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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta THE lETHBRIDGF HERALD Friday, April 14, 1971 [-SB.: Western Rep by pop needs updating for accuracy Is this channel necessary? The ongoing tiglil between the CBC ;iinl XAItlOT looks ns if it could drag mi forever, Hadio and TV schedules ,iri> uonliniiall.v juggled or yanked, to liu u'phiccd by repeats. If tliis con- liimes. even the TV scheduling for fall could be in jeopardy. Aliliousli the hockey Sans have upset over threats of not being able to watch their favorite teams the playoffs, generally the public reaction lo CBC's problems is i'.-ic nf in'iifferenco. Which raises the niiistion, is the CBC necessary any more'.' l-Mnblislifd in IBM by an act of I'arliaiiient, Hie objective of CBC, a Crown agency, was to provide Cana- dian radio to Canadian listeners (TV networks were not opened until The service, among other tilings, was lo function to "enrich the cultural, political, social and economic fabric n[ Canada; lo produce programs of slandard using Canadian talent; mid to contribute 1o the development of national unity." Today the corporation has about 000 oil its payroll. In 1970 it paid mil roughly 821 million in fees for Canadian artists, actors, musicians and commentators to entertain or in- lorm Canadian radio and TV audi- ences. To run the corporation in its entirety in 1970 (including the gov- ernment's grant of S1G6 million) it i-nst 521S.130.300. In spite of Ibis Immense public in- vestment, according lo current fig- ures, CBC radio and TV generally lag behind private radio and TV in the country's biggest centres. Apparently with the service provided by private broadcasters, and the CHTC regula- tions concerning Canadian content applying lo all broadcasters, some Canadians are in fact wondering if the CBC would be missed should NABET stay on strike forever. Some will feel that without CBC we lose a feeling of our Cana- dian identity and culture. Others, in non-commercial areas where private broadcasting docs not reach, would be cut off. But with all the millions going into CBC (Hie latest is to be a new million building in Toronto) there will be a majority who will be convinced that private broadcasters in honest competition could do what CBC claims it is doing and more. They only need the opportunity to try, and NABET might just give it lo Ihem quite unwittingly. The majority could be wrong, of course. On many counts the CBC has made an excellent contribution to life in Canada and something would be missed if it went out of existence. There are some aspects of program- ming which private broadcasters would very likely simply ignore, wilh Canadians being Hie poorer as a con- sequence. Therefore it is to be hoped (hat a settlement of Die strike can be reached before it is too late. Poor attack rich Representatives of the poor nations will be attacking those of the rich nations throughout the sessions of the third United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) which opened in Santiago, Chile, yes- terday. The hitler assault on the rich nations, which their representatives will have to endure and may attempt lo counter, springs out of the trade and aid practices which are steadily widening the gap between the richer nnd the poorer countries. While the heavy-weights were mud- dling Iheir way out of the currency crisis last summer the rest oc the nations suffered dislocation of their trade, with drastic economic conse- quences. There is a sense of outrage abroad and there will be a demand lo be consulted about better ways of running the world's banking systems. Changes in the system of ajd will undoubtedly be pressed, The record in aid is marred by inadequacy, ex- ploitation, hypocrisy and irrelevance. Too many 'strings' are slill being at- lached to aid requiring thai im- ports be accepted, for instance, that might even be detrimental to the economy or to the society. Labor- saving machinery that simply adds to already heavy unemployment is a case in point. An end lo all such practices is justifiably desired, A revolution in world trade is also necessary. Xearly all the benefits from present trade patterns are going to the rich, not the poor. The Third World's share of world trade has fallen from a Ihird to a sixth in the last 20 years. Although it is hard to imagine how the increasing poverty of the most heavily populated parts of the world can be tolerated, concessions from the rich nations will be made grudg- ingly, if at all. Representatives of the rich nations will have reasons why the demands of the poorer countries cannot be granted. 'Hie hope is that some troubled consciences will func- lion to over-rule the reasons. Among the major problems of the world the widening gulf between the rich and poor countries has become critical. It needs to be attacked rather than al- lowed to worsen. What happens in Santiago at this conference is of ut- most importance and should be watched wilh great concern. ERIC N COL ory talk sweetest Tory ever stole from Ihe backbenches of B.C.'s Social Credit government, to join the tiny but burgeon- ing ranks of tho Progressive Conserva- tive's. In recent weeks two Socred MLA1s have over to the P.C. fide oE Hie house in Victoria. If the Conservatives win at the polls, it will be because they scored on a defection, The Conservatives view their gains as a new springtime for Lhe party, All across the country Stanfield's late bloomers are coming into flower. In Alberta, Ontario, Newfoundland, the hues of orange and of pink give way lo the true blue of conser- vatism. Popularity of the Liberals is re- ceding almost as fast as Mr. Trudeau's hairline, whereas Bob's eyebrows were never bushier. "How does one explain Uie renascence of Toryism In you ask. I'm glad you asked that. I have the an- swer here, exactly as I received it from The Voices. The reason for the swing to the right is that the Liberals have spread the wealth around and people are now voting Conser- vative so that (hey can tmng onto it. A good example is my friend Dudley. Dudley is .in artist who four years ago, the Liberals took over, was a starv- ing wreck arm-UTestling mice for scraps creasing grants to us established artists reason Dudley went lo the polling station in the schrKil he hoped he might find a kid's lunch bag he could heist. Since then he has received grants from the Liberal government's Opportunities for Youth program, from the local Initiatives program, and from the Petroleum Explora- tion Program (Dudley paints in xvht-Ti T saw him at ihc club last week he was smartly turned out In double-knot everything, and was smoking a cigar. "Sure, I'm voting Conservative elec- he told me. "I'm a SLanfield man. I'm fed up with the way Trudeau's gov- ernment is tossing (he taxpayer's money around like it was going out of style." "You arc dissatisfied with the Just So- I saifl. "Look at the deadbcals they're pouring cash said Dudley, sprawled on his bar slooL "They're giving away millions to a hunch of no-talent punks, instead of in- cresing grants to us established artists who have sold our work.'J "Who did you sell your paintings I asked. "The said Dudley. "But I'm ready to sell lo human beings. I've had several nibbles." "You feel that the Liberal administra- tion has gone loo far in its subsidies for democratization of the the "It's time to restore ihc balance towards private said Dudley, and his nodding his head drew my attention lo the fact that he had not only had a haircut but reduced public access lo his focairl, ''The people of Canada tifuo had enough ol welfarism We are going In elect a gov- ernment that stands for the traditional values of Ihrifl, social responsibility and reward for the industrious.1' I started to say, but Dudley was casing his ample rump off the bar stool he had an appointment with, his bank manager. Dudley left me with a better understand- ing of the rejuvenation of the Tory causa in Canada. He also left me the check. Same old Dudley. (Vancouver Province fcsUirc) Tlw House o f Commons, as n popular chamber, is supposed lo be a mirror of tho couulry as it was on election niglit. It is a pcculinr rear-view mirror which reflects only n distant image, mid that in a much distorted form. As an example of "IU'p b y the present house is tho best we have had lor some time. Even so, il is demon- strably bad and its successor will almost certainly be worse. The host remaining chance for Hep by Pop under existing law would appear to depend on war, invasion or large scale in- s u r r c c t i on eventualities which do not seem to loom at alf formidably in the calcula- tions of the political parlies. The electoral reforms of the Pearson era were based on the- persuasive proposition that, re- distribution is a mailer much lop important to be left to poli- ticians. They were effected in 1963 and 190-1. As a result, we had the opportunity in 19C8 lo reluni our first, reformed Par- liament which reflected the Canada nf the 1901 decennial census. This Is the Canada which will also be reflected in the 291h Parliament, whether Mr. Trudciui duckies on a Juno election or postpones Ihe vote until fall. Mnlk'rs were worse earlier In the IUGOs. We had three general eleclions, in 19ii2, in 19G3, and in JflGS, on Ihc basis of consti- tuencies delineated, more or less, wilh the population pat- tern o[ Canada 1951 in mind. But Parliament having become a bit more contemporary in is now about lo slip back four years. Kvcn if (here had been a re- distribution on (lie basis of the 1971 census. Parliament would be an imperfect mirror. The distortion is in part deliberate antl calculated. For example, the representation commission- er must lake into account rules designed lo protect the weaker provinces. None may be ac- corded fewer members than it has senators. Thus, Prince Ed- ward Island is entitled to four although it has fewer voters than a number of single consti- tuencies in metropolitan Can- ada. There is also a provision ensuring thai no province may bo deprived at any time of more lhan 15 per cent of ils members in the House of Com- mons. In addition, rural areas are protected by a tolerance provi- sion. Some constituencies are more equal lhan others be- cause Parliament provided for a permissible variation of 24 per cent of voting populations. Cut many of the distortions are natural grosvlhs. Represen- tation was linked long ago with the decennial census and this remains the language of I ho law. In Ihe course of a decade, population grou-s but not evenly. Mobilily is a characteristic of people in modern society and the BQs were notable for a largo shift from the countryside and small centres to the booming metropolitan areas. It was, in fact, quite clear in 19G8 lhat (he maps were out of date because the five-year census, which is limited, and not used for deter- mining representation, already showed very large incremcnls to Ihe populations of a number of big city constituencies in (he 1961-66 period, They are even farther removed from the reali- ties of 1972. The basic problem Is that. Parliament and Statistics Can- ada have been operating on dif- ferent timetables. It is distinctly possible that, by Ihe lime we are into an eleclion on the basis of the old constituencies, Uic representa- tion commissioner will already he involved in the process (now virtually automatic and inde- pendent of Parliament) ot drawing up tlie maps foreshad- owed by the 1971 census re- turns. This might appear, at first glance, an argument for deferr- ing an eleclion until 1973. As Mr. Trudcau lias frequently ob- served, there is no legal re- quirement for a vole this year. Bui even if the prime minister was prepared lo dispense with his right to call an election at a time of his own choosing (which is what deferment would mean in there is an almost insuperable ob- stacle iii the existing legisla- Hon. Tlie procedure which must he followed is set out in the Elec- toral Boundaries Readjustment Act. U is set in motion by a certified out the population ol Canada, of tho several provinces and of Iho electoral districts, forwarded by the dominion statistician to the representation commision- cr P.tul to the secretary of stale. The commissioner, having calculated the number of mem- bers to Ijc assigned lo each province, causes a statement to be published "wilh all rea- sonable dispatch11 in the Can-- ada Gazelle. There is an obligation on the governor-ill council, within GO days afler (he return is re- ceived, to issue a proclamation publishing the names of tlie h o u n d a r ies commissioners (whom the government does not ISach provincial commission then has a year to complete its work. Further pe- riods are specified in which members of Ihe House may enter written objections, mo- tions may be debated, and tlio recommendations s c r by the commissions. On the last occasion, (he rep- rcscntalion commissioner pub- lished his statement in Ihe Can- ada Gazette on November The work was not com- pleted until June JG, IMG when the gnvcrnor-in-coimcil by pro- clamation declared tho com- missioner's draft representa- tion order (o he effective on dissolution of Ihc existing Par- liament. In other words, It required almost 10 months (which seems an inordinate lime) lo revise ne polilical map of Canada. Mr. Pearson was much criti- cized in IDG5 because lie dirt not wait redistribution. Bui Mr. Trudeau's position is quite dif- ferent. He does not have 19 months and lie might well re- quire more than lhat since tha process of effecting redistribu- tion has as yet not even begun. Thus, the prospect is that wo shall elect, cilher sooner or lat- er as the prime minister de- cides, a Parliament for the first half of the '70s based on Iho Canadian map as it was at the beginning of the 'GOs.1 It even possible, If tlio voting fails lo produce a ma- jority, thai we could have more limn one eleclion on the old asis, despite Lhc fact that Iho dominion statistician already has or soon will have reason- ably accurate population re- turns on the Canada of. tast year. One clay we may have a more contemporary Parti a- inenl, either by sheer luck, some appalling disaster, or by de.sign if parties can de- vise a more clficicnt met hod than we now enjoy. As exped- ience is about to show there is much room for improvement. (Herald Ottawa bureau) Anthony Westell This could be the year for women in -politics Vr'hile the poli- tical analysts are much Interested in how the now group of young voters will be- have in Ihe coming federal election, they seem largely lo ignore a category of voters wilh even Ercater potential for disrupting parly patterns women. Even women who have no connection with the various li- beration antl rights organiza- tions have become much more conscious of their group inter- ests since the last election. It is reasonable lo expect thai a significant number will see themselves al Ihe polls not just as voters hut as female voters with special concerns and this could cut sharply across party loyalties and he decisive in a close eleclion. There is some evidence in fact that (his is already hap- pening. Flora MacDonald won a landslide victory against a man for the Tory nomination in Kingston partly because she drew support from women not normally involved in politics. I'm told they arrived by tho score, at the nominating con- vention to support their candi- date simply because she was a woman. If Ms. MacDonald can attract Ihe same broad fcmalo following in the general elec- tion she may defeat Defence Minister Kdgar riorrson if ho runs again. Ms. MacDonald is, o( course, an exceptional candidate re- gardh'.ss of .sex An exuberant and popular redhead, she was a professional organizer at the Conservative party's national headquarters, '.von election as the party's national secretary in the rcvcilf against John Die- fcnbakw and went on lo play a leading parl in Robert Stan- field's campaign lo gain the leadr.T.ship. Uhile tlierc arc few women in Canada wilh such impressive political credentials there must be a great many good enough lo draw female support across normal political boundaries. No mass migration of voters would lie required to upset the patlern in many ridings; just a margi- nal swing. One would think thai the par- ties would be alert U> the op- portunity. But while they all talk about encouraging more female candidates, they are so far having limited success. Alcne Holt, national president of the Tory women and herself a municipal politician in Peter- borough for IB years, says she hales to admit il, but she can't think of a female Tory candidate for the eleclion ex- cept Ms. MacDonald. But she's probably underrating her own party because other Conserva- tives claim lo know of women who will emerge as candidates when Ilic eleclion is called. There were five PC women in the eleclion, but none were elected. Then she went lo work at Queen's University in Kingston (she had strong student sup- port in winning the Tory nomi- nation and this may he a fac- tor at the took time out to help organize and run fhe Committee for an Independent Canada, anil last year became the tirsl woman accepted for the National Defence College's annual course in public affairs, a fabulous package of studies in Canada and abroad for a select group of soldiers, diplo- mats and public servants. When Ms. MacDonald was ncceplcil for Ihe course she lulil Stanfield teasingly that she woutd he qualified to be- come the first female defence. minister when he formed a government. No doubt she'd be good al the job loo. The N'civ Democrat's pul up 21 women in and elected Ihe only female MP, Grace Maclnnis of Vancouver. The party reports that of G5 candi- dates nominated so far, four are women, and there are pros- peels that the total will go lo 40 or more. The Liberals shamefully had only one female candirlate in 1MB, and decided lo do belter this time. After receiving tha 1970 report of the Royal Com- mission on Ihe Slatus of Wom- en, Prime Minister Pierre Tru- deau appointed a I-ibcral Party taslt force lo travel across the country and sound out public opinion. The Ihrec-woman force completed its recommenda- tions and Ihcn suhmitled Ihcm to Ihe parly's consultative council, some local Liber- al officials who can he polled by mail on controversial issues. The poll is said to be heavily In favor of most of the task force proposals for enhancing Ihe status of women, including Ihe idea lhat the parly should give special financial support and other assistance to female candidates. It will be presented next month to Trudcau but may he loo late to be influen- tial in this campaign. Marie Gibeault, president oi Ihe Liberal Women's Federa- tion who led the (ask force, says despondently lhat she docs not expect lo see many women candidales this time, around At a recent meeting of Ihe nation- al Liberal executive, she went around the table asking provin- cial presidents about the silua- lion and got a discouraging re- sponse. Senator Richard Manbury, Uic Liberal parly president, says lhaf the national campaign committee is making a special effort lo attract female candi- dates and, at last count had 2.5 or 30 prospects. The decision has already hecn made to give special parly support lo women who win nomination. This offset to a limited extent Ihe failure of the govern- ment lo reform cleclion finan- cing in a way lhat would help women to enter politics. As long as candidates have lo rely on private financing for their campaigns, women are al a disadvantage because they have less access lhan men to business and even family re- sources. Despite the good Intentions however, there remains in all parties a considerable discrimi- nalion against women. They are usually assumed Lo be poor candidates wilh low appeal and even when Ihey arc nominated, it is often in "sacrifice" seats. The Liberals ran a woman against John Dicfenbaker in 1965; the Tories pul up a fe- male against Trudeau in Looking Through The! Morale! ID22 Grcal Flolulny AKrac- lion al Ihc Colonial Theatre: Mae Murray in "Peacock The road to romance or the road to ruin? 1012 Patrons of tlie Capi- tol Theatre during tlie next few (lays will view with inter- est a film showing the produc- tion of the new Ford V-8 and Lhc exhaustive tests to which tlie new car has liecn put. Studies of voting patterns and attitudes fail to support this sort of prejudice. The public is apparenlly willing lo accept women in office and (ha per- centage o[ women participating in federal eleclions by voting lias just aliout up with the percentage of men. If any significant number o( women vote as a special Inter- est group rather than as blind party supporters in the coming election, it may even lie an advantage to he a female candi- date. This could he the year In which female voters give (ho male political managers a sharp lesson in sex tiiscrimina- tioji. I hope so anyway, (Toronto .Star Syndicate) backward IS 12 Klaboralc plans for the display of Ihc Canadian Army Irain here en April 25 are being formulated by a committee of the city council. 1332 Flying should bccomo a popul.'ir topic around Lclh- bridge prospective stu- dents meet the new Hying in- structress at Kenyon Field, tho blonde and attractive Vcra Kfrodi, recently arrived from England. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHRRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publislitrj Published 1003-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall No 0012 Merriber cf The Canadian Press Iho Canadian Daily Assocfarion and Ihe Audii Burt.iu c' Cireu I aliens CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and puhU'her THOMAS H. Gtneral DON PILLtlJG Managing Efiilor ROY f- WILES Adverlislng ManAcjsr VJ1 ILL I AM HAY Edilor DOUGLAS K WALKER tdiloriril EdiTcr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTKi' ;