Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 IHE LE1HBRIDGI HERAID Tueidiiy, April 4, 1972 Kraft The Malacca Straits issue Anollicr 1'ociil point of conlesl in iiitcrnalioiiiil jwlilics has emerged in Ihc ihiUicta Strails, "llic Canal of Southeast Asia." liccent develop- realignment of Hie U.S.- Kino-Soviet I riling Malaysia's join- ing Indonesia in a 12-mile limit of terrilorial waters, the smaller poivcrs' "rowing desire to assert their independence and neutrality have led to a confrontation among numerous parties and the interests Itiey represent. Power-hungry Japan has described the Straits as her "economic artery" imports most of her energy Although Japanese pol- itician1; never gone so far as lo publicly advocate a Japanese naval presence in the area lo safe- guard ''innocent Japan's obvious v.cnl in an internationalized Malacca Straits lias led Peking to say "Japanese militarism is again daydreaming for a Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere." The post Sukarno Indonesia has found herself increasingly identified willi the interests of Malaysia, across (he Straits to the north. One of Tun Abdul Razak's first moves after becoming prime minister of Malaysia was calling for a neutral Southeast Asia with big power guar- antees. Tlie inevitable withdrawal of the British and American military presence has created a fear of a power vacuum in the region, and the "rowing Soviet, presence is already noticeable. Although the proposal for Malphil- Indo a confederation of Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia--never materialized, the idea of enlarged co-operation among the three peoples of Malay stock has never died: in fact, the desire is growing. A n d neither reality, nor national pride. allows the small countries to rely on the big powers, liven Britain has 1'ound it necessary for her to join the Euro pean Economic Community. Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos has called for "Asian solu- tions to Asian problems" and Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore lias proved (Hal small nations are better off without belonging lo blocs, and should instead form alliances with other small nations. 'Hie joint communique issued at the end of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's visit lo the People's Republic of China has shed new light on na- tionalism in (he area. The commun- ique, much to Ihc displeasure of .Moscow and Tokyo, staled that "Both sides arc of the view that it would be against the interests of (he peoples of the world for any major country lo collude with another against other countries, or for major countries to divide up the world inlo spheres of interest." Rut if Ihc 12-mile limit of the ter- rilorial waters of Malaysia and Indo- nesia is recognized, then the Malacca Straits less than 10 miles wide at (heir narrowest are territorial wat- ers of these two countries, and the vessels of oilier countries are no longer entitled In the riglil of "inno- cent passage." At Ihe other side of the scale, a leading Malaysian busi- nessman has advocated UK charging of lolls of Straits users by a Malacca Straits Authority. Peking has sup- ported the 12-mile limit claim: yet for the Russians, with Ihe Suez Canal still closed, (he Straits are the key means whereby their much-dis- cussed Indian Ocean presence ar- rives from the Siberian naval base of Vladivostok. And the very fact that Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal is very templing. The changing role Universities across (lie nalion have been drawing considerable public at- lenlion for tlic past lew months. With enrolments levelling off for the first time in years, and with the bot- tom of the financial barrel more readily seen, university administra- tors are searching around to analyse what's gone wrong. A common complaint against uni- versities is that too many of them have grown far too large. Students feel lost on big campuses which seem to he structured to dehumanize tlie individual. This sense of alienation has been blamed for the riots and violence which erupts from time to time at Canadian universities. Recently the Council of Ministers of Education had a committee study- ing the post secondary education scene. Their report states that uni- versities have become detached from (he community and students. It also states that universities are too re- search oriented with professors de- voting much time to specialized knowledge that students are not pre- pared to absorb. Tlie report outlined a method for cutting down on Ihe "growing" syn- drome which affects universities. It suggests that large universities should be gradually broken up and replaced by degree-granting schools and liberal arts colleges. In this way the giant university would eventually be replaced by specialized schools (i.e. medicine, lav.' dentistry etc.) and liberal arts colleges. A major concern of the committee seems to have been the rapidly in- creasing costs of post-secondary edu- cation. In the 19CD-70 period universi- ties in Canada had operating costs of 51.1 billion, an increase of 500 per- cent within a ten year period. But even more than cost is invol- ved in (he report of the committee. The committee slates that universi- ties today have acquired the undesir- able characteristics of big business and big government. The institutions have become so impersonal that the idea of Ihem being a part of the community no longer holds, and the true purpose of the university is ob- scured. Perhaps the function of the univer- sity is obscure also to potential stu- dents who no longer see it as a gate- way to instant lifetime success. As unemployment rises in graduate ranks, young people are rejecting the premise that university is a ''must." And as many of them are not inter- ested in education for educations' sake, the role of the university in the future may be drastically changed. Robbing Peter to pay Paul By Eva Brewslcr r'OUTTS '-nobbing Peter to p n y Seldom could this quotation ha applied with more iustification than to Iho latest government move requiring their de- partments to purchase stamps for official mail. In no time at all, Ihc post office, now in the red, will show a very healthy profit considering the enormous amount of gov- ernment letters sent out to all points Soiilh, East, North and West, day in, day out. I think, we can confidently look forward lo post office employees wanting their share of these profits in the shape of waga increases and a few lightning, rotating or general strikes to achieve, (his ambition Conii'Jerirg lhat there ere many govern- menl departments as useful (and perhaps more efficient) as the department of com- munications which, however, nrc not nec- essarily revenue earning, it seems rough justice to make them pay revenue to an- other. After all, the money has lo come from somewhere and which department i.5 well enough off to reimburse them? Aa i! this obvious question was not enough of a problem, it appeals, some lo- cal departmental heads are required lo purchase postage stamps for their official mail, pay for them mil of their own pock- ets and will then have tho opportunity lo claim back their expenses from the gov- ernment. Hopefully, Ihcy might see bai', their hard earned money on which Ihey have already paid income two or three monlhs time. This system will require an officer, to carefully, keep records on every singlo letter sent out on behalf of the govern- ment and, in large departments, might require employing an addilional officer for this and Ihe arduous task of licking stamps. This, I dare, say, is one way of dealing with the unemployment Giluation. There is also another point here on which the government might score: Let us pre- sume, in a very small department, the amount of mail sent out every week costs only five dollars. The officer in charge has to buy a three months supply of stamps in advance and thus pay out of his own money. Multiply this, if your mind does not boggle, by every government depart- ment, large and small, in every cily and county, provincial and federal, all over Canada. All this privately paid govern- ment expenditure 's nol return abH for some weeks or months. Won't the gov- ernment hooks look beauliful on budget day? This new system of robbing Peter to pay I'au1 came inlo effecl on Saturday, April 1st. Which Peter do we rob to pay Paul? Al the moment I can't Ihink of iinylhing heller than borrowing my kids' pocket money to buy stamps for official mail in order In help tnc government pull our poor department of communications out of ils misery and give its workers another chancs to strike for higher pay. When all this comes about, there wm hi nothing led for mo to do but pay back lhat which f owe my own children, and before this is paid, no doubt, Ihe cost of sending letters will have jumped mother two or three cents. My common sense tells me. what every economist must know, that Ihis unneces- sary transaction will add to Ihc rising spir- al of inflation. China remains the place for agnostics PEKING A visiiing KM- ropo.i'.-L jom-jiMiM ot ;i cer- taiti scir-iniportnncc rccenlly complained to a Cliim'sc offi- cial that he liacl lo IKIVO somo- Ilimg to tell Ills editors wlvn they what liad lu.pptMiecl lo tlic former No. 1! in tlic country, Lin ".hist, tell tlio official advised, "that you don't know." That sound advice covers a multitude of subjects in this strange land. China is (lie place for agnostics, and iifU'r a full month of (ravelling in city and cotuitiy, north und I lind myself ccilain only nbout identifying areas of miccr- tainty. Of these tlic ninsl. important Is the ton leadership, t'liina is now ruled hy FI tiny clique ot old men. For rxaniplc, I four people with political power who dealt with Americans during President Nixon's vi.sifc were Mao Tse-lung who is 7B, Pre- mier Chou En-l.ii who is Marshal Ych Chicn-ying wlio handles n.ilU.iry affairs and is 7'i, and Depuly Premier Li Hsien-nien who is 67, Purges of the recent past have opened acres of room around the top. Only two of the five-man standing committee of the politburo (Mao and Chou) scorn to still in place, and (here are vacancies galore in Ihe politburo, the cen- tral committee and the various ministries. Younger men are plainly getting ready to step into these posts. The revolu- tionary committee (hat governs Shanghai, for example, in- cludes three men of note billed by everybody here as serious bidders for power: Chang Chun-cliiao, Y a o Wen-yuan, and Wanj; Hung-wen. a former worker si ill in his 30s who now seems Lo run the town, I have been told repeatedly by knowledgeable officials here in Peking that the way is now betng prepared for renewal at the [op. But nobody is certain that the passing of power can be accomplished smooth ly, without Hie convulsions that have wracked other state after a generation of lead- ers finally Icls go. The less so us (here is a connected uncertainty cen- tering around the role of Ihc military. Despite the fall of Marshal Un, and not a few of his men, soldiers still seen; lo be the chief ngcnls of nulliority in Iho provinces outside Peking and Shanghai. At present they seem to bo working, IJirough the agency of Marshal You, with the civilian authorities heading up in Pre- mier Chou. In deference to a new Insistence by the regime on UK: primary role ot Ihc party, .some of the soldiers have taken off (hoir uniforms. But arc the generals going to .sit still Ihc old guard passes and .some new civilian leaders reach for supreme power? That quest Eon is sharpened hy obscurity on China's great- est economic and social prob- lem HIP problejn of .striking' the right balance between tho countryside and the cities, Just now tho balance has a heavily rural bias, and that cmphasi.1! has enabled China to solve its elementary food problem. But further progress in agri- culture will require mechaniza- tion. Thai in turn will demand either much more investment in urban industry or a liirRc opening to the rcsl of the world for trade and credits to bring in mountains of and armies of tractors and trucks. So far Uiere are only faint signs of a willingness lo copo with this problem at the top. There is no guarantee the re- Til Drink to gime can solve what has bfr come China's central problem, no certainly it can manage transition off tlic agrarian truck on to the pnlh of rapid industrial development. Particularly because there Ls uncertainly about tho basic slyle of life hi China. At pres- ent the People's Republic is Hie supremo model ot agrarian radicalism. T h c man who is vaunted over Ihc offi- cial, the intellectual, ami Ilia industrial worker. The. busiest ministers and (lie most suc- cessful writers take ofE weeks to renew their contact with tho peasant masses by doing menial work in the countryside. The rui'iil taboo on sex is main- tained with a vengeance. But Lhc Chinese are g r e a t floors. No foreigner can really tell whether the Maoist mysti- que of peasant masses has ta- ken hold and driven' entirely from the field the mandarin culture ot yore. If anything, the insistence on Iho MaioLst mysti- que in ail find literature and philosophy as well as politics argues that Ihc issue bas not been settled. Underneath it all, an un-Maoist man may sur- vive, biding his time for a comeback in (he years ahead. What all this suggesLs to me, as I leave China, is (he wis- dom of ii cautious American at- titude. What is going on here ia fascinating lo a degree, and it merits sympathetic and serious attention. Hut Americans need to beware Ihe enthusiasts who keep imputing to this country qualilics and atliludes it can- not possibly have (tie China- lovers. In the pasl. China and Mm United have fallen out chiefly because of the illusions bred by the China-lovers in Am- erica. So as contact begins to ripen anew, it is especially im- portant 1o remember how litllo we truly know of China, and how much this country remains the placo for agnostics. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Carl Rowan Nixon versus Meany: a tussle over the economy WASHINGTON' Wlien a 77- year-old curmudgeon of a labor leader tells a high-riding president of the United States lo put up his dukes, it's sort of like a flabby columnist chal- lenging Joe Frazicr lo alley fisticuffs. But cocky old George Meany and his AFL-C10 have chal- lenged Richard M. Nixon to a fifilit. And even though the odds against Meany seem, long, this could turn out lo be one ot the spunkiest .scraps of a polilicnl year certain to produce some ralher classy brauts. As in rno.sl fights of recent vintage, there's a lot of hokum involved. Each combatant claims he's out to save itm heart, soul and budget ot the poor housewife who agonizes over the harsh reality of chuck roast costing 97 cents a pound, or plain old elbow macaroni selling for 35 cenls a pound. The truth Ls that all the vitu- peration between Meany and the president will not ease tha housewife's plight one bit. This confrontation is plain old Am- erican power politics, and in its meanest form. Meany made it clear long ago lhat his great goal is to help deny rc-eleclion to Mr. Nixon. Meany knows that the sad state of the economy is Nixon's Achilles heel, so he and other labor leaders have gam- bled thai by starting early they can drill into the consciousness of the American worker and consumer the charge lhat NLxon bas created an eco- nomic debacle with "unfair" wage-price policies. Nixon knows Lhat Meany Is out lo cul his political throat. He also knows he would like to behead Meany politically, for Nixon is hostile toward or- ganized labor in its meekest form, and absolutely contemp- tuous of labor leaders who ex- press themselves in what the administration regards as Lho brassy arrogance of Meany. So the While House Ls pull- ing all slops in an effort to con- vince Lhc average American, including union members, Hint "selfish, irresponsible" old union bosses, too long throwing around too much weight, have put their "special interests" ahead of the Tiation's welfare. At first blush, one is inclined Lo conclude lhat tlie lalwr lead- ers made a grievous mistake in walking off the pay board. Will i', not be easy for Hie president h claim that union leaders "torpedoed" Phase II if the eco- nomy continues lo go sour? Isn't it simple enough to con- Shock for the race-conscious (JAPE TOWN A six-year genetic research program conducted hy Dr. JI. C. Botiia, the jmmunologist who worked wilh Professor C h r i s I i a a u Barnard's heart transplant (cam, discloses that the Afri- kaner people in South Africa have an average of seven per cent of "non-while" blood in their veins and not one per cent as has been occcplerj since Dr. II. T. Colenljramlcr published his findings in 1902. Dr. Botha has also found that South Africa's two million Col- ored people of mixed-race tic- scent have 31 per cent "while" blood. He Uius contradicts gov- ernment claims that Iho Color- ed people arc derived almost entirely from indiecnnns nnji srid Holionlol.s ;nu] im- porlcd eastern slaves. ll's findings, which nrc published here this wefk, will infuriate many Afrikaner leaders. The initial reyson foi1 his re- searches, he says, u.is lo dc- Lelter lo the edilor By Stanley Uys lerminc the distribution of Rli factors in multiracial society. Dr. BotJia had examin- ing the brother of one of South Africa's most prominent Afri- kaner poliliciiins who suffered from a blood disease usually found only among the indig- enous people of Africa. Tho man died because was treat- ed with Ihc wrong drugs. "It was Ihen lhat I liist re.il- the tremendous impor- tance of a greater awareness among doclors of the possibil' ity of diseases occurring among whites which are usual- ly associated with Africans. Only as the study evolved did I realize that UK scientific findings could be. linked wilh Mm (asci'iating liiilnric.il facl.-i wliirh an> II Mien Ibal I ,vw llm jncnf of publishing (Jie rcsulLs lo give the Colored man an idonlily. "I feel it's time the Colored man knew Ibe facts. It's limn lie knew that lie is not only de- scended from slaves and ITol- lentots. It's time lie realized that he has all the faults and all Uie virtues of three con- tinents and all the potentiali- By coincidence, Dr. ,1. A. a former Dutch Reform- ed Church arcliivist, has just reached an almost identical conclusion. His finding is that Afrikaners have 6.9 per cent of non-white fojoixl. Dr. Ifccsc based his analysis on birth and marriage registers. lie found lhat Afrikaners' color consciousness became manifest in about 1CCO about 150 years after Ihc first Dutch settlement of tho Capo. He estimates that between 1770 and Ibe percentage of noii-vvhilo hlond .imnng Ihn uhifps W9S I3.fi or cent. HP. sayn il's "encouraging" for (bo survival of the that the percentage of non-while Wood has diminished sinco then. (IVrillrn for Tlie Herald nml 'llic Ohsrrvcr, vinco millions of frustrated Americans that the union lead- ers were wrong to insist on a 20.D per cent pay boost for West Coast longshoremen when oth- er Americans are held to less than a third ot that? Yet, Meany and his col- leagues were lucky (nv un- lucky) enough lo walk out just when a nice propaganda bo- nanza w a s falling their way. With their walkout still in the headlines, the labor depart- ment announced that food prices had soared In February, pushing the consumer price index up 0.5 per cent, the big- gest increase in nine months. The depart ment also an- nounced Ihat in Die three months after Ihe wage price freeze, prices had risen more rapidly than during the six months before the controls were imposed. Grocery prices something which is not just a ftlatistic to voters rose last month at an annual rale oE more than 20 per cent. Those announcements by Mr. Nixon's own labor department tended to substantiate Mcany's angry claim lliat the adminis- tration is soft on big business and hard on working people, that Phase II is a "farce" in which wages arc held down but prices arc allowed to spiral. Who winds up pinning Hie b 1 a HI e on whom? That is a powerful new imponderable in an election year in which llic IB- lo 2.1-year-old vole is al- ready a huge question mark. Has Meany lost his hold on organized Inbor? Can he for, persundo, direct working men to Ihc extent lhat be can niake them a polcnl anli-Nixon force? Mr. Nixon's advisers nre encouraging him to be- lieve Lhat Meany is out of touch wilh working people, whclher in or out ot unions, and that Meany is someone lo he laugh- ed at ralher than fcurcd. Meany, on the other hand, Ls out lo convince rank-and-file Americans Uint Nixon Ls a menace lo their wallets and lo their liberties. lie attacks Iho president on Ihc economy, on his anli-hnsing sland and other issues with a vehemence so far nnmalchcd hy any Democratic candidate except perhaps George McGovern, n ut we have already seen lhat the president has the built- in fldvanlage of automatic ac- cess lo llic nation's communi- cations media, The price of beef had jumped out of sight (w i t h Agric-ullure Secretary Karl praising every leap) long before the union leaders abandoned the pay board, but it is possible thai through skillful use of the media (he president can put much of the onus cm Meany and Co. So Ihis tussle between two strong-willed mm may have a lot to do wilh the national de- cision as lu who occupies (he White flou.se for the next term. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald IH22 Martin of .Saskoicheu.m resigned !iis por-l today. 10.P, Wilh Ilin aniiilKaina- fmn of Ihc AI'P ami Ihc HCMP Him1, is lillle change in rnutiiic. The fior.sc.s, some 20 in number, Llic barracks arc lo bft retained, along wilh the :nolor cars for police work. 1012 Owners of llic lo cars licenced by the gov- ernment office ir. Cranbrook appear philosophical nboiil (lie gas rnlioninR piograni Mbicli began April 1. Mr ii r w whral, is t'l hn, grown by fnnr nr five soull) f.inlicis .vcnr. One nf forp.- most aulhnrilit'.s on nild dutk.s, ,f. D. will he speaker ,iL llic r.nntin] spring banquet o( llic and Dislricl Fish anil CJnmc Asso- ciation. liuie institutions, not people 1 object In your editorial, Mnrrli UnitiiiR thn Insli. IV Irish people, Catholic, Piou-siant, Six Counties or Republic, (In nol arid never have hated the English people. In fact, most of the Irish admire the English people. Many of my friends nre Kneji.sh. IIow dare you imply or even hint that I would halo single ona of them! The Irish hale Urilish insli- tutsans havo Ihem and trampled on Llirm for hundreds of years. Similar- ly, tlie Enfjiah 'rale Nazi insti- tutions, but not the individual German people. Likewise I hale Russian imperialistic in- stitutions under Ihc guise of "Communism11, but I do not hale individual llus- Vou arc viTong la jug- lhat the Irish people halo the English. Quite tho opposilc is Ijiic. hope llus is not an exam- ple of license of tho press by (he few to tire detriment of tho many in Southern Alberta. Per- haps you should clarify and ex- plain what you meant in lhat editorial, I-OUIS The Letltbtidge Herald KH Vth St. s., LellibridfiG, Albcria HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005-1954. by Hon. A. BUCHANAN ii i. T Second clftss Mall Rflglslraflan Uo Mi; Tflc Canadian Press and (fit Canadian Dailv Pubirshcri' Associalicn and Ihe Auflil Bureau ,p Don PILLING f.Unaging Edilr, ROY F V.IUFS Ad.trl.sing tf.s Editor and aocr OOJOl '.S K. WALKFK hcJilcr.ai pane Oddir "IHE HCRALO SERVES THE SOUTH"