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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta I More autos taking low road west bmu txtmtitHTuiui I i A Icelandic treasure detail from 12th century saga manuscript Bits of calfskin keep Iceland's ancient sagas By VICTORIA JENKINS COX Christian Science Monitor REYKJAVIK, Iceland The return of a few calfskins, bits ot parchment, and some photostats caused national celebrations in Iceland last summer. The Fischer Spassky chess match, the cod war, and even Heidelberg seeking namesakes HEIDELBERG Heidelberg. Germany is looking for its namesakes. The city's tourist officials know of some 25 villages and towns in otlici countries named Heidelberg, but they believe the number of inns and restaurants bearing the name compose a longer list To track down as many of them as possible the tourist office is offering an engraving of a view of the citv in 1620 to individuals who send in the name and address of an inn or restaurant bearing the name of Heidelberg, and the owner's name The inns and restaurants will come out winners, too Heidelberg officials will send each place named old engravings, photographs, beer mugs, records with song of the citv and menus and 'German'recipes Entries sent to Verkehrsverem Heidelberg, 6900 Heidelberg. West Germany P O Box 1755 The earliest postmark determines the winner in the event more than fine person names tne same place the magnificent midnight sun faded out of focus when the old manuscripts were handed over by the Danish government. The sagas, the priceless Icelandic sagas, returned to their homeland. The sum and substance of early Icelandic literature, culture, and history came home at last. Stones about Eric the Red, his son Leif the Lucky, the discovery of America, Njal the outlaw, artf the Icelandic settlement have been the stuff Icelanders learned to talk by tor centuries But their manuscripts have been exiled in Denmark for over 300 years. The manuscripts' ownership had been the subject of a legal and diplomatic battle between the two Scandinavian countries for nearly three decades. The sagas when Denmark's red-and-white flag flew over the island, and ties between the two countries seemed permanent Icelanders were loyal subjects of their long distance king; Copenhagen was their social and cultural capital. So it seemed logical to the farmers and peasants of Iceland who owned the sagas to agree when Ami Magnusson, a Dane and manuscript collector, offered to buy the manuscripts and take them to Copenhagen for safekeeping The purchase in the 1700's saved many saga calfskins from use as shoe leather and parchment fragments from becoming kindling during the harsh- winters in Iceland. But it also doomed most of the manuscripts to destruction years later No one knows why Magnusson failed to move his "THE BRITISH SPIRIT OF I LONDON CRUISE LINE" to... Alaska This summer experience the magnificent scenery of Alaska and Canada on the newest cruise ship sailing all-First Class Spirit of London, registered in Britain She leaves Vancouver on eight-day from June through September Exploring the mag- nificent ice Cape of Glacier Bay and calling at juneau, KetchiKan, Skagway Names and Sitka with lares from just DEPARTURE'S FROM VANCOUVER On June 3, 11, July 3, 13, 21, 29 August 6, 14, 22, 30 September 7, 75, 23 For further information and reservations contact. A.MJL WORLD TRAWL SERVICE S6M Sth Ave. S. PhOMttS.7921 ij AnpM frM pMlclftQ M nwc ot BMMlnf priceless collection when the great fire of 1728 swept Copenhagen. The flames were literally at his doorstep when students rushed some of the collection out; most of the or so Iceland papers were lost Scholars everywhere regretted the destruction. The Icelandic poems and sagas had shed valuable insights into the world of the saga writers the development, explorations, and cultures of the countries in the Nordic world Danes, as much as anyone, mourned the loss and cherished all the more the remaining manuscripts. But for the Icelanders, the charred ashes from the fire were a personal hurt Beyond the world significance of recording the lives of Nordic leaders, the Icelandic sagas told of the island's struggle to survive from the I0th to the 13th centuries the settlers contending with volcanoes, molten lava, boiling sulfur pits, and the fierce winter storms. The sagas chronicled the Icelanders as they established the first villages, scaled mountains, searched for food, and grappled with the affairs of man. The fire destroyed more than a history of kings, it burned the whole history, literature, and cultural beginnings of a nation The surviving saga manuscripts became precious beyond price. For the Icelanders, they became a matter of national pride A high priority of the Icelandic government was to recover the manuscripts, especially after it declared itself independent of Denmark and established a republic in 1944 Beyond the wool exportation and the preservation of herring spawning banks, the return of the sagas became the crusade of every Icelander But the Danes recognized the world value of the saga fragments and took Iceland to court. For 28 years the Danish government argued it could not return to another nation what was the private property of the Ami Magnusson Institute. The diplomatic tug- of-war for the manuscripts intensified as the case rose higher in the Danish legal system. Then in 1971, as a gesture of goodwill while its supreme court pondered its decision, Denmark gave back two saga manuscripts that had been gifts to King Frederick III. The "Flateyjarbok" and the "Codex containing royal sagas and stones about Olaf Tryggvason, were brought to Iceland in a Danish flagship. At Reykjavik, the manuscripts were given to Icelandic officials. And there they were put in their new home, the Manuscript Institute. Later the Danish high court ruled in favor of Iceland's claim. Those poems and sagas which center on Iceland were separated and returned. Other Norse sagas remaining permanently in Denmark were photostated for Icelandic scholars' research. EDMONTON (CP) Loot ifiortd by all leveU of fovenmMt, Ydiowhttri Highway aeroM the norttwn west hat IB recent developed into a real alternative to the Trans- Canada for motorists seeking a change of scene. From its leaping-off place near Portage la Prairie, Man., to British Columbia where the highway branches off Into western and southern legs, the Yellowhead today serves a larger population living on or near the route than does the Trans-Canada. And although the southern route is more popular for tourists, the gap is narrowing, says Ted Sample, executive director of the Yellowhead Interprovincial Highway Association. Mr. Sample can afford to look back on 1973 with considerable satisfaction. Following years of prodding by his association, the federal government finally gave the Yellowhead and Trans- Canada equal prominence in markings on its official highway maps, and the highway now is being marked on official provincial maps in the four western provinces. In addition, 1973 was the year, following a brief presented to Prime Minister Trudeau at the Western Economic Opportunities Conference in Calgary, that Ottawa announced a major upgrading program for the Yellowhead, to bring it up to Trans-Canada standards. The program, to be undertaken in co-operati-on with the departments of highways in the four provinces, is expected to get under way this year. Already recognized by tourists and commercial truckers because of its gentle grades through the Yellowhead Pass and its numerous passing lanes, the highway improvement is expected to add new glitter to the route'through a program of road straightening and widening where required. SHORTCUT PLANNED Some of the continuing problems involving the portion of the highway between Prince George and Prince Rupert are to be discussed with British Columbia officials during the next few weeks, said Mr. Sample. At that time, the association will also recommend the extension of Yellowhead Highway 5 in B.C. through the Coquihalla Pass between Memtt and Hope, shortening the Vancouver-to-Edmonton trtoby Unite. The proapact of an active part of the Yellowhead HUnray has fired the unagfiattoa of the community of Merritt that It has applied for and been granted special memberabip status in the association. The northeast B.C. community of Dawson Creek, although not on the route, also is an associated member with a special assessment of three cents per capita, half that paid by the association's 51 regular member cities, towns and villages. Dawson Creek's application was made in recognition of the work being done by the association to publicize the town's position as Mile Zero of the Alaska Highway, reached off the Yellowhead via Alberta Highway 43. The Association, formed in 1968 by northern communities in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, isx proud of the size and influence of major cities along the route, and, of the many national, provincial and regional parks located nearby. The largest city, at population, is Edmonton, site of the association's head office. But equal attention is paid to the smallest Sask., which recently paid its full 1974 assessment of for 30 people. The traveller will see some of the loneliest scenery in the country, particularly on the prairies, and will travel through remote B.C. mountain passes. SERVES MORE PEOPLE The Yellowhead serves a greater concentration of people than the more heavily- travelled Trans-Canada Highway. With the inclusion of Winnipeg and Vancouver in each total, since both routes affect both cities, latest population estimates of urban and rural residents are along the Yellowhead and on or near the Trans-Canada It is these population concentrations, together with the need to serve the northern port of Prince Rupert, that have led the Yellowhead Association to adopt "The Trade Route of the Future in Western Canada" as one of its slogans. Another is "Canada's Happiness coined to describe the road in brief terms for tourists, trailer-buff 1 and picture-taker travelling along this scenic route. s The Alternate Route Hotel business proves attractive to airlines LOS ANGELES (AP) Some airlines make more money housing people than living them. In recent years, airlines have jumped into the hotel business on a big scale and more expansion is ahead. Pointing up the trend is American Airlines' opening in March ot the 400-room Ameri- can Hotel near Los Angeles International Airport. It will be American's 21st hotel in a chain stretching from Seoul, South Korea, to San Juan, Puerto Rico. In the United States, Ameri- can Airlines hotels include the Americana in New York, the Shoreham in Washington and the Bal Harbour Americana in Miami Beach The airline-hotel business should grow because inter- national travel it developing said James K Ileimbaugh, president of Americana Hotels Pan American World Air- ways pioneered the airlines' entrance into hotel operations to provide the modern accom- modations tor Us customers in i emote places Other international airlines lollowed suit, then all moved to operate hotels in citifc> -The Herald Tra vel Alberta's constructing two theatres for Expo '74 along U S routes. Hilton International, ac- quired bv TWA in 1967, oper- ates 59 hotels in 39 countries and has several under con- struction. Pan Am's Intercontinental Hotels Corp is the biggest of the airline-hotel operations with 79 hotels, including units in Amsterdam, Berlin. Hel- sinki. London, Munich and Pans It has seven m Africa and 18 in Latin America and plans to open two in Hawaii (his vear Pan Am s practice is to build hotels in conjunction with local governmental or fi- nancial interests. SERVES 11 COUNTRIES United Air Lines' Western International Hotels sub- sidiarv operates 49 hotels in 11 countries They include the Century Plaza in Los Angeles, the St Francis in San Fran- cisco the Continental Plaza in Chicago and the Crown Cen- ter in Kansas City Kastern Air Lines runs the Cuiioma and Dorado Beach hotels in Puerto Rico. Our plan is not to expand lust to be growing but to pro- vide the best hotel operations in areas throughout the world which American serves. said lU'imbaugh. Hcimbaugh is a 35-vear vet- eran ol the hotel business. He was executive vice-president nl Loews Corp a major hotel operator and has been con- nected with Hilton Hotels ?nrl Chicago s lamed Palmer IlllUSt1 Heimbdugh said he envis- ages "acceptance of a greater standard ol quality from us in international travel than Irom independent hotel operators Countries that are inteiested in tourism and ilevelopment will seek out airlines to work with them in their hotels SPOKANE, Wash. Alberta will construct an outdoor theatre partially enclosed by a man-made hill Expo music will play for years SPOKANE Spokanites will hear World's Fair music for many years to come. They'll be listening'to a carillon playing from the top of the Grea't Northern Clock Tower, thanks to an anonymous donor. The automated carillon will have a repertoire of some 30 tunes, and it will have a keyboard added for improvisation. with a small indoor theatre inside the hill, on Canada Island. The outdoor theatre will be used to feature Alberta, Canadian and an overflow of American performers and The indoor theatre will be used to show films in keeping with the Expo '74 theme. The Expo theme is "Celebrating Tomorrow's Fresh, New and says King F. Cole, president of the Expo '74 Corporation, "we want the exhibits to be environmental in Frank Calder, project manager of the Alberta exhibit for the public affairs bureau, is working with such departments as lands and forests, environment, and culture, youth and recreation as well as with Travel Alberta to arrange for films to suit the theme The Alberta project will be completed in time for the May 4 opening ceremonies. It will be attended by four Alberta girls who will act as hostesses for the six-month duration of the world fair. At this time, only the chief hostess has been selected and she is Gail Greenwood, of the citizens1 inquiry service of the public affairs bureau. Gail will travel to Spokane a month before the opening of Expo to become completely familiar with the situation. Said Mr. Calder, "The Expo '74 committee has been deluged by applications from American performers and groups and we plan to make our facility available to the overflow from other theatres Passport Photos Candid Weddingt Picture Framing Photo Suppliet A. E. CROSS STUDIO Phone 328-0111 7103rdAve.S. Phone 328-0222 THE FINEST RETIREMENT AND RECREATIONAL COMMUNITY Blind Bay, miles east of Kamloops on Trans Canada Please mail me a free brochure. NAME ADDRESS PHONE r. LH Government eyes Canada travel plan OTTAWA (CP) Languages commissioner Keith Spicer nas proposed a government-subsidized travel plan to help Cana- dians to know their country and each other better. Under the plan, part of his third annual report to Parliament last week, airlines, railways and bus lines would be subsidized to enable them to offer discount rates to vacationers year- round "To promote long-distance travel most likely to mingle the two language groups, CN, Air Canada, CP Rail, CP Air and private bus lines might for example allow a 50-per-cent dis- count on distances of at least miles and 75 per cent on distances over he says. Adjustments that would provide the biggest discount during slack periods would help eliminate losses that occur when planes or buses travel with only a few passengers. "First, it could lead to a vastly better understanding among Canadians of both language groups who, even if they did not learn to love each other, could at least learn to distrust each other more he says. It would also help Canada's balance of payments if Canadians spent some of their tourist dollars at 1973, Canadian travellers spent about billion abroad. And finally, he says, travel companies and their employees would benefit by the 12-month travel business that would eliminate slack-period layoffs, and Energy Minister Donald Macdonald "might sleep better and dream of gargantuan sav- ings of oil through use of public, instead of motor car, transport. utstanding whisky Canadian age. Taste our example. V. MI HERITAGE Introducing HERITAGE Distilled and bottled in Canada ;