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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 6, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta THE UTTTUSHIDOB DAH.1 SATIJRDAT. APRIL B, 1918 MEREST TO THE FARMER PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS (Some Nut* m Crack hv Hip I" V A bv S S Dunham. Kx W*� I'res � In a farmer letter we mentioned  Change i>f till" Con�lil III Inn WMe.i resulted from � resolution intr.viue d before t!ic hoard (fk'iai year. Prior In thi- time 'he wrii�r h i I edvomtcil Ilia! il h . onv. ;.:;,� ' ; I'MCUtlve ;m..V> i re|hir' ,, t ;� i otiventinti. a;, i -It t *.�:.-� if !� t address, as  ml :!. be. sh.'iil.l r...: �ly tiiit!ini> Hi" work that �.n b-.n^ |i" fu'tre .'piia lions of the organization. As we wi>ti> the promoters 01 his idea, the  xoeu tlve Imposed upon u *. t !.if (his 1 .biros- ..av .'1:111 I i.'a of 1 lie �, ,.;.,� >!� >-i .. ork and u�" 11   1  '> (> > > r. :ii| '� �> ivarn o. :.�r....r Is danti 1 �. than .inv'hinn 11.: I so far re, 1 1 : �� . In- . 1 : p.! |-t |.-ii! ':"iy 1 !p : n: J�' 1 i.'.eiubors o. tho exoi if. t �r f "t s:j;. .1 ��� ! : :l: � I ie:r,!>'-r .>;' tn . , \. ;�,-. i !:.�-. 1 . 101:. . 1 "\. for sol: .. v I !' isotl, 1 we lave no doubl 1 en tie part of 0111 t ood president an: the other ntembers i it the riecutivp. :lr.s pr.n-iso u.ix not continued fur ne poor effort : on our part. th:i' :!:o . \. :;..> as .11 executive has heretofore had no re-eoicnition or minie ar.y r. ;>�>" to the convention. This, svo th.nk. is fun-[ , damentaliy wrnnc It was our bba and e-ir hope that the executive she;; ,| be. on:e to tho president and per orm relatively the f-atiie functions in tin* organization. * officials. niont. and should work In hi' particu-b.r department (all down, so to ipeak. tlip convention would have the opportunity in definitely fix the reiponal-b.ilty. and by an annual report of what was being done the convention would know the proRrets that waa beiiii; made. V e -iv that this was In our mlndi and vt.it> otir Intention, hut. whon our I 'an f t the annual report waa dla-oantinued and when the convention at Kdincn: combe IndleaU thai g 'cwatki jaanttar* second only tm tte MJhuate*\'� to be obUinotf by th� nee of a heavy ae�sV Ifet or less fa-feet. The position on the executive! vorablc soil and climatic conditions is not merely honorary, and the mem-1 for one reason or another it cannot al- bers of that board are not mere or nanteirs to the organisation; on the contrary the gre;�t progress that the organization must make depends very largely upon the wisdom and the devotion tn duty of the executive, and every provision should be made so as to L-ot tho best results from those I hat the members of a srivernment or ; j he cabinet oft.ers of tho President I if the I'nlted States perform to their ', j chief executive, and it was our inlen-j 'ion at the uegtrtnins of our third year,' I if office to move a still further resoi  it.on to the >�'. (. t 'ii.u t'.'.o work of he executive -ii u'.il be divided si j .hat each member of the exe. utive ! would be held responsible for the* ' work in his particular department. ; This is fundamentally necessary , There must !>-' a systi 111 of definitely . .Ixtni? responsibility. One member of he executive should be the legislative member, another member should ho the commercial member, and so on through the division of the work jf the executive. I'nder this system l h- matter is worthy of discus: ion in tlio local IJ F.A's.. and If members are Inclined to agree with the writer it would be wel to pass a resolution: 1st To the effect that the executive should make a repflrt either in the form of a report or of an address to the convention outlining the work accomplished and giving1 a perspective of the things that should be ac-omplished by the organization in future. 2nd That the work of the cxecu-:ivo should be divided, making a member of the executive the chief head of 'he different departments, and all matters pertaining to those particular departments should receive the attention ani be under the directions would be possible for each member jf mis member of the executive. 5: the executive to be familiar with This could be forwarded t) the sec-rotary for discussion at the next convention. (To be continued ) the details of his particular depart- NEXT WEEK WE WILL UNLOAD TWO CARS OF Emmerson Power-Lift Engine Plows Owing to Scarcity it Will Be Necessary to Order Early the superior supply co. CORNER SECOND AVE. AND THIRTEENTH ST. 8. � � > , * (Experimental Farms Note). The feed situation confronting the >wine grower during the coming sum-ttier is not altogether a bright one. Standard hog-feeds are not likely to be plentiful, with high prices ruling-. Shorts and middlings, while fixed as to price show no likelihood of a surplus Corn, for some months practic ally unprocurable and in any case too high In price to be considered, may ways be relied upon. For reliability and wide cultural possibilities and from the standpoint of palatabillty, producing power aad resistance to pasturing, red clover should receive emphasis equal to, if not greater than, that given alfalfa. In conclusion, high priced grain and meal for hogs must be replaced, as far as possible, during the coming sumt mer. Pastures, as discussed, form a home grown, palatable, easily available food, that is harvested without labor. The self-feeder combines well with pasturing, and for growing and finishing hogs is peculiarly worthy of attention during present labor scarcity.  EXEMPTION TO FARMERS. > In giving his ruling concerning the exemption of bona fide farmers from service under tho military service act, Mr. Justice Duff, central appeal Judge, writea as follows: "The need for troops cannot be exaggerated. On the other hand tho necessity of maintaining food production is equally pressing. The exemption granted to farmers is granted solely because of the conviction that they are or may be more useful In food production than as troops at the front. Such exemptions are really in the nature of licenses, on the condition that the efforts in the direction of food production of a person exempted are such as to justify the granting of the exemption/' Mr. Justice Duff went on to say that farmers holding temporary exemptions such aa these, must, before the expiration of his exemption, file a statement with the registrar k*. '�>�BBtBBSBBaSBBBBBaatBiaaSBSJBSBlSSSBSI    FIEH FOR FOOD.    PIHi la*a good wholesome, nutrition* food, rich In protein, the tissue-Ulldtng nutrient In food msterinls. It Is  mistake to consider that there Is any characteristic difference between fish flesh and the flesh of cattle or hogs. Pound for pound, there la nearly, if not quite, a* much protein In fish flesh n* In beef steak Fish for food could be substituted Par all ether kinds of meat every day In tile yaar without ill-affects. Mih flesh Is quite as easily digested, that Is, as large a proportion in aa abort a time, as other meats. It is aa irhclesome and capable of suppling the flesh-building proteins of the body. Fish, properly cooked and tastefully served, in which art Canadian women excel. Is palatable, and Its pain tablllty Is enhanced by the variety of ways In which It may be prepared for consumption. Ftsh� Is less expensive as a source of protein than beef or pork. Aa sources of energy beef or pork nre the most expensive foods while cereals are the most economical. But man does not live by hee>f alone; nor by pork,; nor even by fish. No one food material will furnish the nutrients In the propei proportions for adults under ordinary conditions ot active health. Man eat* meals and a well-balanced meal contains tissue-building as well as heat producing foods. With fish at a men), we should eat vegetables and cereals, for the latter are foods that generate heat and energy for muscular work. In a word, the place of fish in the diet of man, ia the same as the place of besf and pork; it supplements cor-eala and vegetables, the most of which, as wheat, rice and potatoes, are deficient in protein, the chief nutrient in the fleah of fiah. Vegetables, with their starches and sugar, furnish fat or fuel to the body more cheaply than pork or fat beef. Is a food digestible and palatlblo; does It furnish nutrients needed in the system in proper amounts: is it reasonably cheap These are the standards by which a food should be judged and not solely by its power to furnish heat. It is the Canadian custom to bny food according to personal taste and appetite. But foods should be bought and eaten with reference to their nutritive value. It Is wise, healthful, economical and patriotic, to change national food buying customs to conform to this highly Important principle. When that is done, there will be no trouble in effecting a national substitution of fish for beef and pork on the tables ot Canada. And this will be done when Canadians realize that eating -food should not be a pander- ing to neraonal tastes but an Intelligent attempt to aid the bo It to perform Its functions mote efficiently in the intorest of Individual and national healthfulnoss and aervlce. Fish Is a perfect food, In composition like beef and pork, very similar in nutritive alefnents, although not so strongly concent rated protein and may be substituted for them in ene's diet with positive benefit. Tlio value of fish as 11 fond, as also tho value or lean meat ns a fond, lies chiefly In (lie protein content; and therefore fish should he vombined wl'h bread and potatoes to mako a well balaucod meal. This applies also to heel anil pork. Fish does not agree with some persons, suggesting nti t Ii in it more than Individual peculiarity. There are per sons who abhor tomatoes. When, however, foods even fish and tomatoes, habitually disagree with � person, hn In well advised If lie seeks out a competent physician, for the nourishment and regulation of an abnormal taste or distaste is properly included In tho practice of medlelno. It is w*ll established that, the different occiiptitlans arid conditions of life demand different Minis and i|iian-titles of food. The man doing heavy f.utiioer work neaititrt's :i comp uativoly I irge, amount or fuel In- reilieuts in his food and enough of the flesh form lng substitutes to make good for the wear and tear or hit body. Theee are all present In the fleet* ef fleh, beef and perk, but not In the reaulsrte ere- portions. Fish and loan meat are deficient In the materials which yield heat aad muscular power, but when fish la supplemented by broad, potatoes and ether vaaotablaa a diet la provided which will abpply all tho demands of the body. It Ms been found that the laborers employed In the flslierlos of Kussla dally consume; from 2t; to At ounces ot fish. Fish with bread, millet meal Ar tea constitute their diet throughout the fishing season with no had results. From all of which It Is clear that no harm but much good will result from a more general substitution Wjf fish for beef and pork. Colonel C. w. Peck, member of the house of commons for Skeene constituency, lias be*n promoted to be acting brigadier c.oneral, according to private adviioH from oversea*. Col. Peck has boon commanding a Canadian battalion on the western front. He was doited to parliament by tho overseas vote. ^ The 1' s government commandeered the entire California bean crop recent!;,, paying at the rate of tl, ,.__ inconstant quantities remains to be \^ing the acreage seen. Barley will be high-priced also J T,.' ^^^1 and difficulty availible In many lo-!or crop HOG PRODUCTION It is a matter of the greatest importance that Canada should increase her production of BACON HOGS and other live stock as there is at present a world-wide shortage of meat. Good markets for some time to come are assured. THE CANADIAN BANK OP COMMERCE will gladly make loans to assist farmers in good standing to acquire live stock. m Lethbridge Branch- - R. T. Brymner, Mgr. Co-operative Saving Is facilitated and encouraged by the open� lng of a Joint Savings Account in the names of Husband and Wife, Father and Son, Brother and Sister, or any two or more members of the family. Either can deposit or withdraw mftney at will, arid the Interest accrues to the credit of both. Ask the Manager for full particulars. LETHBHldQE BRANCH � - - F. W. NICHOLSON, Manager CAROBTON BRANCH  -  - F. V. Cavers. Managsr BARONS BRANCH.....J. Blackwood. Manager ealities. Oats, under ruling and probable future prices, should be used only for the milking sow and for weaned and growing pigs. Only in small quantities should this feed enter into the fattening ration. It has been shown that with breeding stock, whether during winter or summer maintenance, cheap home grown feeds may be largely utilized as an economy and that from such feeding practice best ; results may- he obtained in health and j production. It has been, further, 1 clearly demonstrated that home grown I feeds for summer feeding may eco-; nomically replace a considerable per-1 centage of meal even at pre-war prlc-; es. 1 At the Kxperlmental Farm, Brandon, it wn3 shown by experiment dur-; ing the summer of 1916 that oats, bar-' ley and wheat all stood pasturing well. These were sown on May 17 and pastured ^rom July 5th until early in August. Rape which was slightly injured by pasturing too early, supplied much needed pasturage when . the cereal seeding* had been eaten ; off. Vetches although slow of growth I were readily eaten and stood pastur-'� lug well. Sweet, clover was also late in maturing and oaten only when no other feed was available. It might be stated that beyond a comparison of these crops from the standpoint of palatabllity, recuperative power, and ability to withstand trampling and pasturing generally, no data waa available to show the cost of production one crop against the | other. With these pasture crops a selffeed-or was used to supply a supplemental grain ration. Such practice Indicated that no more than where hand feeding was employed and that economical gains were made at a cost o( !> cents per pound for grain and pasture, em ploying feed price* then current. The method In general reduced the labor of feeding to the minimum. At tho Experimental Station, La-combe, where awlno feeding enters largely into live stock operations, rape and alfalfa have proven moat desirable crops As a result of the average of three tests, rape has shown a slight superiority over alfalfa requiring :i K pounds meal fed supplementally as against 3.1*8 pounds in the case of alfalfa. Kapt. carried 1786.1 pounds of pork per acre as against 1518.9 pounds with alfalfa. The findings at Jjtcombe would warrant tltit recommendation of alfalfa ror early paitture with a block of rape to supply green food for hogs win n inoy ail ale considerable size. Whore alfalfa may be successfully ci-mwi. ihe Hwlue grower would be' well advised in retaining a small block lor Kwiim fuelling purposes. Failing Food Will Win the War also full particulars as to cattle. The statement muat further show to what extent preparations are being made for increasing production during the season ot 1918, and on any application for an extension of the -exemption period It will 'jo necessary1 to satisfy the tribunal that he is spar-, ing no effort to see that tho produc ' tion of 1918 shall be adequate eonsld-l ertng the aixe and nature of the farm.' Another ruling sent by tho central' appeal judge states that where a com-' munlty are farming and fishing In cooperation temporary exemption may be granted to enable the applicant to show what efforts the com- \ munlty are making to increase production. Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Western Canada. The Canadian Pacific Railway makes it easy for you to begin. Lands $11 to $30 an acre; irrigated land up to $50; 20 years to pay. Loan to assist settlers or. irrigated lands. Get full particulars and free illustrated literature from MM CAMERON, Owl Sal C.P.R. Latai 9C5 lit at. Cast. CALGARY Government Bonds We offer all maturities of Victory Loan at 98% and accrued interest. Free from Taxes. Bonds maybe registered as to Principal. We can also supply you with Provincial and Municipal Bonds. � The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH SThEET S. LETHBRIOQE, ALBERTA A Matter of Business Every man and woman should make a will. It is a matter of business and should be treated in a business way. A Trust Company, as Executor, is best. ; We will be glad to answer your enquiries. Write for our booklet on "Wills." The Trusts and Guarantee Company, Limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA LETHBRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING. J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOL, MEDICINE HAT. CALGARY. RED DEER. 8TETTLER. ' J. W. Plnkney. American about 4a1 years of age, who is believed to have; been at one time a civil engineer In Calgary, committed suicide In a rooniing house In Vancouver. He left a letter to the mayor of Vancouver stating that he had enlisted twice "once at Reglna," where he had "a falling fit on parade quite unexpectedly." Later he said that "the army has shown me that it refuses to have me, and 1 have no further wish to live," adding that he had "absolutely no taste for a soldier's life." Papers found In the man's effeots were said to show that he had been an Inmate In an asylum In South Africa. DRINK Coca Cola 5c a bottle At your dealers or wo deliver a Cass ef 24 Jtdf-pint Bottlst To Any Part ef tho City for $1.00 (Bottlas to be returned whon empty.) Bole Bottling Agent* for L�th-bridge District. Purity Bottling Works Corner 4th Avenue 4 4th St, B. Phone 1501 7 If You Are Not Buying Your Harness From Us We Are Both Losing Money OUR QUICK SELLER WE HAVE THE BEST PRICES AND WE DELIVER THE GOODS. AUTO TIRES, GLOVES AND MITTS, TENTS, TRUNKS AND SUIT CASES, HALTERS, HORSE SHOE COLLARS, SADDLES. ALBERTA SADDLERY Co.. ltd. HARNESS. SADDLES, TENTS, LEATHER BELTING MANUFACTURERS AND GENERAL LEATHER WORKERS SPORTING GOODS, TRUNKS, SHOE FINDINGS ;