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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 6, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHUIDGI HEUID Bruce Hutchison Sublime Vote Of Confidence By Labor Limited To Words The Nixon Administration is op- posed to the policy of apartheid practised in South Africa. Secretary of State P. Rogers made this very clear in his recent policy state- ment on Africa. In the final section of the state- ment, Mr. Rogers pointed out the indubitable fact that the modern world (the non-Communist part, at least) demands a community of na- tions based on respect for fundamen- tal human rights. Then he expressed opposition to South Africa's discrim- inatory system based on apartheid. Opposition, however, is limited to words. No cessation of economic as- sistance through continued trade is planned. Mr. Rogers said the United States does not believe cutting ties with the rich, troubled land of South Africa would help the majority of the people of that country. The majority of people, of course, are the Africans, colored and Indians who suffer under a sav- age and brutal system of govern- ment wholly in the hands of the whites. Under the system a person is a "criminal" for failing to produce a pass book on the demand of a A virtual ban on dissent has made South Africa one of the most violent countries in the world half the world's executions take place there, for instance. An endless stream of brutalities perpetrated on the non whites is fuelled by a billion investment program and import export trade with the Western democracies (in- cluding Africans do not un- derstand the condemnation of apar- theid that is not supported by econo- mic sanctions. Trade and invest- ment make the Western nations ac- complices in the force against which they protest. While Africans may be disappoint- ed that condemnation was limited to words by the Nixon Administration they should not lose sight of the fact that the new policy statement is a crushing defeat for the powerful lob- bies which have been working for a reversal ot U.S. policies towards Rhodesia, South Africa and Portugal. These by Senator Strom Thurmond and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson had encour- aged leaders of the white ruled parts of southern Africa that Presi- dent Nixon would reverse the pol- icies initiated by the Democrats. In- in some respects, those pol- icies have been strengthened and ad- vanced. fHE MOST jufctiiM and in- spiring doctrine beard by Canadians (or a long time came from the Canadian Labor Congress at its recent meeting with the cabinet at Ottawa: "Relatively Ugh wage demands are not so mud a revohiknary phenomenon as a vole of confidence in our country and its capacity to pro- vide a good life for an who reside in it." What was Prime Minister Trudeau to make of these lofty sentiments? Perhaps be re- membered some occasion in his private life when a profligate friend asked him for a large loan, unlikely to be repaid. That, too, was a vote of confi- dence in his capacity to survive a heavy loss. All of us have received these gratifying votes now and then. By the same method the na- tion has voted such total confi- dence in its own capacity thct it has destroyed a considerable fraction of the currency and piled up gigantic debts both Canadian and foreign, which its children, or grandchildren will repay. We are indeed a confident people. According to official statis- tics, the wage demands al- ready granted have caused about three-quarters of the price increase during recent years but this is only one small aspect of the grant North Amer- ican vote of confidence. An ex- perl's study prepared for Presi- dent Nixon shows that the vote is much grander than it seems. after the'vietnam hemor- cloud of pipe smoke, says be rhage has beefl staunched. The would be the happiest finance nation's resource, though like- minister in the world if he could )y to grow (wih'good luck) collect mors money than he aboi five per'cent annually, needs and then reduce tax will be insuffieent to supply "f- what the Ameriian people de- mand and expect Undoubtedly the margin expecta- tions and means proportion- ately larger in Cioda because it, though our neigh- wonderful' argument we are more less efficient, bars. Hence there is irony in the about our. taxes. The Trudeau govern men t has been seeking IL vast additional1! revenues In sum, Mr. Nixon is laid through the subtle mechanisms fiscal stimulation and the can- that, with all its wealth, the of its white paper on tix reform didates of the ruling party, need United States cannot under- and is asked how it fin possib- votes. Once the election is won, take any extensive new social ly spend all the new money, the government- will discover program without cutting down Edgar Benson, a whlnsical hu- that the economy needs to be expenditures somewhere morist behind his poker face and cooled and the treasury needs rates. Regrettably, that ultimate bliss will be denied him. For be must know that the rates will never be permanently re- duced because our vote of con- fidence in the future, and our demand for state sen-ices, will require increased taxes. To be sure, some rates will be reduced from time to time. In an odd coincidence they will be reduced in election years when governments suddenly dis- cover that me economy needs Bus Stop Public transit systems lose money nearly everywhere, but that is not the proper measure of their worth. In large communities that service must be available to the citizens, even if only a fraction use it con- sistently. Lethbridge's civic bus system has been losing heavily and naturally the city authorities are concerned about it. Their decision last week was to reduce service, from 15 hours to eight hours on Sundays and holidays, and by.cutting off at 10 p.m. instead of midnight on weekdays. Any schedule of service-must be a compromise between what the tax- payers should pay in the form of a subsidy to cover the deficit, on the one hand, grid.the convenience of a small group of. deserving people, on the other. Operating a financially successful system in Lethhridge is particularly difficult because such, a large per- centage of the people have cars and distances are relatively short. Never1 theless many people cannot walk far and do not have cars. When city buses aren't operating they will have to use taxicabs. Yet these are the people who cannot afford many taxi rides in the course of a month or a year. Mitigating the hardship on them is the fact that certain categories of pensioners can have rides in slack hours. Reducing the bus service is unfor- tunate, but probably unavoidable. It should remind everyone that the com- munity, like individuals, should have only what it can afford. Art Buchwald HPHE Senate is now holding hearings on lX the F-lll airplane originally called the TFX. It is developing in the hearings that this all-weather, supersonic, electronic man-el can do things DO other plane can do. The only thing it can't do is fly. Billions of dollars have gone into developing, building and defending the F-lll program, ant while, most of the -money has been well spent, there are some who insist we should forget about the F-lll and go on to something else, like the F-112. I jpcke to one of the designers of the F-112, who toM me that they were ready to go ahead on production of it as soon as the Air Force started scrapping the F-lll. "How will your plane differ from the I asked him. "We thiri that with certain modifica- tions our plane can do anything the F-lll does, plus get off the ground. The Air Force told us that while they consider the F-lll the finest plane ever designed, their defence needs for the '70s would have to include some kind of craft that could get into the air." "But can't the F-lll get in the "Not for too long." "How could that happen? Surely the people in the Defence Department insisted they wanted a plane that could fly." "All Defence asks is that when a com- pany wins a contract it makes an honest effort to do what it promised (o do." "But billions of dollars have been lost on the I said. must understand the background on building planes for the military. Most plane designs, when originally submitted to the Pentagon for bids, look like piper cubs. Thtti someone says, 'Can you add some equipment so it vail fly above The manufacturer says, 'Of Course.' Then someone else says, 'How about adding guns and The man- ufacturer says that will increase the cost of the pkne, but Defence says it doesn't care. Then a general demands it carry nuclear weapons, which the manufacturtv says is no problem, providing Defence will pick up the bill. "During production, someone remembers the plane should be able to fly in all kinds of weather at almost any speed. The manufacturer says they were thinking of the same thing, so they add more equip- ment to the plane. Then someone sug- gests a computer be installed which can do most of the work for the pilot. "The computer is added, which forces the designers to increase the size of the engine which makes the frame workers in- crease the size of the wing which causes the engineers to restructure the undercarriage, which brings about a suggestion that in- stead of one pilot the plane have two, which means that another seat has to be added, which adds weight causing the dt'oigners to have second thoughls about the size of the flaps. "By this time everyone is so excited about all the feafurs of the plane, which can fight at night as well as day, in fog as well as clear weather, bomb on land as well as sea and refuel in the niidst of a hurricane as well as carry any atomic weapon in wir well-plenished ar- senal, that the question of its flying is com- pletely forgotten. Only after the wings start falling off does Congress gel a lillle mad." "But if the defence goes ahead with the F-112, what will it do with the F-llls they've already paid "They coulJ give them to the U.S. Army. You couldn't ask for a bctler-designed tank in the world." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Stop That Drip! By Dong QFTEN when I'm on ftie verge o( drop- ping off lo sleep my equanimity is shattered by the unmistakcable sound of a drip emanating from Ihe bathroom. It seems lo lake a while for the sound to work ils way through the normal noises o( fur- nace and frig motors but once it registers it Is impossible to shut it out. 1 used to fling myself out of bed and stomp Into the balhroom and give Ihe ot- Walktr fending faiiccl a savage twist. But lallcrly I have started ordering my wife to get out of bed lo remedy Ihe situation. Elspelh is invariably the last one lo get lo bed so she is obviously the person guilly of leaving the lap dripping. If she has to get out of a warm bed often enough maybe she'll remember to snug the lap before leaving Uie bathroom! tj im H NIA, "No, dear! Being lofe lor dinner again NOT meori I hare begun a foliq tonora you of 'benign neglect 'Sat H we'back Corarell iecaiw erfamr people that will we hare to do for real more funds. So up will (o taxes. This is .not exactly the eco- nomic law of Maynard Keyaex but it is the sovereign law of politics, enforced over and ever again in our time. Or, m Pro- fessor Parkinson would put it, expenditures always rise to meet revenue and usually to beyond it. Supposing, however, with a wild flight of imagnaliOB, that the federal government actually reduces taxes over a long per- iod, the provinces and munici- palilies will instantly.fill the resulting reveuue vacuum .out of the same taxpayer's purse. Clearly the junior need more meaty to meet the real needs of the decaying cit- ies, of education, pollution, pov- erty and the rest. From any figures projected ahead for a decade or two a simple fact emerges. It a that the 'state, at its various levels, will use an increasing share of the nation's annual earnmKs. So it must when the public's demands on the stale constant- ly rise faster lhan the produc- tion of wealth. L For the moment, this fact is .disguised by inflating the cur- rency, which merely mean that powerful groups in business and in organized labor get more of the wealth and weak groups less. But even if the currency is finally repudiated, as it has been in many nations of the past, the fact wOl nr- vive. The state will require and lake more money. It will require more money not only to pay its current bills but to recoup North America's lost capital in the form of poi- soned water and air, of bar- barous metropolitan life, of Tubed landscapes, shrinking top soil, over-cut forests and many other things. But don't worry. We now havt It on the solemn word of tin Canadian Labor Congress that if wages and, inevitably, pric- es are raised high enough all will be well and the good life assured for everybody. You can't ask for a more, sublime vote of confidence. (Herald Special Smriee) F. S. Manor Vatican: Strange Role In Italian Politics DCttrE Unless a miracle h a p p e n s, the consensus among most observers with very few exceptions among the older generation points to a major social upheaval in Italy within the next two years re- sulting in the ova-throw of the present democratic regime and the installation of either a left- wing dictatorship or an authori- tarian regime of the right. Another possibility is that of s> "repubblica a term stemming from the rec- ommendations of the. Vatican Council. It would pro- vide for a coalition of. the two largest Italian parties, the Catholic Christian Democrats and the Italian Communist prty. This is a prospect that is sending shivers down the spines of lay politicians, but ooe that, according to testimony even among the largely Chris- tian Democratic labor union, CISL, is favorri by some Vati- can circles. The Vatican is said to be playing a strange role in the disastrous development of Ital- ian politics, but probably far more pernicious are the Byzan- time and Levantine convolutions Letter To The Editor of the senescent politicians. Where the unions and industry are in the hands of young tech- rocrats, some as young as 25 and few older than 40, Italian politics are still in the hands of a generation that was in its fifties at the end of the war, and that has ceased to cars about anything but its own ca- reers. For instance, Amimore Fanfani and Aldo Moro, the two Christian Democratic leaders, both aspire to the post of the president of the republic. Their present policies are entirely geared to these personal ambi- tions and rivalries that include courting the Communists, with- out whose vote an election of the president becomes impos- sible. Political parties have been turned into sects to which no newcomers are admitted, and within which the few partici- pants play endlres musical chairs. There are three Social- ist parties in Italy waging a fratricidal war against each other, and there are nine clear- ly identifiable trends within the ruling Christian Democratic party. The only party that is not in crisis is the Communist party. Is Compulsion Bad? Mr. John McNevin, execu- tive secretary of the Alberta fed- eration of Labour ob- jects strongly lo provisions in the revised Alberta Act that would allot? for compulsory ar- bitration. He claims that "or- ganized labor will take lo the streets" if the AFJL, fails lo bring about a change cf mind In Government ranks. Mr. Roy Jamha, AFL president, even aruges that "Ihe present Gov- ernment will have more power in labor mailers lhan Hitler ever had." He contends that under the proposed legislation "free men of a free society can be made lo return to work against their will." H is preposterous that Ihe very federation whose affiliates, in Ihe name of democracy and maj- ority rule, so fanatically ad- here to the intolerant and in- tolerable religion o( compul- sory unionism (hereby de- priving workers of the free- doms of choice, of association and of religion should threat- en with mass demonstrations when the Government introduc- es legislation allowing for com- pulsory arbitration. How can compulsory unionism be so de- sirable and compulsory arbitra- tion be so hateful. How can com- pulsion be all right 'when the AFL wants it to survive and all wrong when the Government wants it to administer public justice? Precisely because wages and similar issues can be justly de- termined by an impartial, rep-' resenlative panel of experts, compulsory arbitration is cer- tainly preferable lo strike action. However, arbitration would be wrong if the issue were the AFL's or affiliates' right of existence a basic civil right that should never be decided by arbitrators. The same applies to the worker's fundamental free- dom to support a frade union of his own choice a civil liberty so arbitrarily denied by Ihe sec- ular unions' with government sanction. What is sauce for the goose is sauce for Ihe gander, GERALD VANDEZANDE, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, THE COMMITTEE FOR JUSTICE AND LIBERTY, liexdalc, Ont. Admittedly, some intellectuals are dissatisfied with the party's orthodoxy, but the Communists continue lo enjoy considerable credit among workers, both blue and white collar. Indeed, in some regions even the mid- dle class votes Communist. Whereas in France the Com- munist party vote has remain- ed static, in Italy it has been steadily growing and it has been growing faster lhan that of the Christian Democrats. If the Christian Democrat vote in- creases to 39 jer cent of the poll, the Communist vote may increase lo 30 per cent. The two parties would thus repre- sent majority opinion, and in- deed already they are about equal in the influence they wield upon public opinion. Thus a "repubblica concilaire" can- not be excluded as a distinct possibility in the near future. It is here that the role of the Vatican is being harshly casti- gated even by'devout Catholics. First of all, the present pro- tracted crisis during which it has been impossible to form a gove.-nment is largely due to the dispute over divorce. Some years ago the Christian Demo- crats agreed that divorce should be left to a free vote in parliament. A further agree- ment wilh Ihe lay parties fore- saw that if the divorce bill were to bo passed by parliament, it would be submitted for appro- val to a national referendum. It is more than likely that in such a referendum the bill would be defeated, yet the Vati- can has decided lo take no chances. It sent a stiff note to' the governimut claiming that lo introduce a divorce bill would violate solemn interna- tional treaties that is, Ihe concordat and it has exerted such pressure upon the Chris- tian Democrats lhat Ihe party has been unable to pledge il- self to the agri'jc1 upon pro- cedure concerning divorce. The lay parlies point out lhal in no other Catholic country, be it France or even Germany un- der its old Christian Democra- tic government, would Ihe Vat- ican have dared to interfere in the country's dorci'jlic issues. They conclude that the Chris- tian Democrats are under the tutelage of an out s 1 d e power, and lhat Italy has remained an immature country lhal still has not regained her full sovereign- ty. Thw editor of a Rome daily mainlaincd that a country de- velops within its historical framework, and that the foun- dations of modern Italy lie in Ihe Risorgimenlo that a cen- lury ago brought about Ihe uni- ficalion of Ihe counlry. There are two political forces that have their roots outside this historical process, the Commu- nists wilh their .origins in Mos- cow, and the Christian Demo- crats supervised by the Vati- can. Yet it has been the fate of Italy that whenevtv the coun- try was developed by progres- sive forces it ended up in the hands of the conservatives. Ga- ribaldi and H a z z i n i unified Italy, and then handed the coun- try over to the House of Savoy. Now Italy, whose economy has miraculously advanced due to forces of progress, faces the danger of slipping into the em- brace rrf a populist ComiGU- nist regime. Tjiere are. several indications of such a course. Italy, had three sources to which to turn to obtain the natural gas re- quired for Iier power: North Sea 'gas from Britain and Hol- land; Algerian gas; and Soviet gas. iTbo Algerian option was considered by many to be the besV'sJnce rt was within the for the Soviet gas win never Italy, but will be used to fmame the Italian Communist partyl The setting up of an automobile plant in the new So- viet cty Togliattigrad, named after be late Italian Commu- nist leaier Palmira Togliatti, ia another indication of Italy's op- tion for toviet trade rather than for expakion in Europe or Af- rica.' Almost and tin Included a> official of the large- ly Christian Democratic labor union, the Vatican has been blamed for development It has been arjued that the Vati- can has substantial financial in- terests in iarious industries and >s anxioui to secure indus- trial peace. Toe editor I men- tioned above Vlaimed that the Communists would be willing to guarantee Industrial peace and vote agairut divorce is they did after war in return for infltence in Italy's foreign policy.! The Vatican, said the would like to shut Italy in witkin a "Mediter- Mediterranean and would have ranean dosed opened to Italy access to her against the Fest and what it influ- old sphere of influence hi North Africa. Yet Ihe government chose the Soviet option, and now Italy's heavy industry is busily engaged in manufactur- ing pipes for the new, long So- gas pipeline. (As every- botfy is fully aware, payments considers its 'pernicious ences. Moreover, said the un- ion official earlier, the Vatican believes that only by collaboration with the Commu- nists 'can the ciurch be saved in the Latin (KeraM Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD TIWOUGH THE HERAU> An airship which could fry in the air, float on water and submerge is Ihe pre- diction of Sir Fortescue Flan- nery, president of the Society of Consuming Marine Engineers and Ship Surveyors of Britain. isJO-Tfce establishment o( fel air mail service between Lethbridgt and Vancouver through Ihe Crow's Nest Pass will be undertaken by the post- master general's department during Jine, July and August. Earl of Athlone, 6fi, youngest brother of Queen Mary, has been appointed gov- ernor general of Canada to fill the vacancy created by the death of Lord Tweedsmuir. divorce laws (o include desertion of more than three years, gross cruelty, incurable mental disease after five years and legal presump. thm of death were given the thumbs down in parliament to- day. HM-A pipeline project to gather natural byproducts in Alberta and transmit them to the Lake Michigan industrial complex is being planned by the Pembina Pipeline Co. Lid. and asso- ciated companies. The LetMnidge Herald lmn 504 7th St. S., Letlibridge, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN _ Stcwm Ulil Mil) Kambw Canidlafl press the Cmadiin Dtlfr PtbMttj' Anocfitka On Aidil of ClrnKlMM i C1FX) Blltor tni PnbUltur i THOMAS B. ADAXS, detail Minim ME T1LLMX HAT Minimi Editor AitcchO Edfer ROY F. DOUOLAS K WALKEI Manner RtiUrUI MM HERAIO SERVES THE SOUTH" ;