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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Tutrfey, April 10, 1973 THI UTHMIDOE HtRAlD Canada's role in the Atlantic alliance Anti-abortionists are guilty By Dave Humphreys, Herald London commentator By John MacKenzic, local writer AMSTERDAM: It was left to a Norwegian at the "Europe- America Conference" to make the only contribution about Canada's future role in the At- lantic alliance. This probably comes as a surprise even to the ten-member Canadian dele- gation whose interests lay more in the economic and political sections. Consequently there was almost no Canadian atten- dance in the sections dealing with security. The privately organized con ference brought together 700 delegates and observers 10 dis- cuss relations between the new Europe and North America- Johan Hoist, director of the Norwegian Institute of Inter- national affairs, offered a pro- posal for a special relationship among Arctic countries of the alliance, Canada, Norway, Den- mark and the U.S. The main axis of NATO was between the U.S. and central Europe, he pointed out. Any international a g r e ements to limit or reduce forces would only serve to emphasize the strategic importance of cen- tral Europe. Mr. Hoist suggest- ed the reconstruction of East- West relations may breed a sense of estrangement, perhaps a danger of permanent isola- tion, in Norway. For Canada the problem would be even more serious. "Canada does not have the option of joining the European Community. The competence and enlightenment that Canada invariably brings to bear on her participation in the alli- ance (presumably a tribute to the untiring service of our for- mer ambassador to NATO, Ross Campbell) are as important as the location of that vast country from the point of view of strat- egy- "The bicultural links to Brit- ain and France as well as the intensive involvement with the United States provide a broad basis for special relation- ships in the Atlantic context. There would also seem to be good reasons to structure spe- B [DRY'S WORLD 1973 bj NEA, Inc. "Pollution is for you. Start that premise, and come up with a 30-minute speech for cial relationships among the Arctic countries of the alli- ance, Canada, Denmark, Nor- way, the U-S. In the years to come activities around the Arc- tic basin are bound to multiply and intensify. There will be reeds for joint management and conflict resolution in re- gard to many of the issues which may emerge in connec- tion with developments in the realms of resource exploita- tion, transportation and envir- onmental protection. There are also important strategic in- terests which would give sub- stance to the pattern." Mr. Hoist appeared to be at- tempting to package a proposal for strengthening the alliance with decoration he considered attractive in Ottawa. This is most apparent in his evocation of the peripheral NATO con- cern for the environment which ties in wonderfully with Ottawa dogmas about Arctic sovereignty and pollution. His reference to bicultural links will have the same purpose though experience which Mr. Hoist may not fully realize has proved the link with France to be strictly cultural. It has cer- tainly not strengthened the al- liance since Gen. De Gaulle came to power. The full pacer removes any suspicion that Me. Hoist is dazzled by the environ- ment at the expense of secur- ity. Like many others, he believes France must eventually return to the defence councils of the alliance- He believes the Euro- pean Community must em- brace defence before it achieves much political integration. Mr. Hoist suggests a start be made with a Community defence com- mittee similar to its foreign policy committee as a frame- work for French participation. All members of the Commu- nity except Ireland are also members of NATO. Mr. Hoist agreed with the conference con- sensus that an independent European nuclear force, based on the British and French, was out of the question now, and severely divisive. The Europe- ans ought to concentrate on conventional defence, another view shared by a majority of delegates. Norway and Canada were strategically important in the light of substantially increased Soviet naval power and activi- ties in the North Atlantic. In Mr. Hoist's design, NATO would be one instrument in joint insti- tutions including both the Euro- pean Community and North American allowing for continu- ous consultation and bargaining in "the broad state of rela- tions." "The very compartmen- talization of transatlantic re- lations and the national bureau- cracies may cause conflicts in one sector to spread to others by spill-over or accident. The problems are endemic and can probably only be remedied by institutional reconstruction." The security section agreed- The chairmen reported, "that unilateral action by any mem- ber of NATO should be avoided at all times in order to prevent the erosion of alliance cohe- sion and of mutual trust." Sub- stantial numbers of U.S. troops should stay in Europe, they said. Delegates recognized that the term "vital interests" was com- plex and capable of different and ambiguous interpretations. "At the same time the dele- gates felt that the vital secur- ity interest that have linked the U.S., Canada and Western Europe over the last two-and-a- half decades will continue to link them for the foreseeable future." Former U.S. Undersecretary of Defence David Packard spoke for the majority when he said alliance strategy must seek to avoid use of the superpow- ers' massive nuclear arsenals. The alliance was faced with the need "to support a more effec- tive conventional military cap- ability in the future than it has had in the past." He stressed the contribution of naval power- Air Vice-Marshall S. W. B. Menaul, a brain behind the British nuclear force, stirred up heated controversy with hair-raising talk about "mini- nukes." U.S. technology had refined tactical nuclear weap- ons down to an equivalent of 50 tons of TNT. No fallout, no civ- ilian population killed, no de- vastation. This was the new ap- proach to technology in the nuclear field. You either paid for technology and had some chance of restraining any So- If you're in the market for a car loan, get it from the Royal Bank., and we'll pay toward your plates! It's very simple. We have in cnsp new bills to put in your hand ihe moment we put through a Termplan Personal loan for you. tor or more of new money, before June 29th. Mo catches, no strings. No change in our interest Plus: life-insurance at no extra cost. You don't even have to be Royal Bank customer. It's a good good that you may wonder what's in it for us. Well, personal lending is a very important part of our business-We know that there ate many people in the market lor money this spring, and we want to increase our share of the business. So, we're offering you the best incentive we know thing we Jcnow We haven't changedow interest rales, and jherearcrwhidden charges. We hope to TnaVc the money back from the increase in volume. And you, the borrower, can reap the bcnrfrt now, h the ysstnynce thatthc Royal Bank -will never knowingly let you get in over your head. It doesn't mailer whether you banfc with ws or not. and ihe only account you'll need to open is a chequing account for the loan repayments.This offer applies to anybody who can quaiify for a loan. Just talk to your local Royal Bank manager before June 29. be in a better position to make the best deal if you know you've got the money- So arrange your loan before you shop for the car. Or, if you need a loan for something else, we'll still give you cash. Something else we can give 40 page booV. called "Your Money wiih lois of sound advice on managing your finances. It's lust one of the many helpful services you'Jl ftnd at your Royal Bank branch. Do something nice for yourself at the ROYAL BANK viet advance into Western Eur- ope or carried on as 13 separ- ate countries always behind goals. Delegates addressed them- selves to the changing climate in member countries. Professor Neville Brown of Birmingham University said the change was related to Western reappraisal of Soviet style communism which some saw as more dyna- mic and purposive than the West he said, "there has oeen a ferment of this 'kind in the East but its re- sults have not necessarily been to relax tension or strictness. Individual rights remain re- stricted, and the labor camp population has recently increas- ed. Whiles literary and man- agerial class rebels in some cases identify with national or other minorities, the authori- ties seem to be trying to coun- ter such internal pressures by more expansive (or defensive) external pressures. Real de- fence expenditure has increas- ed; Naval forces have been built up: A drive to new tech- nology, both civil and military, has been furthered: And a tough line has been taken with dissentient allies." Detractors may point out that Mr. Brown and Mr. Hoist are academics, Mr. Packard a former secretary. And so they are. In the nature of things many here were yesterday's men though more informed and none the less vitally interested for that. Many Europeans, par- ticularly British, are in Parlia- ment, government, business, trade unions today. All, rather than merely the leading speak- ers, by coming together and ex- changing views, contributed to a badly needed rejection of life and spirit into transatlantic re- lations. Books in brief "4 Years A-Whaling" by Philip F. Purrington. Charles S. Raleigh, Illustrator. (Long- man Canada Ltd., 56 Prior to the turn of the cen- tury whalers set out on mile voyages for four years at a time. This writing thumb- nails the history of some of the whaling ships with particular emphasis on the ship Niger. The courage of the whaler crews is vividly portrayed with short diary borrowed accounts of incidents encountered by the men of this lusty era. The whal- ing fleets offer a form of nos- talgia concerning an era long out of reach except in writings and pictures such as these. It is a strange anomaly that we hold these men up to such nos- talgic heights, when, in reality, they are the ones who bloodied the oceans, annihilating whales, sea lions and other species. Superbly illustrated, this book js a fine one for the sea-orient- ed dweller. GARRY ALLISON "Snowfire" by Phyffis Whit- ney (Doublcday, 319 pages, Fans of Phyllis Whitney will welcome another of her tales of suspense and intrigue. Snow- fire, set in a contemporary ski scene, measures up the author's previous work and is a good diversion from some of the stark realism of much of cur- rent fiction. Despite there being a certain sameness about the "gothic" novels of writers like Victoria HoW. Mary Stewart and Phyllis Whitney they can be fun to read, and Snowfire will take its place in the list as one of the best. ELSPETH WALKER "Winnic-La-Pn" an Esper- anto version of A. A. Milne's Winnie The Pooh translated by Ivy Kellerman Reed and Ralph A. Lewin (Clarke. Ir- win and Company Limited, 55.35. 164 A quick way to learn the world wide Esperanto lang- uage is to start reading some easy story. Winnie-La-Pu has simple instructions in front of the book and they are really easy to follow. GERTA PATSON "The World of the Ruffed Grouse" by Leonard Lee Roe HI. (.McClcHand and Stewart, ififl Like aM the "world 0P books, this one gives a detailed ac- count of She subject size, weight where. length of bill, wingspan. tic. Every conceiv- aMc afyrcl of tJw ruffed its no1 ruffled 1 grouse is cx- Lcc Rue even delves into the "bow to hunt aspect'' It's rare that a book of this sort, and an author so concerned wilh oon- scrvaiion, would deal with ing. lie docs, however, point out fcow these two conflicting approaches lo nature can Jive in harmony wnUi liJtte or no af- fect on the species, in this par- timlar case. This is an mformatJvc