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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. MONDAY, APRIL 8, 1!U8 NUMBER (It CAVALRY FIGUREi Win Glory in Remarkable Achievements Against Huge Forces of the Enemy COMPEL GERMANS TO RELINQUISH WOOD AFTER SEVERE FIGHT �With the British Army, in France, Apr. 7.-No fine;)' chapter has been provided from the story of the British defense since the German offensive began than, that furnished by the cavalry. Never during the present war had horsemen been given the chance which they hml in thiH more or lews open warfare, and they made the most " of it. They have been here, there and every where,/filling in gaps, strengthening the lines and,, covering the retirement of infantry". Their work has been brilliant and_they thoroughly enjoyed every minute of it despite the gruelling actions. , Ready For More I saw long lines of cavalry on the road yesterday. They were battle worn ruid plainly showed the marks of harcr fighting. More than one trooper led a riderless horse. But the men's heads were up and their lances described defiant circles, while the horses cavorted as It they, too, were ready for more' trouble. In the first three days of the German, drive the cavalry fought mostly on foot "and did valuable worW. It was dismounted cavalry that held the Oil czy-Ham 'line on March Z'i, while the infantry retired. Terrific Fighting There _ji�as terrific fighting here One party of dragoons was cut off all night, during which they were out in the open battling for British lives. Finally they cut their way through � tno German lines at Jussy by main' force. On March 28, the cavalry came into Kb own. for the horses were brought forward and the troopers began a series of spectacular feats. When Noyon was first threatened cavalry was "sent to hold the line of tlie Oise west of town. The British infantry was forced to fall back on March 26 and the cavalry was "pulled back also with the intention of occupying the ridge near Porquoy Court in the vicinity of Noyon. The Germans also were after this hill. A Dramatic Fight A race developed between the horse-mop and the enemy infantry across the-.rolllng ground. The Germans reacted the northern part of the wood, but the cavalry arrived at the other eide at about the same time and went rushing through the forest against the Germans. An intense battle followed and the cavalry was doing great execution when the order game for them to fall back irt order td cover the retirement of the infantry which had succumbed to pressure at other points. The troops withdrew from the wood and brought up the r�ar, pausing often to ti&ht read-guard actions with the hotly pressing enemy. A Heroic Feat The next big action was on March 30, when the Germans got into a wood northwest of Morenil. Word came from the Britishi command that the wood must be cleared out. The position was filled with enemy infantry who had brought forward great numbers of machine guns which were mounted in every available point, even In trees. The cavalry was called upon. They responded and came pounding up to the wood in a picturesque manner. Hero a part of them dismounted and went in on foot but. the Canadian horse tore into the fore3t and hurled themselves on the enemy. As, one trooper-put it, "thcrWwas a hell of a light." Step by sfSp the Germans gave way before the onslaught until the western part of the wood had beon cleared between Moreull and Demuin. The cav-1 airy held it until the next morning when the infantry took over the position. On Marcli 31 the Germans again attacked in force and once more the British infantry, although fighting gal- -  TO CONTROL EVERY ? E8SENTIAL, COMMODITY Washington, April 8.--Formal announcement was made yesterday by the wur indus- tries board of its functions and policy under the broad powers delegated by President Wilson under which the board and its chairman., Bernard M. Baruch, virtually*will control the production and distribution of every commodity essential to the prosecution of the war. * * � * 4* �   �  4 INTENANCE Ottawa, Apr. 8.-The Intention of the Federal government to aid and encourage the organization and co-ordination of employment offices is conveyed in a resolution by Hon. T. W. Cro-thers, minister of labor, notice of which appears on the order paper. Provision is made for a full grant for the present finance year of $50,000. This sum will be doubled next year while in succeeding years, ths amount of tlie vote will be tl(K�00. The federal grants are to be paid to the governments of the respective provinces in the proportion which their expenditure Jor the maintenance of employment offices bears to the total of all the. provinces for sucn- purpose, but in no case will the Allotment, to a province exceed the amount expended for the maintenance ol employment offices in that province. It is further provided that the payments to the provinces shall be conditional upon agreement between the minister and the government of the province subject to the approval Of - the governor-iu-co'uncil) attd that such officers as are repaired may be appointed under the laws relating to the civil service and theh> salaries paid out of monies supplied by parliament for that purpose This action on the part of the government is-the result of recent conferences between the government and labor and agriculture representatives, It is deemed by the government to be the best solution ot the various prob-lehis -Which'iiav* arisen in connection with the administration of employment offices throughout the Dominion. Says Further Encroachment in Russia's Ports Will Have Serious Results for Them (Continued on Paob 4) I Ottawa, Apr. S.-The Archbishop of York preached yesterday morning in Christ church cathedral, and 'in the afternoon addressed a crowded audience in the Russell .theatre. His excellency the Duke of ^Devonshire1, presided. The Archbishop alluded to the way the people of old land had been cheered in the early days of the war by the response of Canada and said they had noted since then how Canada strove to keep up the strength of her manhood and her determination not to fail in her duty to these men. , "We at home have been proud of the part your men have played In tho tight," said His Grace amid applause. (Special to the Herald)-' Edmonton, April 8.-The estimates were passed, elgh^- hills reported for third reading and the bill for the prevention of venereal diseases - read a second time at the two fittings of the legislature on Saturday,'' progress, which gives indication of the prorogation of the session on Friday next if not a day earlier. The bills that passed through committee of the whole house were an act epresenting the authoritative use of court forms, an act to*provide for tlie advancement of money to fanners to purchase seed grain in the unorganized districts, an act to amend the legislative assembly act, tne provincial loans act, an act to provide for the collection of a tax on persons .attending places ot amusement, an act amending the subdivisions act, an act to amend the trust companies ordinance and an act to emend a revenue JJ act. Jn regard to the places of amusement tax Hon. G. P. Smith, provincial secretary, explained that its principal purpose was the 'broadening of the basis of taxation and that under the new scale the rates in Alberta would till be lower than those of any province in Canada. The mlnliter saw there was no intention- of applying the act to amateur sport or to horse races at fairs. Entertainments for religious, charitable or patriotic objects would also be exempt. An amendment was made in committee taxing tickets" at over $2.00 at 25 cents. , Withdraw Act-  Attorney General Cross. in withdrawing the mechanics' lien act which was on the order for second reading said It had been distributed so as to place it in the hands of members for consideration. It would also be distributed throughout the province to those interested and any suggestions made would be considered when the bill came up again next session. GERMANS FIRED, ON RUSSIAN SHIPS IN RUSSIAN PORTS Xoscow, Saturday, April (!-iBy tho Associated I'ressl-^Foreign Minister Tchitcherin, in his protest to the Berlin government against tlie landing of German troops in Finland, characterizes it as a violation of the Brest-Litovsk treaty. He cautions Germany against the further movement of German warships in the direction of Helsingfors and the seizure of Russian ports saying that such acts'raay lead to sad consequences for both sides. Sell Transports Moscow, Friday, April 4.- (By the Associated Press).-It is reported that the commissioners of the Baltic-fleet have decided to sell all transports and auxiliary warships to Russian firms or citizens, on condition that the government retain control. This means that their disposal to aliens would not be permitted. This measure was deemed necessary iu view of tlie Germans landing infantry, which creates a precarious situation. Authentic information has been received that the Germans have landeri 12,000 men from thirty warships and transports. It apparently is considered that Russia i3 not oncernert, and this action had not been, protested thus far. No Russian troops are participating in the fighting in Finland,-according to an official statement, all those troops having been removed after the Brest-Litovsk treaty. Any Russians remaining are considered volunteers, who may be attached to both camps. Captured White Guards Stockholm, April 8.-A dispatch to the Dagens Nyheter from Vasa, Fln--lanfl,' reports that the -'THihinirfors Red Guards captureu by the White Guards, representing the government, numbered 8,000. The Red Guard lost 2,000 men killed, of^Whom 1800 were Russians. A woman's battalion participated in the fighting on the side of the Red Guards. - Bjornsberg Is' reported to-- be sui:i rounded and its fall is expected .shortly. With the White Guards at Toijola, to the soutli of Tammerfors, and the Germans at Karis, railway communication with Helsingfors is completely cut ' The White Guards are reported to have sent additional troops to the Kar-lin district, where sharp fighting is reported to be proceeding. Germans Fired on Them Washington, Apr. 8.-The Russian warships sunk by their commanders off the the southern coast of Finland to keep them out of the iiands of the Germans reported several days ago, were blown up after Germans warships had opened fire on them, according ttr a despatch to the state department today, from Stockholm. - � � �� t British and French Are Holding Their Own In Bitterest Kind of Fightin; British Regain Some Ground and Repulse Strong Attacks of the Enemy FRENCH FORCES ARE GIVING NO GROUND TO DESPERATE HUNS NEXT! (The Now York Herald.) Estimates Hun Loss at 300,000 Now WJth the American Army in France, April 8.-An American officer who has just/rsturned from the battle fronts'' of northern France, w�ere he has been since -Virtually the' beginning of the German; offensive, estimates that� thus for the Germans havelost at least tftree hundredtheusand-ipuin in killed, wounded and mlssmg. Thif,off test formerly wh in the British aririr^'aMisFantltlar' With all the conditions. GIVE US TIME,  SAY HUNS NOW Amsterdam, Apr. 8.-Karl Ros-ner, war correspondent of the Lo-kal Anzeiger of Berlin, says that Field Marshal Von Hinednburg in the course of a report to Emperor William on March 21,'the day the present battle began, remarked: "We must wait. A battle is a living thing. We must allow time for everything to mature. Our plan is devised on a great scale. Our work will be effective. It requires only time." E Asked, Austrian Envoy Direct Question Regarding Peace Which He Couia Not Answer . Pan's\ Apr. according to high in the tente allies," 7.-General Smuts was, the Matin, the "figure council of the en-referred to by Pre- MANITOBA TOWN \ WIPED 6UT BY FIRE TO PROTECT BRITISH INTERESTS * ? * * 9 * � �� p *  � London, Apr. 8.*-ffhe land- * ine of British marines at Vlud-' * ivostok was principally to pro- patch from, Tokio. ^ > London, April 8.-Following.are the particulars for which certain officers have received the Distinguished Service Ordpr: Lieut. Colonel Duncan Blair, repeatedly went jnto a heavy barrage, steadying and encouraging his men and directing the consolidating of the position. Lieut. Allen Cockerell when endeavoring to fill a gap, his platoon came under heavy fire from a trench and a pill box, he instantly captured the trench and garrison and put the pill box out of action. He was cut off from his company and all his men were casualties, but he took command of a few men and held the position. Lieut. Colonel Duncan Colquhouu, went forward at a critical time under heavy five and made a moBt valuable reconnaiaance. ; Major � Kenneth MacCormack, medicals, remained forty-eight hours without rest, evacuating wounded and searching shell holes; he remained till the last wounded man left. Captain Harold Burrell, railways, received bar to Military Cross for.restarting a light railway train after a direct hit and all the men were casualties, but after attending to them, he completed the work under heavy fire. Lieuts.' B. H. Kewlrfy, Manitoba, and C. R. Hall, Quebec, gazetted flying officers. The following are gazetted as ceas-ing*to command battalions: Lieuts. Colonels F. H. Day. C. M. Graham, A. A. Miller, J. A. Cooper, B. Murdle and J. C. Bott. Colonel Futcher, medicals, has resigned. Bishop Depencier is promoted honorary lieutenant colonel., Lieut. W, M. Bligh, If ova Scotia, is Dauphin, Man., April 7.- Fire started Saturday morning about 2 o'clock on the only street in Ethelbert and practically wiped out the town completely, every business house of the town, In-- eluding the hotel and church were destroyed. ALL UNDER 51 WILL BE LIABLE ^ London, April 8,-Every man \ under 51 years of age Will be liable for military service under the new man-power bill Premier Lloyd-George intends to introduce in the house of commons on Tuesday, says the Daily Mail. The principle that Irishmen are liable to military service will be affirmed, bui, it is added, ths administrative application of the act to Ireland will be left to a later date. mier Clomenceau- in his statement denying the assertion of Count Czerhin "that ; the  French premier had sought to open peace negotiations with Austria-Hungary. The representative of the dual monarchy who met General Smuts in Switzerland was Count Mensdorf Poullly, Austro-Hungarian ambassador at London when the war broke out. Immediately upon being, introduced to Count Mensdorf, says the' newspaper, in relating the' interview, General Smuts, taking the initiative in the conversation, bluntly said: 'It is true that you wish to make a separate peace " This direct question was.^bo much for the trained diplomat, and the Count began a long evasive reply. "Yes or no," retorted" the British representative. ! Obtaining no direct reply, General Smuts said: '^Then good night.'* ./-: . Washington, Apr. 8.-Every dny finds the allies in a better position to resist with definite success the great German offensive according to an official review today, by the British military attache here. .The French, British and American reserves are pouring daily to help check the German drive. With the British Army in Franco, April 8.-Intense hostile artillery wk>vk has been proceeding at -various points along tiio British battle front throughout the night, and this morning. North of the River Scarpe and south of the Somme River, German guns are conducting an unusually heavy bombardment' such as heretofore has indicated an impending attack. No infantry action, however, has been reported up to 8 o'clock this morning. Pi'.ris. April 8.-Violent artillery engagements occurred last night, especially on the left banlc east of the Oise river, sa>s today';) official report. No infantry actions on the principal battle fronts are reported. The statement follows: "The night was marked by violent artillery actions especially on the left bank of the Oise. "French patrols were very active, bringing in prisoners. "On the left bankof the-Meuae and in the Argonue German raids were repulsed. Elsewhere-the night passed in quiet." British Advance-London. April 8.-On the southern bank of the Somme the' British last night made a small advance, lit is announced officially; The.....statement follows: _ ^ "We advanced our Rhe slightly during the night on the southern bank of trie Somme. east of Valre-Sous-Cor-bie. "North of the Somme a few prisoners and a machine gun were captured by . us in the neighborhood o� *feu-ville-Vitasse. "The enemy's artillery has shown increased activity during the night on the whole British battle frout. Heavy hostile gas shelling has taken pjfcce also between Lens and Labassee Oanal and east Of Armentieres." Expect Big Thrust London, April 7.-Reutcr'S" corrffi pontlent at British headquarters in France, telegraphing Sundny says there are signs tpat the enemy is about to thruRt again on a big scale. Tire fighting north of the Somme dur- m-T?Jntev'i0W la8t6d \areLy itlU?* ��� the Past ">� the Mr- minutes. - Vienna was shocked, Le | reBpond^t apparently has been dir- Mat.iii says', at the boorish 'manner of the old Transvaal warrior. London, April 7.-The Birmingham Daily Post says that if statements of the Hamburg newspapers are reliable, the prospects, of German ship owners after the war are very uncertain, it is considered probable that for some years they will have difficulty in obtaining again a foothold in several important trades which they at one ^time monopolize)}. This is quite apart from any restrictive measures adopted by the allied governments. Commenting on the same subject, the London correspondent of the Liverpool Daily Post; says that the Ger-! man ruorcantile marine, which aggregated 3,072,993 tons when the war began, has been depleted to the extent of nearly three million tons. - ' WEATHER Winnipeg,. April S.-Manitoba was visited with a brief return of winter weather over the week-end, the temperature dropping in some places very near to stero following a heavy fall of aieVt and snow. The storm was most, severe in the Morden district,'but it extended north to Russell and'east to Port Arthur. Today is cool and clear with promise in the south wind of the return of spring weather in the next twenty-four hours.  1n Alberta and Saskatchewan, the weather has been fair and moderately cool. The forecast for all the west is "fair and warmer." WANT U. S. AID dismissed from the service Washington, Apr. 8.-Definite pronouncement on the part-of the American government for full political and economical-rights for Ireland was asked 'in a memorial pVesented to President Wilson today by a committee representing tho Home Rule partyNn Aiaerlca. ARRESTED: QUEBEC Quebec, Apr. 7.-Another batch of civilians were arrested yesterday afternoon in St. Sauveur Ward by the military authorities after another small outburst of sentiment at the Eldorado hotel bar room. A government official had arrested an alleged draftee and the official was given a be:iting by a group of bystanders, whereupon two companies ot infantry witb machine guns and cavalry were dispatched to the scene. There followed the arrest of at least twolve men* among whom three were identified as having' led groups of rioters on various occasions last week. Absolute guiei; prevailed -4ast night, however.  ected by" the eiieihy\at effecting an improvement'of his position, and possibly to secure a better jumping, off place. Between Mesnel and Bucquey, says the correspondent, the ground is very unfavorable to artillery, movement'should a big push devel�p and only by such a movement could a great attack upon Amiens be carried out. Attacks and Counter-Attacks With the British Army in France, Apr. 7.-Attack's and counter-attacks continue to spring np at various points along the British battle front.' While none of th'era have seemed large as compared with the intense conflict waged in the German offensive, yet all of them are important in that they represent the foundation work' for bigger events to come. Huns Failed Twice last evening and again this morning, the Germans undertook to advance their lines at points in the sector north and south of Albert, and each time they failed. At 8 o'clock thi3 morning, a considerable enemy force advanced for an attack In tho vicinity of VBucquoy, north of Albert. The Germans were seen coming while they were still a, mile away and the British art illery/anJ machine guns put down-such ah intense barrage among them that the pre-acted assault was stopped. Some time afterward the enumy re-formed his forces and made another effort, but this was checked without the Use' 'ot infantry. One of the attacks last( evening was delivered southwest 'it Albert .where the enemy had been battling so determinedly to get a strong hold on the Albert-Amiens railway. Under a heavy machine gun barragg the German infantry surged forward against thd British line "but was met with such a withering rifle and machine gun fire that it '.was compelled to retire. . . The other onslaught was attempted near Serre, south of Hehuterne. Two short but intense periods of barrage fire were put down on the British defenses. At 7.30 o'clock the German infantry nwhed forward iu heavy force. As the Germans advanced they were caught in a tornado of British artillery fire which ploughed mercilessly through their ranks and completely smashed them. Cruel Fighting Further fighting occurred today, at I Hangard Wood, which has been the,j scontj of such cruel flgliting in the' last few days. The British in the, early hours delivered counter-attacks' by which they forced tlie enemy back! somewhat and took a fow prisoners. According to the latest reports the British are holding to the western edge of this wood. In this connection it is interesting to note that German prisoners have stated the enemy planned a strong attack at Hangard Wood I tixlny. The German efforts today at Buc-1 quoy and Scire wore continuations of | their strenuous attempts to get them-' selves out of a nasty position in which � they find themselves in this region and in which they have been since the beginning of the drive. At this point tho Germans are holding a very sharp salient which bulges out into British territory along a line roughly represented at Bucquoyi Hehuterne. Colincamps, Auchor.villers ami Hamel. This salient is somewhat saucer-shaped, tlie outer edge being on high ground'. Upon these elevations the British sat down at the'end ot their retirement and since 'then have defied the enemy., to UlBlodga them. Within the salient is an inhospitable zone which formed part of No Man's L-ind in first battle of Somme. It is shell torn and altogether it is an unpleasant place over which to con- � duct operations. Not only is ' the ground bad, but the whole sector is dominated by the British machine guns which send never-ending streams of bullets swirling down into the enemy camps which present excellent; targets. ; Would Have Difficulty If tho Germans were to start thai second phase of their grand offensive now and were forced to kick off from their present positions in this salient they would encounter tremendous difficulties in maintaining communications across the desert which lies just back of their front line. They need the high ground on the edge of their saucer before they can begin a big attack" so that they can get their guns forward or otherwise the artillery would be out-distanced and everything would depend on the infantry.. It was because of this situation that attacks were made last Friday by the Germans. Four more or less fresh divisions were brought.up for this op-, eration and a huge number of guns were brought into play, especially over the back areas. Considerable' quantities of gas also were thrWn into the vicinity' of Fonquevillers, indicating that-the Germans did not inj tend to try to advance at a great depth, since this gas hangs about for a long time. The enemy was simply trying to' get a hold on tlie dominating ridge. They failed to advance at most points about the salient and even lostsa considerable streteh. of ground in a counter-attack by the British between He-buterne and Kossignol Wood, where the British pushed forward about 600 yards. At Bucquoy the Germans had some success and got a footing in some places but their attack as a ' whole was a big failure. Their casualties were heavy owing to the positions held by the British machine gunners and riflemen. Were Repulsed i London, April 7.-There was no resumption Sunday of the heavy fighting along the British front. The Germans, according to the report from Field Marshal Haig, tonight, started two attacks on Bucquoy, were repulsed. (Continued on Page 4) CHIEF JUSTICE HOWELL Winnipeg, April 7.-Hon. H. N. Howell, chief justice of Manitoba, died late tonjgbt. aged 75, after u lengthy illness. Hon. Mr. Howell, had only recently returned to Winnipeg after a lengthy stay in California, where be had been for the benefit of his health. The ute chief justice was a native of Ontario. SIX KILLED IN HORRIBLE SMASH Fort Wayne, IntJ., April 8.- Six persons were killed and four seriously Injured and $700 in gold was scattered .along the Wabash railroad track when a passenger train struck an automobile in which ten persons were riding here last night. Some of the bodies' of those kllied were carried 6n three blocks and one of them was found wedged' in the front of the engine. AMBASSADOR TO BERLIN. Moscow, April 6.-Adolphe Joffe, � who was chairman of the Russian pe^pe delegation at Rrest-Litovsk; has been appointed ambassador to Berlin.: STATI" OF SIEGe Moscow, April 6.-A Biate of slefce.' has been proclaimed at -Kharkov, capital of the province ot Kharkov, 424 miles southwest of Mobcow. Qermw forces are approaching Kharkov, , ;