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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOURTEEN LETHBRIDGE HERALD FEIDAY, APRIL Grain Growing, Irrigation, Gardening "THE FARMER'S OWN PAGE" Stock Raising, Poultry, Marketing FEEDING OF MINERALS TO FARM LIVESTOCK IN SOUTH ALBERTA THE PROBLEM OF FARM LABOR the fair than dude ratios...---- doubt, 'fps been caused by to-------- the varied a-c divergent recam- guate means of overcoming tee ce- j mend livestock le the the the natural feeds of r gram or available 10 j TTI-VJlCTVl 1C I The drop from S3 to S2 for Grade A sets off very con- siderably the increase of 21. cents a pound cressed weight. We're a bit afraid the nog population isn't gosng to grow as last as Ottawa might seeding get tftis er before. Thar. farmer are high. the First, boys sfs other joos. It looks ss if farmers will have cens o p. t mine-- them m a separate trough, is gener- to get aiong alone or with iery sliy more saasiactory than block htue help, and that will mean 0. sail. The salt requirements of pigs' doubhng up farm forces for wishes 5ie inajarcum re- somewhat less Than those of j hard jobs. turn iron his" livestock must "of eating necessity become acquaaitec wi; their requirements "protein-mineral supplement, tent of or "pasture ils. and is fact, j receiving a liberal j acousuntec with J ale a He also mus; j amount of animal saca as rt-svpn5 niwpin-minera! sunnlement. from supplying mineral conrers of these feeds. It a general rule aU farm live- is only then thas he will be in a reamre an amount of sal; posindn to know with some cer- equivalent to apprcxunateiy 01 ion I their total rauon. However, in no i cases should excessive amounts 03 whether the addition of min- eral supplement will sahstannaliy increase the o: his live- stock. Ucder ideal all the an anl- fed nor should stock be allowed to consume excessive amounts as it may cause severe digestive disturb- T_ i ances. If salt is available at all tzmes stock seldom wiU take more growth and from the feeds thai i: "ears. virr man enpugh_a> meet MeirreQu How- rasnrs, put n they have l ever. low soil fertility, drought and plant species of low mineral content are all factors that teed ong depleted they may consume exces- sive amounts unless care is taken to limit consumption at first. Calcium to lower thp mineral cor-ten- Of numerals, which are required the feeds, verv often nass" the abuneance for proper poms where tcev no lorker meet 1 tone development and other oooy the minirrmm requirements of all i 'uncuons. are_ the ones mosc lively classes of stock. Smce the reouire- to te -OUI1C cpcieni, in the aver- ment? of growing and ani- ration of livestock in soutnern mals as wellas "nmaucme -AJberta- Caicium usually occurs ui large quantities of are in sood quality well preserved hsys to ineet the requirements of mos: than other classes of stock. is is among these that deficiencies firss become evident. Ani- mals deficient in minerals show varying signs of deficiencies but are usually characterized by a gen- eral crippling, ness, hard, rough hair "coat, failure to breed, and a denraved apoetite as evidenced by chewing bones, and rags, or licking soil. Xot always are deficiency conditions evident to the casual observer. An animal may be deficient to the extent that; its productive effi- ciency is appreciably impaired, but yet show no visible sigcs of such a condition thai could be described as "hidden Since the sT minerals required by livestock, st least 14 in number, are not equally influ- escec. by the same factors it is necessary to discuss them senarate- ly. However, of these 14 different minerals required by livestock, usually paly '6 or 7 are likely to be deficient in the normal ration of livestock in southern Alberta to the extent that K would be grass eating but is defi- cient m cereal grains. Phosjphorus on the other hand is found in only moderate amounts in green forages and rapidly decreases as the forage matures or during periods of drought. I; very often decreases to the extent that grass eating ani- maj'; szz unable to obtain sufficient phosphorus to meet their minimum requirements. However, phosphor- ous is found in relatively large amounts in cereal grams and by-products (bran, shorts, etc.) Thus stock feeding on good pas- ture or hay and also getting gram are unlikely to be deficient in either calcium or phosphorus, Oa the other hand stock "maintained soielv on pasture especially after "the ture grasses mature, or on poor Quality hay are very likely to be in phosphorus, and if growth or production is desired they should be supolied with a supplement csttle this fall try what Bart- lett Bros, of Graritham. did a couple of vears ago. Cta Aug. 2, 1943. they put their yearling steers iieighing about SCO pounds oa gram. They fed them until Jan. 8 when they sold the lot weighing an average of 1236 pounds! We suggest that those ho are in a position to put in early cover crop like a combi- nation of rye and oats, sows heavily wnere there is assurance of good moisture, and take their steers off grass when the pas- ture begins to drv uo in August, and feed them grain with the cover croD, will lind that their gains wifi be heavy and the? will be able to' his that good early January market. It's a lot easier to feed in the fall than in the cold winter months when ;t takes a lot of gram jass to generate heat to keep the steers warm. It's a labor saver when the steers get so they can run ar a self-feeder. We have been told by several farmers and ranchers that the problem of getting help for the summer's work this spring is more difficult than even in the war years. The same story is being told across Canada. The truth is that the number of men who want to go 10 on the farms is steadily decreasing. The same is true of the mines, and in the building trades many of the jobs like stone mason and brick laying are attracting no young men. We do not know what the problem is in the case of mining and certain of the building trades. But we do know that in the case of farming the reluctance to take a job in ihe rural areas is largely due to a number of factors which will not be solved until farmers generally are in receipts of an income and an assurance of a market that will enable theni to pay wages which are attractive and to furnish living quarters which will attract men to farm life. These are necessaiy, to say nothing about the shortening of the long hours still worked on so many farms. The truth is that, while some people think that farmers today are rolling in wealth, they are so far behind in living conditions that, as one farmer said the other day, "All the houses on the farms in South- WEEKLY LETTER FLAX in Canada, and flax is the most im- iportam. oil-producing crop now be- ing until one or two crops of -weeds nave been destroyed, bus it should be kept in mind that flax requires practically the same, length, of to lipen as wheat. Flax is often wrongly looked upon as a, short sea- son crop. Seed treatment o! flax with one of the mercurial dusts, such as Ceresan or Leytosan. is recom- mended. Bias is frequently dam- aged in threshing and seed treat- ment is highlv beneficial in such cases, it also "of tea improves the germination. Bison. Royal and Bedwing are the three varieties which are most com- grwn. Where the season is suffieientlv long Bison or Royal should be chosen in preference to Redwing as they are better yield- In an effort to bring about an; ing grown in this country. There is ers. Royal generally outyields {increased production guaranieeo. price has of flax the been raised from to S3.25 per bushel, basis Xo- 1 C.W. Port William. This I definitely puts the price 01 flax m line with once of wheat and