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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, April 11, 1973 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 39 science seen the edge of the 'world'? By WALTER SULLIVAN New York Times Service NEW YORK believe they have seen the edge of the universe. The announcement this week of the discovery of a quasar more distant than anything pre- viously observed has strength- ened this belief, not because it is so distant, but because it is not farther away. The situation can be likened to gazing through a forest of widely scattered trees and find- Ing that none can be seen be- yond a certain distance. The implication is that, as Einstein and others believed, the uni- verse is finite. Beyond its expanding volume, this theory holds, nothing ex- ists not even space, because, in this concept over such great distances space curves back upon itself. Assuming the validity of the method used for estimating dis- tances to quasars and other remote objects, light from the newly discovered one has pro- bably taken 12 billion years to reach the earth, travelling at miles a second. UNKNOWN The nature of quasars Is un- known, although some scien- tists suspect they are galazies in an early stage of formation. If they are as distant as they seem to be, they shine far more brightly than any other celestial object, both invisible light and light at radio wave lengths. Because of this intrinsic brightness, some of them would be expected to be visible at considerably greater distances than that of the newly found quasar. From the rate at which toe universe is observed to be expanding, its birth in a "big bang" explosion is estimated at 13 billion years ago. But looking across vast dis- tances and, hence, far back into time man can see out only to 12 billion years (in the most distant quasars. Hence, in the words of Dr. Allan R. Sandage of the Hale Observa- tories in California, in these quasars we are apparently see- ing "the edge of the world." To cosmologists, "world" is a vir- tually synonomous with "uni- verse." WALL? For the last year or two, Sandage said in a telephone interview, it has been suspected that there is some sort of "wall" preventing astronomer's from seeing quasars in the region be- yond 12 billion years. Using the new, more powerful methods of observing with radio and opti- cal telescopes, such objects should be visible, if they exist. Now, he said, it is beginning to look as though the "wall" is real. Detection of the most distant quasar has been reported in the British journal Nature by Dr. R. F. Carswell and Dr. P. A. Strittmatter of the University of Arizona's Stewart Observatory. Tt is known as OH471 and is apparently receding from the Milky Way, the galaxy of stars within which the earth lies, at a speed orf 91 per cent of the speed of light. It is assumed from the seemingly uniform ex- pansion of the universe that the speed of recession is a re- liable indicator of distance. Such expansion has been thorough- ly documented within ranges of shorter distance. What is now the second-most- distant quasar was detected by Dr. Roger lands and Dr. Derek Wills of Kitt Peak National Ob- servatory, which, like the Ste- wart Observatory, is near Tuc- son, Ariz. The apparent observation of the edge of the universe is con- sidered by Sandage and other believers to be further evidence of the validity of the big bang cosmology. He and others of thta view believe the first billion years in the life of the universe were required for an expanding gas cloud, initially composed chief- ly of hydrogen and helium, to form the elements and as- semble them into accretions dense enough to initiate nuclear reactions and to shine. Hence, the first billion years was a time of darkness. COLUMNIST'S NOTEBOOK By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) Your wrinkles are getting wrinkles If: You can still remember the first names of the Rover Boys and the Bobbsey twins. Anything unusual that hap- pens reminds you of some- thing like it but even more un- nsual that happened 25 years ago. You wonder why younger men waste time staring at themselves in the washroom mirror when they comb their hair. When you look in the mirror, you don't see anything worth a second glance. You keep not one but two umbrellas in your closet. Both are in good condition. And in your dresser drawer you keep three extra pairs of shoelaces. You have learned to prepare for emergencies ahead of time. The insurance company writes you that your policy is paid up at last CANT BEAT INFLATION You think people are crazy who read articles in the news- papers and magazines telling how to beat inflation. You know there is no way on earth this can be done. It comes as something of a minor shock to you to realize that by now you are probably too old to inherit money from anybody. Your son Is beginning to show a litUe grey in his side- burns. Occasionally your wife says something that makes real Fall rodeo snubbed TAEER HINSi The Taber Rodeo Association has turned down a request Jo combine forces with a group to present a show in the community cerate arena. The rotJro ownrrotee th.l rt is loo involved in the spring mtoo and the late Aw- racing meet to become further totaled by another fai1 event. The decision was not unani- rpcris Some members said they wouW assiid an the rodeo. sense. You wonder bow the old girl got so smart all at once. Half the time when you're girl watching you're thinking of something else. You talk more about the weather than you do about after all, it is really more interesting. For one thing, it changes pretty often. You're one of the last guys in the office to hear any new gossip. It has been at least 20 years since you tried a fresh vice. Your old bad habits keep you tired enough. When you occasionally re- view your life, you are pleas- antly surprised at the number of people you have outlived. Your job is r.o longer so much of a challenge and an adventure as it is a sanctuary and a refuge. The way you celebrate your birthdays now is to spend part of the day adding a paragraph or two to your last will and testament Picture Butte agri society launched PICTURE BtTTTE (HNS) A committee recently met to discuss formation of sn agri- culture society for Picture Bute and district. Covering: of Ihe Picture Batte skating rink was also discuss- ed. Attending were: -Tim Fore- mam. Atex Forrayi, Dan Fletch- er, Yves Leclair, Morley Roe- Ws. Ron Koencn, Barry Rieter and John Hardy. Alex Forrayi was appointed temporary chairman for the committee. MerrJey Roelfs Is secretary- treasurer. It is the hope of the proap fo srf! memberships of in an sodcty. Its name will be "Picture Fkrtte and District Agriculture Society." Memberships are available from ccnuniMee members. The nexJ meeting will be held April 38 at S.39 pro. at the north county recreation office, Picture WAR'S VICTIMS know no cease-lire, particularly the very youngest. war is afl the reality they have known, children naturally play at war, below. Many orphaned and injured children, are cared for with UNICEP aid in South Vietnamese government shelters. A class for the blind, above, learns to read braille. For some severely maimed youngsters, right, the war will never be over. CHINESE REPLACE LOST FEET, ARMS BY ALTON BLAKESLEB PEKING (AP) There is a girl walking around in China with an offside foot. Her right foot is on her left leg. Surgeons put it there. It was one example, shown in a movie to American visitors, of high skill in replacing lost limbs, a specialty in which Chinese surgeons are probably the world's leaders. The young woman had lost her right leg below the knee and her left foot above the ankle in a train accident. The left foot was too mangled to reimplant. So was most of the right leg, but the ankle and foot were sound. So the surgeons from Chi Shuei Tan Hospital put her right foot on her left leg. Her big toe j is on the left side of her foot, not the right side. Then they fit- ted her vrith an artificial limb for the missing part of her right leg. The film showed her walking fairly normally, unassisted, about a year after the accident. Surgeons at the hospital, a big general one specializing in or- thopedics, said they have per- formed 40 operations to reim- plant severed limbs in the nine 3rears, with 27 of them success- ful. Similar surgery is performed in a number of other hospitals, they said, including some smaller ones staffed by sur- geons given special training in the delicate work of restoring connections between blood ves- sels, nerves and other tissues. Reimplantation surgery Is done in the United States but usually in specialized hospitals and not as frequently as re- ported here, said American sur- geons visiting China at the invi- tation of the China Medical As- sociation, Businessmen! ou need A Joint venture of Laurentide Financial Corporation Ltd. and BankAmerica Corporation. We're professionals in financial field. Sale and teaseback Business acquisitions Purchase credit Inventory loans Working capital loans Receivable financing New business financing n norco norm conrinenr cnprrnL ITD. Vancouver: Calgary: 1200 West Fender Street 832 Fifth Avenue S.W. Phone (604) 681-5375 Phone (403) 262-SOSS Offices also In TORONTO end MONTREAL on Canadian-made full-featured Electrchome colorTV models-while they last. The Crusader 26" picture tube, plus fully-automatic AFT, tint, and to your preference. Walnut vinyl- wrapped cabinet is either mantle or consolette style. Full-sized performance at a portable price. 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