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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID, 4. 1970 Anthony Westell New Concept: Bigger Is Not Better Tenant Protection Landlords in Alberta may seem lo be treated with suspicion and sub- have had tilings very much in their jected to such indignities as having favor in recent times. The housing their accommodation inspected with- favor in recent times. The housing shortage in urban centres has meant high rents and a certain choosiness about who occupies the accommoda- tion. Some unfairness to tenants could easily have developed as a conse- quence. In defence of landlords it must he admitted that they often put up with much unpleasantness on the part of tenants. There are tenants who abuse property, who get behind in their rent payments, and who skip out in the night. A damage deposit of ?100 does not begin to make amends in such situations. Despite the obvious risks that are taken by landlords, it appears that the proposed amendments to the Land- lord and Tenant Act are in order. The majority of honest tenants should not out notice. There should be no objection to paying a damage deposit or to pay- ing rentals in advance. This is just an expression of good faith on the part of those entrusted with the property of others. At the same time there should be no objection on the part of landlords to paying interest on the damage deposit money. The money is really held in trust so that the landlord has no claim on it as a means of earning additional revenue. Although the amendments are mainly tenant oriented they are not anti-landlord. They simply correct matters that could, lead to abuse. Because they are just, there should be approval on all sides for the amendments. TlK most rev- olutionary idea in current political discussion comes not from Moscow or even from MSO, bi't from the good old square U.S. of A. It is shockinglv simple: BIG- GER IS NOT BETTER. And it says that there'is a point at which growth in the economy stops making us rich- er and's! arts making us poor- er. The new revolutionaries sum up their doctrine and their pro- gram in a three-word slogan: ZERO GROWTH RATE. They mean that instead ot planning to increase ihe GROSS NA- TIONAL PRODUCT, we should be trying to stop the growth be- fore it overwhelms us. This subversive idea is re: criving more and more atten- tion in serious political writing from Washington, and is begin- ning to be discussed here in Ot- tawa. One bears it mectiooed at cocktail parties, and the occa- sional cabinet minister re- marks in conversation that maybe zero growth is the of ibe future, but right now the job deliver more income and goods to the consumers. The trouble is Lhat more in- come and more consumption means more people, more pnv duction, more pollution and, eveniually, disaster. It means that white we may have a big- ger GNP and mort dollars to spend, the quality of life ac- tually gels poorer, until we die tf a sickness of civilization. That's the way theZEHO GROWTHERS see it, anyway. The case is well put by John Fischer in the current issue of Harper's Magazine. He has been radicalized, he says, by his experiences as a member of the Governor of Connecticut's committee on cnviroumentai policy. "In these past months I have come to understand that a zooming Gross National Prod- uct leads not to salvation, but to suicide. So does a continuing grtwta in population, highways mileage, kilowatts, plane travel, steel tonnege, or any- thing else you care to name. "The most important lesson my life learned shameful- ly late was lhat non-stop growth just isn't possible, for Americans or anybody else. For we live in what I've learned lo recognize as tight ecological system: A smallish planet with a strictly limited supply of ev- erything, including air, water and places to dump sewage. "There is no conceivable way in which it can he made biggcf. If homo sapiens insist on con- stant growth, within Ihis sy- stem's inelastic walls, some- thing has to pop or So instead of being delighted by the forecast lhat the U.S. oulput of goods and the soon reach a trillion dollars a yeas1, Fischer and those who tliink like him arc horrified. They now see the growing 'GNP nol in tcrnis of more wealth lo end poverty, elim- inate disease, broaden horizons and raise the level of civiliza- tion, but'as over-population, ur- ban unrest in crowded cities, Health-Care Bottleneck Alberta has a sensible chain of health care institutions. The gen- eral hospitals are intended for pa- tients who require intensive medi- cal treatment. Those requiring less medical attention arc expected to be transferred to auxiliary hospitals. Nursing homes are for those who need continued care but not treal- me'nt. Obviously the plan depends upon the existence of beds at all three levels. Lack of sufficient accommo- dation of the nursing home type soon creates problems for the active treatment institutions. This is self- evident to everyone. Even when adequate nursing home beds are available a community could experience a bottleneck be- cause of an anomaly in the price structure in the system. Recently Dr. Irial Gogan, the acting administra- tor'of the.Calgary Auxiliary Hospi- tal and Nursing Home District, drew attention to the fact that the fees-in the three institutions vary more or less inversely with the cost of ser- vices provided. Patients in general hospitals by far the most expensive to charged S2.50 per day. But charges in- nursing homes the least costly to operate are 53.50 per day. The consequence, according to Dr. Go- gan, is that some patients resist transfer from the active treatment hospitals. This resistance could become stronger and more common when the new, combined medicare-hospitaliza- tion scheme is inaugurated on July 1. Charges will then be abolished in the hospitals while ihe charge will remain at per day in the nurs- ing homes. The explanation is that nursing homes are not covered by the hospital insurance plan. Here is a situation the provincial government should quickly move to change. It is unfair to expect doc- tors to have to accept the respon- sibility of making the health cnre scheme work when there will be a natural resistance on the part of their patients, to face the cost of moving from a no-charge-situation to a per day. one. Stereotypes Challenged Suicide among college students has long been popularly believed to be attributable to the pressures exerted to achieve. In recent times the mis- use of drugs has been coupled with pressure as a major contributing cause. A new study of suicidal behavior among college students described by experts as the most.comprehensive investigation of its kind in the United States has found that drugs and pressures play relatively minor roles in producing suicide. Thus more ster- eotypes have been challenged. The stereotyped .pictures of the brilliant but neurotic student on the one hand or the failing student on the other hand were not supported at all by the study. This conclusion was reached after a two-year study, car- ried out among all 52 colleges and universities in Los Angeles County under a grant from the National As- sociation ior Mental Health. It was found that students who kill themselves or threaten to do so, are "socially isolated" and estranged, frequently since early adolescence if not before.. There were no marked differences among any category of suicidal students regarding parental death, parental separation'or divorce or a history of parental psychiatric problems or suicide. This seems to bring the study of suicide among college students into the study of suicide among the general populace. If it takes away old whip- ping boys so be it. Weekend Meditation You Don't Believe It? VOU don't believe in the resurrection from the dead? Neither did the dis- ciples on the Emmaus Road. Neither did Peliv nor any of the disciples. Neither cer- tainly did Thomas. "Except I thrust rny hands into the print of the nails, I will not said Thomas. Neither did St. Paul believe. As a mailer of fact, it was a very unbelieving age. St. Matthew speaks of Sadducees who say Ihere is no resump- tion." The Albenians listened lo Paul unlit he began to speak of the resurrection from the dead, then (hey laughed at him. So did Feslus, the Roman govxvnor. Two disciples were walking on that Em- maus Road one day with despairing hearts. The dream was over; the Messiah was an- other of the many lost hopes. "Vie hoped he was the as Revised Version puts it. There had buon a rumor of a resurrec- tion, but these hardheaded men did not be- lieve rumors. The hopes and longings of mankind had come to a dead end at the Cross. Then came the Stranger who ex- plained lo them the strange ways of God. They bad bec'.i talking toward the sunset, since Emmaus is west of Jerusalem. Per- haps sorrow had blinded for sorrow does blind us. Al any rate Jesus was "The Great Unrecognized" as he had always been. VHc came lo his own an3 his own re- ceived him not." As Terlullian says, "He turned all our sunsets into sunrising." So Jesus transform- ed life for the disciples. It Is a seven mile walk from Jerusalu.n lo Emmaus, but they did rot recognize Jesus until they were at dinner. Then for sheer joy ran back to Jerusalem to tell It, All that way! They did not go to say lhat they had scon a ghost. They toM of a real man, a really risen Christ, who had new power ami glory. And this was Ihe secret of all the dis- ciples. "Wu speak that wo know, lhat our hands have handled and our lips lasted of the bread of life." Peter joins John, "This la not some mere fairy tale blowing about the world." Paul had seen Jesus on Hie Damascus Road. Every single one of tba "Amen will suffke, curate not Groovy sprawling industrialization, pol- luted water, poisoned air, and mountains of discarded jink. Tom Wicker of the New York Times addresses lu'mseU to the single issue of whelhcr the Uni- ted Slates really needs ah1 the energy it is planning to pro- duce in this decade, and con- cludes: "Heedless acquiescence of more and more plants turn- ing out more and more energy only means more and more poisoning of the a surcharge that, ultimately, t-o one can Stop, they cry. Bigger may no', be better. Zero growth. Canada is not as big as Ihe United States in terms of popu- lation, production or pollution. Presumably we don't want to get lhal way. don't want the urban problems, the jostling, angry crowds, the miles of factories, the superhighways gobbling up Ihe countryside, Ihe dead lakes and the skies of smog. So where do we stop? At point does growth mean death for us? To ask the questions is to question policy a_ssump- tions shared by all parties and governments. Immigration may not be a good idea. There are already signs thai suiplus people are spilling out of the United Stales into Canada, and perhaps we are ouy inviiing disasler by encouraging yet more popula- lion. The gh'ltering promise of a goMen horseshoe of develop- ment linking Monlreal to Tor- onto fo Hamilton may be, in reality, a grisly Ihreat. The idea of conserving ener- gy resources, instead of selling them lo the United States, is to use tlie'm for Canadian econ- omic development. But develop- ment may nol be progress, and our best bet may be to sell the energy and the jobs and pop- ulation and pollution that go with it south of the border. If continuous industrial de- velopment is not necessarily progress, that puts a different light on the need for foreign capital and foreign ownership of resources. If we put a dollar value on the quality of life that is, on enjoyment of space and air and water, peace and civil order, manageable, communities as well as on Ihe goods we con- sume, we may find that our standard of living is already higher than lhal of the United States. But we may find also that as consumption increases, quality declines, and our stan- dard slips, ES seems to have happened in Ihe United Slates. Zero growth is difficult to grasp ar.d to take seriously be- cause it is simple and because it challenges all our conven- tional ideas, objectives and thought patterns. In short, il is revolutionary, and it's coming our way. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Boris Kidel Eastern Refugees Still Fight For ALost Cause disciples mentions Ihis first-hand experience for which Ihey were willing lo die. Men do not die for something they have doubts about. They had been doubters before they became believers. Against the prevakot philosophy of Ibe age, Ihey had been com- pelled to accept the evidence" of their own eyes. Peter put it Ihis way, "Whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, be- cause it was not possible that He should be holden ot it." Looking back Peter could see that it was not possible for the Cross to be the end of everything. This was a different kind of man. This was a man of strange powers but stranger personality. He lived so close lo God that God spoke through God lived in him. He was a man of mystery, of miraculous powers and, after his resurrection, with a body free of time and space. You don't believe) il? Nei- ther did Peter find the others. Bui Peter would sing the doxology: "Blessed be God who has begotten us again unto a living hope by the resurrection of Christ from the dead." We oru churlish indeed if, in these post- Easter days, we do not have some spring- song in our souls. This is tha important thing. Nol the resurrection morning, but the resurrection life. Have you dropped back into the old huincirum ways, smolhcr- ed by trivia, your soul destroyed by the dust and dirt of life, the conflict of the market place, the injustices of men's laws, thu cruelty of men's wars? You need fo meet Stevenson's farmer whom ho found cleaning out a barn. The farmer told Steven- son, "He lhal has aye something ayor.d need never be weary." The man wlio has eternal life in his heart is never weary, for he knows, as Paul said, his rt'.vard comes at Ihe last if ho faints PRAYER: 0 risen Lord, walk through the winter of our gardens [hat the divir.e Springtime may come and Ihe blossoms of joy, and hope, ar.d love may bloom in the frozen ground ot our hearts. I'1. S. M, tJONN Leaders of the ref- ugecs from the German eastc'.-n territories incorporated into Poland and Czechoslovakia after the Second World War are fighting a last ditch stand against recognition by the West German Government of the post-war frontiers. They fear lhal Chancellor Willy Brandl's efforts for bet- ter underslanding with Com- munist countries will deal a death Mow to their claims for th'j lost provinces in the east. Although the Brar.dt Govern- ment wants lo withhold formal recognition of the existing fron- tiers until a peace treaty, it has declared.its willingness to guarantee Poland's and Czecho- slovakia's present boundaries. At a Bonn meeting the other day, Ihe newly elected chair- man of the "Association of Ex- Herbert Czaja, reject' yd Ihe Oder Neisse line as frontier between Germany and Poland. "We will resist and challenge such agreements all constitutional means at our Heir Czaja, a Christian Democrat MP, a cheering and 1 e n c c of which booed whenever Brandl's name was mentioned. "One cannot secure he said, "by recognizing a situ- alion lhal is the result ol an act of force." His solution, which is certain lo provoke vio- lent prolcsls in Warsaw, is that the German and Polish fron- tier areas s h o u I d be "Euro- pcanized" ar.d put under inter- national control. No less than out of Wcsl Germany's 63 million pop- ulation arc refugees who wcv'e expelled from their homes when Easl Prussia, Silesia, the SuOolcnland and olher eastern harder nrens were detached from Germany by Allied agree- ments at the end of the war. Constiluting such a sizeable section of Ihe West German electorate, the refugees fount! themselves courlcd for many years by all political parlies, Both the governim" Christian Democrats and the Socialist opposition carefully refrained from recognizing the new fron- tiers of 1945, thus encouraging refugee hopes that a return lo their former' homes was still possible. Particularly at the height of the Cold War they Largely thanks "to the West ''roll- fltinrtsn "mtrarlp years a Sudeten German, Hans Christoph S e e b o h m, sat as Transport Minister in Aden- auer's Cabinet and used Ihis to campaign for the rtvurn of Eastern provinces. Today the situation has be- come completely transformed. were led to believe in a back" of Communism from Eastern Europe that would re- store to Germany at least part of the ceded territories. In 1953, for instance, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer did not hesitate to promise Germans from Siteia that they would regain their province one day. At lhat time only nine per cent of Ihe refugees believed lhal East Prussia and other re- gions hsd bec'.i irrevocably sev- ered from Germany. Ttw ma- jority, misled by Cold War propaganda, was conv i n c e d that cities like Breslau re- named Wroclaw by the Poles- would become German again. Anyone daring to question "cuch illusions was immediate- ly allackcd by refugee leaders and branded with such epithets as "gravedigger of democracy." To acccpl fho realities of the post-war situation was lo suc- cumb to "Ihe opiurn" of coexis- tence fallacies. So powerful was the Influ- ence of the refugee lobby in Bonn lhat it could determine Government policy on crucial issues. It was due to refugee protests lhal in 1956, Foreign Minister Hcinrich von Brentano was obliged to abandon hur- riedly his proposal for German reunification in exchange for recognition of tho Oder-Nclsse line. Asserting themselves as an independent political force, the refugees asked that a num- ber of seals proportionate !o their numerical strength In the country should be reserved for them in Parliament. The parti w resisted this de- mand but Ibe refugees man- aged lo place (hci: men inside the Government, For. m a n y German economic the refugees have become inte- grated in their new environ- ment. Memories of'East Prus- sia and Silesia are fading, ar.d nostalgia for lost homes sur- vives only among the very eld- erly. Even thrc'3 years ago, only 28 per cent of Ihe refugees still expressed a wish to return to their former homes, even if the eastern regions were lo become German again. The absence of U.S. interven- tion during the Hungarian rev- olution in 1956 made il clear lo Ihe refugees lhat Communis m. would never be "rolled back" as easily as had been promised fo them. The growing spirit of East-West swept away their last illusions. To- day the majority of the refu- gees this, lhat Ihc tide of history is irreversible. The Poles will never give up East Prussia and Ihe Czechs will never allow Germans lo return to the Sudetenland. West German political par- lies no longer have lo reckon with ihc< refugee vole. At the 1968 Socialist Parly conference, Willy Brandt, for the first lime openly envisaged recognition of the Oder-Neisse frontier. In pro- test, Reinbold the chair- man of tlw refugee movement and a Socialist M.P., resigned from tho party and joined (he Christian Democrats, It was in- dicative of the diminishing ref- ugee influence Ibal Rehs lost his scat to a Socialist in last year's General Election. When Brandt became Chan- cellor, one of. his first actions was lo dissolve the once sacro- sanct Mir.islry for Refugee Af- fairs. Only the spokesmen of the refugees organizations pro- tected. The present rearguard action is being waged by "pro- fessional as they are called here. They are officials of the refugee organizations who sec their livelihood threat- ened by the growing indiffer- ence of the rank and file. They claim that ref- ugees still belong lo their move- ment and lhal they are capable or swinging five million to six million votes at Ihe next gen- eral election in 1973. To intimidate the Govern- ment, the leaders assert that by giving up all claims lo ihe eastern territories, Brandt will drive the refugees into the arms of extremist right wing organizations. Their threal does r.ol seem very convincing at present. The refugees tried lo set up Ihcir own party in 1953, They jast managed lo get Inlo Parlia- ment by winning pw cent ot the vo'c but found themselves eliminated four years later. In last autumn's general elec- tion, Ihe extreme right-wing Na- tional Democrats (NPD) made a direct for the refugee vole by pulling up a large num- ber of candidates from the east- ern territories. Even those tac-- tics proved insufficient to give the NPD Parliamentary' repre- sentation. Today the ro.'ugee problem is no longer a political issue in Germany. Only if the Christian Democrats decided to revive nationalist prejudices in their fight against Brandt's eastern policy can the men from tho east hope I o make thiir voices heard again. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD TJIKOUfiH THE HERALD 1928 Prohibition officials in the United States are asked lo keep a sharp look-oc. for an Albertan aeoplane making nightly whisky 'drops' into Montana. Apparently Ibe liquor is flown across the border and parachuted info Montana where it is disposed of by bootleggers. 1939 Queen Victoria of Sweden died today. A long-time victim of a pulmonary disease, the queen look a sudden turn for the worse. She was 68. 1010 Th2 New York Rang- ers defeated the Toronto Maple in a 3-2 win to become the 1940 Stanley Cup cham- pions. 3955 Sparked by sharp sn- CICESCS in rents ar.d foodstuff prices, the February cost-of- living index rose lo an peak of 163.7 points. Alherla's pnpulalkm had a increase to 000 in 1939. Canada's estimated population reached 1 2.3 per cent increase from last year. The LetliBtidgc Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbfidgo, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 ISM, by Hon. W, A. BUCHANAN Sccord .Mail RtgitCrallca Number KM Nefflbct t-f Tho Canadian I'rtss an4 Iha Canadian Daily Ktvtftrm J'abQitcrs' and lha Audit Bureau of CirculaltCM CtEO W. MOWERS, Potlirtitr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Ibrufa JOE BALLA Mar.iflr.1 Editor ROV P. MILES Manager WILLIAM HAY Asiodalc DOUGLAS K WALKEft Edilerlal Pagfl EdJIec "THE HERALD MRVES THE SOUTH" ;