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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHBRIDGE HBRAID Wtdntidoy, April 4, Gap between Quebec and Ottawa closing A state of emergency The Alberta government is to be commended for discharging its res- ponsibility for ending the teacher strike in Southern Alberta. There was no hope of an early settlement of the three-weeks-old strike through Jie normal processes, and so it fell jo the government to take bold ac- Jon. It is to be noted that the dispute s not settled. Machinery for settling it is only now being set up. How- ever the government has ordered that in the meantime the schools will open and remain open. Good! It is also to be noted that the gov- srnment's action is within the terms of the Alberta Labor Act. Section 106 of that act sets forth what the gov- arnment may do "where in i opinion of the (cabinet) a state of emergency exists in such cir- cumstances that extreme pri- vation or human suffering has been caused by any stoppage of services or work over an extended period of time The section goes on to state that when that condition pre- vails, the strike must end on the min- ister's proclamation, "and the mini- ster is hereby empowered to do all such things as may be necessary to settle the dispute." That could mean compulsory arbitration, but no doubt there are many other options. There may be, and are, differences of opinion about "extreme privation" being present but the government has done only what it was empowered by the Labor Act to do, and only what so many pupils, parents and even tea- chers and others wanted it to do. Highway lighting needed Whoever planned the junction be- -ween Highway 3 and the street sys- .em of Coaldale had a tough job. He ad to avoid the town's main street, :eep south of the CPR right-of-way, dllow for 40 miles an hour traffic, ind accommodate to road and rail- way crossings, all in a very few acres. The results illustrate the dif dculty; on the east side it seemed o work out, but not on the west. In daylight, it isn't too bad; all that seems wrong is that the high- way first swings in one direction and then nght back again, some- thing of an anomaly in modern road- itiilding. There is no real problem .or those who know the route, though oost drivers will have seen the odd jast-bound car with out-of-province icence plates making a last-second swerve to avoid an unplanned excur- sion down Coaldale's main street. It's at night that it gets tricky, especially for strangers travelling the other way along the highway. As they reach the west side of town, the yellow line that is supposed to mark the edge of the highway starts to go of the the highway doesn't. Instead, it veers to the left, then almost at once swings back to the nght again. This arrangement can be quite worrisome when the road is dry. When it's wet, when the blacktop plays its usual game of soaking up all the light from your own headlights but reflecting all the glare of others, it is definitely dangerous. To the amateur, the answer seems simple enough: just take the kinks out of the roadway. But this may pose problems only an engineer can understand, and also it may be more expensive than warranted. But if changing the road is too big a job, surely it's possible to provide adequate lighting. That would help a great deal. Get rid of eye-sores An eye sore condition exists on :ity-acquired property on Sixth Av- jnue, between 8th and 9th streets, on the site of the planned 75-umt .enior citizen's complex. Occupants rf the six dwellings on the south- west corner of this four acre former School site have been given due notice to vacate- Meanwhile the most southeasterly has already been vacated with the occupants leaving behind an array of debris littering the porch and front lawn. It is an un- sightly mess for passers-by and cre- ates a blotch on the city. Some lanes, such as those backing Lakepoint and Lakeview Drives, art becoming catch-alls for cartons, card- board, dirty paper, bottles and piec- es of lumber, forcing motorists to pick their way between the debris. Littering on the streets and boule- vards leaves one liable to fine but littering on private property is con- sidered one's own private business. But when the city purchases a junk- strewn property it becomes "every- body's business." The city should not wait for the annual spring clean-up to cure these eye-sores- It should get rid of them right now. ERIC NICOL Buyers beware The passionate uprising caused by the B.C. government's land bill shows where le the true values of life today. H you tell a man that he must not be possessive about his wife, he is prepared to listen to argument. But tell him that ne may not be possessive about something that can be profitably subdivided he blows his gourd. Mr. Barrett's socialist government is dis- covering that people are still intensely proprietary about one thing they hold the land. The marriage certificate may be a scrap of paper, but the deed to the farm is a document, demanding the kind of ven- eration the Muslim lavishes ra the Koran. The farmer may not love the land as such, but he has a deep and meaningful relationship with his right to sell it for a oundte. Mr. Barrett has done the necessary thing preserving farmland fcrom the de- veloper so that future generations m? nave someffinng to eat other than the k ?r harness Grandpa kept as a souvenir of the tilling he made when be sold Ihe old jwmestead. But the necessary thing con- flicts violently with the traditional thrng, namely meriting a buck. Perhaps because the NDP background is essentially proletarian, the government has misconceived the fanner aid the ranch- er as infatuated with the soil, people are turned on by milking a cow and who sauy forth into the fields each iriornmg with a Rogers and Hammetsteui melody on their lips and their toes curling in jcrv- ful anticipation of traversing the manure pile. The image has prm-ed to be For every farmer who revels in corn as ago as an elephant eye, there are two farmers who are kept going by the thought of how much lettuce they can get from Block Brothers. For this reason a lot of farmers and ranchers bitterly resent the doing of what is necessary. What the government sees as preserving land for recreation, they sec as hitting below the green belt Wittingly or not the government of Brit- ish Columbia has become squire to all the province's peasants, the lord of the manor, the last word in feudalism. It must take the responsibility of sustaining its smallhold- ers in return for their helping to defend the demesne from an implacable foe: the Fu- ture. The Future as famine. The Future as pastures of blacktop, as a paying crop of parking meters. But the problem is: how to compensate fairly Fanner Brown who bad been plan- ning to buy a casUe of bis own? The experi- ence of the Communist countries does not encourage optimism regarding state owner- ship of agriculture. The U.SS.R. has re- cently instituted rationing because of food shortages in that country. A suggestion, Dare: Wouldn't it be more feasible to, place the restriction not on the sclfing of land needed for farm produce and recreation, but on the baying of thai land? For instance, the developer who farmland for subdivision can be to replace ft with an equivalent amount of arable land within a prescribed area. If he can make the desert bloom, or reclaim an old industrial site to contribute to the developer gets a permit to the farmer's property Jusl an It may help to get those angry rubes cff j-our back, Mr. Premier. Step OB a serf, we gilt six months of rain. By Peter Desbarats, To ronto Star commentator The stage is set for a settle- ment next month of the long- standing dispute over welfare policy between Quebec and Ot- tawa. The main elements of the agreement will be discussed next week when Health and Welfare Minister Marc Lalonde meets Quebec's Minister of So- cial Affairs, Claude Castonguay as part of a Trans-Canada series of meetings between La- londe and provincial ministers. This will clear the way for tbe release of a paper on the fed- eral position now being pre- pared by a Cask force in La- londe's department. According to the present schedule, this pa- per will be made public during the week of April 16. It will be the basic document before a three-day meeting the following week between Lalonde and the provincial ministers. This meeting will be followed, according to the federal sce- nario, by legislation to reform tbe family allowances program to provide higher benefits for low income families and to as- sist, in particular, the working poor. A number of new elements in the old dispute have created op- timism here about'the possi- bility of a breakthrough. Among the most important is Lalonde himself. Apart from being a Quebecker, the new welfare minister is more sym- pathetic to Castonguay's "carte- sian" approach to social assist- ance than was his predecessor, John Munro. By the end of his term, Munro was frustrated and baffled by Castonguay's ma- noeuvres. One indication of the relation- ship established between La- londe and Castonguay was the Quebec minister's relatively moderate response to the fed- eral decision to increase old age pensions despite tbe objections of Quebec. The previous in- crease under Munro had pro- voked such a violent reaction "No 1 think she said she was going to become a rustler." Latin America turning to Europe By James Neilson, London Observer BUENOS AIRES Latin Americans, stung by the cava- lier manner in which the United States has ignored what they regard as their legitimate inter- ests, have begun to question the whole concept of "hemispheric solidarity" which has, untidily but generally effectively, given a certain degree of unity to the Western Hemisphere during major world conflicts. The disparity between the economic power of the U.S. and the rest of the continent with California's "Gross Na- tional Product" exceeding that of all the countries south of the Rio Grande put together has resulted in "hemispheric solid- arity" being a little more than a euphemism for U.S. hege- mony. Relations between Washing- ton and the Latin American and Caribbean States are in- stitutionalized in the Organiza- tion of American States a regional grouping modelled on the United Nations, with 'many subsidiary economic and cultural agencies. When irritat- ed, Latin Americans describe it as being Washington's "col- onial and are well aware that it plays a minor role in determining U.S. foreign policy. Today, many Latin Am- erican leaders think it has out- lived its usefulness, and that it can only be regenerated with- out the presence of the U.S. Already major differences be- tween Latin American countries and Washington are aired in the United Nations rather than the OAS. Accelerating dissatisfaction Letters Praises Guide program In answer to "Scout Leader's" letter of March 29 re: Girl Guides and conservation. Does he not know paper is flat and anything may be put on it? Please let me assure him Guides are as well aware of good practices as Scouts are. I am sure he does not know anything of our program even though it is a sister organisa- tion, and be certainly does not know Mr. Rutt or he would not write a letter in this vein. If he wishes to castigate any- one let him pick on tbe writer of the caption of the picture in The Herald (Marcb who should dp a bit of delving and not write misleading state- ments. AGUIDER MARION SCffiLL Taber In retrospect 1 just came across this clip- ping eatiUed Those Were the Dajs. which I thought was noteworthy for these days. It reads- We received the follo-Jing list erf rules and regulations which is taken from a handbook for teachers published in 1372 Pro- tests were few and far between in Ibose days: 3 Teachers will fill Janips each day. clean chimneys and trim wicks 2 Each teacher will bring a bucket of water and a scuttle of coal for each day s session. 3 Make your perns canrfuHy. You may Whittle Tubs to tbe w- 01 pupils 4. Men teachers may one evening a week for court- ing purposes or two evenings a week if they go to church regu- lariy. 5. After ten houre in school, the teacher may spend UK re- maining tune reading Che Bible or other good books. 6. Women teachers who many or ercage in unseemly conduct will be dismissed. 7 Each teacher shou3d lay aside from each pay a goodly sum from his earnings for his benefit during his declining years so that he will not be a burden on society. Well, we must admit tones have changed and sometimes I am not if it is for the hel- ler ALBERT BALDEO CoaUate with the OAS is the burgeoning nationalism which is. sweeping Latin America. Nationalism is already the dominant force in Ecuador and Peru and is be- coming more powerful in Venezuela. President Salvador Allende's left-wing government embodies many of the aspira- tions of Chilean nationalism. The next Argentine govern- ment, which will be dominated by Peronists, will have a strong nationalist flavor directed mainly against the United States. Even Brazil, regarded by its neighbors as U.S. cat's-paw, is careful not to adopt the U.S. stance too au- tomatically. Latin American resentment of U.S. domination is under- stood very well in Washington, where the Nixon administration has shown itself capable of tak- ing startingly imaginative steps to readjust America's position in the world. Washing- ton does not regard the OAS as indispensable, and many senators and congressmen think it is just a convenient and well-publicized forum for anti-American diatribes rather than a place for serious de- bate. For a time it served to persuade Latin Americans to join in isolating Cuba but in the last year it has failed to do even that as Latin American governments line up to recog- nize tbe Fidel Castro regime. As the U.S. position in the world at large changes, more and more Latin Americans are becoming happily aware that they are not doomed to be jun- ior partners of the U.S. forever. There are other alternatives, and at present the most attrac- tive is in establishing closer finks with the European Econo- mic Community. Lati America has innumer- able sentimental and cultural ties with Europe. Before the Second Worid War the Euro- pean nations had as large a slake in much of Latin Amer- ica as the United States. In Argentina, for example, Ihe government was gjsd to wel- come U.S. investments to bal- ance the overwhelming British hoM on the economy. Now, weary of tbe lack of progress under U.S. domination, Argen- tines and others sere taming back to Europe, including Brit- air, to right the balance again. ODber countries, especially Brazil and the Pacific coast nations, are also looking to Japan as well as the countries of the Soviet bloc and China which, white they have less }J offer lhan Ihe three capitalist power centres, are more dis- posed to make sacrifices at borne to further their interests abroad. The OAS, furthermore, has been somewhat diluted by the accession of the English-speak- ing countries of the Caribbean, who disagree with their Latin American neighbors on some important questions such as the future of British Honduras. The Latin Americans would like to see the colony annexed by Guatemala, which has long claimed it as part of its na- tional territory. Tbe Caribbean States and the people of Brit- ish Honduras insist that the colony should become an inde- pendent State, and Britain agrees. Countries such as Guy- ana and Jamaica object to Guatemala's pretensions, see- ing them as being racialist and imperialist, and in flagrant contrast to the concepts of self- determination trumpeted by the Latin Americans when they have nothing to lose by it In recent years the U.S. has been adopting a progressively lower profile at the OAS. There has been no attempt by Washington to cajole Latin American governments into condemning the nationalization of U.S. piupaty in Peru or Chile as they were persuaded to toe the U.S. tine on Cuba and the civil war in tbe Domini- can republic. Tbe U.S. uncomfortably con- scious that it can be outvoted by a humiliating 20-1 margin on on many Questions, has re- frained from taking any con- troversial initiatives. Instead it has opted for what is, in effect, observer status similar to that officially enjoyed by some Eur- opean powers and Israel. This state of affairs has been exist- ing for so long that the next step, for the U.S. formally to downgrade its participation to that of an observer, could be made without bruising either U.S. or Latin American egos. With this in mind many Latin Americans bcoeve the next shock" will be an an- nouncement that C5. a withdrawing fewa OAS. from Castonguay that thert were rumors about his immi- nent resignation frim the Que- bec cabinet The reason for Castonguay's soft line may be apparent in statements that Lalonda has made since the pension in- creases were announced. Tbe federal minister now is drawing attention to the fact that Ot- tawa's bill for old age security has tripled in the past thre years. Minimum benefits foi Canada's aged are not only tin highest in the western world to- day but disproportionately high in relation to social assistant payments to other groups. Castonguay has been saying this for some time. Now, having acted to increase pensions with the enthusiastic support of tin NDP, Lalonde has been moving closer to Castonguay's position on social assistance in general In a Winnipeg speech this week he underlined die fact that tht gap between rich and poor in Canada has been widening in the past few decades despite hodge-podge proliferation of so- cial legislation by various levels of government. "It is imperative to sort OIK the said Lalonde. With a Quebec election ex- pected next year, Castonguay is probably under some pressuri to bring his long negotiatin with Ottawa to a conclusion. He also has new allies sinci the October election in the fed- eral cabinet, particularly Sci- ence Minister Jeanne Sauw who wrote last year that fear that giving into the prov- ince will undermine the author- ity of the federal government just does not stand up as a valid deterrent to accepting Castonguay's demands." Another important new ele ment is the presence of A. W Johnson, Lalonde's new deputy minister, at the head of ttx eight-member task force devel- oping the new social assistance program. Johnson's expertise In federal-provincial relations has been evident since 1964 when that became his special assign- ment as assistant deputy fi- nance minister. His contacts withint the Quebec bureaucracy are numerous and well-estab- lished. The main job of the task force is to develop a theoretical model social security system for discussion at the April meet- ing of welfare ministers. Bui Lalonde has indicated that thit process won't interrupt contin- uing reform of the present sys- tem. There is no desire in the federal government to repeat in the area of social assistance the experience of uncertainty and inaction that followed tbe introduction of the White Paper on taxation. Changes in tbe family allowance program, and perhaps in other programs, will continue to be introduced as long as they are in harmony with the broad outlines of the new overall policy. The theoretical model will be flexible and will prcbably con- tain alternative proposals in certain areas of social assist- ance. For instance, one of the programs now being studied by the task force is the French system of providing grants to industry to supplement incomes of workers with large families. This particular system may not find its way into tbe model but it is in line with one of the central objectives of the new raising of incomes for workers with families who often can live better on welfare, under existing systems, than by working for minimum wages. 'Crazy Capers' That almost human, the way he detests your mother. The lethfatdge Herald _____ Ttt St S., Alberta UTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Poblutaff Published 1906-1964, by Bon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan MM No 0012 Csntitim tro the Cangijlim Mwwpww v Avioewion Auan Bureau tx CtrttMHon CLSO W MOWERS, tSHor PUbJtelWT THOMAS H. AOAViS, Gtntna Maruper OON rmjLIWi W1LLIAW HAY Wensglrg Editor ROY F K TMng Cdftral THE HERALD SfRViS THE ;