Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
t - "V the Vicinity of the Big German Drive-^-ABies Steadfast mtum � ' K Swefosv&'Mri&v t.-rr..p. fit (1) On Britfah Western Front in France-Repairing shells at a dump. (2> On the British Western Front in Franc*- View cf a iquare in Arras, ah owing toe wrecked buildings and a t>aad playing. (3) On the Britiah Western Front in France-One of the entrances to Ami. (4) Mm of the Wilts re-turning from the trenches wearing captured German trophies. (5) Ob the British Western Front in France-Watching the Germans-a British lookout man at the end of a small trench in front of the British front line-The periscope through which the soldier is watching the enemy's movements is covered with rough canvas to disguise it. (6) On the British Western Front in France-Moving up the guns and an idea of the ground conditions at the front. (7) Fusing: stokes trench mortar shells before toing into' the line. - ......... -- """ St /btm itr cnt/xrtqr arc* ft. 1 , 1*3 '*il5S* SPHAGNUM MOSS DRESSINGS FOR WAR PURPOSES School In the eutumn. of 1918, and ' developments htve been v�rf rapid froai that day vntll tUls h�a b�e:i pre-partni moss cud thlpulng dreaalnes. Another Important tunction ot Wi's or-KanUation hau been to tuak* up ex-Iierimtn'vBl spb�gaum dreaiingu uf uaor aorta to try out the dlttaront The deua-d (or drosainga Baa tncroaa �d to �u�h aa extent that th� Canadlar ReA'Crosa has decided to atart production on a Ur?e icale, and the Americana arc organlsinc for an ltn-nienae output for the ue� of their owa �rades of Canadian ms'.vtal under and the French h03pltala. varying conditions. � I No noia can of course be procure*' Uurlog the winter ot 1917 another In the eaat until ihi asow melts, and work rc-om wan started at Dalhounle the boss thaw out; but excellent Vnivcrtlty, Hallfais and the Canadian ephacnum Is also fouad on the Pacific Rod Crcna definitely adopted iphax- j coast, Mr. .Smith, with the help sf the v.v.m tor hobpitul dreasliiga and pre- Canadian Sphagnum Committee, procured to open woriclug centres on rured a car of Vancouver laland noei lii-fe scale. I'nfortunately the chances [early In the winter, and this carload S" PHAO.N'TTM M�i�. to which atten-l Uon has 1)e*n drawn by t'a* fatal accident to Mr. Harry | James i3'n\ltb, the American'S^has-aum Moas^fcxpert, U one of Canada'j I aatnral re'�ourcea, one great value *t which has been brought to Ugrht by the war. Tho use of mosaw j la surgical drestlnm dates at leaat tn tar back aa th� Napoleonic wars, hat the demand far and extensivo use I ( Sphagnum Mo*a did not uiateriallzc aatil 1S15, and evrn In the Spring of IMS ita �ao waa in the experimental ataga. Bo (treat has become the rfe-ataad that Great Britain la no longer a�U to fill it. and Panada and 'the Vailed Statoe are aow betas actively Kpioited for this hlgbJy abaoi-beot The Bret effecttTe work on this side of the Atlantic waa initiated by l'rof. Porttr of McOlll UnWeralty, who �e- ] cured samples of varloua quaiitief dT moss from the Britiah autnoriUes early in 1916 and then explored the boga of Eaetern'Nova Hcolla until he| waa able to locate supplies of material: i which the lame |Uthorltloe accept^'l as "perfect.' The nret sphagnum drea�-| lnga sent overseas were made tip from i this loots in the autumn o! 1914 by I the Junior Red Cross of tiuysboro, I Nova 8c�tla. Since then the Industry ha* devel-oepd steadily. The McGilt University Women's Union eatabllsbed a sphagnum department in a 1 ar�relaboratory very generonaly placed at their din-Pa�4 by the University Medical In Atiantic rhlppiue situation wh!,h resulted from unrestricted eub-n.arlim warfare neceaaltated a tempar- ivrhlch Mr. 8m!ih paid for out of bio own pocket) proved so Satisfactory that he went to Seattle aarly ir. March *ry check; but the work of explora-,to organize tho ludusuy in the north-tion and development waa continued. western State*, and Incidentally to The Uto Mr. Harry James Smith of | look Into the 11nation In Brltleli New York becaina Interested la the j Coumbla for I'rorosabi' Porter, who possibilities uf sphagnum last spring , and after spending some time with �-n west at the time. As a matter of f^-t Mr. Smith met bis death while rnuroblng for moes for the Canadian Red Cross, and thu* set the seal to a life of exceptional generosity and nobility. Sphagnum gri.wK in moist and boggy amount of musa. Success in the use ' iilanes, and Van lie found in almoet all of this material led to the adoption of'Parts of the country; but tho moss to sphagnum by the American Hfed frost bo Un.-ful inunt iinvfi exceptionally ful? and to the formation of a department and soft follaro, ai d the stems while wbk!i was placed under the control of tough und Mantle mutt be flexible, ar Mr. Smith as organizer and Dr. J. A ;otherwise tun riies.iiug wonld be Ueblr Ilartwcll of New York as technical j to cause irriinUon. adtieor. I First cIrbh material has been found During the last �* or Ures months ;ln bwy dlstrh-to .loss to the AtlanUr coast, and equally good most grows plentifully In the far Went - as. for oxampU, on the west coast ot Vancouver Island-but little or no first class surgical material ban been found tar from tin tea, although there are Uaemnse areas of Sphagnum bog In th� Interior both of Canada and the United States. The best qualities ot moss are likely to be found c^pae to tho margins of the ponds, and sometimes considerable areaa of c.ean high-grade material fill what waa etnee a small pond. Before any attempt Is made to rolled moss In quantities all of the bogs in the district should bo examined with a view to locating tho largest supplies of good material, and this preliminary examination should he made by persona who have had previous experience la collecting Sphagnum. Owing to the great variations ,1n uosfalness of different kinds of Spnag-,- num. and the fact that different spe-fforts ciei grow very much intermixed, tat material haato he collected by people who have been trained to Know good moss from bad, and eVen an experienced collector will often have difficulty In deciding just what to take and what to leave when he first visits a now locality. The accompanying photographs show the work of the Mctllll Women's Union. No. 8 Illustrates the preparation and drying of sphagnum and the manufacture of dremlngs. No. 8, the general soldiers' comforts work. The t'nion waa organised during the first' weeks of the war from among the families of the Governors and staff of the irnrrersity. Its original parpose was to help provide "soldiers' cornier Mctllll graduates and students on active service, 'and as these now number over 2,200, the pos sibillties of Its wprk may be Imagined During the three and* a half years of Its existence the Union has expended nearly tS.OOC cm the purchue of high grade materials, which have been made up by Us members Into socks, caps, mufflors, pyjamas, shirts, etc., to a total of about 8,000 articles ot clothing alone, to say nothing of an Immense number ot sphagnum dressings etc. The organiser and first preajdeat of the Union was Mrs. H. Walter; atfoa then the chair has fceaa Mlad vtjp cssaively by Mrs. E. B, Howard. Mrs. J. B. Port�r and Mrs. J. W. Itoss, tae present President. The gpbagausa Committee of the Untaa was orgaalsai In 191fi onder the chairmanship of lAdy tlordon. and He preseat Chair:' man is Mrs. Porter. The Treasure* of the Union Is Mrs. A. McOoua aaf the Secretary Mrs. A. WUley. Any eotf respoadencs regardin* the work ot tM Union should be add res set to tae latter: but quqhttons relating to the teak* notary of Rphagnum and Ipbagaum drcsHlngs should be addressed to Was 8. M Balnbrldge, Hob. Sec. Coasittae on Sphagnum Dressings, Canadlaa Red Cross Society, care MeQill Ub>i verslty, yontraal. '