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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, April 8, 1974 Scientists keep technological watch in U.K. LONDON (CP) The problem of adverse side- effects, which go hand in hand with many technological especially in environ- mental fields has led to a concern over the social responsibility shouldered by scientists and technologists. Side-effects are generally not foreseen and therefore not avoided, such as the destruction of natural pest control by broad-spectrum pesticides. In London, however, an experiment is under way to provide society with an early-warning system for technological dangers. The new approach involves the deliberate affiliation of a group of establishment sci- entists with a group of their severest critics in a single body called the Council for Science and Society. Backed by a grant of from the Leverhulme Trust to cover its first three years of op- eration, the council will seek to identify technological trends that present potential future dangers and then set up working parties whose reports, whether approved by the council or not will be published to provoke public discussion. Among the 33 initial members are two Nobel Prize winners, a Lenin Peace Prize winner and several other scientists. The first chairman is Sir Michael Swann, principal of Edinburgh University, chairman of the BBC and a biologist who three years ago produced the Swann report on antibiotics in animal feed. The point of the council is not that it should be a debating platform but that it should above all disseminate widely its views on matters of future public welfare. The idea of such a council giving a sharper focus to the "diffuse debate about the social responsibility of scientists" was put forward in an article in the scientific journal Nature in 1972. It was written by Paul Sieghart, a retired barrister who, having served on a government- appointed committee looking into computers and privacy, set up a working party of his own to look at the wider responsibilities of technology. It has been suggested that insect control by viruses, data bank security, nuclear waste disposal and philosophical definitions such as the real meaning of "acceptable risk" might well be included on the initial list of potential investigations. Fuel burn low on Concorde LONDON (CP) An energy expert says the supersonic jetliner Concorde, being built as a joint Anglo-French project uses little more fuel on a per-passenger basis than a family automobile. Prof. Alan Williams, in his inaugural lecture on combustion energy at University of Leeds, said a car with one occupant averages 30 passenger- miles per gallon while would average 27 passenger-miles a gallon when flying 90-per-cent full. These were, he maintained, realistic loading figures as opposed to normal fuel performance figures that always assumed a vehicle was carrying a full load. On the basis of the loading figures applied to Concorde and the car, Prof. Williams said a diesel train with one in 10 seats occupied would average 64 passenger- miles and a bus with one in 12 seats full would give 66 passenger-miles per gallon. 11 iff h load However, if full-load figures are applied the most efficient vehicle is a 12-coach diesel train which offers a massive 642 passenger-miles a gallon. A full 51-seater inter-city bus comes next with 561 passenger miles. If five people occupied a car the .vehicle's average rose to 140 passenger-miles per gallon. Concorde is expected to achieve high load factors when it comes into service with British Airways and Air France because of its to complete air journey times in half the time of other civil jets. Both airlines expect load factors of the order of the 90 per cent chosen by Prof. Williams. Sears wet- look crushed The all-weather pant coats you love jaunty single and double- breasted styles with that soft supple look of leather but at much less cost1 Of polyurethane- coated cotton Loaded with contrast stitching on seams collars belts pockets Fully rayon lined Just wipe vinyl with damp cloth to ciean Red. white or navy Jrs 7 to 15 Simpsons-Sears Ltd. Store Hours Open Daily 9 30 a m to S 30 p rn Thursday and Friday 9 30 a m to 9 00 p m Centre Village Mall Telephone 328-9231 Closed Friday Api, at Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee Mtiifaction or money refunded and free delivery ;