Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETIIBRIDGI HERALD Thuniiny, April 13, 1972 Dennis Rloodivorlh sky is not the limit The message from taxpayers to ed- ucators is becoming louder and clear- er: there is :i limit, they arc saying, to hcnv much can be poured into tlic education stream. The middle-class protest over soaring education costs is now compelling universities and public school institutions to take a look at their spending habits and if at all possible, pare (heir bud- gets. Tins protest, understandably, is be- ing met a backlash from teach- ers, students and administrators. In Ontario recently, students have been marching in protest to a hike in university tuition toes. In British Co- lumbia teachers themselves have gone even further by launching a political campaign which they hope will help defeat Premier Bennett at the polls in Ilie next provincial elec- tion. Mr. Renviott's government, con- stantly at war with teachers over rising costs, legislated that teachers' pay increases are subject to a 6.5 annual increase and no more. Teach- ers salaries. Ilic government claims, should try (o set an example in the fight against inflation, and while the government can't fix wages and sal- aries in private industry it can make an example of Ihe employees under ils supervision. This may well be true, but it has irked the teachers in B.C. to the point where both teachers and school trustees are united against Mr. Ben- nett and his government. Reacting to the peremptory treatment meted out to them, delegates to the annual meeting of the British Columbia Teachers' Federation formulated a plan to gang up on the government. It lias levied one day's pay on each of ils 23.000 members to raise 51.25 million for use in a campaign to de- feat it at the next election. Tlie government was wrong in ils discriminatory treatment of the teachers. If it had worked things the right way it probably could have won tlie teachers co-operation by consent rather than by putting a ceiling on their salaries and removing their right to negotiation. But viewed as a matter of dollars and cents, the teachers aren't likely to persuade a majority of B.C. vot- ers Ihat they have been harshly used. The government will simply point nut to the weary public liow many school days there are in a year and compare teachers' pensions with those in private industry. What has happened in B.C. unfor- tunately could emulated in other provinces. Students, teachers and ad- ministrators could well come to log- gerheads with their provincial (and federal, too) governments over the education issue, but property owners have made it clear they are over- burdened with escalating school taxes. Educators simply have to re- their premise that education costs know no bounds. The fact is that education no longer carries the status it once did. Reserve judgment The statistical study of sentencing in Alberta obviously requires more than superficial scanning. Hasty judgments about, the justice system in this province being the worst or the best should be eschewed until the evidence is examined and appropri- ate questions asked. At present the most that can be said about the study is that it has opened up an important subject for discussion. The administration of jus- tice is not an exact science, but a high degree of uniformity within a jurisdiction and among related juris- dications is certainly lo be desired. If there are marked disparities be- tween the way officials function with- in the same or related systems some attempt to change the system should be made. It is hard to believe that a person charged in Alberta is four times more likely to be convicted than elsewhere in Canada or that jailings in this province are eight times more than the national average. The popu- lation of the Lethhridge Correctional Institution, for instance, is consider- ably reduced over what it used to be a few years ago and much greater use is being made of probation. These things at least leave an impression that is at variance with the reported findings of the study. Comparisons of statistics in the judicial field have been difficult to make because of differences in re- cording. It is good than an expert on statistics has turned his attention lo the subject. As other authorities go into the study the true value of it will become known. Symphony orchestra Not everyono is interested in sym- phonic music ami even those who are might prefer to sit at home and listen to performances hy some o[ the world's greatest orchestras. Nev- ertheless, there should be a degree ol pride in the fact that a city of the size of Lethbridge can assemble a symphony orchestra and present pro- grams. Tlie dedication required to make possible a concert such as will he forthcoming on Monday night alone is impressive. No doubl Hie music to be heard will also be notable. The Herald salutes the conductor, Lucien Neeclham, the members of the orchestra, and all those who have worked for the sustaining of this musical institution. A community is enriched when provision is made for participation in the performing arts and when there are audiences ex- pressing appreciation. High school curriculum choices By Ed Ryan IT'S usually around this Lime of Ihe year thai Grade 9 students are asked lo give serious thought Lo Iheir educational plans for next year their first year of high school. Soon, high schools will he ask- ing them to make curriculum choices. And the choices that sludenls mnkc are impor- tant hecause they win liave an important bearing on their future educational .ind vo- cational plans. Unlike elementary and junior high school where al] children proceed through the same curriculum and lake essentially the same subjects, at the high school level students begin to branch out and take vastly different programs and courses. For the most pod, these arc arbitrarily-de- signed programs which high schools have set up in deference to the arbitrary admis- sion requirements ot universities, technical Inslituk-s and colleges. The number and kinds of programs offer- ed by any particular high school vary wilh the size of the school and the facilities available. But Ihey can all be boiled down to three basic kinds: (1) University-entrance programs (2) Business-vocational programs (3) General programs The university-entrance programs, usual- ly called consist of courses that students are required to suc- cessfully complete in order to gain en- trance into universities and the profes- sions. The business-vocational programs are in- tended to provide students with those skills necessary to gain employment in offices or in the trades or technologies. The general programs arc for those slu- icsls who don't secui to fit in anywhors else. They don't really prepare students for ajiy particular occupation or vocation, and in this sense I suppose they're called "gen- eral." High schools differ in the degree of free- dom they permit students to choose courses and programs. Some high schools give their students a great deal of free- dom while other schools are more rigid even to the extent of arbitrarily assigning students to programs. In these schools high-achieving students are encouraged to enrol in the university-entrance programs while low-achieving are discour- aged from doing so. In theory, the slu- dent and his parents have the final say about program selection, but in actual practice the school often makes the deci- sion. However, not aU high schools separate and segregate their students into bard and fast program divisions. Some don't make program separations at all, hut help to guide their students into various subjects according to their interests. And they're given opportunities to change courses and programs as their intercsls and cxpc ricnces change. It's obvious lhal. very 'CH youngslois coming out, of junior high school know what their ultimate vocational goals will be. The majority of these students know liltle about the educational and vocational opportunities open to (hem. As a matter of fact, many don't even understand the significance of Ihe high school programs wilh their educational and occupational limitations. Hut the limitations arc (here and stu- dents and their parents ouebt tn be aware of them. Hanoi boosts China at Russia's expense C1NGAPQU15 With somo assistance from tlic Uni- ted Slates Aii- Force, Premier Chou En-lai may have ncai.ly robbed the Russians of a mo- mentous victory in the triangu- lar struggle for the lop corner among tlie world's Big Three. For if the Soviet Union sup- plied the sophist Seated arms for tlic current Communist thrust in South Vietnam, China seems to have supplied the phistic.iLed timing. Both Powers arc obsessed by the desire to win overriding in- fluence in Hanoi and lo dis- credit the other, and reports that a mission from Moscow offered the North Vietnamese more radar and surface-to-air missiles just before the build- up for the offensive docs more than underline 11 ic dependence of General Vo Nguyen Giop on Soviet aid lor iLd success. 1L strongly suggests lhaL the Rus- sians expected President Nixon to retaliate by ordering massive bombing of the North ihnt the whole operation was originally planned to pre- cede his visit lo China with the object of converting it into a barren Sino-American confron- tation. However, tlic American air strikes against supply lines and troop concentrations earlier in ttic year arc believed to have disrupted preparations at least lo a point where Hanoi was ready to to Chinese in- sistence Hint Ilic invasion be postponed until afk'r the pres- ident had Rono home. There is little doubt that the North Viet- namese divisions were in a po- sition Lo cross the staiiline well before Ihnt, but instead they are blasting their way into cen- tral Vietnam one month before President Nixon is due in Mos- cow. In consequence, China's fears thai the two super-Pow- ers will fifing up on Jier may subside, for while the Sovict- American encounter will not have been sabotaged it may veil have been stymied by in- creased mistrust, With the Am- ericans bombing North Viet- nam, the; bitterness will be mu- tual and Peking will meanwhile be able lo point out to Hanoi the perfidy of Muscovites who prepare to unroll the Red car- pet for their murderous arch- enemy at such a lime. This "Chou sent month's drama in Vietnam can bring Hanoi and Peking closer together while driving Moscow and Washington (uvlher apart. China tins not lost her stand- ing with Ilic North Vietnamese as some suggest. The Viet- namese may have their sturdy independence by imply- ing sourly (hnl "big brother" was conniving al American at- tempts lo "divide socialist countries" when it an- nounced last July that Prej- idenl Nixon was going lo Pe- king, bul much has happened since then. The Chinese have been steadfast in (heir support to Hanoi in every sense. In the same month (hey com- mittal themselves to sending North Vietnam supplementary free military assistant for Iho year 1971, Ihey signed another agreement in September to cover Hanoi's needs in 1972, ami a third in January provid- ing for further aid. Although Russia supplies the lion's share, one quarter of nil ttie foreign assistance Norlh Viet- nam receives still comes from China. When Premier Pham Van Dong of North Vietnam visited China last November, CUou En- 1 a i personally accompanied him during his jour- ney from Peking to Canton on his way home. It was almost certainly then ttial the North Vietnamese leader ivas given his firmest assurances of sup- port by his plausible Chinese opposite number and tlic groundwork was laid for what lo come. Bolh knew Ihat Chou En-lai could nol object to an all-out spring offensive if he wanted to keep Vietnamese confidence, despite [he coming Nixon visil, but at the same time Pham Van Dong realized that Hanoi must have Chinese backing for the military adven- ture General Giap was plan- ning if it was to be a reason- able gamble. China is nol as weary of Ihe war as some have deduced. The Chinese are quick to protest thai Iheir country is not jusl another super-Power. They are anxious to pose as tbe cham- pions of the "Third World" of small, have-not Slates living in Ihe s h a d o w of two gigantic bullies. They are also the self- styled champions of world rev- olution and of Ihe "people's wars" whereby Hie inliabilants of each country can overthrow their osvn capitalist oppressors. They could not therefore aban- don North Vietnam lo her huge imperialist adversary and let Ihe Vielcong lose Iho ono "struggle lor libcralion" which above all vindicates Mao Tse- tung's revolutionary principles. The Chinese still wanted vic- loiy for the Vielcong. Chinese leaders may have been in- fluenced by Ihe nagging knowl- edge thai North Vietnam was slowly sinking under the weight of the war. Hard hit by somo of (he worst floods in her his- tory last year, the country is plagued wilji problems ranging from shortages to shirking as the wearisome conflict drags on. For the same reason the latest "Dien Bicn Phu" assault by the North Vietnamese may he a quick snatch al a tactical victory designed lo enable Ha- noi to bid from strength when Ihe haggling begins at subse- quent peace talks, as American analysts have suggested. The North Vietnamese may also have calculated lhal retalia- tory bombing of North Viel- nam would once more spread virulent anti-war fever in Am- erica just half-a-year before the P r e s i d c 11 lial elections and weaken Nixon's will to stand by Saigon. The North Vietnamese could not wait longer before attack- ing, as the rainy season was soon due. From Peking's point of view, therefore, the timintj was [be best available, and Ihe course of events could serve three Chinese purposes: the Vietnamese push could remind the Americans that if they flirt- ed loo assiduously with the Russians Ilie consequences could he embarrassing; retalia- tory bombing of North Vietnam could remind tbe Russians that if they flirted loo assiduously mv.ilh the Americans the conse- quences could be compromis- ing; and Ihe whole uncomfort- able silualinn could serve as a salutary reminder to both parties that the game of ping- pong, al which Ihe Chinese so excel, is not based on an ex- change of billets doux, but of blows. (Written for The Ifcralil and Observer, London) Shaun Hfirron Enemy in Ulster is bigot who loves his bigotry TRELAiVD'3 real problem is that the vast majority of her bigots would rather have a slogan than a fact. Or a dedi- catee] lie lo a sliver of Die truth. I have lost my Lastc. for pub- lic speaking, which is an exer- cise in egotism and futility, and as one grows old one no lonpcT needs either. But that persua- sive man, Professor Leathers, has twice this winter per- suaded me to speak lo groups at the university (of Winnipeg) first on Spain then on Ireland. He had a busy night the other night, on Ireland. Ireland's first prohlcm is, of course, that scarcely any Irish- men know anything about (he country. Her second is that x'cry few of them want lo knnw more. They were (here the oth- er night to prove it, Irish bigots do not know things by a pa- tient process of analysis and examination; (hey know tilings through a mystic connection with the vapors that arise from uttering banshee noises faintly Identifiable as "BOO years of op- pression and Ireland One Na- tion." Or, "I had a letter from my mother and she told me Or, "the Abercorn res- taurant was bombed by Prol- eblants because the owner wouldn't play God Save the Queen every day There were intelligent Irish- men there. Due of them point- ed out that in a poll taken among Northern Catholics, only 30 per cent of them opted (or a united Ireland. It would have been much less five years ago (four years ago) and it will be less again in five years. But my point in silting down at this typewriter was lo say only this: Poor White- law! U is his job to bring repre- sentative leaders of holfi com- munities together. If ibis can be done, the situation has pos- sibilities. Rul when Hi ay cronic toficlfocr what, will Ihoy talk about? As an U 1 s t e r m a n, I can imagine myself talking to John Hume, the Catholic lead- er. He was, not loo long ago, n man of reason. lie surrendered both his reason and his cool when he was shoved aside by Llv; arrogant gunmen. Uc then committed himself to the de- struction of tbe Northern hlalc. Bul a man whose rcristui tins been in tlress can find it again, and talk with John Hume is possible. But who would want to talk io Jerry Fills? Not just now; not just after all (hat has hap- pened. Who would want to talk to Jerry Fiit.s al any time? anyone on our side have chosen to talk with Dr. Goeb- bels if he had survived? That is, can a mere propagandist and opportunist talk to any purpose but his own? Then what will they Lalk aboul? First, there are the elu- sive facts. Can they be found and if they can be found can llicy be agreed on? Even when the reforms initially demanded by (lie civil rights movement are firmly in the statute hook, Northern Catholics deny 31; show them the statues and they ffo nol believe the evidence of (heir own eyes. Who on the nther side would Letter to the editor want lo lulk to Willy Craig, the leader of the Vanguard move- ment? Can Northern Catholics seltle down loyally in Northern Ireland? Willy Craig could scarcely believe it. But it is true nonetheless and a ma- jority of them want Lo. Most of those who do not want lo have not gone south into the Repub- lic; they have come to Can- ada and the United Stales, or England where the price of a great devotion to a United Ire- land is less than an airmail stamp or a letter to the ed- itor. Even so, the continuing en- emy of peace in Ihe North is the bigot who loves his bigotry more Lhan he loves his coun- try. Flis problem is one of emo- tional immaturity and a special kind of Irish ignorance. Irish ignorance is determined, deep and immovable and is confined Pleased with production .shall have Lo wait quite a while before we in this com- munity will have the chance (o enjoy anything as pleasant as the Tour day production of tho musical "Helly Dolly" which was produced and presented by our local talent during tho last, week In March Quite a number of us were so delighted with the performance of the whole cast and Ihe sheer pleasure we got from knowing (lint this was an entirely teur performance, that we at- tended the performance twice In view of Ihe lad that this effort was almost local in every sense, it is pleasant to realize (hat although (his is not a large community, Micro arc numerous latenlcci people uho willingly gave up other activilies in order to ensure Ihat. this main project, would Ln success Prairie communities been noierl for neighhor- liness and hospitality in gen- So They Say I told her a woman's placa in the home. It wasn't that T don't IruM her. I just don't Irus! Ihe devil in us all. Singer Tiny Tim explaining marriage breakup with Miss Vicky, cral, and it is pleasant lo real- ize that though these qualities arc lor the most part non ex- tstent in cities and their en- virons, they still exist abund- antly in our rural communi- lies and help to make our life a much pleasanlcr Ihing than that ot residents where very few people know their neigh- bor. G. D. LEE Milk River 'Crazy Capers' almost entirely lo matters re- lating to Ireland. It is not con- fined to Catholics but is match- ed in the Protestant commu- nity; it is not universal. It is, however, potent in small mi- norities on holh sides who re- gard violence in support ot their ignorance as not only a species of moral superiority but as God-ordained. And when men speak for God they inhibit, conversation. It is reasonable to suppose that the constitute of North- ern Ireland had been overta- ken by time. Many Canadians feel (he same about the UNA Act. There is nothing too alarming about constitutional revision, though there is no way knoun to man that will make a minorlly inlo a ma- jority oilier than great indus- try between the sheels. That takes time and effort and in- come and there must be more efficient ways. They can he surely discover- ed by reasonable men who love peace more than Ihey love de- struction. But the (irsi condi- tion for the making of a con- stitution is a common goal and ii> Northern Ireland that has to be a common loyalty to a common stale. Men cannot sit down lo frame a constitution with olher men whose purpose is lo destroy the state at tho. first opportunity. Mr. Heath is on safe ground when he calls for periodic votes on the issue of Ulster's survival; there is no chance that, while Ihe eco- nomic benefits of life in the South arc so far below those in Ihe Norlh, a majority of the whole population will impover- ish themselves and that is what If would mean for a romanlic illusion. It is perhaps a good thing for Ireland that some ol my au- dience the other night hava opted for life in Canada; tha fewer of that sort there ore in Ireland, (lie easier it will he for those who remain to talk wilh one anolher. Only one Irishman present asked a positive ques- tion about Ihe possibilities in- herent in constitutional relorm and the Canadians, who for the most part listened, must have seen what Ihe problem looks like and feels like on Ulster's green grass, 11 is easier to talk about one's obsessions than about (he road out of the dark and hairy wood. (Uerjitd special service) Looking backward Thrmigll The Hernld ..1U22 Twenty slogans, con- sidered Uie best of those sent in, are placed here before the readers of the Herald for the purpose of gelling a straw vote as to which is the best for a slogan (or the city of Leth- bridge. ..1932 H. P. Ranaghan of Calgary, has purchased tha pioneer shoe store of W. J. Nelson on third Ave. Soulh and is already operating the busi- ness. The new business bo known as "Ranaghan ..1942 Milk bodies have en- tered the rationing field. Only ninety per cent of the supplies purchased in 1041 will be al- lowed in 19-12. Premier E. C. Man- ning has informed Edmonton city council by leller Ihat the provincial government does not intend lo amend its legisla- tion banning the use of day- light saving time in Alberta communities. 1912 Conslruelion crews arc busy at work on the initial construction stages of the S161- 000 Henderson Lake swimming and wading pool. rilaci lo i'.o.ir yoii're sorry fo; btuig so M yea rion't live tiae< The Lethbridge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRJDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0013 Member el The Canadian and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspawr Pubirshers1 Assooarion Ihe Audit Bureau c5 Clrculatlur.s CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and THOfAAS H. A DA VIS. General Manager nOH PILLIMd lAV- MAY AssnDdlc Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER AdmJiiing Mtnaaer fidiro'ial Pago Ed i for "THO HERALD iERVES THE SOUTH"