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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHMIDGE HIUIO WwftiwJcy, Afxil I, Dr. Arnold Toynbee The Public Interest U.K. Must Join European Community One of the Ihings that came through loud and clear .from the teach-in on pollution held on the was that the public cannot assume ils in- terests are necessarily being safe- guarded by elected officials and reg- ulatory agencies. There continues to be need for citizen groups-to press issues. Time after time speakers referred to the existence of laws that have not been enforced and to. undertak- ings that have not been honored. The problem, as one speaker expressed it is that agencies lend in lime to become instruments of industry. No doubt it is unfair lo hold industry responsible for. all pollution. Everyone is a polluter. But some of the worst instances of the despoiling of the environment can be' charged to industry. It is natural, therefore, to think of industry somewhat adversely in these days of pollution conscious- ness. Transferring the blame for pollu- tion lo Ihe average citizen who is a shareholder in industry and a con- senting member of a capitalistic soc- iety seems-to be a popular way of taking the beat off industry. But it raises the question of the possibility' that the goals and commitments to those goals have been mistaken. Recently oil this page, columnist Anlhony Westell reported that poli- ticians in both Canada and the United Slates are seriously discussing Ihe concept of ZERO GROWTH RATE. The notion that bigger is bet- ter is being challenged. This means that the shareholder may not remain the ultimate determiner of industrial activity; the human being.may take his place! Obviously a colossal Iransformalion in Ihinking and living would be re- quired. Yet this rather than stricter laws and more watchful agencies may be the only way the public interesl will be .served. pUBLIC AFFAIRS ARE long- term affairs, and tbe big- ger the issues are tbe longer the perspective in which we must lock at them when we are .taking crucial decisions. Our decisions are certain to be wrong il the decisive consid- eration for us is the probable immediate effect on bills and OB pay-packets. We have to think in terms of the possible future for our children, grand- children and great eraadchU- drefl. It will be better still; if our imaginations can stretch to this, to think in terms 'of cen- turies and milWinia This planet is to be habitable for million more years if we do not make it uninhabit- able by taking disastrous deci- sions based en delusive short- term views. A British Cabinet Minister, Mr. Peter Snore, is reported to have said that with Britain's stronger economic posit i o n "whether or not we join tbe European Economic Commun- ity becomes an option we can lake up if il suits us, or leave atone il it does not." In our time, one single great fact dominates human affairs of all kinds all over the globe and out, beyond this speck of dust, into the inconceivably vast, and perhaps remainder of the physical uni- verse. Technology B increaoBg Ihe scale of all important human operations, aad, for as far as ve can see ahead into the future, this increase in icale seems likely to coatime at an ever accelerating pace. Today, the scale of even the two pres- ent super Powers, the United Slates and the U.S.S.R., is man- ifestly proving inadequate. What fate, then, would BriUin be bringing on itself if it were to make a unilateral dedars- LlOfl 01 at globe that technology a fact knitting together into a closer' and closer unity with itself and now also with adjacent outer space A would-be autarkic Britain would be putting herself oat of business for the manufacture of aircraft, computers, and' the other huge costly new instru- ments that are the keys (o man- kind's economic luture. More- Legislators Take Over over, Britain would starve. Food-exporting such as Denmark anH Thailand, survive a unilateral dec- laration of independence phy- sically, at Ibe price of themselves to a decline m the standard of material and men- tal life for tbrir ritiuns and to a reduction of the eocntry Uself to a nullity in.the counsels o( Britain could not sur- vive a eveg at tbii pro- hlbiiivfrr high price. the other land, if BriUin becomes a member of UK Eu- ropean Efonoink Community, new opportunities ol all fends will open up for most of its oli- zenc in most walks af He.: These opportunities may not materialize within weeks, martin or years, but they will certainly be harvested by peo- ple in BriUin who are still U years or more younger tban their retiring age, and the har- vest will be abundant lor the descendants Of everyone in BriUin TOO is now alive. You will appreciate the pres- ent opportunity for the British and other Europeans U you talk to our Japanese contemporar- ies. Japan has been, the most successful couatry in the work) economically Ike Second Work! War. She has done evea. better than Germany. Yet the Japanese are mmrinng that Japan is OB too small a Kale and that, unlike toy European country, she is out on a limb: TV Japanese envy Europe's size and. compactnesi and homogeneity. They are sur- prised that we European are so hesitant and slow ia seiiing the grand onporbauty, bestowed on us by geography and by history, at a super Power on the Bus- sian and Americas tale.: When we ne toe ehaiee be- fore Britain in perspective, there is.no doubt about what her decision ought to be. She ought to get Into the E.E.C.: she ought to work with the other members for making thb regional ccmmimity effective; i she ought also to work for making it into one of the grow- ing points for the creation of world-community. To be effective, a European community must be unified po- Prolestors against the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam war have long contended thai no American should be tried for evasion of the draft. In support of their con- tention they point out that the war is unconstitutional because only Con-, gress has the power to declare war and it has not done so in the case of Vietnam. Some people have deliberately coun- selled young men to defy the draft hoping to be arrested as a conse- quence and thus have an opportunity to raise the question of the constitu- tionality of the war in court. In Ihe celebrated trial of Dr. Benjamin Spock and his co-defendants the prosecution was able to keep the ques- tion out ol the proceedings and thus frustrated those who had been hope- ful of a legal lest. 'At the time Dr. Spock was found guilty of conspiring against the U.S. Government, The Herald expressed Ihe opinion that the examination of Ihe basic question of the war's con- slitulionalily had merely been post- poned. Until now, however, there has been no success in forcing the test. HecerJtly the Massachusetts stale legislature passed a law designed to bring about such a test. The mea- sure provides that Massachusetts servicemen may refuse combat duty unless there has been a declaration of war by Congress. It also requires the Massachusetts attorney general lo represent the servicemen in court. Now that the legislators have taken over the. pressuring ol the adminis- Iralion it will be interesting to see what develops. The legislation will not be easily ignored. This could be .the most effective opposition to the Vietnam war. Morale Builder The provincial government hopes Its project of allowing -welfare recip- ients to earn up lo ?75 per week with- out facing dollar-for-dollar deductions from their government assistance will prove lo be a means of helping peo- ple to become self-supporting. It i) hoped this will be the incentive need- ed to persuade some people to accept work. Critics of welfare frequently ex- press impatience with the claim that some people cannot accept work be- cause they "cannot afford to go off assistance. Yet this may literally be true. The level of public assistance may be higher than what could be earned. This is especially so if the work is only part-lime employment. There are a lot of things needing to be done in society which some peo- ple on welfare might be able to do, providing there Is enough flexibility so that their security is not threat- ened. Permitting people to earn money above their assistance is all to the good in that it benefits those seek- ing employees and could be the means of restoring people to even- tual full employment. Whatever else'the project accomp- plishes it is 'almost certain to be a morale builder. Despite toe preva- lent notion that welfare recipients live the odds are that most of them are constantly oppress- ed by the sense of living close to the line. A bit of a margin could work wonders for their perspective. The sight of able-bodied persons vet- ting out to work could also improve the attitudes of those who are irritat- ed by the indolence they think wel- fare encourages. These critics should be happier in themselves as a result and better community relations should ensue. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON One ol tbe most un- fortunate aspects of the Judge Cars- well nomination fight Is that is has clouded the constitutional issues on has the right to throw out the first ball at the Washington Senators' opening baseball game. Originally, President Nixion was going lo throw out the first ball. But he decided that because of the press of Supremo Court business, he would designate the task lo his Vice-President Spifo Agnew. then. Republican Senator Robert Grillin of, Michigan at the last minute pleaded with the president lo allow tbe me vice-president to be In the Senate for the vote on Carswell and suggested that Ihe president throw out ball instead.' This angered the president because he fdt that In was being challenged on his right to select someone of his own choice lo throw out the baseball. He wrote a letter lo Senator William Saxbe of Ohio challeng- ing anyone in the Senate lo question the president's choice as to the opening day ball-thrower. The question Hie president raised is what power docs Ihe executive branch have over the legislative branch on the opening day oC baseball? Our Founding Fathers, back In 1776, were well aware that this problem would crop up lime and time again In our future history, and so alter some bitter anil acrimonious debate, they spelled out in the Constitution w'no would replace the presi- dent at the Washington Senators' ball park. The article in the Constitution reads follows, "I( for any reason the President of Ihe United States is unable lo throw out the lirst baseball on the opening day cf the season, snd his vice-president u re- on Capitol Hill, the president may designate another nominee with'the advice and consent of the Senate. "The Senate may only question the presi- dent's choice if it feels the president's nominee is not able to get the ball from the stands to the infield. If more than two nominees are rejected by the Senate, then the Speaker of the House must throw out the first ball." It is interesting lo note that on many occasions the Senate has rejected presiden- tial nominationj for hurling out the first ball. The Senate has turned down the nomi- nees of Presidents Washington, Madison, John Q. Adams, Tyler, Fillmore, Bucha- nan, Grant, Hayes, Cleveland and Johnson. In each case the presidents had asked their soris-in-law (o fill in (or them. The opponents of President Nixon's choice for out Ihe ball have claimed that the president's nominee is al the most a very mediocre ball player who was only selected because he was a south- paw. This, the opponents say, was nothing more than an attempt to appease the South. While the baseball league has given Nixon's choice a "qualified" rating for the job, managers ami coactas o( baseball teams all over the country have expressed their concern that the person President Nixon selected lo throw the lirst ball did not measure up to the great pitching arms of Presidents Harding, Hoover and Polk. But Senalor Roman Hruska, who led Ihe fight in support of the president's man, defended the president's choice. He said, "Mediocre players should be represented on the opcnirg day of baseball. We need them to balance the teams." (Toronto Tclcfrim New i Service) "tout qualilicoiians bi en attorney loci' line, but don't hire people win ant Jms like javf' LMr cWn'f soy aijtKng about .fwtodor." letters To. The Editor Amendments To Alberta Labor Act The Alberta Federation of La- bor (AFL) lias let it be known that it squarely opposes com- pulsory, b i n d i n g arbitration. Yet, a close examination of the relevant Alberta Labor Act amendments now before the Legislature reveals that these amendments are merely intend- ed to more clearly define em- ergency procedures in labor dis- putes which jeopardize "life, property or llie vital needs ol the public." Existing legislation already provides that, after the Lieuten- ant Governor in Council has proclaimed a state of em- ergency as a result from a la- bor dispute, the Minister of La- bor shall establish a "proced- ure" to assist in reconciling the parties and that he is "empow- ered to do all such things as may be necessary to settle the dispute." While angrily condemning this kind of compulsion, neces- sary for the government to ad-' minister public justice, the AFL and ils affiliates happily prac- tice their-kind of compulsion: forcing workers into unions as a condition of their employ- ment. What's wrong with seeking public justice and what's right with depriving workers of their fundamental freedoms lo work, of association and of While the Legislature is al it, It should pass amendments pro- tecting all workers from the dis- criminatory practice of compul- sory unionism. Trade unions should not be allowed to tram- ple basic rights underfoot for Operating Grants To U of L 1 have the issue of The Leth- bridge Herald of Thursday, March 26, 1970 containing a news item under the heading: Loss in Grants, U of L Said Ignored by Commission." This story contains the follow- ing statements: "The U of L Equal Freedom I have been reading some of this Campbell River stulf on education and noted some of the expectations of teachers and pupils. The teacher would expect to consult others on education but not stand inspection. The teacher would attend staff meeting if he chose and decide himself to recognize au- thority if he decided the person knew enough. The teacher decides, if he smokes, whether or not and whc re he does it (which o( course can be extended to drink, drugs, sex and subver- sion.) For students, no supcivision in dress, conduct cr whether or not the pupil attended work or even classes or school. He would not "sign would the teacher but the teach- er would, as a matter of cour- tesy, notify the board or princi- pal i( he wasn't coming. We have schools, or ought to have schools, to turn out useful citizens. They ought lo be train- ed to be at work and work be- cause employers will expect it. And if there arc no standards and no examinations, then busi- ness should set up standards and examinations to determine, if the applicant knew enough lo work and which school had a diploma north Iho paper it was written on. Perhaps the Cham- ber of Commerce should set up such standards, to offset the de- terioration in education stan- dards. And wouldn't it be proper for (he taxpayer to have equal free- dom? Let him pay taxes only if he wished and let schools pay salaries only if they wished but as a matter of courtesy inform the teacher if they were not go- ing to pay, or no laxes would be available? About as sensible as allowing all people to obey only the road laivs they wished to obey. J. A. SPENCER. Magratli. 'Crazy Capers' AM weiring i tiel has been given a total operat- ing grant of p.9 million If the university had received the 40 per cent bonus factor it should receive under ils original agreement, it would gel about There never was any ment to apply a bonus factor of 40 per cent in 1970-7I. At the inception of the University of Lethbridge the commission ap- proved the following bonus fac- tors: 50 per cent; 69, M per cent; 1969-70, 30 per cent; 20 per cent; 1971- 72; 10 per'cent; 1972-73, 0 per cent. The bonus (actor applied in 1909-70 .was 30 per cent. For JS75-71 rather than applying the factor of 20 per cent, following the recent discussions, the com- mission agreed to a factor of 25 per cent. The story makes no reference (o the distribution of the Transi- tional Grant' provided -by tin government in 1969-70. In de- termining the allocation of this grant M the commis- sion made a special allotment of to the University of Let hbridge, before distributing the balance among Ihe three universities by the formula. Both in relation to the 1970-71 operating grant and (he transi- tional grant Ihe commission modified its. established proce- dures lo provide more, money for the University of Leth- bridge. Notwithstanding this, the University of Ldhbridge may feel It needs more money. So d? the other iiniversillcs. ANDREW STEWART, Chairman, The Universities Commission, Edmonton, the sake of "union At the very least, the.Legislature should .endorse Bill M, intro- duced by Mr. Robert A. Simp- son (MLA for Calgary which provides, that an em- ployee who objects to paying dues to .a certain trade union is allowed to pay Ihe equival- ent of such dues to a registered Canadian charity selected by him. II goes without saying that free collective bargaining must be defended. But freedom must be accompanied bj a sense of responsibility. If it la hot, and the strike weapon is used with- out restraint, freedom tuna into license and win be detrimental to participants and bystanders alike. When that happens, the government, responsible for protecting the public welfare, must intervene just as wen it intervenes in many other sit- uations and circumstances. STAN DE-JONG, Alberta ReprewnUUve, Christian Labor Association of Canada. liucally as well as economical- ly, fecooomics have come la so closely bound up wia pou- tics that txuuuiuk uiiiiirilNM cannot be achieved uniest po- litical unification is carried Ml part passu. U is even Bare im- portant that we Einpeon should not make tbe and political unuleatiai of Mr sub-continent our termnw. have to nuke it a tion along tbe high ratd to world uniiy. U a future unified Europe the United States and Smt Union were to imagine thai a super-Power can be more ttan a provisional temporary re- placement for i nation-State tm the scale of Britain or France, m lieu of a world-wide. com- munity, this would be a frave error of judgment. U the world's present natlon-SUiis- more than IS-were simply to coagulate into hatf-a-docee sep- arate super Powers and were. to call a halt to unifieatioB it that' intermediate point, they would be condemning them- selves to wage, sooner or later, a nuclear world war that might liquidate the human nee. There is no practicable halting place short of the of all mankind and of the whole of its habitat, even if this ex- pands some day beyond tfce surface of this one small planet Unification on this scale, and on m scale short of this, is de- manded imperiously bj the ad- vance of technology in ad- vance that we do not' .to stop and that we are unable to stop. Mankind has DO ef being able to cope successful? with its new life-and-death problems if it does not toekte these a single united and or- ganized emmunify. We bare to 'save ourselves from commit- ting miss suicide in a nuclear world war; we have lo save tbt natural environment, in which life came into existence op tot planet, from being pouaned and obliterated by the artificial man'.- made environment that has been conjured into exis- tence by technology; we have to plan looking decades and centuries ahead the shape and structure of the worlcVoty in which our grandchildren will be living: a city that will have to house B world population that may be two, three and perhaps eventually 10 times ai big as it is today.' This coming world city is proliferating under our eyes. II is already sprawling across 'our antique political frontiers. De- troit, is exploding out of the United Slates into Canada.' The Franco -Belgian'frontier-that Louis XIV won for France at a senseless! cost ID blood -and treasure is front view as. Lille: and i Toureoug Roubaix; toaJesce with their counterparts on the Bel- gian side. Thousands of cpmmulerf ire now crossing, twice a day, line ttiat once bristled Jwuli "barrier fortresses." Twenti- eth century bin curtains are going to be bull dozed by tech- nology as inexorably, as "bar- rier fortresses" and as Ranan and Chinese walls. The urban explosion takes no more notice of. political frontier! man il taken by nuclear fall out or by viruses or by "dangerous thought." i -When Britain's coofranMioB with the European Eeonoiic Community is looked at ta per- spective, the coine .that we ought to' take becomes cpnto clear. The British shook Join a Europe which should job rest of the world. A united Eu- rope is one of the me British and other Europeans must reach in order to travel beyond it to mankind's com- mon destination. This destina- tion is unity rl our dVstuy ii not to be suicide. (Writta for The Tie Otwrrer, LOOKING BACKWARD THKOUGH THE HERALD provincial govern- ment refuses (o gin a direct full guarantee of irrigation bonds for the Letbbridge North- ern district. This was the gist of the statement made ta the House this morning by Premier Charles Stewart in bringing down the act to assist the Lethv bridge Northern Irrigation Dis- trict. from the Leth- bridge coal fields today avert- ed a strike by voting 2-1 in fa- vor of submitting their grie- vances to a board of caoatia- tion the Lemieux Acl. British fleet went into.