonefit of the entente allies and not for Japan. He declared any suggestion of a Japanese-German alliance to be absurd. "Germany may establish bases in Pacific waters by a successful drive through Siberia," said Ambassador Ishii. "in this event," he continued, "it would be up to Japan to sweep them away. We cannot guarantee that Japan could do this, but we weflia try our best, and we must not relax our vigilance." He admitted that there was a possibility of Germany gaining a foothold in the Pacific by successful operations in Siberia. Ambassador Ishii would not discuss the Janding of Japanese troops at Vladivostok." HUN FLEET IN FINN! Stockholm,- April 14r--The closing scenes of the'Finnish revolution may soon be enacted, 'according to the indications In the latest reports from" the strlfe-rldden area. A portion of -the German fleet-is.now lying in Helslngfore \ harbor and German troepe which have been landed have taken Hy- ' vlng, which is the railway Junction south from Rlkldaakla. This severs the communications of the : Red Guards in Helslngfore with Viborg. The Germans tare also closing in on Helslngfore from other quarters and rare now within twelve miles of the city at one point. ' J E RULE BILL BEING DRAFTED BY CABINET Plan An Irish Parliament With Full Control of Internal Affairs WILL ALSO CONTROL TAXES; ALLOWANCE MADE FOR ULSTERITES London, April 15.-A committee of the British cabinet is now drafting an Irish Home Rule bill, the parliamentary correspondent of tho Daily Telegraph says. An Irish parliament and executive' will be established with full powers over the internal legislation and administration and over direct, taxation. Representation in the Imperial parliament will be retained in the form' of a delegation of forty^two members from Ireland. An Irish senate of 04 members, he adds, will be constituted by allotting representation to different interests. The Irish house of commons will, consist of two hundred members, eighty guaranteed to be Unionists chosen in the south by nomination and in Ulster by an additional direct election. Supreme authority of the Imperial -parliament will be recognized by the reservation ,of powers relating to the crown, to foreign relations, to the army and navy and to minor services and interests. Control of the police and post offices will be retained for the period of the war. The completion of land purchases will be*, expedited. For the period of the war and two years afterward*the control of. customs and excise will be reserved. As soon as possible after the establish-'' raent, of an Irish parliament 'a Joint' exchequer- board will be set up to" determine the true revenue of Ireland. .On the conclusion of - peaceva royal commission will be appointed to examine impartially and thorough- ' ly the financial relations of Great > Britain and Ireland to report what contribution Ireland ought' to make to Imperial expenditures and submit proposals as to the ,best means of adjusting the economic and financial relatlous of the two countries. Provision probably will be made. for the appointment of an Ulster committee within the Irish parliament with power to modify, or even exclude, the application from Ulster , of measures of legislation or ad-, ministration which may not be deemed consonant with the interests of the province. His Appeal Stirs Nation London, April 15.-(Via Reu-ter's Ottawa Agency) - Field Marshal Haig's grave, moving appeal to the troops has profoundly stirred the nation. Indicating that the struggle has reached a point that may be decisive, it forms the text of articles in the newspapers urging every man and woman- in the British Isles to take it to heart. While breathing confidence that the noble armies which already have proved their mettle will leave nothing undone that mem can do, and that with the French rushing to their aid they will yet save the day.- -. A dramatic glimpse of the desperation of the fighting is afforded by an episode in which the headquarters staff of two brigades opposing General Bern-* hardy's troops on the River J.awe plunged Into the struggle with rifles, while one general led hie orderlies into the fray, ----�, s., � - Amsterdam, Apr. 15. - Thousands' of persons gathered In the streets of Prague, capital of Be> , heifiia, on 8*turd�y, denouncing the Germane and cheered the n-tente and President Wilson, say* a despatch from that city to the Lokal Anxeiger of Berlin. All the Ciech-members of per* llament and.party delegates, together with Slovene end terbo-Croat delegates met In the town hall end adopted a manifesto. WEATHER High ..... Low ..... Forecast: Fair end coeU 4 4ft 21 9?98 ;