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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDbE HtRALu Soluroay, April i4, IF An earlier retirement Lethbridgc ML A Ju'.in Anderson raised an interesting matter in the legislature the other day. He pro- posed that retirement pensions b e paid at 60, and that Alberta civil ser- vants be retired at that age. Quite properly, the House "talked out" Mr. Anderson's motion, but that doesn't mean there isn't good sense behind the idea- Mr. Anderson argued that there always will HP unemployment in this country, and pessimistic though that may sound, undoubtedly he is right. Automation, cybernetics and all the other space-age labor savers are here to stay. While people in other countries may be willing to have their streets swept, their fields cultivated and their clothes washed by hand labor, simply to make jobs, North Americans are not. Many of the unemployed are young people, capable of working and for the most part anxious to do so. At the same time there are large numbers Mr Anderson says over the age of 60 who are still regularly employed. The general proposition is to retire the oldsters to jobs available to younger workers. This notion sounds all right mathe- matically, and probably would work out financially, too. Enormous sums are being spent on unemployed youth, in welfare payments, unemployment insurance benefits, vocational train- ing costs and various youth-oriented schemes. If these ftrnds were used to augment existing sources of re- tirement income, they should more than offset the costs of earlier re- tirement. But it isn't that simple. There are people involved, and they can't be treated as though they were mathematical or financial problems. There is no good reason why a man of 60 should have to hand over his job to a man of 20, unless he wants to- A tenuous theoretical case can be made for saving that if there must be unemployment, there is some societal advantage in having the young working and the old idle, rather than the other way round. In a general way that's how it works now, with people more Weekend Meditation likely to retire the older they get. But that doesn't mean that all people any, for that be retired at a particular age, as long as they are capable of doing their work and have any financial or other need to keep working. The "best" time to be unemployed isn't a matter of age at all, but one of temperament and resources. Youngsters who like the life style that goes with back packs and hitoh-hiking are likely to be happier roaming the highways than tied down to regular employment. Other young people prefer stability, homes and children, the things that go with having a steady job. The roamers wouldn't be at all distressed by un- employment, while to the others it could be intolerable. There are similar differences among older people. To some, who are still quite capable of handling steady employment, there are so many more interesting things to do that they joyfully retire the day they can afford to. To others, unemploy- ment is the worst of fears. It not only threatens them with privation, but it could wreck their lives, de- stroy their self-esteem and take away their reason for existing at all. It would be completely wrong, then, and in some cases inhuman, to ar- bitrarily take jobs from older people and give them to the young- But it would be emminently sensible, and socially desirable, to make earlier retirement possible and attractive to those who want it. Making retirement possible and at- tractive means guaranteeing a de- cent standard of living, and that means much better retirement in- come than most older people now look forward to, and with ample pro- vision fcxr inflation, too. It prob- ably means, among other things, an entirely new philosophical position, as well as massive changes in social legislation and the system of taxa- tion. Such changes may well be desir- able, and if they are they are pos- sible. When they have been made and only then it will be time to talk about retiring old people to pro- vide jobs for the young. "Be fair... they achieved it without nasty, long-drawn-oat haggling, threats, violence, injunctions, picket lines, closing Ross River never gives up By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator Hope heals the heart Doctors report that hope accomplishes miracles of healing in the hospitals. They cite incidents of astonishing recoveries when the patient has hope and cases of unreasonable decline and death when hope is lost. Prophets of doom are abundant these days. Even theologians go about muttering sadly "God is dead." Most people seem to be descended from Arthur Schopenhauer was the supreme German philosopher of pessimism in the last century. Noel Coward expressed the lack of faith of mil- lions in Cavalcade and Bertrand Russell was only one of the legion who advised men to build their house on the founda- tions of "unyielding despair." Fatalism and determinism are too easy for most minds to escape. Are men not at the mercy of physical events such as in- jury, war, disease, and death? Heredity is a second inescapable fatalism. A third fate is in the environment and society into which a man is born. Such an emotional bog. however, simply is unacceptable to commonsense. Men are to some extent free and responsible. The law treats them as free and responsible and their conscience holds them free and responsible. If a man is a murderer, a thief, or an adulterer, he has chosen that destiny for himself. The heroes of the race have been men "who against hope belreved in hope" as St Paul put it. "This hope does not disappoint us." he continues. Lent is the time of hope, when spring comes back to remind men of the faithfulness of the Creator. Every flower and robin bursts with hope, Tbe hopeful people are the inventors and build- ers of society. No pessimist discovered penicillin or anything else. Only an incur- able optimist like Columbus could discover America. Only hopeful men could abolish slavery and reform society. In the his- tory of mankind, the hopeful men and wom- en have been right, the hopeless wrong. "God is our hope and says the Book of Common Prayer interpreting Psalm 46, a very good translation since hope is so joined to strength and both are born of God. St. Peter says that the resur- resurrection of Jesus brought mankind into a "living hops." And it was this living hope that was the heart of the Christian faith. True enough, love is something the world badly needs, but it was hope that reached down into the caves where the slaves rot- ted, hope that rescued men from the fatal- istic philoscsiry of history in both Herodo- tus and Tacitus, hope that set a rainbow in the sky and widened men's horizons with confidence in eternal life, hope that told every poor sinner and slave of bad habits that he could be redeemed, hope that told men that they could become "Icings and priests unto God." Some people maintain that life kills hope and makes men disillusioned. Not so, maintains St. Paul. Hope is the result ot experience! "We glory in tribulations also, knowing that tribulation works patience, and patience experience, and experience PRAYER: 0 God, make the sad and broken hearts to sing again the song of hope. F. S. M, The casserole A British professor of biology has propos- ed a crash program to develop a new and different Pill, one that will prevent the birth of females. By drastically reducing the proportion of child-bearers among the population, perhaps 10 something like c -Tiloin the population explosion. They hiweier, to explain how the 'mad rtJirr'i.-s'.." idea jot started. ers, and illustrating a certain type of mag- azine. Grudging credit must be given a staff Tnembt-r from a rival newspaper for dis- covering what happened to the coprophili- acs v.ho u.-.c3 to draw all the dirty pic- -ures on board fences and wash-room they arc making movie post- With the caption "Proof of the pudding is in the an unabashedly socialist magazine concerned with "truth" atwut the U.SSR. recently published a picture of some rcmarksMy clear ice. and proudly identified it a5, being piled up on shore of Late This, il proclaimed, -was irrefutable proof of the supcr-punty of that lake's waters, thus forever refuting the capitalist calumny that a socialist lake could possibly be polluted. A student of physics might not find this type of proof altocdhcr convincing, es- pecially if he recalled some of the effects of freezing on the process of precipitelion. An old soldier on the other hand, prob- ably would just say "Don't eat that, El- mer OTTAWA The lot of the regulator is not necessarily a happy one, as shown by the cur- rent plight of Pierre Juneau and his fellow sages the Ca- nadian Radio-Television Com- mission. How are regulations to be reconciled with the public notions of natural justice in the case of the enterprising viewers of Ross River? While there has been a fair amount of comment on the somewhat irregular proceedings of citizens in the Yukon commu- nity, much of it has glossed over two very difficult prob- lems. If northerners were merely disadvantaged in com- parison with other Canadians, it would be very regrettable. The matter, however, is much worse for they have been victims of taxation without reception. Many of them for many years have been taxed, no less than other Canadians, for services they did not get. According to the latest Blue Book, taxpayers no r t h ana south will be required this year to support the Canadian Broad- casting Corporation with in operating subsidies and in "loans" for capital expenditures. Within government the term "loan" has a somewhat unusual mean- Ing; in this case, obviously, it can be repaid only by those who provide it; that is to say by the patriotic taxpayers, including those of Ross River. The same citizens will also have the privilege of providing some for the CRTC which supervises the CBC and other networks. In addition, we have a very large some million in Anik which is supposed to en- sure, among other results, that people in commsunities such as Ross River receive these in- disDensable services. It now appears that, in spite of the edicts of the CRTC in both official languages, in spite of the efforts of the CBC as mentioned in annual reports, and in spite of the scientific miracles ordered by govern- _ ment, the cifizens of Ross River have been unable, by approved means, to receive the services for which they pay. Owing to a pair of misplaced mountains, the televised signals directed to- wards them by a CBC repeater at Faro are diverted elsewhere into the great beyond. On the evidence of various ill- tempered letters to editors, there are apparently people in southern Canada who feel that the disadvantaged residents of Ross River are more to be en- vied than pitied. Well adjusted persons in greater harmony with the official outlook will re- alize instinctively that such atti- tudes are wrong and ought to be deplored. For the CBC is no ordinary network; it has been given a mandate by the Govern- ment and Parliament. To state the matter in general terms, its mission is to keep us culturally pure and to guard our fragile nationalism against dangerous foreign thoughts and airwaves. It is heartening that the pio- neer people of Ross River were not prepared to stand idly by while they and their children were cut off indefinitely in prime television hours from the CBC's life-giving flow of en- lightenment, violence, mayhem, soap, social criticism and sfiir- ring tales from our national capital. Nor could they suffer the best efforts of the CRTC, the CBC and the wizards of sat- ellite communications to be frustrated by the uncooperative Experience has shown that vexing local problems of this sort are not always adequately grasped by high officials mov- ing in refined Ottawa circles. It is not altogether surprising therefore that the leaders of the Ross River community received inadequate encouragement they discussed their do-it- yourself project with federal people. The response apparently was that, in such matters, even experimentation is forbidden and that licensing, apart from the expense involved, could im- pose a delay of as much as nine montl-s. It is quite possible for the moral fibre of a community to be impaired hi a much shorter time. Mr. Juneau and his col- leagues will doubtless realize that the situation at Ross River is out of the ordinary. Thus, in parts of the south, the problem is to induce persons enjoying a choice to adjust their dials to approved CBC channels. The merit of the Ross River resi- dents is that they chose deliber- ately (this, of course, being the sole option) to bring the CBC into their living rooms. One can understand the applause on of it from benches to the left of Mr. Gerard Pelle- tier, the Minister of Commu- nications, was invited by Don- ald Maclnnis to send a message of congratulations to Ross River. For the fact is that the citi- zens, undeterred by regulations and difficulties, did succeed in linking themselves with the na- tion, the Minister, the CBC and the CRTC by constructing their own television receiving station on a local mountain top. With their assistance, the CBC is at last in a position to do what it could not do before, even with heavy subsidies and the Anifc satellite. After all these years it can service people (who have always paid for it in any with its miscellaneous treasures of Canadian and imported con- tent. There is, of course, a legal difficulty. On the narrow vJew, the CBC is in a sense being bootlegged into Ross River. It would seem utterly ridiculous, however, for the CRTC to per- mit a regulation, or even sev- eral, to stand in the way of cul- ture, national unity, lectures on ecology, and the voices of CBC news personnel reporting in re- spectful tones the latest word from our political and bureau- cratic governors in Ottawa. Such an attitude would never be understood by the enterpris- ing folk of Ross River. In addi- tion, it might arouse unseemly hilarity elsewhere in the coun- try. The CRTC will doubtless realize, on reflection, that a most worthwhile work has been accomplished by Yukon resi- dents inspired by patriotism, concern for deprived children sr.d the pioneering spirit of the True North strong and free. France keeps quiet about bomb By Anne Head, London Observer commentator PARIS The French min- istry of defence is still main- taining its silence on reports that its next nuclear tests in the Pacific will be underground explosions on the island of Eiao in the Marquesas, instead of tlie atmospheric tests so far carried out The ministry re- peals that the final decision about any bomb tests lies with the minister, at present the hard-line Gaullist Michel Deb- re, and ultimately with Presi- dent Pompidou. Mr. Hugh Watt, deputy prime minister of New Zealand, will visit Paris during the last week of April in an effort to persuade the French government to slop the test'; altogether. There have been suggestions that the gov- ernments of both New Zealand and Australia may take direct action against the tests, such as sending warships to Ihe area of the explosions. Public opinion in France re- mains tolally indifferent 1o 1he Political parlies the cue-lion OTl of 1he limclielit during the recent election cam- paign. The common procram of Ihe Left, signed by the Com- n-unist and Socialist par- tjos in June 1S72. committed a1- Mslf reluctantly to continuing the present nuclear defence program, at least on a short- term basis. 'I. Dibrc is a tireless advo- cate of French national inde- pendence in matter? oi defence. The Gaullist daily newspaper, La Nation, in a recent article reiterated the thesis that the tests were vital for France, and claimed that "any country has the right to have the defence system it desires. Tlie French nuclear defence force is the expression of our independence, because the atom cannot be shared and it is doubtful wheth- er any other country, however close it may be would be pre- pared to press the 'nuclear but- ton' for another country if it was not directly threatened." La Nation insists that the French tests in the Pacific have 'Crazy Capers' ]'m Mraid 1 can't hsrforalilUeboy, been the cleanest carried out by any country at any time. The only newspaper which consistently informs its read- ers about the bomb tests and the opposition to them in Aus- tralia, New Zealnd and certain South American countries is the independent Le Monde. In a re- cent editorial the paper notes that because of threats of sus- pended diplomatic relations between traditionally friendly countries, such as Peru, France carried out the tests last year behind a veil of secrecy. The paper says that the Unit- ed States, which has "some out- standing accounts to settle with France, might be lempted to give her a little trouble this year if tests are to be contin- ued." But Le Monde adds that the U.S. ambassador to France has strongly advised his gov- ernment against mixing atomic bombs with monetary and com- mercial questions. Commercial Tad-ors Tnay nev- play a part. The Aus- tralians .ire reported Jo be in- terested in Ihe new Mirage F-l fJcMcr aircraft, and negolia- ations have been started for the building of 300 planes under licence in Australia to replace the Mirage 3, now in service there. The final decision of the Australian government is not expected before next year, and it will doubtless depend to some extent on the French attitude .towards nuclear bomb tests. Letters Hutterites slowed growth Having read In The Herald and heard over Lethbridge radio stations such a massive defence of the Hutterian Brethren, I feel compelled to write to try to present some of the views of the people here at Vulcan. For 50-odd years we have watched the slow but steady in- crease of communal holdings in the southern part of the prov- ince If this continues over the next 50 years, the Hutterite population will double and redouble, and then- land hold- ings will do likewise. Western Canada's basic eco- nomy has developed on a fam- ily farm base. Recent develop- ments in the U.S. indicate that corporate farming invariably fails The experiment of state or communal farming in the U.S.S.R. also appears to be a failure. It seems to me that if the Hutterites had not settled in Southern Alberta, Lethbridge would have enjoyed far great- er growth and prosperity over the years. It will be recalled that before the university was built, the was indeed in a stagnant state, growth-wise. If all the land in the southern part of the province had been fann- ed in the traditional way, these farm families would have spent enormous amounts of money in Lethbridge for traditional con- sumer goods: radios, televi- sion, food, clothing, shoes, cars, etc. in addition to the fuel, feed and seed, fertilizer, and farm machinery, which Hutterites or anyone who farms purchases If one thinks about that carefully, he may better stand our opposition to Hutter- ite expansion. Another grave concern to us Is the fact that, in almost all cases, the land acquired for communal use will never ba sold again. It amounts to a communal state being estab- lished in the midst of our dem- ocratic province. We cannot allow this to continue, because the problem will only get big- ger and more difficult to with with every passing day. We are concerned, as our brief in Edmonton pointed out, with the whole of land owner- ship and use in the province. The huge foreign investment in land in the foothills, the 20- acre holdings outside pur cit- ies, and the movement into this province of enormous real es- tate firms. Our province is being bought out from under us, and in a few years when we wake up and want to buy a little piece of it, the price will be beyond our ability to pay. Then, it will be too late. I hope the good people of Lethbridge will soon take a look around, see what is happen- ing, and make an honest ef- fort to support rather than hinder our efforts to persuade the government to put a stop to the land grab in this province. W. ARTHUR JONES Vulcan Let's be fair Mr. Walker of Milk River usually writes a very interest- ing and somewhat factual let- ter but my admiration of his literary talents was somewhat dampened by his nauseating account of the "little country school." It would appear Mr. Walker is under the impression that the teacher should still be working for a month. It is alright for the doctor and dent- ist to make a a minute, the plumber a day and the rancher the occasional to a year, but if the poor dumb teaclrer with four years' university and 10 years experi- ence asks for or a month he is some sort of con- temptible crook. Mr.- Walker's claim that teachers get a month is fantasy. One part of the "state- ment of earnings and de- ductions" slip has a or more dollars on it but by the time Trudeau, the good, and Lougheed, the wonderful, make their grab, the amount shown on the cheque is more likely to be about This is what a teacher gets. A dentist can make this much in two days but no one complains. When statin? what teachers earn, why not be honest about it and explain to the public that a great portion of their wages goes back to the government to run experimental stations for farmers, to throw grants all over the country, waste millions' on cultural development, give other countries millions and in general keep us poor by vi- cious and uncalled for taxation. Teacher's wages in Southern Alberta since 1946 have general- ly been below the provincial av- erage. However, wages in other fields are on a parity through- out the province. For instance, if Mr. Walker had a cow for sale and the bid price province- wide was he would accept the He would not shout, "I am from Southern Alberta, I only want for my cow." It seems paradoxical that Trudeau is spending millions promoting employment while school boards are threatening to cut down on the number of teachers employed. Even though there is a large surplus of teachers the universities are still trying to sucker students into education. School teachers were always fair and kind to me, though un- dsrpaid, and I appreciate the help they gave me to get Into the high salary I now make. "TEACHER LOVER" Raymond Rip-off enlightenment Congratulations to Peter Desbarats and The Herald (April 9) for enlightening us atout the Rip-offs by pension- ers occasioned by the recent in- creases in their allowances. It was most interesting to hear of the many senior citizens who are now living the life of Riley, with their camper-trucks and trailers and expensive airplane travels. I suppose some of these people even have to pay income tax. As a veteran of 1914-18 and 1D39-45, who does not get any service pension or allowance, v.ho does get the old-age pen- sion aid partial based on a '-means test." I would like to say to the writer of The Herald editorial that he just does not know what he is talking about As to my com- rades of both wars who have recently got a raise in pension and WVA, this was long over- due. I went to war at the ripe old age of 17 in 1914. I served four years and eight months over- seas, and was in the front line in the Middle East, was rather bsdly wounded, got dysentery and malaria, but by the grace of God have reached my mid- dle-seventies, and am still able to enjoy fishing and gardening, etc. I came to Alberta as a sol- dier settler in 1921, went through the depression, repaid my loan to the SSB in full, and have never been on any form of welfare. I served 5% years in the Canadian army in the last war, in Canada in instruc- tional and administration roles, and oh yes, I am a Canadian citizen. Now I am being told by some- one who has not seen as many rough times as I have, that I am getting a "rip-off'. However, we who are vet- erans know the attitude of a lot of people towards us (we have even been accused of being war-mongers) and we trill take this latest outburst from whence it comes. ___ G. KEN WATTS Lethbridge. Clarifies identity The Herald (March 30th) in- cluded a letter re: The teach- er's purpose of the strike, sign- ed by Mrs. M. Thiefen. In view of the fact (hat there are several Thietens in Milk River, and at Hsast two olher Mrs. M. Thielens besides my- self, I. who am a Milk River teacher. would like ft to be known that I certainly was not the writer of that feller. I feel that The HcraM should use Uw full name, rather than initials only, of persons who write let- ters to the editor. MRS. MARGARET TfflELEN Milk River The Lethln-ulge Herald _____ S04 Tib St. S., Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Publtrfnw Ptfclisbed 1955-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second ctasi WISH No WI2 Cwtsiw tta the Canadian Nrwsptair AmocMion ana BUTTOU or otretwriom CLCO W WWEHS, EjJttw THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manager TON PHJL1NG WILI1AV Assume tdftor ROY F WILES DOUGtAi K rtltlng Mfnagtr BOTortBl Pagt EOTar THE HERAID SttVR THE ;