Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 IHE IEIH8R1DGE HERAID W.Jntiday, April 3. 1972 Maurice, Wcslcni Grain handling system H will be 96 years this fall since 1110 first shipment of Western Caiiii- il-.m wheat was made from Winni- peg lo an eastern destination. II was Hi Toronto to help provide seed for Ontario where Hie spring crop h.id failed, 'The shipment consisted of 857 bus- hels nf lied. Fife wheat in 412 bags. 1'ncc to Hie grower was 85 cents per bushel ami Oie freight was 35 cents per bushel. 'Hie 12 pioneering farmers who raised tins early shipment of wheat could not have envisaged the gigan- tic shipments of wheat lhat would some day be made from the Prairies and from Canadian shores. Today's wheat grading syslein was unknown at lhat time. The Canadian Hoard was not in existence. Nor did Canada have any gram sales- men, as il does today, in all corners of the globe. There have been up and down times in Canada's grain industry during the past 9G years, Neverthe- less, holli production and marketing have rocketed ahead. While storage and shipping facili- ties were expanded rapidly during Ihe earlier years, relatively little change lias been made in these areas during the past 50 years. Some the equipment has been modernized and some obsolete facililies re- placed. But the basic problem facing Ihe Canadian grain handling system today is Ilial il is working wilh a concept and design (hut liave changed HttlJ since the turn of the century. Tlie system today finds itself under rigid controls. Rail rates are set by law. (lovcinment regulations control Ihc change for each operation. The pricing system lias become irrelevant. to (he costs of. operation. The general feeling is lhat Can- ada's gram handling system has readied ils capacity when it ncars the 801) million bushels per year mark. With shipmenls of one billion bushels per year now seen as a dis- tinct possibility, or perhaps even at hand, Ihe crucial need is to improve the present system, or to completely rebuild a new one if this country is lo respond lo the needs of. Ihe world markets. Because of the various complexi- ties, changes in Ihe grain handling system arc going to he difficult to achieve The best move, lo scrap Hie entire system and start anew, would be the most difficult. Canada's coal industry had lo res- pond in this manner when overseas orders jumped from zero lo millions of tons annually in the space of only a few years. The same approach must he applied to our grain handling system. Grain handling has always been easier because oE inveslment by Ihe private sector. Perhaps this same sector will have lo he shown that grain marketing is sound enough to justify additional investment. Opportunties for everyone 'Hie federal government is appar- ently considering expanding the sum- mertime Opportunities For Youth Program to last the whole year round. Also under consideration is a program which would broaden the scope of. the OFY In include all age brackets. Tentatively the new pro- gram will be called Opportunities For People. At the present time various lask forces and committees are studying this prospect and indications are that they are urging the government to take their advice and initiate more make-work programs. The object behind these programs Is to make grants available to more people and in this way keep money circulating, especially among Ihe poor and in the lower income brac- kets. One report states: "Such proj- ects do not represent a solution to the general problem of poverty, but financial independence, dignity and an opportunity to escape from de- pendence on welfare and unemploy- ment insurance must be recognized as a legitimate aspiration." The re- port recommends a salary of a month for full-time participants which is significantly higher than un- employment insurance or welfare cheques. Prime Minister Trudeau recently suggested that Ihe work ethic is changing and our social acceptance of unemployment will have lo change too. Perhaps, with this in mind, he and his cabinet have opted for make- work projects rather Ulan adopting fiscal policies lhat would encourage more industry and an increase in jobs in the private sector. The trouble with this concept is lhat while OFY programs and the like keep people busy for indetermin- ate lengths oC time, there is an air impennanence about the work, and the projects that evolve from it some- times have little lasting value. It's doubtful if this lack of security will impress, or fulfil even young people for many years. Perhaps Ihe government would be better off to strike a happy balance: Continue wilh such "Opportunities for People" projecls as are needed, but not allow them lo become a substi- tute for new industries and full-time job prospecls. ANDY RUSSELL Winter visitors T'OMPARED to Hie many kinds of birds we have on the ranch In summer, Ihose that slay for Ihe winter are very few. But we appreciate Iheir company all Ihe more, Iheir cheery presence, being very welcome during the short cold days when the snow is deep. We keep a feeding sta- Lion not far from our windows and from sunrise to sunset there is a steady stream of visitors coming and going. For the most part they are the com- mon black cap chickadees feeding along with hairy and downy woodpeckers, a I I %c.-ry fond of the Iwcf fat put out for them. Birds hcing territorial, Ihe .snmo group of a dozen or more chickadees maka use of the station, If strangers show up, we always know il, for there is a great stir with much chatter and squeaking as Ihcy arc driven away. Usually about two pair of hairy woodpeckers come regularly and about the. same number of Ihe smaller downy varicly. The.se, too, have an hsncd pecking order of dominance among themselves as do tho chickadees. Any de- viation caused by an individual crowding another usually causes a flurry of argu- ment, Occasionally olhcr birds come such an ttic beautifully marked, comparatively shy flickers. Once we had four jays, striking looking birds colored in metallic blue and uidigo with crests on their heads. Another time a Canada blue jay stayed for the winter. Sometimes at night we hear the noise of something feeding in the dark, end a flashlight beam reveals a flying squirrel. These arc shy, nocturnal animals not often seen. A few days ago In the middle of lha afternoon a sudden burst of alarm calls among tho birds hailed an unwelcome visi- tor. A big male prairie longtail weasel had tome. Snow whilo all over except for jet Taxes belong among big budget items OTTAWA Statistics ada introduced a new service biillctii) reraiMy rn- lillcd rclail priivs am! tmin! costs. According to Hie first mimber, food, slu'llci1 and transportation wore Hie niosl important budget items (or Canada as a whole; and across all income There arc one or IMU difficul- ties with this 1" Hie first place it is a it-port oil family expenditures in I'Jti'J. It may be of interest to the cilizcn to know wlicic liis money went tlirce years a.co bm it would be more bclpftil to know where il is going today. Another problem is that even for 19G9 (lie conclusion docs not appear to be borne out by the statistics, The liullc- lin reports. "At the national level food accounted tor IB.7 per cent: shelter for 15.2 per cent anil transportation 13.1 por cent." Slalistics Canada's listing Is true, not surprisingly, in the income ranges. At an in- come of about however, taxes become the third big item in the family budget. At they become the largest expense that a family must face. T h e Imllclin, furthermore, ignores a v c r y important point. It docs not define what Statistics Canada in cans by "personal In [act, the term covers only three1 items, of which two are insignificant. Not many people pay poll tax and rather rarely do they im- port goods directly, making Ihcir own reckoning with cus- toms. Thus in reality Stalislics Canada is speaking almost solely of personal income lax. Bui ttie shelter component must Include a sizable amount for property taxes, paid direct- ly by owners or in addition to Kill. We also pay indirect taxes to Ihe various levels of govern- ment. In Ihe case of sales tax- es, we arc at least aware much of the lime that we are con- Irihnling. But we can only guess at the additional costs imposed upon us by Ihe pro- tected market; not all of which example a part of (he price of automobiles) are re- covered in taxes by the govern- ment. In regard to services, gen- black eyes and a black lip on Ihe end of its tail, it moved with a flowing grace as smoothly as a piece of silken ribbon drawn over the fingers. Paying not the slightest attention to Ihe birds flntleriiig about in a frenzy of excite- ment close by, the ueasel proceeded to commandeer the chunks of fat. Selecting a piece much bigger and heavier than himself, he picked it up, balanced it per- fectly and lept down off the shelf into Hie snow with it, where he proceeded to drag it away. Then lie came back for more, and this went on till all the fat was gone. After a white my wife Kay tied on her snowshocs and went out to sec what he had dune with his Ixxjly. She found peiccs of fact cached in various places in the snow all through Ihe trees to a distance of forty yards or more from (he station. The weasel had disappeared. She brought the fat hack, and apparently the weasel had lost interest for he never rarnc back. Individual chickadees and wood nre hard lo tell apart, although main woodpeckers arc easy to tell from the fe- males lor they have scarlet caps on their heads. Female nncl male chickadees look almost exactly alike, although Ihe females are usually a bit larger. Along Inwards spring on fine days, the males give forth wilh their cheery two-tone musical mating call, thus establishing Ihcir identity. Occa- sionally one is hy an unusual feature like frnoked Tad. nho must sleep in rrampcd quarters for his lail is sharply bent In Ihe left. Then (hero iva.s uhn oflen appeared v.ilh nr> lail at all. Wo suspected this bird roosted In some nicho where its tail froze down on occasion, forc- ing Its cv.-ner to pull it off. Then v.iu Spot, a female with a tiny white spot over its left eye. Spot was a long lived chicka- dee for it stayed with us [or eight win- "Now abour this big mistake you made in the government's favor just what, exactly, are you up crally we have a choice. The citizen is not compelled to pa- a dry-cleaning estab- lishment or lo have liis televi- sion set repaired. But in the case of services provided by our thoughtful rulers, we have no option. Whether we liko it or not we contribute lo unemploy- ment insurance. Mr. Goycr in Edmonton brought the goal of. nnivcrsalily a hit closer by an- nouncing plans lo pay better wages lo penitentiary Inmates so lhat they too will be able lo contribute to the fund and share Ihe sense of par- Ucipalion enjoyed, more or less, hy the rest of us. One may surmise that the majority of items in the fam- ily expenditure palterna now exposed to our wondering gaze contain tax components. If these were deleted and added lei the lax item, most Cana- dians would probably find Ihe result somewhat awesome. Food, shelter and transportation arc admirable categories of expenditures ap- proved by all social scientists. For the family head of quite modest means, however, gov- ernment plainly comes first on any .serious reckoning of thp. place of taxes in the home bud- fel. On the theory that we get what we want, what we most want is government. It Is im- probable lhat this will be chal- lenged by any of our political parlies since Ihcy appear uni- ted in the conviction lhat more government is the answer lo our needs, whether Ihe limes be good, bad or mediocre. By 1975 faithful readers of Ihe bulletin should know what they ought, as sound statistical- ly-measured Canadian cilizens, lo have spent on each of the approved categories. They may even know with some refine- ment of the analysis what they invested in government. How the investment will appear in retrospect it is difficult t o say. In any case, barring a lax- payers' revolt, we shall have moved ahead by that time and should he able with a bit of belt-liglilciung here and there lo afford whatever inspired governments have in store (or us. Uier.nlil Ottawa TlureaiO Robert Chessliyre Craig calls Irish tune, at least for the moment "Bill Craig? lie doesn't count any more. Big Ian Paisley is Hie only man who can call the time here. He's got the politi- cal sex appeal." These words, spoken only night weeks ago by a clergyman in Northern Ire- land's Protestant stronghold in the ShankiU Road, Belfast, in- dicate how (juickly events have overtaken this strife-lorn prov- ince. Mr. William Craig's militant Vanguard movement demon- strated its new-found power last week hy bringing the six counties of Ulster to a stand- still io protest against the Brit- ish government's decision to suspend their provincial Par- liament at Slormont CasUe anil rule them directly from Lon- don, like any oilier part of the United Kingdom. The political transformation of the one-time Ulster minister for home affairs from a wish- ful-thinking loudmouth lo the most potent figure in Ihc up- surge of Protestant feeling in the wake of the suspension of Stormont has few precedents. It is now llio Rev. Tan Paisley, (he Protestant pace-seller of the past two years, over whom the question-mark is raised. It was Mr. Craig's decision to launch ttie two-duy strike of Protestant workers Jit n lime when militants were calling for a more immediate repudiation of Prime Minister Edward Heath his so railed "peace initiative." It took a cool nerve lo hang on for linen days, while Letter to Ihe editor taunts were freely flung around about I h e impotence of the "Protestant backlash." Jour- nalists were openly contemp- tuous at the Press conference Vanguard callerl to announce the strike- "It's a far cry from all your militant they told" Craig. But the Vanguard leader wag demonstrating a political acu- men and a feeling for popular opinion lhat lias been absent from much of the British gov- ernment's dealings with the present crisis. Those same. journaJisIs thought very differ- ently, silling in their darkened hotels contemplating the fact that Belfast airport was closed and they cut off from home. They had eaten no fresh bread for two days, drunk no fresh milk and for short pe- riods did not even have water li- wash in. Ian Paisley and Brian Faulk- ner, whose resignation as Ulster premier made direct rule from London possible, had lo give belated and unqualified support to the Vanguard strike Lo save themselves politically. Craig proved the weekend before the British initiative that he could attract RO.OOO to a rally: outside Stormont Castle last week he went beyond that. The disruption caused hy the strike in I wo clays was in many ways great- er than the cumulative effect rj[ Ihc whole Irish Republican Army's bombing campaign ami (he Catholic civil disobedience campaign, which has been limping nlonfi sinco internment Objectionable law I want lo slate briefly, but frankly, what I consider ob- jectionable with compulsory auto insurance. Please refer lo news item: Compulsory aulo insurance in Alberta cffet hvo May. of April 1, -ill veil- IrJcvs must IVT: cmorrd by a policy which insures io at least As long as T can obtain a rioliry in which I can assumo the first responsibility, say (backed by pcrsorvi! sav- ings i at a reduced pmi.ium, I wouldn't object but since, my allcmpts to obtain surh a pol- icy have been negative what can I do but squeal? "Any [K-nson putting license plates on an unin-sured car is liable lo ,T line of S350." This to me is objcctionahlo In Ihc cxlrcmc. Ralhcr fhan prove IhaL (his Is indeed oh- jprtlonablc, let me say that Mm undersicncd in (he near future might find himself in a predic- ament of having Io make a choice between paying the fino heirR locker! up. I .appreciate hearing from any. one who feels .such should be Ihc case. W. SCIfOLTICN Sliaiighnc.ssy. of IllA suspects hegnn last Au- gust. And lo Craig lhat disruption means power. lie sensed his opportunity in the aftermath of "Bloody when 13 Catholics were shot by the British Army during a dcmon- .slratinn in Londonderry. Prot- estants generally saw Ihe suc- ceeding international outcry as a massive confidence trick hy Iheir Republican opponents. Mr. Jack Lynch, prime minis- ter of Ihe Irish Republic, in- tervened wilh offers of money for "liis people'' in the North, and Ciilholic Members at Stor- mont announced a policy of "reunification or bust." Prolestant ranks had been in disarray. After the Catholics line) walked out of SLonnnnt last summer, Paisley and Craig had actually laken over Ibe official parliamentary op- position to the Faulkner gov- ernment. Paisley and his close associate Desmond Bcal hud opposed internment, and wore suspected of flirting with the Soulh. Hard line pressure groups such as Ihrc Loyalist As- sociation of Workers, had sprung up lo prevent llio pov- crnmont from going soft or hc- ing parly to a British sell-out of the Proleslant cause. C r a i g sensed thai a crisis was near, and decided to link the disaffected groups loRclli- cr. At first his rallies wore rather ludicrous rather like fascist National Front rallies in nrilain. Mirldlo-aperl men in long mackintoshes formed riinks to bo. inspected by Craig. Kvrn Urian Faulkner dismiss' nl it. as "comic opera stuff- Paislcy, normally Ihc great populist with the moorl nf the working Protestant people at his f i n g e r-tips, condemned Craig- He accused him of try- ing lo prop up Ihc official Unionist As it became clear lhat not only was (he Heaih plan for Ulster radical he intended lo transfer all responsibility (or internal security from Brlfnst to Ixin'lon hu'. Mini thr ruling Unionist Parly was going in stand firm, (ho Vanguard rallies began building up sup- porl. A trial stoppage showed just what industrial disruption r r o t e s t a r. t nchicvc. Uncompromising mil- itants, usually unprepared lo talk wilh journalists, began to bo freer aware they fiat! a strong hand lo play, and Ibal it would suit Iheir purposes for all to know it. Craig remained very calm, aware Ihcit he wns on the brink of a gamble that could dis- credit him forever. At home, with journalists he was cour- teous and lie repeated his demands for tougher mea- sures against the IftA and more power for Slormont that he has proarhed since his dis- missal from the government in 1KB. It was hard to see it ns more than talk, lie was pre- pared to hint at almost any- thing a reporter nccdctl for good copy even appearing enigmatic over the question of arming the Prolcslants to light for the British connection. On platforms at Vanguard rallies although warmly cheered one sensed ho lack- ed tho political personality to lake his people with him when il mntlcred. He thundered in cliches, drawing slock re- sponses of enthusiasm for (be article.? of Ulster Protestant be- lief: "No and "Not an inch." Ho clearly lacked the compelling demagogy of Pais- ley. P.tit hi.s sense was sure, lie had crealed the political um- brella under which, in the words of the Protestant rnor- newspaper the News Let- ter. "There is room for every- one." And as the Initiative loomed the Ulster majority hc- lo feel the need for an um- brella. "Craig will lend us: he'll tell us what lo came the cry. And so this neatly-dressed, kind, family man, who scorned to h a v e lost himself down one of Ulster's "many political by- ways, stands poised lo cause Ihc British government moro embarrassment than anything they have so far suffered over K o r t h c r n Ireland. However, there remains a big "hut." Can he maintain lite momentum over Die months and even years of which he himself hag spoken? H is one thing for n stionkocper to close for two days in the anger of the pres- ent moment, or for n shipyard worker to forgo I wo (lays' wages. It is another for llio Profrslanls v.ho nre after all the "haves" of Ulster lo keep up a long campaign at their own cxpen.sc. Many in Belfast doubt H, and there is undoubtedly a larpe body of middle-class Protes- tant opinion v.bich is quite hap- py uith direct rule- Hut Mr. Craig has delivered the goods once. IL would be a rash com- mentator who wrolo off his chances of keeping it up. (Written for 'I lir llnrald .mil 'J lie Observer in Limdon) Looking backward. The Herald t'i22 C. A. Dunning was unanimously chosen In replace Hon. M. Martin as lender of the Saskatchewan Literal Ij.'irly and Premier of that province. linz At Ihc Hotels Mar- quis Hotel: W. R. Trousdale, Calgary: G. II. Van Haaflen, Hugh D. Thompson, Grassy Lake; Alexandra: .1. A. Smith, Fuller, Kflnion- lon: Gordon Hamilton, Gran- urn, irH2 I'Vc.sh oilhusinsni for Inglicr prices swept. I tin livestock niHrkel.s today hogs Jiil ft Ifi-ycnr high al CUT. 1D52 The dePaur Infantry Chorus bo hwird in a C'rle- hrity Scries Concert, at Ihc Cap- itol Theatre here on Tuesday evening. Die Lethbridge Herald 501 7th St. Lcthbrklgc, AlbrrU inrnmnflt; HERALD ro. LTD., Proprietors nmi Publishers Published 1M5-195-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CI a is Mall Rccjlilralion iVo Mil Member_of The Canadian Press and (he Canadian Da.fy Publishers' As soda Men and the CLEO W. UQWEfcS, Editor THOMAS H. ADAMS, General DOM PILLING ft'.anaoinE) PO'lnr ROY F MILES HAY A'icciare Effllcr DOUGLAJ, K WAI ITR Editorial Pagn Ediler HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"