Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 11, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta
Friday, April 11, THE LETHBR1DGE DAILY HERALD Energetic Reply to llie Asper- sions of R. on Southern Peoples Thu followinK la tho llanaiu'il ro- port of B'r. Warno'jU'a Bpesch on the imvy, in which he ropllotl tu the 25- perBloiiR of It. B. Bennett, tlio Aluoila Tory leader, 01: tlio Mormon peojjje: ilr. Chairman: When 1 hail the hon- I this imuraclcua bookkeeping. Canada would have had her ships, instead of lending them to UB on u running uc- couut, subject to withdrawal, anil would havo made a hiindaorao aud definite) contribution to toilue. It IB necessary to know why, with these advantages clearly lu view, the Imperial government having ac- cepted Sir Wilfrid I.aurler's view ot Canada's naval responsibility, should revert to Mr. Bordon'a less "logical right hou. leader of tuo opiwaH-on. (hat of assuming our H thla Question HOIHQ time ago, 1 stated (tut 1 was unalter ably opposed to the proposal o( tho government, to apcnd in conethictlus three hattioshlps to handed over to the Ilritlsh Admiralty. One at my reasons tuat as those ships are to lie manned and maintain- ed hy Great Britain, wo are adding to NIB already heavy harden of the biltlah taxpayer by Baddllng him with HID maintenance of three superfluous ilreadnoughtB. Slnct I expressed Hint opinion, I have had no reason to change iny and, Indeed, I urn moi'o convinced than ever that tho policy at contribution la 11 mistake, and IB not tlio method host calculated to render an efficient assistance to tho Motherland in time ol ueafl. My belief In this has oeon BlrmiBtheiiet! duriuR Uia two days by conversations I have had with a frlead, a native lxm> Scotch .man lllco myself, who has 'just re- turned to Canada after apemUnrr five months In the homeland. v During that I time he has tieim In closo touoh with ymoHo opinion, travelled lu many dlntriota In Scotland, Hneland and Ire- land, slnoa the right hon. the Prtaa Minuter announced his naval -policy In December last, and he haa no. has- nation In stating that the masses ot tlio people In the Motherland, 'wMle deeply srattful for Canada's otter anil display ot loyalty, yet, daprecato tho form of that offer, Tho great ma- jority ot the people .eiproas the op- inion Canada nhonld build, wan, anil maintain, a. navy ot her own, pare to detenu liar own, shores and trained crews ot ablB-hoAlBd men and suitable for the pur- pose, ho ready to render. Ilio BrlUiiti Tie'et assistance In protecting trade' 1ft time1 of strew. Bweitottl, one ot the molt nuthoritlea In the t'na and again pointed out Brltnln's treatest danger li "star- and not "invasion." Many pejjplo. Jn, Old Land .bellovo him to he oorrMtj Vnd'' if 'him 'to be oorreot, and In my nnihfcle opinion tho Mrrtce din do the -Empire li to prepare to build, man, and MiWntaln; her own navy, and a of my 1 8hsH deal witk tlili ot the question mart, fully and to point out how can do the moat service, I had sent me from the OM Laud- an oxcorpt from a Journal puh- weekly in London, and .as I the article sets 'forth clearly tnd correctly (he the majority of people ot tha Mother- land on "i-o Canadian government's proposed contribution, I deelre to road the article i am the more da- si-rons of presenting this article to th'o notice of the the rea- son that, bavins most of my kith and Kin residing in the Old Land, I a-iB: lust as much interested In the British pqlnt of view as .1 am 'from the view- point ot an adopted son of Canada. Thia article was published la the on December 14, 1912 Some hon members opposite ma> aay tUdt the "Nation" is too radical In its but it It journal ot Nomoc- racy and the plain people, end the best Informed opinion in tho Un- ited Kingdom oa both sides of politics Its oplnlou upon any ques- tion Nitlonai or Imperial import- ance Is well worthy of attention, ana 1 deilrs to ring from it to tne notloe of this hon House "Throe yeaiB ajjo the Prime Slinls- teis accepted a met gin of dread.- uounghts three times smaller than that which Mi Ohm chill pioduces in his memorandum 1o the Canadian government by ittppreafflff our efldi- raous pre poader-ance In. ante dread- noughts tj.pe, ana Jgnoi Ing tho great- ei power ot the ships and guns that ha sets much inferior German units Obviously, no First Lord could come to the house with estl- jnutee jigned by his and declare that they did not gnarantoe the safety of ice Bmplre. 'Then theie is no naial necessity There .for. if there were Mr Churchill would desene impeach- ment What Is theie' 3upeifluitj7 .Who aali .the Canadian taxpayei help ua to more ships than; we want, or tha British (Mpayer to leep them when thej builf But pel' hdpB.tho necflssity.. Is not hero, in Eu ropean wttera, but in the Pac ifi'c, at which, iodsed, the Ohuvohll memorandum plainly .hints. But if BO why are these ships to took an article in Monday's Times, us ti model, we should say tliut we have misled her, because our own minds are' confused. According to the Times correspondent tho Committee ot Defence has no 'power' and no 're- save when the Prime Minister agrees with It, It Is 'purely and its 'character1 will not bo altered .by tho appointment of a Canadian minister.' At the same lime, the 'usefulness 'of tile commit- tee will bo 'greatly increased' by the Canadian element. Tho same confu- sion appears In the statement of the action of the committee under the new membership. This is to produce 'a closer and more continuous rela- tionship' between the nrttiau Ca- nadian cabinets, and at tha same time the 'existing responsibility government to Its Parliament will 'in no Nvay'. bo effected. There U to be is to bo iur change, there, will he great change; there will be little change! "What !s luo gain! Ships'-that not want. Ill-will that- wo do hot'want, miner.- lielmur with out- younger nations as to a partition of power that cantiot be fixed on a re- presentative basis, and cannot e equated aa 'between communities qt very different populations Inhabiting widely sundered territories, .A sim- pler, safer aolutton was offered, us. Why wa rejiret'ed, if? we afraid, the Admiralty governs the fovernment. instead of the gov- ernment sovbrnlng the Admiralty." plain speaking, and, In my( humble opinion, shows that ho said iviU) regard to the Jap- anese menace, uud 1 believe his warn- ings should be heeded by our Federal government. We know that Japan ilready Ims a strong and efficient navy, and those energetic, enterorls- Ing people are atsauuy engaged lu perfefting- what will, in tile not very distant future, ha one ot tha fittest navies afloat. According to a recent despatch from Sydney, New South Wales, giving a report of an inter- view with a gentleman who had Just lu-rived in that city from Japan, the government of Japan Is planning a tremendous expansion ot her naval po'vvor '.luring tlio present year. The despatch Is as follows: "That the government ot Japan is contemplating u great expansion In naval construction In order to com- pete with the programme mapped out by u power unnamed, was tho state- ment mndo by a passenger on the Yawatu Maru, which arrived in this port from ToWo today, interviewed by the Evening News; the visitor .re- ferred to the- new administration Just In power in Japan in terms which have -startlci! as Australians aud New Zeaiandars Iwve always looked upon Japan as the na- tion most to attempt con- quest of the continent. "According to llie interview, tho new cabinet in Julian favor a big ex- pansion of the navy, nnd have already n. scheme under consideration to carry out their ideas. Quoting from official government publications, the viittor says: 'You see that secrecy Is being kept by the Japanese government na to its future policy. However, these which I am going to give you show that the government haa re. solved to follow the lead a certain naval power, which is not mentioned hy mime, and have de- cided upon the following unvnl P'ro-, grammo. No less than seven dread- noughts, coating tlOB.QOO.COO, will be built; four, cruljcrs, costing 000; eieht'scout cruisers, to cost and forty-eight destroyers, costing "You continued the passen- ger, "the Japanese authorities realize that it was the destroyers which played ha7oc with the Baltic fleet and I am sure hla opposition to a Canadian navy arose purely from party expediency, aud I noticed In one of the Vancouver newspapers ft tew days ago an editorial which per- haps sheds some light on the hon. action. Sir. what newspaper'! Mr. Vancouver Sun. The article stolen: "It Is worth noting that ou a ques- West lor over twenty yours and farmer member of thin House Oon, ot su much importance to Can- T6rJ, ada aa, that of, naval defence, only uu of all our seven members from this province has thought. It worth while to express au opinion.'1 Referring to the hon. member for Vancouver, the article says: f'This opposition to tho construc- tion of a Canadian navy Is susceptible of explanation. He hus BO opinion one way ov the other on this polut. He follows'his leader, and his leader happens to be Mr. Borden, not air siichaTd McBiide.. Were Mr. Sfevena [n the British Columbia Itsijlslature, Instead of. In the House ot Commons, tie would us ardently favor tho con- of our own navy as he now violently opposes It." Mr. rise to a point of order. It ia contrary to the rules for an hou. member to read newspaper clippings which make personal com- ments with regard to members of this House. I allowed the hon. gen- tleman to Tcad this upon my- self, but I can assure him that no- body on the Pacific coast pays much attention to the source ot that article. Mr. "link I should re- mind the hoa. member that it is not in order to bring into this discussion a personal attack upon a member. Mr. havo hero a book- let, published by the Imperial Ifari- time league, entitled "Britain's In> mintnt and, although tbera are a gtotit many statements in this book with which I do not agree, there are some 'which, J consider to bo of great Importance. Tho following par- ssraphs are of interest as relating to this discussion: "The objects for which the com wand of the sea by the Urltish navy is iieceaMl'y three. They are: (1) To prevent Invasion by 'sea of Great Britain, or of Ireland, or of any part of the EWpUo; (2) To safeguard the Empire's sea- horne commerce, and all Its military tran'tlt', renent the statements by ilie hon. member for I am gu- lag to quote the opinions of cwtain welt informed gentlemen to show that the remarks of the hon. member for Calgary were quite uncalled for. Mr. Morphy: I riso to a point o! or- der. The lion, gentleman is apunklng j entirely beside, the question. Theru' ig nothing about clause 2 of the Dill in the matter which ho Is discussing. JIB IB entirely outside of rule 18 in that regard. Mr. Pugaley Surely the hon. mem- ber; hafl ft right to answer a speech made by another, hou. member on this The CUatrmau: ihe hon. lacrbev lajf ou. Mr. Warnock: The Calgary 'Herald' Conservative, nawspaper, wired to le hon. member for Calgary asking or proof of the statement than bon- res had blazed when British arms vero defeated in South Africa and the eply was as One of the- bonfires to which I re- erred took place nt Cardston in tho Sll of when British troops had icon, defeated; ia the South African war, and beEqro the second Canadian ontlngont was sent. Tho bonfire nok.place the ulght hofore I reached 3ardston, and I hoard all about it. The statements from American set- ters quoted by. me ,weva answers giv- on when I waa. .ca.nvaaaiug votes for n" election. They w.ero given at Hel8- ker, Crossfteld, Caratalrs aud other places, in the presence at M. S. Mc- Carthy, Jim Young, ilcConnell and humble opinion, sows very, ceary piayeu jmvuu muBt" Inevitably follow upon any" Iho'y.are therefore becoming very pop _, TVKot la mnnt fltcntflcanf. system of attempting to reduce the JultUment of the. duties and obllira- ilons growing out of tho Imperial re- litlonahlp to the basis ot payments In casn down, and .thus It IB that-any such system would prove to toe of a disintegrating, rather than unifying effect. Friction would develop, and in my optalcB, tlia only safe course, the oii ly course by which the Empire can ad- from strength to strength-In he natural growth of true unitedness B for each of Ua constituent nations o follow out its own line of nation- al'development, and attend to Its own lustness, which Includes the dis- charge of Its., 'duty In regard to -Im- perial defence If our Canadian g5v irnmont persists in its endeavor to discharge that duty by cash payments o Great Britain for looking Mter our there must inevitably be, as s alieady manifest, discussion of jno- ivea with the certainty ot criticism ater OB, of Vat amounts given, and the mlslag of the politics of the two ulur. What la most that the Japanese' people, despite thilr present heavy taxation, ore not offering any protest to the enormous cost and added taxation which will result from the 'by the gov- ernment of this ambitious policy." In connection with this matter, I am pleased to see from a recent des- liatch In the London Daily Mail, that a conference will ho held during the approaching summer between repre- sentative's of 'the Imperial govern- ment and of Australia, Canada, and NBW Zealand, for the purpose of dis cussing the necessity for co-operation, between New Zealand and Australia for the protection of common Inter ests, and the desirability of joint ac- tion hy Zealand regarding the Pacific, and the relations of local unita to the Imper- ial navy in time of peace and war I hope this conference will be held, and It v.111 be most interesting to watch the attitude of the Federal gov- ernment's representatives on that oc- oonn'trlea with results that cannot I casion Judging ironi the tone of Sir lUehard, HoBride's speech in the Bri but be disad-vantagebus do. our Brlttsh-hora ojtUenB think of the proposal to send 135, to Britain for the purpose of iitildliig battleships, which are to bo manned and maintained by our Itlns men acroes the aea? Do tliey appiove of It' I do think so They Itnow that such a. policy must increase the burden of the British taxpayei Many hundreds of thousands of emigrants hive iott the of Britain to adopt plonoei life la Canada iiany of them have invested every dollar Itjisy ijjdlasewed In hoineatead (tini- they have been grievous- ly disappointed with the small re- turns from the sale of their crops, and liow have difficulty in meeting their financial obligations High lates of intraest on machine com- panies' notes, and on borrowed mon- ev, must be paid, and many settlers will be compelled to leave their home- steads this 'year and employ- ment In railway camps Their relatives at home Itnow well their circumstances, and J rea- son to know, are advising these Bri- tish born to dcb-nnd a vote on this proposed policy of contribu- tion, and to vote against it Thcti relatives in the Old Land have np.de- site tn iee Canada sond that contri- bution for tha purpose of building bat- tleships when money U so urgently reunited in Canada, and I believe that it the peopid of the Motherland were given an opportunity to vote on this question they would vote ag- ainst the acceptance of Canada's of- fer. No, Mr. Chairman, this policy oE uuirier pian TVOUIU 10 contribution not Batisfaot Jlovcd us o: the etiibarrassment of, ory, and 1 bellovo tue pollcj of the H. B. Bennett. 1913. tish Columbia Legislature a short time ago, I feel sure that can be depended upon to strongly urge that Canada fulfil her agreement with Australia, and station a fleet unit in Pacific waters. ..coming from, a gen- tleman ot his political persuasion, Sir niQbard are Importunt, and I shall quote paragraplis of hio. speech as reported in the British Columbia press Dealing with the question 6f naval prctsiUcs ter-the Pacific coast of Canada, he said- w, To enable'the. Si-Weft peoples throughout their dominions, to pursue national advantage" amongst other competing nations of the world, "But the British peoples could no achieve the second-opject, and would on that account bo from seeWnj the.third the nuru er of foreign officers' sea men in sfilps ot the British mercsntllr marina fe Bufleredfto -grow wlthou check, British merchant ships, a which the officers mainly foreigners, might he Britls! In name and in law, hut after, the break ot a naval war they would h unlikely Ions (0 remain British I: fact. For silica so manned, might re quire proteciion, aot pnly against th. enemy's cruisers, but also agalns their own officers and their owi crews, and protection th Royal navy, however powerful, could not supply" If the German fleet nienBced. tha British navy, and the foreign crews on the British, ships off our coast, lad- en mth produce for esport to Bri- tain, should mutiny, would our Ca- nadian government cauie to Qreai Britain, and ask her 1o send a few cruisers to compel these men to .man her ships' This would be aecessaiy under the proposed policy ot contrib- uting to the Brithih navy, but it we had a fleet unit ot our own ne would- be in a position to rgmpel these mutin- eers to man their ships. I would also call attention to the fact that without firing a shot Germans' could be men- ace to the British fleet hy fowling Great Britain to keep 1iei ships con- centrated In the North sea, thus leav ing oui tiade routes entirely unpro- tected, and tnat I believe to be one of tho strongest arguments in favor qf a Canadian navy I have hac very little ffifh m the tb.3.1 there was an emergency anpt less ao since I read the right hon. Winston ChurehUls', stateniuuts in oibory, Ottawa February. Patties la the qlty of LeUiurldge, which Is no' very fav trom. Cardston mmodlatcly took HD tho matter. They ntoi'vlswod Bonip of tho oldest resl- lents, and most prominent men In Cardaton, .au.d I. have hero tha aus- wer gf-Mr. Joseph Card ono of tho ag- groqslve Conservative workers of Jardston who was Questioned by the I" rajferaacB to the story of the. hon. member tor Calgary. When :lie telegram aa published In the Col- jary 'Herald1 wao read to him, Mr. 2nrd said: Pleaso quoto me saying that tho otatement in absolutely Noth- ing ot the kind happened. Hover did the people hero'pl American birtli celebrate the defeat of the- British. Then Mf.J. ex-mayor of Cardaton, a has lived In AlbOTla for tvventy.sU years, cbarac- tqriied. sir. Bennsitt'a statement as a Us. I want to nay that I have, lived wUhln, tony rolloa: of tha _town oi Cardaton for over twenty years, and have employed. Mormons upon whom the hon. member for Calgary appar- ently thought was safe In placing tie blame tor having Uttlo' bonfires. I wish to. tax-that .the Mormons .are our roost loyal and law-abld ing citizens, there are no better cltl ae.aVin.UM they syeuk In the acific coast ot-uanaaa, uesmu: Churchiiis, staiemeuuB IP "Every day is pointing- o_ut_tij_the 110 his constituents in Dundee, Scot whell ne fold them theie was, no .world the rich variety of our f esourc es and the magnitude of our poten tialitlee as a great nation of the fut ure, while across the sea that wonder fill people, thp the Chinese as intensely en, gased m nation-buildiuB "They are not to. be blamed if they take more than a healthy interest in thts. part of Cmada, and if in an un guarded hour, the naval folces of those countries, or either of them, should cross the seas, and take poa session some of our selves to blanie. Surely that- is a strong 'argument for the construction of a Canadian navy ;for the 'defenca of OUT own shores, and I hope Canada, Austra- lia and New Zealand will come to some agreement relative to the pa- trolling of Pacific 'waters tor the pro- tection of our Pacific waters, I can only express surprise, sir, that we have heard so little from hon. members for British Columbia in tills important debate. Out of mem- bers only one has' expressed hie views, and he was optoied to a Oa- Canada have our- etneigency and no need, that Gre Britian waa able and ready to main tain supremacy on the seas, and that the people of the oveiseas dom Inlons need no fear of Britain'- supremacy being challenged. I now want to deal with oeitaln statements made in this House by Ute hon member for falgarv (Mr Ben uett) On page of 4073 3 of Hansard He IB reported at having said I havo lived long enough m th western country with ito cosmopolitan population to toi6w that bonfires bis? there when British arms were best en m South Africa Mr steyeas 1 really thml> we hsv light to object to this. The hot meinbei is reading not tor the safe of making an argumSut. Br Devlin you decide th point of order, Mr Chaiiman, I woul like to point out that in Pourinot' patltamentary procedure, page 459 Chairman (Mr Bamvillo) There is no point ut order rawi Mr. Devlin: The hon. member fo Vancouver raisod .1 point of order Mr. Stevens; There is no point o e crown. NeUKer- the :hon. member for Calgary, nop-ajjy other man can prove that the bouilrta which, he says, wore lit la celebration of the defeat of British arms in South Africa were ever lit by those people. I think the iiori. member for Calgary ought to re tract his statement, and apologize ti tha people of the west. As I al ready pointed out, It has been let to western farmers, the men who havi stigmatized by tho hon membe or Calgary, as disloyal, and as anx OUB to go over to the United States o' memorialize Premier 'Ascjulth, aa o assure Jiim that the farmeis o western Canada do not want to se aies imposed on the people of th motherland for the benefit of agricu ural Interests In Canada And ye' he hon member for Calgarv stands 1 ils place and accuses these men o llBloyalty I represent a oonatituenc of some people who are large! nterested tn farming opeiations Prol inly t talked with many mor farmers than tha hon member fo and I can ttaume the jnoir jers of tills that the statement made to and I think, to ever candidate itt. the west were that r oiprocity was a good thing lor Ca ada, but bad thing for the Unite States. I am quite that whe the hon. membei foi Calgur state they voted for reoipiooitv b cause TJncle Sain wanted it, he making an uncalled statement fijr. Jameson; 1 rise to a point order. The hon memhet foi Ca gary Is not hole, but aa I reroembei he stated something that was with hfs own personal knowledge, and think his statement in that toga ought to be atoepted Mr. Knowles The hon member foi Calgary stated that he had heard that reciprocity was gooo, because Uncle Sam wanted it He did not speak of bis own Unowlodge about the bonflires and it is that statement that is contradicted.' Mr Devlin As it is a very import ant matter I would ask that tho state- ment of the hon memoer tor Calgary be, read. Mr Pugeley I tlunk the hen mem- ber should be allowed to pioceed Ths h4a number for Caljary is goms west this spring He seems to. think theie will be s provin- cial election and he Intends to take part in mat frontsd on evxery platform with tho statements I lime reread, and ho will be asked to explain. 1 can as- sure him that he will have the time of his life, and I do not think that his explanation .will get him many Votes. When challenged in the 'Vest some time ago re similar statements Typographical Union No. 551 IN THE K. P. HALL f, April 19th DANCING 8 to 12. DOORS OPEN 7.30 Invitations can he hail trom any member of tlio union or by applying to the Morning Nowa or HevuUl, Im-ltiiUons TICKETS 51.QO LADIES FREE. e denied tho stateniont, ami said he ad been misrcportcd, but wo Ituvo ot him thifl time un'ii lie deny Wbeii H is read to umlicnco aflci udlence lie will bo kept .busy ox- [aliilny. UeHre to attontlon to the ommendatlona of Admlval Sir Uogln- Ul Henderaon who wna Bout out to dvlae tho AuatraUtin government aa o the boat course In regard 4o erjiiip- navy tor 1 would, ornmend tbeso 10 e Canadian gavorment. He Rays As regards tho provlalon of ainmunl on, ordanee, shiy-uundlng, miiterlivl, nd navnl storus, and'ao Eoi'th, gen- rails' I am of the opinion that U will e an advantage to tho Coir.mon- eitbev by tho establishment f governmtnt wovkshops, liy en1 onraging private pntevpriso, to build p. tho plant and jiower necessary to ccompliiiU tho whole of llio nianu icturo of these, but that Uie pro reaslve advancement should be slow nd gradual witli small bsginnlng and until ill the .requisites of a ship of war, nehidlng the largest guns, can be nanufactuved in Auatralifi. A WIFE'S .DEVOTION The' funeral took place recently of Joseph Chambers, ot S3 Poplar stroot 31aclcbiirn, England, husband of the woman dropped dead on his sick d through overwork. She 'worked lu during the tive from Miislssfppl. daytime, and in the evening attended to her household duties her hnsoand. The public were so iip> pressed with the heroic conduct his wife that they quickly. BUbacritwBd This be devoted to four orphan children, who are in the'care .of friends THE OLD LAND The iinmijratlo tion in Canada icason hjs corimercc-i and at almist any port or sta- one can ceo fine apscimers of British mimhootl, BOme tllliPi RRO re siiimar ttitiLciiiHuui tion in vsimuti usi-_- -r--------- made in Montreal about B year'ago, womanhood, and childr'.ood just arrived In the .land.