Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Universities dread curb on primary research 'Government wants work that produces immediate results' By JW GRANT HeraU Staff Writer flfthef six The department of advanced education is attempting to curb research that doesn't show immediate results, spokesmen for Alberta's universities charge. Since it is through research that the universities have been able to study the problems of society and offer constructive criticism to the government and the public, universities fear any direct involvement by the government in search can be construed as an attempt to squelch its most informed critic. The universities don't have any proof of it but they believe they have valid reasons to suspect the department of tampering with research. The department, they say, through financial restrictions has forced university researchers to do less research and more teaching. At the same time it has offered to provide funds for research projects it thinks are desirable. The president of University of Alberta Faculty Association, Grant Davey, says the department could control internally what universities are doing by using its fiscal controls to force universities to emphasize programs and research thai suit government policy By controlling what area of the university receives special research money, Or. Davey sayt, the government will be successful in curtailing the freedom of university researchers to speak out against actions of the government because the researchers won't want to risk losing research funds. Thm untvenHtes are dt> tlgned to product peopfe with well-trained mindt who can turn In various directions rather than people who are geared to Ml short-term needs of society. Campbell, U of C vice-president The government has indicated it will provide special funding for research that is geared toward the development of the oil sands. The only other indication of direct government involvement in university research came to faculty members via colleagues in another province. They claim the department of advanced education issued a report to the Canada Council of Education Ministers in support of government control of research. The report, a faculty member says, suggested that research other than applied research was useless. Applied research Is that which provides immediate results and benefit to society. The universities believe any attempt to reduce frontier or primary research will be detrimental to the quality of education offered by the universities. "Research is a necessary activity to have good instructional programs, Finn Campbell academic vice-president of University of Calgary, says. Government-sponsored research to be applied to a specific problem of society should take place in conjunction with the university but operated independent of the universities so that it doesn'J interfere with the education of students. That would allow, Dr. Campbell adds, both the government and the university to benefit from the research. He suggests that a research centre could be developed near the University of Calgary to house the best available expertise in the area of applied research where the government's problem rests The centre would have to remain flexible so it could adapt to concern itself with new problems of society as they occur, he adds. Dr. Campbell says the university would gain by working with the research centre experts and the centre would benefit from the expertise of some of the faculty members who could be made available to the centre on a short-term bases. The United government has been putting experts together to solve problems for yean and has had good results, Dr. Campbell says. t The centre would provide an opportunity for everyone involved to be involved to one particular cause while a similar situation could not occur in the university. Since research is part of the teaching process in universities, Dr. Campbell says it is not realistic for the professoriate to become involved in a particular research objective. "Our main job is the transmission of knowledge. If we get too narrow we will defeat our purpose." As one administrator put it, the country is in dire need of leadership and expertise which can only be obtained by building up the educational structure so that we will have the people to fill these needs in Canada. The universities are designed to produce people with well-trained minds who can torn in various directions rather than people who are geared to fill short-term needs of society, the administrator adds. Barry Snowden, director of planning and research for the department of advanced education, claims the department realizes the university can't be expected to do all the research that needs to be done. "There is a cooyeaeat of research tlut can be dooe there (university) and there is a portion that will nave to be done somewhere be says. A position paper of Mr. Snowden's unit of the department of advanced education lists administration of "grantsjn-aid" at one of its functions. All areas of research are mentioned. But that research report to Canadian education ministers indicates otherwise, according to a few faculty representatives. The Herald learned that at least one university administrator received a copy of the research report that the department released to the Canadian education ministers. 'Personally, I've come to play and win. Have Worth, deputy minister of advance educa- tion. According to one administrator it could be entirely possible that university administrators are receiving information from the department of advanced education that is not being forwarded to the faculty association and other groups in the university. He sayt be has withheld some information because the department has not been consistent when expressing its objectives to the universities. The administrator says one reason for the lack of communication could be that the universities 'nave bad "loo many meetings with their forth level guys" and too few with the people who nave been making the decisions. "there is a definite lack of dialogue and" we need dialogue. It is partly our fault too. We have only had them on campus when there are big issues to discuss" and everyone is hostile, the administrator adds. Willard Allen, U of A academic vice- president, says statements that have been made by Walter Worth, deputy minister of advanced education, suggesting that the universities are "ineffective institutions" have created a poor atmosphere for good communication. Some members of the university community became particularly concerned about statements the deputy minister made during a speech in Lethbridge in February. His concluding remarks were "Personally, I've come to play and win Have In response, one university staff member said in an interview "I didn't realize higher education was playing a game District The Lethbridge Herald Local news SECOND SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Friday, April 5, 1974 Pages 17-32 Victims The high school stu- dents who acted as vic- tims in the simulated disaster suffered a wide variety of injuries Above, protruding Top right severe burns Right stretcher case arrives at hospital. Far right, Rene LeBlanc before and after the "explosion Screams, blood, burns t A successful disaster By DAVID B. BLY Herald Staff Writer An explosion and fire at the Civic Centre Thursday injured 70 high school students rushed to the city's two hospitals. The screams, burns, blood and broken bones were all manufactured, the direction of provincial Emergency Health Services personnel. The theoretical explosion was a simulated disaster designed to test and evaluate the performance of Lethbridge's-hospitals in the event of a major emergency. Aaron Mann, assistant director of Emergency Health Services, said the exercise proved Lethbridge's hospitals have a good, workable plan for handling a sudden influx of injured persons. "I could find no major weaknesses in their he said. Some minor weaknesses were revealed, he said, but were generally in the shortage of certain supplies. Mr. Mann said the simulated emergency was the first in Lethbridge that involved both hospitals. Outside support and first aid on the scene was also good, Mr. Mann, said, and he commended city firemen who rushed to the scene to help treat the injured. The "injuries" were the result of more than three hours of work by the Emergency Health led Services people as they applic artificial blood, plastic and paint to the students. Along with the realistic lacerations and gore came instructions for acting. "If you're not getting any attention when you go to the a woman told one of the students as she contrived a nasty bump on the girl's head, "get up and walk around and plunk fall down somewhere." The disaster theoretically began with two girls smoking in the boiler room. The girls, Janice Tilley and Brenda Tuttle, both Grade 10 students at LCI were given severely burned hands for their efforts (Actually neither smokes.) "You're all actors Mr. Mann told students when they were made up "Don't be afraid to groan." When the firemen and stretcher bearers arrived, the act began, and it was good, Hysteria, a very real hazard in any emergency situation, came naturally to some of the girls, it seemed The "patients" were transferred to the hospitals in an assortment of commandeered station wagons and delivery vans. City police and Disaster Services volunteers helped with traffic. In the hospital emergency rooms, the students were examined, tagged and assigned to various wards. Hospital personnel seemed to take the broken bones and burns seriously. Some of the injuries were workable the "patients" could pump "blood" to simulate heavy bleeding. As the exercise was completed, Emergency Health Services personnel urged the students to return to the Civic Centre for cleaning up "We want our injuries said one man. "We have to use them again South should escape spring Southern Alberta will not facie Hood threats predicted for central and northern portions of the province unless a heavy rainfall hits the mountain and foothill regions, says a water expert. Glen Steed of Lethbridce. chief hydrologist for the Alberta department of the environment, told The Herald the snow pack in the mountain and foothills regions is only about 10-per-cent above normal for this time of the year. But if a heavy rain fell on the snow it would cause it to melt rapidly, causing extremely high amounts of runoff into the Oldman River system. Flood would be a distinct possibility. This system includes the Oldman River, Castle River, Crowsnest River, St. Mary River, Waterton River and Belly River. Spring runoff has already started In some areas of the mountains and foothills. Officials of the provincial department of the environment, which took over control of the St. Mary irrigation headworks Monday from the federal government, say runoff is more evident in the Waterton Dam, west of Gtenwood, than it is in the St. Mary Dam, south of Lethbridge. In order to maintain a proper water level in the Waterton Dam, officials are dumping water into the river system. This water enters the Oldman River between Kipp and Monarch and is causing a higher level from that point downstream. The level of the Oldman River at Fort Macleod isn't as high because there are no storage reservoirs upstream that have to be maintained at a constant level. Federal tax clouds gas co-op picture By AL SCARTH Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON Yet another thorn in the province's rural natural gas program has appeared to plague farmers' gas co-operatives. First it was a shortage of resin to make plastic gas lines Then it was confusion City yard experts accept questions Residential horticultural problems will now be handled by the community services department, utilizing city workers, following an agreement between the city and the Alberta department of agriculture. Under the agreement, the department of agriculture will assist the city financially to provide information to city residents on gardening, landscaping and yard care Prior to the agreement, city residents were using the services of department of agriculture district agriculturists or the personnel at the Lethbridge Research Station. Holly Doe, head of the parks section of the community services department for the city, said the agreement is designed to centralize horticultural information for city residents. If any person in the city has a problem regarding trees, shrubs, plants or lawns, they should call the city. If the information can't te passed on over the telephone, a city worker will visit the resident There is no charge for the service Mr. Doe said if the city can't help, the full services of the Alberta and Canada departments of agriculture and the Alberta department of forestry can be used. Bill Bullock, district in the Letabridfe office, said the agreement will give Alberta department of agriculture officials more time to do government priority jobs in the- rural areas. Most city residents who call the district agriculturist office will be referred to the city. over including non-heating uses of natural gas under the subsidy plan This time it is the federal department of internal revenue casting a cloud over the new co-ops Ray Speaker (SC Little Bow) was told in the legislature by Roy Farran, minister of telephones and utilities, that the province is not satisfied with a federal assessment of how taxes will be assessed for the farmers' installations Mr Farram said he is discussing the matter with Provincial Treasurer Gordon Miniely before approaching Ottawa for a new ruling. In an interview, Mr Speaker said farmers went into the co-ops assuming they could deduct their contribution for a gas installation as an expense during a year of high earnings But a ruling from the federal tax people says it is a capital expenditure The farmer can only deduct 10- per-cent of one-half his-total outlay Mr Speaker estimated it could cost farmers who put up their own share instead of taking a low-interest loan from the government anywhere from to more in taxes" The majority paid it themselves because of the incentive of using it as an income tax deduction Under the plan to put natural gas heat into rural homes, farmers can get a grant and up to in a loan to install a pipeline Meanwhile, the government introduced legislation to take gas co-operatives off the tax rolls as a further incentive for farmers to join up. The bill introduced by Rusty Zander (PC Drayton Valley) would also remove plant pollution control devices from tax assessment rolls. 100 entries for big race The 10-mile road race being sponsored by the college and the university April -12 is attracting entrants from throughout the province. About 100 entries have been received, a university spokesman said. Many of the runners planning to participate are students from Lethbridge, she said, but track teams from Edmonton and Calgary are also sending entranU, The deadline for applications is today, but entries will be accepted" Monday.