Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, April 11, 1973 An idea worth exploring There is a truly exciting innova- tion in the treatment of convicted persons in England, made possible by a new section of the recently re- vised Criminal Justice Act. This gives the courts power to require that, in place of fine or imprisonment, of- fenders perform community services determined by the courts, for periods of from 40 to 240 hours- Examples recently publicized are those of a 40-year-old painter with 18 previous convictions, mostly for petty theft, who was ordered to spend 100 hours decorating publicly owned housing units, and of a teenager with six convictions for assault who was made to put in 200 hours assisting the cooks at a hospital for discharged mental patients. At first glance being made to work at a regular job, no matter how men- ial, may not appeal to the retribu- tion minded as being sufficiently severe, or as offering a very effec- tive deterrant- That may be so, but in the case of a man with 18 pre- vious convictons, for all of which he was doubtless, punished in the con- ventional way fine, imprisonment, hard labor, farm work or whatever it seems pretty obvious that the ordinary means of dealing with of- fenders hasn't accomplished a great deal. As for the younger offender, it should be clear to even the most ob- tuse or punitive that a youth con- victed of the same offence for the sixth time by the age of 18 isn't learning much from whatever hap- pened the first five times. As for society, again drawing on the examples cited, it must have spent a considerable sum already on these two individuals, a total of 24 (at least) trials, and presumably a good many months of custodial and other expense, with no indication of any end to either. Even if this new approach doesn't do anything for the prisoners and there is always the chance that it will it certainly offers a far less expensive way of dealing with them- If Canadian laws relating to the administration of criminal justice do not allow for this sort of approach to dealing with offenders, it's time they did. Increased beef supply Various international research pro- jects are being carried out to find ways of reducing the time involved in producing beef. The basic reason for the beef shortage and it is likely to get worse is that it takes so long to produce. Nine months gestation fol lowed by usually 18 months fatten! :g means as much as three years from conception to table use- It is usual ly at least two years before a cow can give birth to its first calf and multiple births are infrequent. In an effort to speed up production the Japanese are experimenting with breeding from female calves before they reach normal reproductive ma- turity. A geneticist at the Tokyo Na- tional Institute of Animal Industry has succeeded in fertilizing ova in heifer calves by artifi- cially injecting bull sernen into the calf's uterus and immediately flush- ing out the fertilized ova with a Bo- vine serum in salt solution. Cows could be forced to produce twins by the implantation of two embryos, one into each side of the womb with poor quality cows receiving embryos from those of top quality. These top cows could become embryo factories pro- ducing successions of embryos all transplanted to host mothers. Treat- ed with fertility drugs they could be induced to produce 20-30 ova each, half a dozen times a year. The only problem facing geneticists is that it is impossible to store live embryos they must be transplant- ed immediately into host cows at a precise stage in their reproductive cycles. The freezing process, neces- sary to embryo storage is extremely difficult because they are killed by ice crystal formation. Cambridge Uni- versity researchers however, have successfully frozen, thawed and trans- planted cow embryos, with the first calves to be born this spring. Suc- cessful embryo freezing will permit almost indefinite storage. The Japanese are perfecting a non- surgical process to overcome the ex- pensive business of transplanting the embryos, reported to be as simple as artificial insemination. The combined findings of research- ers in Japan, Britain, New Zealand and the U.S. are contributing to pro- cesses that could soon increase pro- duction of more red meat from the world's very limited supply of live- stock. Hang in there, Mitch External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp has formulated plans for Canada's truce monitors hi Vietnam. Yet to be announced are the details of the rules that Canada will require to be observed by both sides: 1_ Division of the truce between North Vietnam and South Vietnam into 20-minute periods, the two sides changing ends after each period. 2. Laos is temporarily renamed Pen AI Ty Box and provided with the world's long- est bench. 3. Either side caught shooting at the other k penalized five months for fighting. 4. A third party that joins the fight is thrown out of the war. 5. Any rude remarks made to the Can- adian truce team, and particularly referr- ing to Mitchell Sharp, draws a 10-month misconduct and an automatic fine of S250, payable in Swiss francs. 6. Other penalties assessed as follows: Roughing: throwing a bomb, other than from an aircraft Two months in Pan Al Ty Box. Spearing: fighting with a spear, or other primitive weapon, instead of the regulation M 1 rifle. Additional penalties for fighting with a broken spear, or an illegally curved spear (boomerang.) Charging: either side charging the other with infraction of the truce. All charges must be channeled through the truce team, with no coaching from Peking or Washing- ton. Penalty: A Sharp reprimand. Too many men in the ICCS: a minor penalty, called only when the Canadian team have trouble getting waited m in a bar. Offside: Crossing tine RH Lme w art- vance of Henry Kissinger. These rules lor Canada's participation ID the Vietnam ceasefire are tentative, pend- ing approval by Phan Van Dong, Richard Nixon and Scotty Bowman. Our refereeing is also complicated by the fact that the humid Vietnam jungle rots the pea in our whistle. Canada is however under considerable pressure from the United States to continue monitoring the truce in Vietnam. As their contribution to the ceasefire the North Vietnamese are moving large numbers of troops and tanks south, and President Nix- on wants somebody dependable on hand to introduce them to the terms of the truce. But the Canadian truce monitors have a dicey situation to cope with. Although they have received a crash course in beating swords into ploughshares, they must carry out their mission without weapons and with no hope of being entertained by Bob Hope next Christmas. There is no evidence that Jane Fonda gives a damn about them. Yet if Canada withdraws her truce team it will be the worst blow to our reputation as peacekeepers since Red Storey bung up his skates. It will destroy tbe image of Canadians as a peace-like nation. In fact this country may never be asked to keep the peace again. An External Affairs spokesman says: "Canada's honor is al stake. We have become involved in an undeclared peace. Our problem is to witljdraw from Vietnam without appearing to leave." The eyes of the world are upon Canada. Our place w history requires tha( we emerge from Vietnam with something more than 3 sbeopjsh smite and a defoliated olive branch. Hang in there, Mitch. Some comparison! Bv Dong Although in the I had not been paying attention so 1 don't know this all got started. When I srt it was to attest to s claim by Eh which our f-A-o unusually were Battle over Alaska oil By Joseph Kraft, syndicated comentator WASHINGTON A rare in- sight into the future of national politics is provided by a bitter regional struggle which de- veloped in the wake of the Supreme Court's recent nonde- cision in the Alaska pipeline case. Presidential aspirations and the drift of power from the East and North to the South and Southwest are both involv- ed. So are national security is- sues and relations with Canada and the Near Bast. So are the availability and price of gaso- line, and the ongoing battle be- tween the ecologists and the oil lobby. Behind all this is the vast "new oil find of the so-called North Slope of Alaska. A con- sortium of companies has de- veloped plans to ship the crude across Alaska by pipeline and thence by tanker to the West Coast of the United States. That project has been approved by the Interior Department on be- half of the Nixon administra- tion. But several environmental groups contested the adminis- tration's decision in the courts. Apart from raising ecological questions such as oil spill in the Pacific, the environmental- ists argued that the project would violate the terms of the Minerals Leasing Act of 1920, which limits the width of the right of "way that can be grant- ed for the pipeline. The lower courts, without even considering the environ- mental issues, ruled sgainst the pipeline on the grounds that the project violated the 1920 law. Early this week, the Su- preme Court threw the issue to the Congress by refusing to view the decision of the lower courts. Congress can make the pipe- line a reality by amending the 1920 act to accommodate a wid- er right of way for the pipeline. The administration favors that approach as do most of the senators and representatives from the West Coast areas, which would benefit from the project. So do the oil compan- ies who have lots of clout with congressmen and senators from the Southwest. Leading the way for the Al- aska pipeline is that doughty cold-war liberal and leading Democratic presidential apir- ant, Sen. Henry M. Jackson of Washington. Sen. Jackson is chairman of the Interior Com- mittee, and he is planning to bring out of committee in the next few weeks a bill widening the rights of way. He argues that only the Al- aska pipeline provides a rapid way to exploit the new source of oil. He claims that keeping the pipeline in Alaska has im- portant national security ad- vantages. But there is a rival project for exploiting the Alaska oiL It calls for bringing the oil south across Canada to the Midwest. It has been given new vitality by the partial nature of the re- cent Supreme Court decision. Because the court did not rule on the ecological argu- ments against the Alaska pipe- line, it appears thai, the pro- ject will be subject to a whole range of environmental and other suits, even if Sen. Jack- son's bill is approved. The cer- tainty of such legal action means long delay for the Al- aska project. Given that pros- pect of delay in Alaska, a whole range of other considerations assert the advantage of the trans-Canada route. It avoids the ecological prob- lem of oil spills. It provides a richer source of supply since it will tap vast new Canadian fields as well as the North Slope deposits. It delivers oil where it is in short supply, the Middle West and East Coast, rather than the West Coast, which is practi- cally self-sufficient. It eases the national security problem by making the most populous areas of this country depend- ent for oil on Canada rather than the Arab states an ad- vantage that has been under- lined since the Canadians, af- ter a fit of nationally inspired reluctance, are holding out the hand of cooperation on oil. The obvious merits of the trans-Canada route have begun to attract some potent congres- sional friends. Sea. Walter Mondale, the Minnesota Demo- crat who seems more and more to have his eye on the presi- dency, is preparing a bill man- dating the administration to negotiate for a trans-Canada route. So is John Anderson, the Illinois congressman who is third-ranking Republican in the House. The outcome of the fight Is impossible to predict. But my guess is that the East and North are going to be making a suxiiig fight before yielding pride of place to the newer re- gions. In the process, a lot of damage is probably going to be done to Sen. Jackson's claim to stand above local interests on environmental and national se- curity issues. This is the war that was By C. L. Stulberger, New York Times commentator At e 1 looVed gorgeous, didn't pieadipgly la my i'l "compared to SAIGON On July 19, 1941, Admiral Leahy, ambassador to Vichy, France transmitted this message from President Roose- velt: "If Japan was the winner (in World War the Japan- ese would take over French In- dochina and if the Allies won, we would." In that psychology lay the root of future trouble. I have been visiting this tor- mented country intermittently for almost 25 years and all the time it was suffering violence. In the early 1950s, when Viet IS'inh Tnortars thudded each ev- ening along the Saigon river and German was spoken in Tourane, now Da Nang, by ex- Jiazi recruits of France's For- eign Legion. war was already an established habit. The French quit after Dicn Bien Phu and WTC United States moved in, spending billion 111 a gradually increasing effort protect what was left after the Geneva partition. And now, v.-ifj] the Americans gone. Viet- nam is m a period of neither waT nor peace. What has been learned from this- expensive ef- fort? President Marco.-. OO. LTD., Proprietors and Poblisbed I905 ISM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN RtalStrartlon No SCT? The fh? CuTigAIgn Ntwsp wrs' AsoodMum tnd Burno of ciretfttlcmi W MOWERS, Eiftor en8 Publlstw THOMAS H. ADAMS, General VCHI WILL) AW MAT Etngr Associate WILES DQUOLAi K. msmytr tsitonn THE HERALD SCTVES THE SOUTH'