Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
DISCONTENT SEETHING BENEATH BERMUDA'S TRANQWL1TY HAMILTON. Bermuda This lovely island of moderation has usually managed to escape most of the world's miseries. Warmed in the winter by the Gulf Stream, cooled in the sum- mer by ocean breezes, Bermuda contains no snakes or tropical fevers, no income tax or' sky- scrapers. Just as hurricanes generally veer south and westward, just BY George Veetey, of the New York Times as German warships never menaced this lonely island dur- ing the wars, so Bermuda's leaders have managed to shape her as neither Caribbean nor North American nor totally Bri- tish, but rather a singular little paradise for gentle vacations. Nevertheless, at a time when Hie rest of the world often seems about to explode, it was inevitable that Bermuda would catch winds of change and ter- ror. Last month the British ap- pointed governor. Sir Richard Sharpies, and his aide, Capt. Hugh Sayers, were assassinat- ed while taking a stroll outside the governor's hilltop man- sion. have made no state- ments or offered no theories just as they avoided comment affter the unsolved slaying of the police commissioner six months before. But it has been noted that most of those persons detaiA3d for questioning under emergency powers have been black, including several mem- bers of z black militant group. And even though the killings may prove to be unconnected with any political or social movements, they come in the midst of strong legislative cri- ticism of the office of governor and the growing mood for in- dependence among some of the island's black residents. Even Lady Sharpies touched upon that mood when she not- ed that her husband had favor- ed steady progress toward independence as soon as Ber- mudians themselves wished for it" Some Bermudians do indeed wish for independence, like the young black men on Court Street, where blacks rioted briefly in 1970 and where por- j traits of Malcolm X and black j power posters decorate the walls of several small shops. "The English are vultures." one young man said. "We ought to kick them out of Bermuda. We've got to be free from tne limeys." Muck like U.S. militants Tne feeling for independence seems to contain many of the complaints and the rhetoric that come from younger blacks whe- ther in Bedford Stuyvesant in Brooklyn or in many of the Caribbean islands in recent years. They say that they are given poor education and passed over in favor of "foreigners" when good hotel jobs come around, even in a land thar reports only a two per cent unemployment rate and where official docu- ments often speak of "overem- ployment" and the neeoVfor sx- porting manpower. Yet other black residents, whose light skin, Caucasian fea- tures and British accents and attitudes reflect generations of intermingling here, talk hesi- tatingly about the burdens of independence, even though many of them say they do not need a governor. They note that many of Bermuda's emerging professionals and managers are black, and they talk hopefully of a greater role in the future, even if the descendants of the leading families of Bermuda still own much of the island. One of the leading families In Bermuda is that of Sir Jobn Cox. the tall president of the Bank of Bermuda who was speaker of the assembly for 20 years In his country home, "the grove." built by his g r e a t- grandfather out of Bermuda limestone and Bermuda cedar. Sir John displays a small fig- urine of Queen Elizabeth riding a horse, and he reel's the time he entertained Sir Winston Churchill in his home here. "It seems preposterous to me that an island of 21 square miles and people wwuld have dreams of Sir John said, ''why, a small township in the states would have more population than that." Sir John bristles slightly when a visitor mentions Ber- muda's "40 the leg- endary first settlers of Ber- muda Sir John takes a book off the shelf that refers to the original families as "some gen- tlemen of yesteryear." He points out that Bermuda depends on England for secur- ity and services that the little island could not provide on her own. And he says he fears in- dependence could jeopardize the tourism and lucrative "tax- avoidance" residency of sev- eral American corpora-lions here that contribute to a standard of living that rivals America While he thinks it "quite pos- sible" that a few militant blacks were behind the killing of Sir Richard, Sir John feels that violence is not the furutre of Bermuda. my life we've fived to- gether in harmony.'' he said. "We shall certainly continue that way. It's only a tew who want to be a law unto them- i selves Sir John's career spans a tune when the island had fewer than 20.000 residents and only j land-owners could vote. But now the franchise has been extend- ed to all persons over 21 .wars of age. and Bermuda has one of j the highest in ths TvorW 2.836 persons per square mile. j First opposition party Tn years of his time as speaker. Sir John saw th? island's opposition party. !he Progrsssh-e Labor Party, dominated by middle- blacks, challenge the Party sift) dominates the as- sembly Although Wacte comprise more than 0bs. rown flnrf arrf Jrt send thpir earoinss home io Europe." LAST MONTH IN HISTORY Author Pearl 5. Buvk died in Danbr, Vt, at ago SO. Wan Pulitzer Mid Nobel awardi lor htr books, moitljr an China. President I Nixon announced he I will csk Congrejj ta re- dssfh penalty for I certain federal crimes. odmlnittration imposed mandatory price con- trols on Hie 23 biggest oil companies. Jewish in- tellectuals in Moscow appealed U.5 Ccn- fenders for help m emigrating lo Isroel. Pales- tinian guerrillas invad- ed diplomatic reception in Khartoum, Sudan, killed two U.S. envoys. ___ John T. Downey, o pnsener in China for 20 years, was released after President Ntxon appealed fo Pre- mier Chou En-lai I tien left opDosition in control but with out enough clout to oust Marxist President Sal- vador Allende. S e r m dn's newly appointed lovernor. Sir Richard iharples, was slfet ta death on grounds of Government House. _______ The nine member states of the European Economic Community closed ex- change markets for a week in monetary crisis. President banned all ipapers after qir- b i n 8 of paloce iri Cambodia. An Air ssenger ip 142 miies of Saigon, aboard. April 11, 1973 THI LETHBRIDGE HERALO 4fp This is Nixon's of Europe' By PETER BUCKLEY WASHINGTON (CP) An In- tricate round of state visits is being worked out for what Pres- ident Nixon has said will be his "year of with a key- stone role being assigned to West Germany The White House announce- ment that Chancellor Willy Brandt will visit Washington May 1-2 completes an unusual triangle of consultations in-! volving the United States, the Soviet Union and West Ger- many. The Brandt visit here is likely to come about two weeks before Leonid Brezhnev. Soviet Com- munist party leader, makes a historic trip to Bonn and prob- ably a month or so before Brezhnev visits the U.S. The travels to and from West Germany are by no means only ones projected before win- ter Nixon is considered likejy to visit Europe in the fall. Pres- ident Georges Pompidou of France is said to be thinking of a trip to Washington, and European heads of government will be frequently on the move. But the conferences among Nixon, Brandt and Brezhnev are Likely to confirm the more vigorous role the West Germans have been playing in foreign af- fairs under Brandt, as well as clarifying what movement can be expected this year in a sub- stantial range of other negotia- tions. In his discussions with Nixon, the chancellor undoubtedly will be seeking a clear indication of the main trends of U.S. policy in the post-Vietnam era. led airlines Comoanson oasod on Kfieduied Hrfats, fteeSn fSSs. 1S71 Sobjecito aoprovaL bitervac's charter flights cost less -a lot iess! 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