Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Margaret Luckhurtt 4, If70 THE LETHMIDCI HIUIB 2 George Watson Builders Of The South Focus on the University By J. W. fISHBOURNI WHEN MY FATHER WAS n brought out to Coil Banks by William Stafford in 1885, be was the only black- smith in the whole of southern Alberta." George Watson pio- neer of Lethbridge reminisced during an interview recently. "Stafford was superintendent of the mines at the time, and came from Nova Scotia too. He probably recommended my dad for the position because there was a family connection. My grandmother was z sister to Stafford. My mother was Scottish and came out here in 1888 and married my dad. They produced i iamily of boys." The vigorous life of early pio- neer days has e n d o w e d Mr. Watson with a philosophy of life that is often characteristic of interested citizens who have helped a town develop. "I look back over the years and reflect on the many people who have contributed to Lethbridge and I am happy in what 1 Mr. Watson reflected, "of course we had our frustrations from time to time. Some of the councils and the mayors were not pro- gressive, others spent a little too much money for taxpayers' Eking, but at feast they got things done. Now the city is to have a university, a dream we would never have entertained fifty years ago." Mr. Watson spent the early years of his life .in the spacious Gait house on the riverbottom, "ElBott Gait and his sisters bad lived there before moving up into the town. It was a beauti- ful home, spacious, and sur- rounded by lovely trees, tt was unfortunate location how- ever, because in 1902 the river waters rose and flooded .the place. This was the second time it bad happened so it didn't make good sense to try to keep the property up.. There are some interesting pictures of the bouse in the museum, giving a good view oi the countryside at that time. "We moved to a new subdivi- sion north of 5th Avenot where lots of an acre were spacious enough to allow us to have a garden, chickens and a cow. As a blacksmith dad was a busy man, sharpening tods, shoeing horses and doing general re- pair work to. machinery. He bad fairly good wage, but with ten hungry boys we need- ed the subsidy our garden pro- "The big kids in the family helped bring up the little kids. We did the chores, everyone taking his turn with fetching and milking the cow, hoeing the garden and feeding the chick- ens. We had time for fun, but only after all the chores were Mr. Watson attended the first school opened on the north side. "Actually that old pubSc North- ward (chad MS just a eottjge with a partition dividing K into two class Mr. explained. "We didst have grades at feat time, but din- swot known as standards. We had big two-seater decks, and one of our favorite tricks was to crawl out the door, touch the flag pole and crawl back in again without teacher seeing us. We didn't always Jtft away with H." (Mr. Wateon panted out that most streets, until when they were changed to numbers, were given names suspect, choose uni- versity calendars for light reading. There may be an odd mathematician or 6cJer.ce-lype who might feel a mild glow of intereit from reading about the Galois Theorem or Hamiltonian formulations, but for most of us, the material set out in a calendar is about as exciting as last year's telephone directory. Nevertheless, there are some interesting points about a calendar. (And in any case our particular publication is vay ra'Jih oa my Jiilcd at the moment.) It is not surprising that most people find them dull reading. Looking through one sample.I have, one would swear it was aimed exclusively at an audience of eru- dite doctors of philosophy; scarcely a para- graph is comprehensible to anyone outside a university faculty. In flawless grammar art impeccable diction, it says what it has to say in terminology that is almost as obscure as it is precise. Scarcely an informative document, for the run-oMbe- mill reader. Nevertheless, this particular example is truly an excellent calendar, because it serves the primary purpose for which calendars are written, and one that evi- dently is nol realized by many people (including'some o[ those who write 1 am referring' to the calendar a legal document, which happens to be precisely what a is. When a young, person decides to go to university, he corcptetes and signs an ap- plication for admission. The university con- siders his credentials, and if they are satisfactory, his application is approved. He registers at the appointed time, and with that is a contract between the individual and the university. That contract wisls in fact and in law, even though the student may be less than 21 years of age, and lack the capacity to contract in other matters. But what are me terms of that contract? They are not contained in the application form, which deals only with information about the student, designed to establish whether or Dot he is eligible for admission. The contract is whatever is printed in fha university calendar. In simple terms, the university has offered the student an op- portunity lo acquire an education, in the. terms and under the coalitions described in the calendar. On his part, the student has accepted the terms and conditions and placed himself within the regulalions pre- scribed by the university. As with any contract, both partfe are expected to live up to all of the prescribed terms and in most cases this is what curs. There are cases, however, in which ona party or the otfctr feih to fuUil part of the undertaking. In most instances, nothing much happens. If a student failj (o live up lo his contract, the university has a number of expedients for dealing with him, or else does net feel inclined to do anylhing very much about it. Sirrilarly, when a student feels the university has failed in some respect, be usually just goes away and forgets about thte whole deal. There have been a few cases, however, In which oce party has felt strongly enough about something done or not done to bring suit against the other. Cases, are in- frequent, and are usually soiled without the necessity for a trial, but there have been a few in which a judge has had to decide the issue. His first step is to deter- mine what contract existed, and for this the only document is the universtty'i calendar. It sets out, in what should bo complete detail, who undertook to do what. This is why a university calendar to be written so as to say precisely what Ls meant. There is no place for woolly little phrases that can be interpreted in a variety rf ways. Even if it means sounding stilted or pedantic or both, the language of a calendar has to convey the intended meaning to a legal mind. The calendar is like any cxher agree- ment; as long as both parties live up to agreement, or don't care enough to chal- lenge what the other party is doing, R does not matter a great deal But if one party is dissatisfied with the performance of tba other and wants redress, there is only one place to turn and that is to the So whatever else a university calendar may do, in the way of informing or pro- moting or justifying, it must fulfil the function of a contract. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK MORIEY Life's Basic Laio Watson by Walter Book Reviews Alcoholism Can Be Arrested But Not "Cured" From Sodal Drinking to Alcoholism by Jorge Yalta, MD. (TANE Press, A SUPERFICIAL glance at this book might arouse the suspicion that it is one of those privately produced efforts by a crank or quack. It lacks the professional appearance of books produced by the major pubushing companies there is no uniformity in the number of lines of type per page, for instance. Even if one did not take the time to examine the credentials of the author (he is the Direc- tor of the Alcoholism Treatment and Research Unit of the Vet- erans Adminisraticn Hospital in Houston and Clinical Assis- tant Professor of Psychiatry at the Baylor College of Medicine) one would very soon conlude that Dr. Valles is neither crank nor quack. TAKE Press is the instrument of Texas Alcohol Narcotics Education, Inc. (2814 Oak Lawn, Dallas, Texas Dr. Valla accepts the ideoti- fjcatipn of alcohofism M a dis- ease bill he rejects toe notion that the disease is the result of personality problems. On the contrary, personality problems are more likely to be caused by alcoholism. Thai is not to deny that there may be pteditpos- ing factors making sane people more susceptible to alcoholism than others. But the truth is that alcoholism is caused by alcohol! That's almost like the discovery the king wasn't wearing any clothes it's so obvious when one's attention is drawn to it! Alcoholism is caused by too much ingestion of afcobol over a period of time. There is on explanation of why some peo- ple succumb 4o ataobotism while other equally heavy users do not. But this is no more of a mystery, says Dr. Valles than why some people develop pubnonary diseases and othen do not when equally exposed to them. Mail Merchandising 18S7 Sears Rotbuck Cata- logue (Chelsea, 786p, S5.S5, distributed by Random WOULD a publishing firm reproduce a 70-year- old mail order catalogue? Be- cause it has historical Interest and is a source of endless enter- lainmenf. Our grade eight boy was fas- cinated by this catalogue. Hn went through it page by page, finding all sorts of things he wanted the rest of the family to hear about. The rather wordy descrip- tions o( the multitudes of ar- ticles listed in the catalogue are full of unexpected and doubt- less unintended humor. S. J. Perelman, in an introduction called Browsers' Delight, shows bow to dig out the laughs. A comparison with conlemri-. orary catalogues brings oirt some Interesting differences in life styles. The pages with bug- gies and harness are now oc- cupied with automobile ?cces- tod null motor Our greater affluence fe reflect- ed in the contemporary offer- ing of things such as alas, tele- vision sets, and bathroom fix- tures. At the turn of the cen- tury guns, watches and patent medicmes bid for the spare dol- lars. People seemtd to have tome of the same problems a they do today but had tome differ- ent solutions. Those who want- ed to kick the smoking or drink- ing habit in those days enuM be "cured" through concoctions that had the added benefittt) of being a tonic for sexual weakness. Women who wanted enlarged busts didn't have fo get injections they could buy a cream to apply externally to nourish the glands. Notably absent from modern catalogues are the testimonials sown through the pages of the old consumer's guide. Satisfied customers indicated they were recruiting others. Shopping at Sears and Roebuck was almost a relljloB. Maybe it din is. DOUG WAUOR. The disease of alcoholism is an affection of the hypothala- mus. This part of the brain is the target organ of the emo- tions. Damage done to the hypo- thalamus by excessive ingesbon of alcohol is permanent so that there is no thing as a "cured" alcoholic; there are only "inactive" cases of alov holism. An alcoholic with years of sobriety is still an alcoholic whose disease could be activat- ed by a single drink. Alcoholics generally begin In- gesting alcohol somewhere in adolescence. Clinical records show that the earner the age at which an individual begins to drink the greater the possibility that he will become an alcohol- ic. No esoteric reasons need be sought for. the widespread in- gestion of alcohol among youth. It is not rebellion or escapism that causes them to drink: it is the example of practically everybody around them. Amer- ican society and that goes for Canadian, as well is simply one that drinks, No suggestions are made by Dr. Valles about altering me pattern of society. Suggestion! stopping well short of promot- ing abstinence were made by the Co-operative Commission on the Study of Alcoholism in a report published in 1967 by Ox- ford University Press. There It was urged that attempts be made to change drinking prac- tices and attitudes: by reduc- ing the social pressure to drink; by challenging Ihe notion that It is heroic and sophisticated to drink; by expressing strong dis- approval of excessive drinking. There are no short-cuts to the achievement of sobriety. Dr. Valles states categorically that "the use of tranquitizers ant other medication in the treatment of chronic alcoholism is rmproductive and a waste rf HP. convinced that the depression, despair and anguish have resulted from mishandled group therapy sessions." Only trained therapists should lead groups. That immediately suggests the treatment of alcoholism is costly. Ideally patients should Eve in a centre where they can have almost constant atten- tion and regular exposure to therapy. Such facilities, plus the usually high-priced heip of trained therapists, cannot, be .had for a pittance. In their absence doctors and counsel- lors could achieve good results working with Alcoholics Anony- mous. One of the established ideas that Dr. Valles rejects is that nothing can be done to help an alcoholic until be has hit the bottom which usually means that he and his family are com- pletely demoralized. He thinks it should be possible to get people into treatment long be- fore that happens. Suggestions of how this might be achieved are offered in the book which would make it a useful acquisi- tion for the spouse oi an ako- holic. Alcoholics themselves might find the book sufficiently reasonable and hopeful that they might be induced lo seek the kind of help described. Perhaps the most practical as- pect of the book is the discus- sion of BUD (Building Up to Alcoholics and their fa- milies could do a great deal to ward off drinking by becoming aware of the signs that the in- dividual is in a BUD state. The learning of skills in identi- fying Ihe beginnings of a BUD is not only essential in the recov- ery from drinking but also in the maintenance of sobriety. Throughout the book it is ap- parent that the author U gen- uinely concerned about the per- son who suffers from alcohol- ism. The whole last section is a discussion of the alcoholic as a human being. This is a fine addition .to the growing body of IHeralure on the alcoholic and will undoubt- edly receive wide circulation among those who find them- selves having to deal with peo- ple who have the disease. DOUG WALKER. Unconvincing Argument time." He is convinced that the best treatment is group therapy and psjxhodiama. Here he is- sues a warning that should be pondered by people prone to play wilh group therapy in other situations it well; "alarm. ing and often critical at CwtlneiiUl Waterboy by WaterfleM (Clarke Ir- win, pp. "IF everyone were honestry 1 objective and let the facts make up his mind for him, there would be only one reli- gion, one political party, and so on. And it woukt Le a dull world. The human variability, the capacity of different people to bold different positions hon- estly, based on the same facts, puts life bito existence. The Cohimbia River Treaty will always be controversial. At the time it was negotiated and signed, manv honest people felt it was a betrayal of Canada's best interests, alienation of her heritage, and the like. Others felt that on balance II TV as good for Canada, that what she gain- ed more than offset what lost Donald Wrierfield, totally un- idtntified is UN places OBI would look for identification but casually discovered in the text lo be a former president of the Nakusp (B.C.) Chamber of Commerce, argues interesting- ly and exhaustively, with end- lets documentation, that Can- ada has been betrayed. How- ever, because he is so outraged, he is unconvincing. The aver- age reader will say to himself, "surely there is another side to. the story. Surely the people who sponsored the treaty aren't traitors. What have they fo Perhaps the book deserves to be taken more seriously. But the intemperate attitude throughout will prejudice most readers against Students and hlstoriwTmay wrestle wilh it, and those Canadians who see a homed American behind every fenceposl will use it to bolster their prejudice. V CLEO MOWERS. WTHATEVER else we may have carried away from Good Friday and we should have realized the truth of life's basic law which is laid down by Jesus in the twelfth chanter of to Gospel accord- ing to St. John. A Greek delegation had just come to see Jesus. The Greeks were philosophers and teachers. What a temptation it must havo been for Jesus to join them, fo become a. teacher, to train his raw disciples, and not to have himself crucified. Surely there was no necessity that he die. Could be not live and win Hie world by living? Jesus, however, believed that he came to da God's will He believed that only by his death could men live. So at Uy. young age of 33 he let himself be crucified for the salvation of the world. He told his disciples in response to the Greek invitation, "Truly, truly, I say unto you, that unless a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die it abides atone, but if it die, it shall bring forth ntuch fruit." So the Cross has been the most fruit- ful fact of world history. This is the most profound law of life. "He that saves his life snail lose it, but he who loses his fife for my sake shall find if." The sheltered life is a dried up, wizened life. A conservation policy in liv- ing makes for a dead sea. A life lived to its Brails has its limits extended. The life of introspection and introversion Is not, only unhappy, but unproductive. The cross is the key to the Master's life and to life Itself. The whole of the Christian faith is caught up in it. Only as We is thrown away does. H become productive and meaningful. Gandhi accused Westerners, whatever they might say to tha contrary, of having only one god, Money, Indeed, everywhere does find people who have one theme song, "I moan to get They go round with clenched fists, only opening them to clutch something. Frotnm maintains in his psychological studies of our society that this greed is the basic cause of our an- xiety and Insanity. The Mack wave of pornography sweeping the United States tnd Canada has one mo- tivation only, the love of money. A prom- inent nan, asked if the polluted air made by pulp mills did not make him sick, wfStA that be loved the smell because it was Un smell oi money. The pollution of the wa- ters is caused by the same fling, of money. "Take heed and beware of said Jesus. "A man's life consists not to the abundance of things he possesses. Paul warns that "to be carnally minded is death." He reminds the Galatiars that they were slaves fo the material way of looking at things." The greatest man in the world, according to Jesus, was the man who gave something to others "The greatest among you shall be the servant of all." The great ones were the inventors, the healers, the teachers, the benefactors. They composed what George Eliot called "The Choir In- visible." "May I be to other souls the cup of strength in some great agony, en- kindle generous ardor, feed pure love, so shall 1 join the choir invisible whose music is Iho gladness of the world." It is possible to give marry gifts and to give yourself. This is the probleni of the Community Chest, that it may be imper- sonal, salving the conscience but leaving the soul corrupted by selfishness, life's greatest evil. The French havo a proverb, "He givei nothing who does not give himself." "There was a said George Muller, "when I died, utterly died." In this life only saints and martyrs are sane. When Peer Gynt went to the insane asylum he found it hard' to believe that the inmates were mad as they talked so sensibly. "They're said the doctor. "They talk very sensibly, but it is all about themselves. They are in fact more intelligently obsessed with self." No one surely would hold today that an insanity Is caused by selfishness, but no could argue that self-centredness was not a form of insanity. Most people are finally crippled mentally and morally by the creeping paralysis of selfishness. The most profound truth o( lift is that we live by dying. Easter Greeting By Dong Walker would think mat if church ushers do not know the special Easter greet- ing, He Is they might at least bo 'able to muster a civil one such as, Good Morning! When I arrived at church this Easter Sunday an usher fixed me in his gaze and said: YOU.DIRTY RAT! I hope the Clerk of Stssioa, Harold rood, heard his usher say that ami will take appropriate action. Such an usher should have his contract cancelled forth- with. could discourage people from at- tending church with1 an approach of that sort! It wouldn't be appropriate for me lo pub- licly identify the offending individual. Har- oW will know who it is if I merely wy the fellow was stationed on the north aisle and Is one of his cohorts on the Faculty of Education it the university. What I said about Uui tmloVntififd rhsp to a filler on Holy Saturday scarcely war- riKted weh an outburst, most I am wra would agree.