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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 11, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THf UTHMUOOI HEIAID April 11, It 19 IIHTOIUMS vX.. -xvXv Suzanne Cronje Tension Still Exists Between Congo States Wheat Growers Organize No sooner have the various com- modity groups in Alberta been brought together in a single agricul- tural organization, Unifarm, than another appears on the scene. This is a wheat growers association which originated in Saskatchewan and was registered as recently as April 3rd under the Societies Act of that prov- ince. Not only Is this new farm group centred on a single commodity, wheat, but it is concentrating on drawing its membership from the high protein wheat producing area known as the Palliser Triangle. Since 70 per cent of Canada's total wheat 'crop is produced in this area there Is logic in at least beginning if hot ending the drive for member- ship there. The Canadian Wheat Board permit holders in, the Palliser Triangle would constitute a sufficiently strong lobby. Directors of the new organization, In Lethbridge recently, indicated that they believe it is a mistake to be blending high and low protein wheat because it is making the product non- competitive on the world market. An Implication seems to be present that there are a lot of people growing wheat who shouldn't be and who have been taking a ride at the expense of the producers in the Palli- ser Triangle and now threaten to sink the ship. But there is room for some doubt whether this is an ade- quate explanation of the problem of marketing Canadian wheat. There is a desire on the part ot the wheat growers for change in the Canadian Wheat Board. As one of the directors eipressed it, they want A wheat board but not THE wheat beard. One of the aims of the new organization is to get producer representation on the board. Surely it is a reasonable thing for those directly involved to want to have a voice in the marketing of the com- modity they produce. While represen- tation might not result in much change in the sale of wheat, at least farmers might be able to bear their plight with more equanimity assured that the cause has been truly taken up. A body of wholly political appoint- ees, no matter bow competent, is not likely to readily inspire confi- dence at least not as long as markets for wheat fail to material- ize. It will be interesting to get the reaction of cabinet members most directly concerned with wheat the Hon. Otto Lang and the Hon. H. A. Olson. The members of the new organization would probably Hie to have the encouragement of these men but they will not worry if it is not forthcoming since a major aim is to create a lobby group to press the interests of the wheat producer. CNDON It would be Jj to the abortive coup in Ccugo-BraoaviUe at storm in teacup. The tam- try, a former French coiooy, a until compared with its power- ful neighbor, Coogit-Kinhatt former BelgUa which ia tie early He became the battlefield on which the Big Power struggle for infkifnre la Africa was fought. WhiV the btoody hive not been forgotten, their memo; hu faded In recent General Government has proved to be stable, foreign in- vestors have retmed, Kiirtyii baa a lew air of prosperity. The piusuetfa are taid la be favorable. Nevertheless the old power struggle between the. and the West con- VThat happened to Braaavffle to the early hours of Karen a a but the blest indicatioa of this. The Wat may have won UK first round in Kinshasa, where U.S. has become deep- ly entreocbed, but Brazzaville acnas the river hai moved steadily towards the Left tendency started -kith the over- ttrow in 196} of the corrupt right-wing regiiee of Fufcert Youku. The trade union lead- er, Massembt-Debat, who took over, was himself deposed in UB by the precent military kadenhip, but the "rewiu- tionary" nature of his Govern- ment has remained unchanged, lit fact, under the new constttu- tita promulgated al the begin- ning of this year, the country has been renamed "TV Congo- lese Peoples Republic" and has adapted a red national dag. Its new anthem, LES TROIS GLORIEUSES, evokes the 1K> retohirjon but until a suitable tune is toad to go with the words the INTERNATIONALE is played as a leunKaay an- them. But, despite renUion- ary trappings, Congo-BramrU- Je fa far from being a Coo miMiist country. As the fevler, Major Marien Ngouabi, has painted out, there is no Com- munist Party, although "there might be one day." Even this, he maintains, would not him the country into a Communist State. "Communism means atheism, and we are more religious than the. people of the West." His Government he said, bad decided to adopt Manist-Leninist principles be- cause planned devekpment was the best method by which an under developed nation could advance. "We do not desire a totalitarian or egalitarian sy- stem, but we wish to stop the exploitation ot man by man." In fact, he has no intention of ending his country's mem- bership of the French franc cur- rency zone which gives Paris considerable fiscal control nor does be show any desire to alter his country's status as an associate-member o[ the Eu- ropean Economic I status which left-wingers us- ually worn as a nee-colonial one. According to him, in order to achieve true independence his country needs an economy Status Of Ombudsman The procedure of the provincial government in turning a report of Ombudsman George McClellan over to a judicial inquiry without revealing the nature of its contents to the legis- lature may eventually be conceded to be the Tight procedure. This will not be known until the inquiry is held and the mysterious report is made public. There Is, however, an unfortunate suggestion in this procedure as has been made clear in the reaction of the Opposition in the legislature. It is the suggestion that the ombuds- man is a servant of the-government greatly detracts from-the role of this official. A bin to clarify the status of the ombudsman and guarantee his inde- has been proposed by- the Opposition. This is likely to be con- sidered mere politicing so that the bill will be voted down by the govern- ment. Yet the purpose of the bill des- erves to be taken seriously. If the government feels it must be rejected then another bill should be substituted amending the Ombudsman Act so that the status of the ombudsman is not imperilled when a further inquiry appears-necessary or desirable. It would be tragic if public confi- dence in the ombudsman as the pro- tector against governmental or indifference should be undermined. The institution of the office of ombuds- man by the government is too good a thing to be jeopardized by a sus- picion of governmental manipulation no matter how unwarranted that suspicion may be. which will provide for the State as weU as the private sector. This pragmatism is of course incompatible with "scientific socialism" but Braz- zaville's revolutionary .lan- guage must not be judged in ideological terms. 11 would be more accurate to regard it as a. means'in expressing in MioiinB terms the frustrations of undef- development and poverty suf- fered by the people. Nevertheless, the influence of Moscow and Peking is well es- tablished, and this is regarded as a threat by the Americans and by Congo-Kinshasa, where revolutionary movements are suppressed as hangovers of the eariief rebellion. It is therefore bat the recent abortive coup was ted by Lieu- tenant Kikaogo, who was re- garded as a supporter of ei- President Youku. Be fled to Kinshasa in February, 1969, fol- lowing a speecb by Ngouabi denouncing the activities of "certain reactionary Kikango. and his supporters only managed to capture tbe Brazzaville radio station before they were overpowered by loyal troops and an of them are said to have been killed in tbe 'action. Tbe Government In Kinshasa letter To The Editor has denied any involvement to the alfair, bet its radio station recently threatened that "the scope of our reaction (to criti- cism from Brazzaville) may be as violent, if not more so, than the action which evoked it (of the legitimate defence ol our economic and military inter- ests." Kinshasa and the Aaeri-' can Central Intelligence Agen- cy (CIA) were accused by Brazzaville of being implicated in a attempt against Major Ngouabi last November. General Mobutu replied at the time that he was getting.tired of the constant allegations against his regime, adding that he could, if he wanted, urrade Brazzaville "in less than two Altrmpfa by neighbor- ing countries to reconcile the two Presidents have failed, and now there seems less 'hope than ever of an carry ktgnrtng of the tension. Considering the foreign inter- ests involved in what at first sight appears to be a purely African quarrel, a minor bor- der' incident may nave far- reaching international uripbca- (ioos. The Congo has a long way to go before it can be regarded as stable. (Write! for UK Herald ud Tbe Observer, Analysis Of Farm Costs Talking to farmers, It often surprises me many do not realize what tteir operation is costing there. With mis per acre in mind, it may be worth while to look at this matter real- istically tor a change. There are two kindi o( ex- those thai affect your bank account directly and those that do so indirectly, but both are equally.real. Let's give an example and lake a straight grain (arm of a thousand acres of cultivated land valued at tin per acre. INDIRECT COSTS: acres of an acre constitutes an investment of At an interest rate of the cost of holding this land equals an interest km to you of Loss of interest on capital invested in machinery or in- terest paid on borrowed money.......................... Depreciation ot your machinery and buildings Weekend Meditation How To Live And Die "Thafc my AlvinI Hasn't even got degrw yet and he's already in the DEAN'S office Quiet Revolution On Campus Total indirect cost.................................... 114.009, DIRECT EXPENSES: Your laud taxes are a direct expense It is clear that the privilege of owning your farm costs you 000 plus a year if yon work it or not TOOT cost is per acre per .year regard- OVER-Mi COSTS Purple gas and diesel fuel ofl Repairs..............-...... Insurances.................. less of what you do with it. As far as direct costs js con- cerned, there is not ton difference between the srtnal work of summerfallowing, .and seeding, depending on'tbe.year. IS only on way to live and way to die. Jests eipressed It in his words on the Cross: "Father, Into Thy hands I commend my spirit." Even in the Garden of Gethsemane Jesvs spumed his kat chance to escape. "Father, If it be Thy he prayed, "let Has cup pass from me. Nevertheless not my will but Thine be done." He came to do God'i will, not his own, and no ever kept himself more fully attuned to the will of God. What a dangerous thing prayer Is, then. It aenda men on dangerous missions and strange Journeys. It is not a retreat to somo place apart from life's conflicts. Fray. er IB aecurity In battle, the security o( courage and faith. "Have you found peace you became a a man en- quired of a religious leader, "No, I have found was the reply. So the great days ol faith have always been marked by martyrdoms. When Jesus cried "It is fin- be shouted It in a loud voice, ac- cording to the Scriptures. Thus it was a cry of victory, of a perfect achievement. To Jesus the cross meant the will of God. Matthew uses the word "fulfilled" 16 limes to show that In Jesus' life the will and pur- pose of God were perfectly performed. The cross was God's design for the salvation of the world. So impressive was the shout of Jesus that three of the Gospels record it, Michelangelo built his conception of Christ around It, Michelangelo held that here was no pathetic, defeated creature, pleading for man's pity, but a triumphant fighter who has entered the battle as God's man and carried off an astounding rout of the pow- ers of evil. Paul gives the typical altitude of early Christians In the fifteenth verse of the second chapter of his letter to the Church it Colassae In which he says Jesus utterly defeated "principalities and powers" and led them captive in his victory tiki In the Mme way a victorious Roman gen- eral would lead defeated enemies In hii triumphal pageant through Rome. It Is only in thU sense of fulfilling Uie will of God that a men can be a conqueror fa life or death. Everything man builds crumbles. Everything he achieves turns to dust As Paul says, even knowledge passes away and is useless. Who consults a.medi- cal text book over ten years Tbe Bible means by humility a man who becorces an agent for God, a perfectly submissive, re- ceptive enamel of divine activity. The egoist, the proud man, must always end in bumilitatioo and defeat Only as God works through a man can he ultimately have pow- er In action and peace in bis heart. True greatness is the result of God .working (trough a man. The only brilliance you can have is when tbe light of God ittnei through you. God therefore must be a continuous ex- perience, not merely a Sunday hour when God is casually greeted, but a vital, never- ceasing reality. Jesus disclaimed credit for his achieveinenU: "The Father that dwell- eth in me, He doeth the said Jesus. Most people become weary, weak, tired cut, but Paul exclaims despite his dread- ful burdens and problems, "I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me." Exultantly be describes himself as "more than "Into Tby hands I commend my spirit." It was the evening prayer with which Jewish parents sent their children to bed. Jesus added the word "Father." God's love is trustworthy. These are volcanic times when old maxims are cast aside, laws, customs, and kingdoms are thrown Into history's waste basket, Countless multitudes are find- ing that the only comfort, the only seen- ity, lies where men and women have al- ways found them, in committal to God, Thus Columbus and George Herbert, explorer and poet priest, Luther and Bernard, Unt reformer and Roiran Catholic crusad- ing mook, Basil and Catherine of Siena, theologian and mystic, all found peace in the prayer, "Into Thy hands I commend my spirit." It Is man's only peace and it fills UK darkest sky with the light of a blazing star. Prayer: Hold me, 0 God, thai never, in life cr death, may I fall out of Thy hands, -F. S. M. By Tom Sandtn, h Tbe Wincpeg Fret fnm What's Your Name? By Dong IVfY WIFE'S name Is Elspcth that's 1 Scotch for Elizabeth. Although it probably seems like a perfectly straight- forward name to the Scots It seems very peculiar to a lot of other people. With considerable grac'ousness, Elspeth endures repeated mangling of her name, Even tarat of her best friend] cannot pro- Walter nounce Ihe name correctly and there have been versions thai have caused hilarity In the family. The most memorable attempt al coping with Ihe name came during a wedding In rural Saskatchewan. A friendly soul leaned forward in Ihe church and said, "It's nict to you MOST people think of revolution on tbe cam- puses of our universities they think of student protests and riotings, the taking over of buildings and the destruction of property. They think of what, has taken place at San Fran- cisco and Berkeley, at Colum- bia and even Harvard. In our own eourtry they think of Si- mon Fraser and Sir George Williams. At another1 level they thick ti tbe permissiveness Uiat seems to be more marked in our unl- Yerstiea than in other areas ot our corporate life in such matters as sexual behavior and the language used in some of our university publications. But there has been another revolution going on In many universities which has receiv- ed less publicity rev- olution of which the public U yet largely unaware. One sus- pects it has caught the univer- sities themselves by surprise: a revolution in student atti- tudes toward religion and the place of religion ia Uie curri- culum of studies. Until a few years ago the study of religion was confined to theological colleges and to a handful of "mickey mouse" courses In some arts faculties; today It claims a significant and growing enrolment of seri- ous students or virtually every campus la Canada. Al both CarJeton and Queen's univer- sities, for example, enrolment in coyrv! in religious studies (his year Is In excess of 600. This Is being repeated all across Ihe country, from Mem- orial University in .Newfound- land to the University o( Brit- ish Columbia. In Winnipeg, from a mere handful six years ago, (here are now students enrolled in these classes. Tlie Univer- sity of Manitoba, a laic starter in the field, tris year enrolled 231 students compared with 136 last year. a. Boniface Col- lege and the Canadian Mennoa- He Bible College, which run courses at the university level, have 60 and 75 respect I v e 1 y. The University of Winnipeg has 400. The experience of Ihe latter Institution especially reflec 11 what is going on In the coun- try as a whole. In the academic year tho University of Winnipeg (or United College as tt then was) bad 66 studeaU enrolled in its department of reJigioQs studies. In 1966-S7 U had 92; in 1967-68 it bad 175; last year it had 271. The University o( Manitoba's experience, being of shorter duration, does not show such startling results, but figures projected into Uie future indi- cate thai there will be a fur- ther upsurge ot enrolment there. The phenomenon k the more noteworthy because it comes when the churches are becom- ing weaker, when there has been a falling off in attendance and membership, when it is proving ever more difficult to recruit candidates for the min- istry. It hu moreover, at a time when student atti- tudes are not generally favor- able to the churches. The churches, in their eyes, are part of the and therefore suspect. One can only speculate on the reasons for the phenome- non, but both Prof. Gordon Harland, who beads the depart- ment of reiigiooB studies at the University of Manitoba, and Prof. Carl Rldd of the Univer- sity of Winnipeg agree on cer- tain points: Today's students are questioning the very bases of society, and, not least, the prevailing materialistic philoso- phy of Uc; they are discover- ing that their own discipline, whatever it may be, can be. bet- ter understood If Ihey have some know-ledge of reb'gion; they are looking for "new" va- lues, sometimes in "old" places, and, because Western civiliza- tion or any civilization, can- This constitutes per acre. Cost of working your land is ptvu J15.00 which ii (17.80 per acre. This Is wtat summer- fallow costs you. U you have a hired man yon 200 ROD have to add.wages to the over- all cost, your wages are not eluded, a gram farmer works fa- less than nothing, anyway. not be understood apart from its religko or religions, they are interested in'the religious quest. They want lo understand both themselves and their en- vironment, and a knowledge ot retigwn, they believe, is essen- tial to that understanding. But becsLse UK world today Is smaller than it used to be, with modern means of com- munication and transportation bringing Jar places near, the _ religious quest for them in- is per hobby with lots of fresh air and volves much more than Uie it For seeding we have to add lo this UK cost o( seed x per acre......................................... f 2.00 The cost of fertilizer per acre........................... 3.00 The cost of chemicals per acre.......................... 1-00- Extra lor hail insurance........................... 2.00 Running a combine and swatber..............-. '2.00' >10.00 Now you may think that the iflc case, you will find out what cost of seeding and harvesting it actually costs yon to bare a nomination or'faith in -which they have been brought up. U involves the Ysrious facets of Christianity and other religions as well. It Involves a study not only of theological writings but of secular writings with theolo- gical content. The young peo- ple who are enrolling for these courses want to be challenged and they win not be fobbed off with simple ameu to com- plex questions. Both Prof. Ridd and Prof. Harland point out that the toughness of the courses dis- suades some, (hat the failure- rale in Year One is as high as in any other discipline. But they also point out that those who pereevere constitute an ex- ceedingly high proportion of lop students. At (he University of Winni- peg, whose record in winning Woodrow Wilson awards is well known, met half .of the Wood-, row Wilson fellows over the past three years were enrolled in Prof. Ridd's classes. THi docs not mean that they ma- jored in religious studies only that they chose religious studies to round out their pro- gram, a function that the acre. This is not so. If you have a half-half operation you have to add lo mis the oast of your summerfallow. Seeding and harvesting an acre of grain on an operation half summerfalknr half crop costs you actually plus or J46.20. If you apply Ibis to TOO acres In crop and 300 acres in sum- merfalkw your per cost cere is 700 T pllB 300 I divided by 700 Is Cropping everything of course would cost you plus the cost of extra nreued fertilizer. If you substitute your own fi- pertaining lo your spec- sunshine. You can also decide If you can afford to 'continue to subsidize the food.bin of our society. The only reason we are still here is that we are willing not oply to work for free', but be- sides that, we are actually giv- ing an interest free loan to so- ciety, by just forgetting about our Indirect costs. By investing your capital elsewhere and making Wt7a you woold in this case have an in- income of without doing anything, just sitting back. What are you making now? D. T. DBTMERS. Gnoum. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD Eliai Rogers, presi- dent ot the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, National IJfc In- surance Company, vice-presi- dent of the Imperial Bank of Canada aod a director of var- ious other Canadian corpora- tions died today at the age of TV at his horn- Is war ever devised by man, (iefy- ing all defence and raining mer- ciless death from the skies." The mercury nose- dived to 17 degrees below early this morning, selling rsn all- time low record for April weath- er m Lethbridge. IWl The Duke and Duchess OL Windsor today arrived m Cal- gary. The royal couple's TisH is hoped to Include a stop at the Duke'i EP west of High River. IKt Venereal diseases m __ on Ihe Increase In Lclhbridee, of" 'the' most "encwraging txmb of our times. It nay not "the moat-appalling weapon of health unit's report. 1930 A new secret weapon, a courses are especially design- pant airplstie torpedo operat- (0 J Ing by remote control Is now The new' emphasis on rcli- j" .f Ihe- gion as m academic subject Mai1 ope signs of our times. It nay "1 was very careful, George I to town and Dack with the huul- mean a revival of interest in organized religion, but U most certainly means that religion, among many of our better stu- dents, is no longer considered passe. It Indicates a thoughtful sr.M intellectually probing atti- tude toward the business of liv- ing, desire (o get the maxi- mum of meaning and satisfac- tion ol life, and a quality of high seriousness In Iheir ap- proach to life's problems for which university students are not always given the credit toy deserve. The Lethbtidge Herald 504 Ttb SI. Lethbridge, Alberfi LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Proprietor] and Pntlljben Published 1905 1954, by Hon. ff. A. BUCHANAN CLiH Mil) XtfMritlci ITambn ml H Tta Cnidln rm intf Ihe Duly NfWipifV Amnon Ita Birtu ol acnbUoM ci.Eo w. MOWEM, tarn ud THOU AS JL AUAMJ. Ultlia WILLIAM BAT Anorlilt KM DOt'OLAI K WALKES Mta-lil PHI IOC Minn! HOY r. XILCJ THE HOMO JttVtt THE MUW ;