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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta April I, 1WO TM UTHUlOGI HOAU) J Anthony Sampson South Africa's Theme Of Isoation JO H A NXESBURG Behind the politicking, fee most aerious theme of the coming South African elections (on -April ZS) is the question of iso- lation. Never before has the. cotalry fell so cut off from the world, and minded so much about it. But isolation always feats very different Irom me iBUfc. Cooing to white South Africa ie like bring on a flying island like Gulliver DO La- puta hovering confidently the black continent. Tbe on the mainland be- low are analyzed with sextant] and lekscopes, acd the issues which to the rest of the world teem so desperate and press- ing ECRE, on this island, to be abstruse and remote. There is not much argument, to'begin with, about the policy which caused the isolation, the policy of white domination. party can be multiracial, no black' party exists, and no black yiew is called for or expressed. For the first time in history, as a cabinet minister boasted, DO member of Parliament will owe a Vole to an African, col- .'ored or Indian. But the main 'parties'are agreed on the need for the enforced separation. In- their 22 years "of power the Na- txnalists nave succeeded, to an extent mat many oeopte thought impossible, in pushing the black 'population out of sight, and almost out of mind: id most voters, openly or pri- grateful for it. In this context it mighl seem surprising for the Nationalist Party to be might seem almost ungrateful for anyone to accuse Mr. Vorster of being jV.erligte, enlightened, or to charge him Vith being oulward- looking'. How could he have done more to ensure while dom- ination? In the last year alone .be has set up BOSS, the secret security apparatus; he has re- .stricled still further the Afri- :'cans' rights in the'towns; atrehglhenerl still further the rules of apartheid; in that year more than of the 13 mil- lion Africans went lo jail. His police organization makes the days of Verwoerd seem ama- teurish, and me days of Malan seem positively benign. In the fad of his massive leg- islation, the attacks being lev- elled against him for allowing a single Malawi Ambassador, a Maori Rugby player or a Jap- anese -jockey, seem at first sight absurd quibbles, like Ihe debates of medieval church- men. But it is their symbolism that makes them important. For the Nationalist critics of Vorster verkratnpie, or closed in are convinced that they are fighting for the Cal- virast soul of Afrikanerdom which can be preserved only in isolation; that the Afrikaner 'nation must be pure or nothing; and that the black diplomat and the brown sportsman are Ihe thin end of a very long wedge. It is this doctrinal debate about isolation which is Ihe central drama of the coming election; and in Ihe face of this battle everyone else English, Col- oreds, Africans and Indians are mere onlookers. In spite at his relenUess pur- suit of apartheid, Mr. Vorster is vulnerable to attack from UK Right. He and his govern- menl have been faced with the awkward -economic fact that two of the crucial commodities for South Africa's go'd and skilled labor are running out. The short life of the go'd mines means that South Africa has U> rely more in tbe future on manufactured exports to maintain her bal- ance ofpaymenls; and tbe inost promising market for these is Black Africa. Tbe shortage of white labr can be made good 'only by making more use of black labor. These two facts have forced Vorster towards his verligle policy. He has tried lo come to terms with some of his black neighbors, and he has surreptitiously al- lowed black men into some semi-skilled jobs. It has often been said in South Africa that freedom is indivisible, that the whites can- not clobber the blacks without in the end clobbering them- selves." But nobody took much notice, and the proof of it now emerges, ironically enough, from the Right. As long ago as 1964, it sow Kir. Worsler, then Minister of Jus- tice, suggested to Dr. Verwoerd the formation of a special sec- tion of the political police to watch the activities of right- wing Afrikaners: Dr. Verwoerd said "no" (perhaps because he had already set up his own) so Vorster went shead by This poignant bit of history has not been published ia South Af rie'a. It was given to the newspapers by Jaap Marais in February: the police, as if .to prove the point, raided all ne'ws- p-pers offices and told editors that if the statement was print- ed the entire edition would be destroyed. There can be no doubt that Vorster will win the election, but the real significance of the verkramples is that even if they get only votes, they will' probably ensure that Vor- ster worries much more about his Right than his Left. Faced this Afrikaner family quarrel, Ihe English- speaking opposition cannot hope for more than to split them wide enough if not this time, then next to let in Ihe United Party; and to Ihis end the Eng- lish Press have been boosting the verkramptes with huge sym- pathetic headlines day after v day. It is possible, just conceiv- ably possible, that the split could eventually bring the Na- l i o n a 1 i s t s down: but in the meantime the United Party looks more than ever to be the party on the sidelines; and they are more uncertain than ever what kind .of game they should play not -least be- cause they have their own ver- kramptes, who attack Vorster from the In this familiar dilemma, the United Party, while generally supporting BOSS, mass removals and the ground rules of apartheid, de- votes mica attention to the odd notion of "petty apartheid" which turns 'put to mean the embarrassing bits of apartheid that still show through the cracks. But they remain care- fully ambiguous as to what to do about it. Amidst this general apartheid consensus, only the tiny Pro- gressive Party nisei a cau- tious alternative, in the form of a qualified now still more qualified franchise. But as a white party speaking for blacks, and forbidder by law to have black members, their position is bound to be artificial with DO real power base. The Progres- sives see no prospect of effec- tive African protest, yet they deprecate intervention or boy- cott from abroad, which does not endear them to the Afri- cans. As doe banned black poli- tician put it to me: "They are saying 'leave it to us' which means leave it (o wtile South' Africans. How can the black people accept The lone Progressive Mem- ber of Parliament, the tireless and formidable Helen Suzman, will probably be returned once again by her constituency, the richest suburb in Johannes- burg, but it will be a tribute as much to her courageous Parlia- mentary performance the only Member who voted against BOSS as to the expectations of her Party. As for the young liberals, H is agonizing merely to listen to their circular, discussions, try- ingtoexlricate themselves from the logic of the system, speculating desperately about protest, demonstration, boycott, PUKES EFFECTIVE THUIS., Hi., SAT., ARIL 9, 10, 11. CHICKEN 39 WIENERS BACON etii. BEEF IIVER sliMd 69c GARLIC SAUSAGE 59c CORNED BEEF MM, 99e CHUCK ROAST IW Of Blu. Brand Ib. CROSS RIB ROAST STEAK or Blu. Brand Beef.....Ib. GROUND BEEF Pink Solmon 2 8" AcClM PMK al i 1 00 U iCUi Molkins Fancy 14-ai. for Fruit Cocktail 4 p Family Tissue IIC SPOn WontSn. pkg.............. tach FRESH PRODUCE ORANGES APPLES Kraft 16-ci. jar CHEEZ WfflZ CHEESE Black Diamond Hi -N' low. Mb. pfcg. BROOMS each FLOOR WAX liquid i7-n. tin 97 CALIFORNIA VAIENCIAS CANADA NO. 1 I.C, WINCSAK :9? 3s 47 OUR PRODUCE IS ALWAYS FRESH AND CR5f. California, Canada No. 1 Head Lettuce Green Onions or Radish CfWomia, Canada No. 1 bvmh Fmh FOOD MARKET 7M 3rd South PHONE .AND SAVE FREE DELIVERY cffocenn MUTJ 117.1111 OPfH THURSDAY THl terrorism, and concluding at last that theirs is a country with no place for liberals, that whether they like H or not they are compelled lo be slave-own- ers. They have a knack of im- porting the style of youth ia other countries beicg groovy, with it, cool or high without (he element of idealism or pro- test; and in the en) they lake refuge in money-making. Behind the election line up, with the exception of the ver- kramptrs, there is quite a large school who maintain thai Ihe 'salvation of Ihe country rests not with politics, but with eco- nomics; that as long as South Africa can go on booming at six per cent, with Afrikaners having their share, its policies are botmd lo become more lib- eral; fear of black competition will give way to the need for black workers and black con- sumers. A group of "neo-liber- als" or "hani edged liberals" has emenjed who speak with equal contempt for tbe bigots of apartheid and the sentimental liberal, and explain robustly thai South Africa is experienc- ing a lake off in which, .like Britain in Ihe early 19th cen- tury, a few people are bound to get hurt, but ia Ihe long nm phrase is eryone will be much better off. These determinisls can point not only lo Victorian Britain, but also to contemporary black Africa to give justification for their apparent callousness. Look al Ihose regimes further north, much more dictatorial and without the hope of pros- perity. The delerminist argument de- mands lo be taken seriously, if only because it is widely be- lieved, and it has great appeal to British and other foreign in- vestors. Part of it cannot be contradicted. It is clear that many Afrikaners, finding them- selves now involved in big ci- ties; and big business, are be- coming much less doctrinaire about apartheid. Many such Nationalist Afrikaners ually in private contemptu- ous of government policy where it conflicts with economic ad- vantage, as with the insistence on border industries near the reserves. But they are only an elite wttbout much polit i c a 1 backing. The majority of the Afrikaner! who are flooding into tfae town only 14 per cent of tbe white South Afri- cans now live in the country- are not capitalists but (tin preoccupied by tbe dan- gen of black competition. However, sadly for the "rich- er the Letter" argument, the How of new wealth' in South Africa has-been very effective- ly enameled into the grid of apartheid; A has helped to fi. nance the unprecedented mass removals and the. vast police and defence system. And tbe two decades of prosperity have seen a steady diminution of black rights, to a point ap- proaching zero. And here we are back to Ihe central theme of the the theme of' isolation. Jaap Marais insists that isolation n tbe destiny of tbe Afrikaners, thai any strong nation must be hated by other nations. Connie Mulder, a young cabinet minis- ter much tipped as Vorsler's successor, pronounces that iso- lation is doom. Most lop Afri- kaners, no doubt, would agree with Mulder not only for rea- sons of commerce, defence and sport, but because isolation, to men who have begun to travel, is a painful state of mind. There can be little doubt that, whatever success the verkram- ptes may have, and however un- friendly the rest of Ihe world, the Afrikaners are slowly em- erging from their colony. "The Afrikaners used lo be doubly ar. Afrikaans editor said fo me. "We were Isolated inside the country, and isolated from the rest o( the world by OK British umbrella. Now we are having to break out of both, and H's very confusing." South Africa will have to try to come lo terms with her black neighbors, and with the rest of the world. But the key ques- tion which the businessmen beg is: can they do Uia while maintaining their own white domination. This, after all, is what the international protests are all about. If one took the longest and gloomiest view, one could maintain that the more South Africa extend- ed her influence up through Africa, the more Impossible it would be in tbe end to control her own population. Let her come up lo ZI m b i a, Kenya, Tanzania! In the end those countries would bring Ihe down- fall of apartheid from within the South African empire more surely than they could ever do from without, But the rise and fall of such a South African empire would Involve such suffering and such risks for Ihe world that it Is hard to envisage il. (Wrillei. lor The Herald at The Obwn-er, latin) Mankind.Buys Own Doom frM Tic Ottawa CUlita A CREATURE who prides him- seif on his intelligence, man does some pretty dumb things. Some time ago, the international con- gress of tbe Red Cross was told that more thin 90 million people have been killed in wars in the 70 years of tils cen- tury alone. Now come more startling figures from the United Nations Educational, Saentifk: and Cultural Organization. UNESCO estimates the current annual 'expenditure on arms is tfae equivalent of the total annual income of the 000 people living in Lalin America, South- ern Asia and the Jliddle East. The world is spending 7 per cent of its gross product on arms while hunger, starvation, malnutrition, disease and other misery receive scant attention. Yet mere is no "freeze" oa arms ex- penditure. In 1967, world arms spending stood at roughly S182 billion. By 19M, the UNESCO estimates this wUI rise to MOO billion. Man is thus paying a stiff price for arms which could one day destroy him- self and his kind. Can Collective Bargaining Work? From Basiaeii Week Magaiue WHEN A SCANT recalcitrant workers in a small U.S. rfilroad union can overturn the agreement accepted by their own negotiators and bring the .country to the brink of a nation-wide rail strike, something plainly is wrong with the way collective bargaining is working. This 15 what stands out above all else in the stalemated negotiations between the rail- roads and their sbopcraft unions. Nor was the rebellion of the railroad sheet-metal niaken an isolated instance. About one out o( every seven or eight con- tract agreements today is upset by rank-, aad-fik rejection. No matter what happens in the rail dispute where slop-gap legisla- tion has temporarily averted the strike a more fundamental question will have to be faced: Can collective bargaining really work if negotiators on one side of the table have no authority to make a final, binding. deal? In the days when management often burned negotiations over to lower-level officers with DO real authority, the unions wen quick to protest that (Ms was not bargaining in good faith. But now manage- ment is being asked to deal with union representatives who have no power to make a. deal stick. Increasingly, rank-and-file rejection has become a device for making the company add extra sweetening to a coo- tract that it made in good faith. .This is not union democracy, regardless of what the labor apologists may say. It is an abuse of the democratic process almost to the point of anarchy. II it con- tinues, the w'.ici; collective bargaining tradition, built up painfully over the years, will be threatened with breakdown. It would be hard to deal with this prob- lem by legislation. Union members have the legal right to vo'-e on the contract in their names, and undoubtedly there are cases wiiere rejection is justified. A healthier approach would be for labor leaders themselves to review their proced- ures case by case and see what might be done to make the union approach to bar- gaining more responsible. There are some hopeful indications that union officials are beginning to think about the problem. AFL-C10 President George Meany admitted recently, "I feel the' way to bargain, to gel effective bar- gaining, is la have both sides come to lb< table with the right lo make a deal." words would be more encour- aging if he had not flown lo the defence of the railroad sheet-metal workers when President Nixon proposed making the agree- ment binding upon them by legislation. Obviously union thinking is still clouded by the old idea that labor solidarity must come ahead of everything else, even common sense.- U is time, though, for labor leadership fo start blowing some of those clouds away: For close to M years, labor has had legal support and public backing for its right to bargain responsibly with management rep- resentatives authorized to make binding deals. Now, as Meany himself has con- ceded, "Ihe shoe is on the other foot." Wash Out Phosphates Fnai Tie Ottawa CMJiem COME SCIENTISTS are raising doubts about the r-rfnlnran' of removing from They argue that attention should tocos on the leuftuval of organic from ef- fluent, this being the real cause of algae growth. Yet their pontoon is not in that different from tfae guvei moat's. The campaign to process aewage has been going on for years, and is gathering Where these scientists differ with the government is in the effect of phosphates algae growth. Government scientist! believe they stimulate growth. The dissent- ing adentists uy there Is no evidence of that, but admit that the removal of phos- phates from detergents won't do any barm. The government's course is clear. With the backing of iti own atientisto and the International Joint Commission, 11 should amend the Canada Water Act to eliminate phosphates. At the same time, tbe drive to remove organic matter from effluent should be accelerated. Interesting Godparents The Chriitiaa Seteaee Monitor 1IBERTE, egalite, fratenite" for nearly two centuries now these three words have been synonymous with France. Ten days ago, three new (and rather more ponderous) words intended to be the mot- to of and synonymous with the entire French-speaking world were formally ush- ered as a package into the world's vocabu- lary. They are: "Egalile, complementarite, aolidarite." They are in fact tbe watch- words of the new French-speaking Agency for Cultural -and Technical Co-operation whose charter was signed in Niamey, capi- tal of Niger, on1 March 20. Understandably Uas is a project in which France has long taken the lead. But interestingly, at its' birth, there were two godparents: and Canada. Ferbapi first of all we ffaouk) ust the signatories of the charter besides France and Canada. They are: Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Dahomey, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Luxemburg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Monaco, Niger, Rwanda, Sene- gal, South Vietnam, Togo, Tunisia, and Upper VolU. This rater makes U clear that the new organiartion Is not simply a variation on the familiar theme of FrendwpeakiDg Africa, although of its members are admittedly African coun- tries. Non-African members are to provide almost all tbe agency's budget: France, 45 per cent; Canada, 8 per cent; and Bel- gium, 12 per cent, Further, the secretary- general of the agency Is; a. Canadian, albeit a Quebecker: Jeac-Marc Leger. A year ago, Mr. Leger was France's candidate for the provisional executive secretaryship of the agency as It wu abuUdihg. According to Le Monde, he seemed to the French a Quebecker with definitive separatist leanings acd this may well be why they backed hint. But Mr. Leger toned up in Niamey this year with the Secretary of" Stale in the Ottawa Government, Gerard PeUetier, at his side or at least as the chief Canadian spokes- man and the two seemed lo make an easy-going tandem. This produced some strains at the conference between the French and the Canadians. In the end, how- ever, the two delegations were able (o come, up with an acceptable compromise 'on the now perennial issue of Quebec's rcp- raeotation of French-speaking intergov- ernmental euufmeixet, French economic aid (o French Africa hitherto has been vastly greater than what Canada has given the same part of the world. Yet it would be surprising if Ihere were not French wspicions about Canada'] long-term aims lo the new agency particularly since Canada Ln many French eyes tries to have it both ways by playing an infuriating Jckyll and Hyde role of being simultaneously Anglo- Saxon and Francophone, It Didn't Work ByDoH PLSPETH WAS so mortified by the trick I played on her last April Fooi'i Cay that she swore she was going to stay in bed all day this year to foil any plans 1 might have to fool her again. But her resolve didn't apply (o gelling out of bed in the middle of the nigM to try her own hand at ttie game! As 1 was leaving for work I noticed a magazine I thought I might want to refer to during tbe day N I opened my brief cue to put tt in and spied ao onion and a carrot stowed away. Judi'g purse waj sitting nearby and since she wai still in tbe bathroom putting on the finishing touches, I effected a transfer of goods. That a better trick anyway. Judi stoood lo be more embarrassed In front of her college -friends than I among my fellow workers. I would simply tovc oHcred the vegetables lo Ric Swihart who always aeems lo be. locking for something to eall ;