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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednerioy, April THI LfTHMlDCI HRAIO SS JJV AUSTRALIA: IN HONOR Detail of the crucifix carved in a Korean prisoner of war camp in memory of Father Emit Kapaun. In service to others APOW FINDS GREATNESS By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON Some men achieve greatness In war. It is possible also to achieve ft as a prisoner of war. Such is the story, from an ear- lier war, of an Army chaplain and Jesuit priest, Father Envl Kapaun, captured in Korea in 1950 by choice, because he chose to stay with the wounded rath- er than seek his own safety. In captivity, Father Kapaun's conduct so impressed POWs that he became an inspiration even for those who never knew him. One.a young Jewish officer, was moved to create a hauntingly unique tribute to the priest. One fellow prisoner, two de- cades later recalls: "We had men dying five, ten and fifteen a day, month after month from the bitter cold, bad food and lack of medicine. Out of those thousands dead in those bitter years, he is the man we re- nKmber. "No detail was too dirty, if It helped the rest of us. He would sneak into the barracks of the Communist guards while we created a diversion a fight or other commotion and. at the risk of death, take soap, salt, a chicken, whatever food he could find. "Any of the rest of us would hoard at least a part of what we could scrounge, we were so desperately hungry. But not Father Kapaun. He stood up for our rights to the Chinese guards, quietly ssd determined- ly. He ministered to the Catho- lics, the Protestants and the Jews alike, and saw that each dying man received the services of his own religion. He saw to it that religion our own brand lived in each of us. He even prayed for the guards. "If a man said he was hun- gry, he gave him his own food. If a man said he was too weak to walk, he would wash his dishes. If a man was sick, he would wash his clothes. "The rest of us complained incessantly and bitterly, but he did not. If a man had worries, and we all did. he consoled him. He always had faith, and courage. He would never give up." These are the words of a man who had met Father Kapaun. Marine Gerald Fink never did. He arrived in the camp too late. But after a time he felt he bad to do something to ex- press the love and respect he had acquired for this priest so much talked about by other pri- soners, and whose death had come in serving them. Father Kapaun had been rummaging for roots one day near the base of a well when he discovered a hidden cache of food, burwd there at seme earlier time either by the com- pound guards or by some Kor- ean farm family before the He was attempting to dig out the find when the wall collaps- ed on him. Already suffering from severe dysentery and now j immobilized by injuries, he de- veloped pneumonia. The guards j took him away. Marine Fink's "something" in Father Kapaun's memory took the shape of a crucifix, crs.-ed from a scrap of wood with a steel support taken from his own shoe and honed to knife sharpness. Bits oC bar- bed wire found in the compound provided the final touch, tbe crown of thorns on this tribute to a selfless prisoner of war who (Kit care. (Newspaper Knterprisr Assn.) Debbie's son hurt in gun accident >JEW YORK (API Todd Fisher. 13 year o3d son of ac- tress Debbie Reynolds and her formers husband. Eddie Fisher, accidentally shot himself in tbe leg while handling an antique gun in his mother's New York apartment Young Fi-sher was in hospital li salisfactpry condition and Reynold? was given a summons for possessing an un- registered firearm. Police said the gun was a .45- calibre single action GoUt re- volver BERLIN 'APi ViMor de j Kowa. German stage and screen actor and graphic artist, died here after tang illness He was De Kowa was bom Viktor Ko- warzflc on March 19M, in Goerlitz. He made his stage de- but as Viktor de Kowa and ap- peared in several German cities Tn 1931. he began acting In films His first large part was in UK anti-war movie Dis An- Seite (The Other After the Second World War, De Kowa founded ths Tribueoe Itaafre in Berlin and continued his screen His work as a graphic artist ted to exhibitions in Berlin, Vienna, New York and Tokyo. Trade union heaven still a long way off By VINCENT MATTHEWS CP Correspondent CANBERRA (CP) -The Australian government has hit the first snags in its attempts to create a trade union heaven. One of the Labor govern- ment's first legislative acts after its election victory last December was to introduce four weeks' annual leave for the country's federal public they were members of a trade union. The legislation passed the House of Representatives where Labor has a nine-seat majority, but was defeated in the Senate. Labor Minister Clyde Cam- eron had to concede defeat brought in a new bill providing the leave for all public servants, whether members of trade unions or not. Another election promise was to set up an inquiry into industrial relations. Cameron said the inquiry was to shape the whole course of Austral- ia's future industrial rela- tions. But the executive of the Australian Council of Trade Unions at a secret meeting decided against co-operating with such an inquiry because it was felt trade unions would not have a strong enough re- presentation. The real showdown over this inquiry'has yet to ter the union opposition be- comes public. But both Cameron and Prime Minister Gough Whi- tlam have said publicly that the inquiry will still be held. Even counting these snags, the over-all picture for the trade unions in Australia has never been better. At a hear- ing before a wage tribunal, the federal government gave full backing to a union de- mand for an increase in the minimum wage of raising it to a week. The previous Liberal-Coun- try party government regu- larly opposed union claims for wage increases before the tri- bunal. The Labor government told the tribunal the economy could well stand a substantial increase in wages. This new government atti- tude reflects its desire to please the unions. While the previous government blamed the inflation rate in Australia on rapidly rising wages, the Labor government has been Gough Whitlam attacking price increases and ignoring the wage bill. The unions are pleased, but the federal treasury is grow- ing increasingly concerned at the effects on the economy. Senior officials say they be- lieve that if the minimum wage rises above a week the Australian economy will be in serious trouble from in- flation. But at this stage in the new government's life the fashion- able slogan is "more dollars to the workers." and the gov- ernment is getting a lot of support for that objective. Another government elec- tion pledge was to abolish penal clauses from the in- dustrial laws. The previous government toughened these penal clauses under which un- ions were fined heavily for striking in defiance of an in- dustrial court order. FAVORS CONCILIATION Under intended legislation, union officials will be pro- tected from employer victimi- zation and from action in civil courts. Cameron has said he wants to change the emphasis in the industrial laws from arbitra- tion to dic- tation to negotiation between employers and workers. But he also wants to strengthen the unions' bar- gaining positions by encourag- ing unions to merge. Austral- ia's 2.4 million workers now are represented by 300 trade unions but many of these are too weak to negotiate effec- tively and rely on court or- ders to protect their mem- bers' interests. K Cameron and the big union bosses have their way, the employers will face giant worker organizations repre- senting thousands of members and able to bring whole indus- tries to a stop with strike ac- tion. The Liberal-Country party opposition has attacked these Labor in par- ticular a government declara- tion that contracts for govern- ment work will be awarded only to firms which provide the best conditions for work- ers and are on the best of terms with trade unions. The opposition has called this government "blackmail" and moved a censure motion in was de- feated. The true test of the success or failure of the new Labor laws and regula- tions will come with union or abuse of the strike weapon. Savel01 Playtex plays up your shape beautifully! 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