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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 11, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 11. Mfc NUMBER 102 GERMANS CONCENTRATE ON BELGIAN FRONT CANADA'S PART IN WAR IS TOLD T. M. Tweedie, Calgary, Pleads for Generous Treatment of Returned Men. SIR SAM HUGHES WANTS TO SEE THE WEST OPENED UP Ottawa, Apr. 10.-Canada's increasing jiavt in th-3 war was laid down by the premier in the house today. The war vote of $500,000,000 was 1111-" tier consideration in committee. Department by department, Sir Hobert had sketched war expenditure since 3.014. He .followed with estimates of war expenditure for the coming finance year, while indicating that, in certain' cases, actual expenditure it was hoped, would come wall under the estimate. In all the estimates totalled approximately $516,000,000. The main items were: Militia and defense, both In Canada and overseas, $44:!,050,00() or an average q/ $1,107.62 a man per year. This estimate is nosed on the presumption that the operation of the Military Service Act will increase the number of troops raised in Canada to a total of fido.000 namely first draft under the Military Service Act, 100,000; lioale defense force 10,000; in England 150,-000; in France 140,000; discharged after service at the Iront, killed, died Of wounds, etc., 100,000. �Canada registration board $1,000,-000. Justice department $1,100,000. Marine and Fisheries $34,735,470. War expenditures In this department last year were $569,297. The Increase, is due, it .was explained, to the proposed shipbuilding program. Naval service, $"19,000,000 as compared with an, expenditure last" year of $10,6634181.. "The estimate is due," Sir Robert-.remarked, "to. a large increase in.all directions of naval activity, which have been considered absolutely, necessary aftev a very careful study with the British admiralty and very high naval authorities who have Teen sent out to this country." � Public works $3,664,000. Actual expenditure last year by this department for war purposes was $217,500. The increase is attributed to the necessity of providing buildings for military service. Soldiers' civil re-establishment $12,-000,000. Expenditure under this head last year was $9,303,294. Must Have More Man The premier's statement ,wns supplemented by a review on tile part of the minister of militia of Canada's ntilitary activity. He referred to Canadian accomplishments on the western front and remarked that the exploits of the Canadian ~* speech in the house of commons since he was elected to the constituency formerly held by his father. His speech was during discussion of the government man power' bill. The captain was in military uniform and occupied his father's oldiseat in the house. \ In 1914, he said. Ireland was almost ablaze with -enthusiasm on tho side Bitter Battle Raging on Franco-Belgian Front; British Yield Armentieres Germans Take Over Armentieres, But It Gives Them Little Advantage-Bitter Struggle Rages Along Belgian Bord-re in Vicinity of Messines Ridge, and Other Scenes of Former Canadian Victories. The German delegates to the Rustiia peace conference admitted the principle of �"self-determination," or the right of people to-choose their own form of government. This'photograph shows graphically "Self Determination" In xthe city of Wilna, 436 miles from Petrograd, one-time scat of the Governor-General of the Lithuanian provinces and headquarters of the Third Russian Army Corps. The government of this city has had itself "determined" variously by the Swedes, the Poles^-and the Russians for the past centuries and now ike War Lord makes Ais peaceful entry to the blessing of the Huns' unsheathed bayonets. that the results of the test will be made public just as soon as they are known. iTiah people had sfftdc changed towards the' war, -owing to .the' distrust of the British government and in the word ot British ministers. By the government's present action the Ireland of tomorrow, he added, would bo in open hostility to the war. It would require armies in Ireland to recruit battalions, while if the government trusted Ireland, that trust would ^not be .betrayed. ,, i Captain Redmond warned the house that if the government pursued its present policy there would soon be no Irish party in tlji, house of commons, but thero would ue a much harder nut to crack-Ireland. Supt. Pairfield of the Experimental' farm told the Herald today that, fol-: lowing the rumor from Carmanga.y which was conveyed to him through the Herald, he had arranged for germination teste oi wheat which had been treated with formaldehyde and would know the results In four or -five days.- On Thursday Warmer called at the Herald office and stated that farmers ought to be warned to he" careful in treating their grain wfith 'formaldehyde at any time as he had spoiled 80 bushels of seed a couple of years ago by covering the. treated seed too closely and not stirring it up to allow the fumes Ho evaporate rapidly enough. There is no suspicion' that the blue-stone supply has been tampered with and this may be used to get the same B. C PREMIER HAS Premier Stewart Says This Will Eventually Come-!-Labor r>fen Are Satisfied Victoria, B. C, April 11.-More "than, 1,000 returned soldiers paraded deeply lined streets last night to the parliament buildings where In ,ie presence of more than 1,000 others who formed a square, and presented to Hon. John ' Oliver a resolution pro- -� - -----------i testing against'the present attitude i results as formaldehydevwlll produce, j of tne Ottawa authorities toward the RAISED TO FIFTEEN If Pupil. Reaches Grade 8 Before That Age Must Continue at School (Special to the Herald) Edmonton, Apr. 11.-By unanimous consent of the legislature Wodnesday night the school age was rfised from 14 to 15" when the house was considering in committee the bill introduced by, the Hon. J. R. Boyle, amending the several school ordinances, and acts. This will bring school legislation into uniformity with the factory act which prevents a child being employed until he or she has attained the iage of fifteen. In case a hoy or girl reaches grade eight before attaining the age of in the act as amended compete attendance at/school until that ago^is reached provided there is a .-school in the district providing secondary education. -  One farmer tcld Mr. Fairfield this afternoon that he had been 'seeding since last Friday. When lie heard the rumor he dug up some ot the seeds he had planted, and found that out of 100 about 60 had started to germinate. This displays about a normal condition and lends encouragement to the hope that ittere 'U nothing to the rumors going, about. as the things he reveals.will have to be,Investigated and corroborated o'r disproved, and the wily Bolo has doubtless gained an indefinite postponement^". : WANT TO STAY Toronto, Apr. 11.-Forty-one married men of the original fii-3t on a"furlough which will expire on May 23, at Witley Camp, England, met here last night and passed a resolution setting forth their �iaims to. a permanent residence in Canada. The( resolution said: "Whereas we find that the mtTrried men have not yet been conscripted and that there are u targe ^number of single men who are employed In both civil and, military, work' who could welle take our places in France, we therefore do place ourselves" on record as being of the" opinion that it would be only just to us to-allow us to remain in Canada with our families and to permit us to take the,places in Canada of those who should be transferred to either Britain or France.' Furthermore, we would- ask permission to appear before a medical board b afore leaving Canada, if that be found necessary.'' RUSSIA HAS LOST MUCH TERRITORY Petrograd, April 10.-Under the j terms of the peace treaty, the commissioner of commerce announces Russia hat lost 780,000 square kilometres, of territory with 50,000,000 Inhabitants, or ^ thirty two per cent, of the entire population of the country. With the British Army in France and Belgium, April 11.- (By the Associated Press).- The fighting was continuing this morning north of Armentieres with the British st HI holding Meseines Ridge and Wytsehaete, which yesterday changed hands several tfn�s. During the.day the ercemy succeeded in entering not only those positions but Lacreche, Nieppe and Sollebekek . Vigorous counter attacks forced the enemy from all these places. HUNS PUSH ON London, April if.-The German* pushed on yesterday, from Croix Du Bafc southweet of Ar-mentierec, and parties,, of them are reported in the neighborhood of Steenwerck (about 'five miles west of Armentieres), Reuters correspondent at British headquarters reports. Yesterday noon the enemy occupied Lesterm, but in the course of the afternoon the British drove him out and across the,River Lawe. British Army In* France .and Belgium, Apr. 11.�*-The Germans this morning were, in'possession of about half' of the village of Ploegstert and Ploegstert Wood in the /P. landers battlefront just to  the north of''A'rmefitle'rett'-' " ' . _ BROKEN UP Pari; Apr. 11.-A German at> tack in the Champagne last night was broken up by the French fire. On the principal battle front .there was heavy artillety fighting between Mont Didier and Noyon, HEAVY FIGHTING London, April 11__The British have withdrawn from Armen- , tieres, op the northern battle front, the war office announces. Violent fighting continues all along the front from La Baasee Canal to the Ypres-Comines Canal. London, April 11.-Today's official statement reads: . "The battle is continuing on the whole front from La Bassee Canal to the Ypres-Comines Canal. "Severe fighting has taken place In tlie neighborhood of the Lawe and L>'3 Canals, from" about Lestrem to Armentieres. Our troops have been withdrawn \ from Armentieres, which is fullNof gaps. 1 Repulsed By Americans With the American Army in France, April 11.-The Germans attempted an attack against tho American, positions northwest, of Toul just before sunrise yesterday morning and were completely repulsed. ' On French Front , With the /French Army m France, April 10.-(By the Associated Press) -The pre-arranged rectification of the French lines to the south..of Sar-isis gavo' the Germans scarcely a shadow of Advantage tactically,,while ft cost them wholly disproportionate losses. Since their advance they.have been- much harassed by the French outposts/in the marsh lands and have been unable, to carry out any operations. ' . Strong concentrations of German troops have been observed behind the German lines at several points today, but their movements.were greatly interfered with by the French airmjn and gunners who left them lit.Ve. peace. The second phase of the gigantic battle which now has lasted ten days began on April V after tho enemy's great rush in an endeavor to break the communicatipns of the two .armies: The Germans made two desperate efforts on tho flanks eastward of Arras in the north and. at OjMrillers and Plemont In the south. Instead of the expected success' the Germans have since even lost some ground at these places. �� .�'�'�:> Work of Medical* London. April 10.-"in tjhe recent fighting and retirement along the western front a pertain number of medical, units, sucp as casualty. clearing stations, fell into the hands of the enemy," says a Waf" Office announcement issued this evening. "All the medical and nursing personnel of these units and patients, were safely evacuated, none of them falling Into the-hands Of the enemy," ' tne announcement adds. After'saying that the' equipment- and niaterlai had'been replaced immediately.; and that all the deficiencies  in"  personnel, 'officers, nurses and other ranks had been made good, a trjbute was paid in the announcement to the Canadian and Aus- tralian medical authorities for gener*' ously lending medical officers and nurses. "The work of stretcher bear-^ ers and of motor ambulance driVers. medical and nursing personnel, has," been exemplary throughout," reads the report. New Representative  London, April 11.-Malor General' Sackville-West has been appointed acting British military representative" at the supreme war council at Versailles, it was announced today in the" house of commons by Andrew ,Bonar Law !he governments spokesman in the lowes.t house. In Palestine London, 'April 11.-British on April-9 advanced /their line north of Jems-! alem, in Palestine to a depth of one and a half miles along a front of five miles, the British War Office'' announced, today. Notwithstanding, the stubborn resistance of the Turks, the British captured the villages of Rafat and Elkefr. t ' Little Change , ' London, Apr. 11.-'"On the front, north of Armentieres heavy fighting3 ! was continuing! last night. There was little change in the British positions.^ ">Torth; of Armentieres there Is little change in the situation.. Heayy fighting was continuing at a late .hour Jast night \ in,4h. neighborhood pf Ploegsteert," MesBlne's and Warts-^ ch'iUKe. . - . ^ "On the remainder of the British front there is nothing to report" (Continued on Faq� 4) REPORT STATES IS AUSTRIA FOR PEACE Bat Washington Does Not Know Anything: About It At'All ^fiSil London, April 11.-Negotiations re� gardlng the possibility of peace be-twr/.n the United States and Austria-Hungary have been carried on between Prof. Anderson of Washington, and Count Stephen Tiaza and Count Julius vAndrassy, former Hungarian premiers, according to a Vienna dispatch to the Berlin Tagblatt, � as quoted in an Exchange Telegraph dispatch, from Copenhagen. The dispatch also says the A^ustro-� Hungarian' foreign office admits various attempts have been, made to obtain a general peace and that Em- �� peror Charles has had negotiations ' with several persons who nave inter-: national connections. Czechs Oppose Cxernln The Austro-Hungarlan foreign mln-' ister, Count Ciernln. has returned unexpectedly to ^Vienna from a visit German headquarters, where he conferred with Emperor William. The dis~ patch says ^the sudden return of the count, caused a sensation In political circles.. The stand taken by the Czechs � against Count Cternin, tlie dispatch, continues, overshadows the contro- \ versy between the count and Premier Clemepceau of France. In Prague on Saturday a Czech meeting of protest against Count Czernln will be held. / Washington'Ooesh;t Know Him �'  Washington, April 11.-No one in official cifelea in Washington . could identify the Prof. Anderson reported to have carried-on negotiations with Austro-Hungarlan representatives. At the state-Uepartnfent It was declared that no~ such person had been author-lied to conduct' negotiations regarding peao% and the department's original statement that no negotiations, either official or unofficial looking to. a separate peace with Austria have been conducted with the department's knowledge was reiterated. If there is any foundation at4II for (he story, officials declare, it tou�><.. rest entirely upon the efforts of soflM of the well meaning but mlschiefrmMit,,' icg pacifists, who have made tB*4N headquarters In Switzerland aud have . nut hesitated to clothe themseitae with imaginary authority to initutik peace overtures. . , ' 25 60 90 ;