Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 6, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LITHMIDQE HERALD Saturday, April 1tT4 TO m ALS Economic facts of life The London Economist has a happy editorial device for translating economic policies into understandable terms and it uses this device on such occasions as when a budget is handed down by an incoming government. The device is a simple one. The magazine has created a mythical related family containing seven households and representing wide-spread economic and age other words, a cross section of British life. Each family has a detailed monthly budget. Whenever taxes are raised, or lowered, whenever subsidies are changed or economic measures instituted, the magazine analyses them as they affect each of the households. This is an interesting and invaluable approach. It makes easy reading, for one. thing, which can be an asset for a magazine devoted mainly to business affairs. It also helps to broaden understanding of economic issues as they affect people from all walks of life. It may, for instance, come as a surprise to someone in the upper middle class to learn that a widowed pensioner spends about 10 per cent of her weekly income on heating. It may also come as a shock to learn that the retired stockbroker in the family, whose investment income is about a year, will pay nearly in income taxes and that a one per cent wealth tax, if imposed, will take about half of the remainder. The Economist concludes that the new budget and other measures of the Labor, government have aided the two pensioner households and hurt the three salaried households but less than than the upper middle class one had expected. The trade unionist in the family is about as well off as before, but the rich old stockbroker uncle has been "taken to the cleaners." As a device for communicating economic tacts, without passing judgment on their merits, this mythical family is hard to beat and it is a journalistic technique that should be widely emulated, because there is a great need for increased understanding of the economic facts of life across the broad spectrum of society. Ferment in Ethiopia Out of the news most of the time, Ethiopia has recently had a lot of bad publicity. First there was the revelation of mass starvation, the result mainly of drought conditions but aggravated by the ineptitude and callousness of Ethiopian officials. Then came the toppling of the government, along with evidences of severe social unrest. Finally, there is an indication of a flare up of an independence movement in the province of Eritrea. The likelihood is that Emperor Haile Selassie is only at the of his trouble. The old order is being shown up as unjust and unpopular. Demands for change are becoming more strident. Reforms may be too few and too slow in being implemented. A major upheaval is possible, if not probable. Since the days of his heroic stand against Mussolini's forces in 1936, Haile Selassie has enjoyed a favorable press for the most part. Hidden behind his heroism, however, has been a favoritism toward the nobility grossly out of step with modern visions of good statecraft. Now that the misery of millions of landless peasants is apparent the emperor's image throughout the world is tarnished and he could be in danger at home. When the old order will end, and under what circumstances, cannot be foretold but it seems certain that more is yet to be heard from Ethiopia. Kitchy-kitchy Kuwait In all the development that is going on within the world as a result of increases in dfl income, one area is very much in need "of attention and not receiving any. The Arabs badly need to develop a sense of humor. This lirst came to international attention several weeks ago when Libyans Colonel Qaddhafi of the unspellable name demanded that an Italian editor be fired because his magazine had carried a satirical article which offended the Libyan leader. The Fiat organization staunchly supported the editor, who was a Jew, and the Italian government made various attempts to pacify the colonel and save trade agreements which were under negotiation. Now, the Dutch are in dutch, all because of a satirical song called "Kitchy-Kitchy which, at least in its English translation, hardly seems to have enough punch to offend anyone. The opening lyrics are: "At carnival, and getting boiled, not only Arabs are WEEKEND MEDITATION well-oiled. While other liquids may come dear, we're never, ever short of beer. But no more pain, and no more sorrow. Gas-o-line, o-line, o-line comes back tomorrow." Nevertheless, the Kuwaiti foreign ministry in The Netherlands called in a Dutch charge d'affaires to listen to a recording of the song and protested that it contained objectionable lyrics. They warned that it could lead to further misunderstanding between his country and Kuwait. The Dutch diplomat, presumably well- trained in keeping a straight face, assured them that it was just a carnival song and not intended to be'particularly mischievous or insulting to the Kuwaitis. If the Arabs expect to take their place in the international world of political, business and cultural affairs, where pompousness of any sort is bound to attract the attention of the irreverent, they are going to have to learn to laugh at themselves or they run the risk of becoming the laughing-stock of the world. Faith for the dark hour 'Jesus warned that a time would come when the rains would fall and the winds would blow upon the house of life and woe betide the man who had built his house on sand. A house had to be built on a solid rock of faith to endure. But how many men do you know who have any real faith whatever? Here is a man, representative of countless thousands, who says he just keeps busy or gets drunk and never lets himself think of God. Here is another representative man who says he is a fatalist, Here are other desperate, anguished souls who look upon the tragic chaos and meaninglessness of their existence, the inhumanity of the age and the brutality of man to his neighbor, and sink into the bankruptcy of agnosticism. Yet a man like Malcolm Muggeridge says that he looks upon his old age and approaching death with complete tranquility! A man like Jesus dies with serenity saying, "Father, into Thy hands I commit my spirit." Here is a world filled with evidence of the moral law, showing that sinners are fools. Hitler believed that the bigger the lie the better, but he should have remembered the German proverb that lies have short legs. The Ten Commandments remain unshaken in the earthquakes that shake mankind. Beauty remains, truth remains, love remains. These are facts to which one clings In the wreckage of civilizations arid easy optimism. Vanier among the depressed children, Mother Teresa of Calcutta, and the faith of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin are facts. Man, the whole of creation, the inexorable morality of history, the reality of goodness, and the existence of mountainous personalities, above and beyond all else the Everest-like grandeur of Jesus, affirm the reality of the spiritual, the eternal, and God. Thus Sir Hugh Wajpole tells of his spiritual saga, "I affirm that I have become aware, not by my own wish, almost against my will, of the existence of another life of far, far greater importance and beauty' than this physical one." This is a mysterious universe and the primary questions are no more solved than they were in the days of Jesus. Sir James Jeans states that "the ultimate realities of the universe are at present quite beyond the reach of science, and may be and probably are forever beyond the comprehension of the human mind." But as one reads the Gospels, even, or perhaps especially, the story of the crucifixion, conviction in goodness and the ultimate meaning of the world comes flooding back. An invincible hope breaks out in the human heart founded, not on particular objects, not even persons, but on God and becomes utterly unshakable. With Paul one can cry triumphantly, "I am sure that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord." This is a faith that ultimately a man cannot explain or argue about. It is a settled conviction. It is a gift of the Holy Spirit. It is also a choice, a deliberate choice between two attitudes, two ways of life, two beliefs about existence. Humanity's hope, without which it is doomed, is that God's presence is real and God's power is available to every sincere, seeking, humble soul. Such a vital faith is sufficient for the dark hour. It is enough for life and for death. PRAYER: Gratt ne the victory, O God, over the world aid the pewer of evil so that, ia a world where all things are cnmbllag, I may live la those thtafs that are splritta! atd eternal. P. S. M. QPtN SEASON Pompidou's timely death By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator Georges Pompidou picked a good time to die. He had retreated as far as he could from the pretentious nationalist claims staked by his great predecessor as president of France, Gen. de Gaulle. Now the return to reality can move further forward. There are new possibilities for France, for Europe and for relations across the Atlantic. The new possibility for France is a shift in the base of political power. M. Pompidou maintained a premier and cabinet backed by a right- wing coalition which linked the Gaullist party and the Independent party. Because his own base was with the Gaullists, M. Pompidou was at all times very careful in moving away from the official party line regarding France's specially important role in'the world. J He moved so. slowly ,that during the past year there began to open up a gap between the government parties and the center of French opinion. The polls recorded and anybody who followed French politics closely could sense a drift away from the right towards the Socialist party headed by Francois Mitterrand. This slow shift has found expression in a struggle for succession which became increasingly bitter over the past few months as the illness of M. Pompidou became more and more apparent. The leading Gaullist contender for the succession former Prime Minister Jacques Chaban many of the progressive features of the Socialist program. Finance Minister Valery Giscard d'Estaing, the leading Independent party candidate for president, lost no opportunity to show his independence from the Gaullists on international policy. Towards the end M. Pompidou was only barely able to hold a government together against the strain of the "war of succession." Now the pressures can be eased in an election for a new president. Probably the choice will be among Messrs. Chaban-Delmas, Giscard d'Estaing and Mitterrand. My own guess is that Chaban- Delmas or Giscard d'Estaing will win. But whichever man comes out first, the new government will move toward the centre and away from the Gaullist mystique. That change in direction will have an important impact on European policy. As president, M. Pompidou made one decisive break with the Gaullist legacy. He dropped the French veto against the admission of Britain to the European Common Market. Having made that concession, however, he returned with a vengeance to the General's basic hostility towards the integration of the European states into a larger union. Under the influence of M. Pompidou and French Foreign Minister Michel Jobert, European institutions came more and more to be dominated by the policies of the individual states. Vehicles for integration such as a common agricultural policy and a monetary union ran into the ground. The next French president will not have to make amends for letting Britain into Europe. Hard-line ideological opposition to European integration will dimish. Insofar as various national interests allow it, the French will join the West Germans and British in shaping joint European institutions. The breakdown of ideological opposition to co- operation in Europe is bound to have an impact on relations with the United States. During the Pompidou regime, the chief French tactic for maintaining a Gaullist Europe was to pit the continent against the United States. To that end Foreign Minister Jobert orchestrated European actions and rhetoric in ways critical of almost all aspects of American policy from detente with Russia to peacemaking in the Near East. The next French president will have no special political use for the anti-American stance. M. Chaban-Delmas expects to make his mark in dealing with domestic problems. M. Giscard d'Estaing has already arranged a large amount of under the table co-operation with the United States on monetary and trade matters. If, by some unlikely combination of events, M. Mitterrand came to power, he would probably veer hard towards Washington the better to show his independence of Moscow. Indeed, it is at least thinkable that, under the next president, France can be slowly walked back to participation in NATO. The realization of these possibilities, to be sure, will take time. The French need to sort out their own affairs before-they can turn to European and alliance matters. So the American role ought to be sitting tight and saying nothing which is exactly what this country's domestic situation ordains. A fable of the other Henry By James Reston, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Once upon a time this was away back in April of 1974 the human race suddenly fell into a terrible slump. Everyone, it seemed, was striking out. Nations lost the art of doing what they had done well for centuries. Old friends and allies.fell apart, and all heroes vanished from the face of the earth. The seasons changed. Clocks ran out of time, and it was dark in the morning when it should have been bright and golden with sunshine. The British lost the art of government and even of sailing ships on the seven seas. America ran out of gas. The Middle East forgot the pity and religion of their fathers. The Chinese denounced Confucius. And the French lost their skipper and their logic. Then a strange thing happened. The melancholy present suddenly caught up with the glorious past. There was a black man of that time, Henry Aaron by name, full of years and the cunning of the ages, who equalled one of the spectacular achievements of all time. In a vast arena, before a throng of unbelievers in a place called Cincinnati, he hit a 3 and 1 pitch, which is not the sort of pitch, a sensible man is supposed to consider, out of the green area of Chemical turf (grass had gone out of style in that advanced age) and over the chemical fence. It was a simple act, really. He merely drew a bead on it, like David on Goliath, and demonstrated that all men are mortal, even the Babe. Meanwhile, there was a transformation in the great republic. People began to believe again in the possibility of heroes and institutions. Baseball, the dying national sport, revived. Its commissioner, who had ordered Henry to command the lightning on opening day, began to feel like Kenesaw Mountain Landis, the last benevolent dictator of American sport. Even Washington, which has lately been staggering and blundering in both politics and sports, suddenly realized that all the problems of life might be a little easier if only you had somebody called Henry Kissinger or Aaron. Something human had revived the spirit of Washington, a sense of history and a sense of humor. The outsiders had made Washington smile again Henry the Kissinger with his wedding and Henry the lovely old geezer, with his home run. Everything then fell into place. The Congress took heart. The courts began to insist on the law. The president finally figured out his income tax and agreed to fork over. The herring began to run up the Potomac, and even into Rock Creek, defying the pollution. And miraculously, the daffodils, the azaelias, the cherry blossoms, and the willows on the balcony of the Kennedy Centre began to bloom again. It was a miracle the first since Nixon's comeback. In the house of representatives the judiciary committee went about its work. The tax committee and the internal revenue service put out the facts on the president as if he were a careless or conniving butcher in Chicago, trying to save a few extra bucks. So the idea began to get around in Washington that maybe the system wasn't a fraud after all, maybe there were some heroes and some triumphs that could be equalled or even broken. The news from the lockeroom in Cincinnati was that Henry Aaron didn't exactly have any of this in mind, but there in the Three-I league, everybody is cheering. For sports proved in some ways to be better than politics, and everybody felt a little better after Henry hit it over the fence. Moral: If you have a new kid, name him Henry. ON THE HILL By Joe Clark, Ml1 for Kocky Mountain The recent "premium" on cattle cast the beef business into chaos, causing the Calgary market to close on occasion, and causing prices to plunge generally. On the surface, the "premium" approach seems to be the wrong way to meet the problem caused by a flood of U.S. cattle into Canada. The Canadian Cattleman's Association and other producer spokesmen had asked fur a different approach. They wanted to use tariffs to limit U.S. imports. It is not clear exactly why the government refused to use tariffs. The suspicion in Ottawa is that the U.S. threatened to use the tariff weapon in return not just on later exports of Canadian cattle to the U.S., but on other fronts. The minister of agriculture was never very frank about this, when ques- tioned in Parliament. The chaos in the cattle market was only the tip of the iceberg. Beneath the surface lie two serious future problems one for Canadian consumers, the other for Canadian cattlemen. For consumers, the danger is that this chaos will cause people to get out of the cattle business. If that happens, there will be less meat in the future and because of supply and demand the price of scarce beef at the butchers will be much higher than today. A lot of people have lost money raising cattle this year. Costs including feed costs were high, and the price of fed cattle relatively low. Much of the price which consumers pay went to middlemen packers, processors, retailers. Indeed, much of the so-called "premium" never reached the producers. If the cattle business looks risky, several producers will get out, supply will drop, and prices will rise. For the cattlemen, the danger is that the "premium" or subsidy will be the first step toward government control of the cattle business. Not long ago, cattlemen successfully opposed the introduction of a national marketing board for cattle. One reason their fight was successful was that cattlemen enjoyed the reputation of being part of an independent industry, which stood, or fell, on its own. Now, people will think of the cattle business as being a "subsidized" industry. In cities, and in eastern Canada, it is going to be easy for politicians to argue that if the cattlemen are willing to accept government subsidies, they should accept government controls. If Ottawa still favors national marketing boards and Ottawa probably does the "premium" could prove to be the thin edge of the wedge for a national cattle marketing agency. It might be that neither of those dangers will develop. But the losses and uncertainty in the cattle market, and the introduction of a subsidy, make both dangers more likely than they were. Letters Christian communities Most citizens living in Southern Alberta would say we live in nice Christian communities, but after reading some of the articles in The Herald about the problems of Indians I wish officials of all church organizations would read Chapter 2, Epistle of James in the Bible. The Indian believes in the oneness of the Creator and the universe. One must respect humans, the land and all things therein as God's gift and must treat them as such. We are taught this and we say we believe but do we? Most of us respect a man- made building more than the mountains and rivers. We say an Indian is lazy if he doesn't work hard to have a home like ours. Is he lazy to want to enjoy the feeling of being closer to his Creator in the outdoors? We build beautiful church buildings but what about prayers offered on top of a mountain? I have often heard it said that an Indian lacks manners because he might not say please and thank-you. He is taught that everything belongs to everyone so whatever you have must be shared with others. Some landlords say "I can't rent to an Indian as he has too many relatives that come and stay with him." The European landlords did not evict their tenants during the war when they offered refuge to Canadians and Jews It is ironic that in times of war or depression people care about each other but affluence brings out the selfishness in all of us. A lot of inmates in our jails are Indians but most cases are alcoholic or minor offences compared to the crimes in the white segment of our society. Indians do have a drinking problem but we must remember they are not allowed to drink in their own homes on the reservations. If all whites couldn't drink in their homes there probably would be line-ups outside the bars. Furthermore, if all the people who have cocktails before supper, had to get them outside of their homes many would never get home before being arrested for drunken driving. How many whites get inebriated in their own homes? A great many Indians are well-educated but very few get good jobs or decent living accommodation because of discrimination. If this happens to a white person, for other reasons than discrimination, quite often they will also turn to drink so how do these statistics for whites compare to those of the Indians? Children, and most adults, want to be accepted by their peers but how is this possible for a young Indian student attending our The texts belittle Indians as well as their sense of values. Imagine the frustrations of a child listening and reading in class of horrible deeds his forefathers were said to have committed, having a name that other children laugh at, his way of life ridiculed on TV and surrounded by non-Indian teachers The only defence this child has is either to retreat into a shell or become a bully in self-defence. We say Indians must be integrated into white society but if we lived in a country where we had to give up our culture and way of life then would we call it a democracy? If Indians want to integrate into our society we should welcome them as equals but if they prefer not to they shouldn't be pressured into it anymore than we pressure Hutterites to leave their colonies. HOPEFULLY A NEIGHBOR Lethbridge The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S.Lethbrldge. Alberta LETHBRIDOE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors ind Publishers Second Cliti Mall flegittratlon No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Ed'tor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROV F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"