Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1918 NUMBER 96 THEATRES TAX, IN LEGISLATURE Theatre Tax Act Read Second Time-Succession Duties Are Discussed (Special to Die Jloi'aliO Kdmontoii,. A!tu., April 3.-The tlieatre goers tax act was read a second .time in the legislature Wednesday aftornoon, and further progress was mudo in committee of the whole on the estimates of the department of education. In a discussion on the latter Hon. X H. Boyle definitely stated there was no intention to transfer the normal school from Camrose to Edmonton. The minister also informed the committee that it was the intention of the government to establish ;it as early a 'date as possible a faculty of education In,the University of Alberta. Hon. G. P. Smith, speaking on the theatres tax, said the bill provided for a slight increase In the schedule of taxation, but it was still lower than of. Tn some other provinces children's tickets were taxed. Another change was the widening of the class ot entertainment for which the tax might be imposed. The minister mentioned that the exemption in favor of soldiers had been struck out by arrangement with the O.'W. V. Association in Edmdnton nnd Calgary in lieu of a. grant of $15,-000 for the care of the sick children of soldiers, Succession Duties The act to amend the succession duties act defined, Hon. C. R. Mitchell informed the house, soldier to mean a soldier who had been on overseas service. In the event of the death of euch a soldier his estate would be exempted from duties in favor of his near relatives up, to $25,-000 which was a larger exemption than had heretofore been in effect. In regard to otherl estates there was", ex-' emption up to $5,000, although the amount might he raised to $10,000 instead of $25,000 as formerly. At the minimum a small tax would start �which would rectify obvious . unfairness under the bid act. But the old. tax would prevail on $25,000. Where \here were specific donations of $60,'-' HtOo and over there would be a graduated ta*. succession duties on small estates as they could not tell who they might hurt, it might be the surviving wife. Mr. Kemmis also spoke ot the effect the duties might have on such estates from the point of view of hardship. PUblic Accounts BOLSHEVIKI FORCES IN SERIOUS PdSITION London, April 4.-Since the occupation by the Germans of Poltava, 70 miles southwest of Kharkov, the position of trie Bolshevik! detatehments opposing them has become more serious, Renter's Moscow correspondent cables. The Germans are conducting an offensive against Kharkov from Poltava and Vorbjba, employing ' large detachments which already have occupied Gioutiagky, forty miles from Kharkov. . The correspondent also ssya the Germans have seised at Poltava 54,000 tons of grain, which they are exporting to Germany. CZERNIN SPEECH ITHER PEACE OFFENSIVE "� � �" > Purely Bluff, is Opinion of London Papers-Italians Are Warned of taxation, out u was sua lomir nittij London, April 4.-Count Czernin in that of any other province he kneur_gpite of the. marked change toward ,f anmo nMtfir nrnvinces children's holM/>naa in Uia Infant nnpanh the bellicose' in his latest speech, speaks in softer accents than ever have been heard from Berlin,, the morning newspapers say in their comment on the Austro-Hungarian foreign minister's addresB to the Vienna municipal council. The Daily, Mail characterizes the speech as "Austrian bluff," and Bays that Count Czernin's assertion that the blockade of Germany is broken in the east will not fill the hungry stomachs of the Germans and Austrlans. It adds that the issue must be(decided by iron and blood in the battle that is now being pitched. The Daily Telegraph thinks that coming at the moment it does, the speech will demand- but a small share ot the attention it would, have received three weeks ''ago. It say* that some of Count Czernin's statements and professions require and will doubtless soon : receive notice front entente |gtate4fneri and - the United States. The' speech, the Morning1 Post says, may be regarded �� the customary peace offensive ensuing after the temporary defeat*W the, war offensive of the central powers.,";- * Italian* Wsrned. , Rome,, April S.-;ttalians are warned against the apeech of Count Czernin by the Giorns'e D'ltslia as, Is says, Austria-Hungary has spoken of peace Mr. Hoadley voiced his objection to before every new offensive against Italy. HUN TROOPS TO AID OF FINLAND Mr. Weir asked the speaker was it necessary that the public accounts or any portion of them should be referred to the public accounts committee before they could be investigated. The speaker replied that the house must make the order. Premier Stewart replied that the leader of the house was perfectly satisfied with the public-accounts of the province and that it any member desired investigation the leader of the house was perfectly willing to- give hiui all the investigation he desired. The, rules were suspended, and on the motion of Mr. Crawford the public accounts of 1917 were referred to the public accounts committee for investigation. _ Private Schools. When the house was in committee of the whole upon the estimates of the department of education, Mrs. McKinney calling attention to private schools thought the teachers should , have the regular certificates of the teachers of the public schools, and the schools have the same tests as the ordinary elementary schools. Hon. J. R. Boyle said that in theae schools they must use a 'proper mode of instruction, and give a proper course of instruction. Nobody need feel alarmed he said about the private schools, ost of them were rellsioua schools, and pretty good schools too. Dr. Stanley argued that the same standard for teachers and pupils should prevail'as In the public schools Mr. Boyle said that when the private schools passed the scrutiny of such men as John Ross and John Smith the public might be satisfied as to thoir educational standard. The minister mentioned That most of the teachers had certificates. Mr. Davidson'complained that fbur months was too short a period for training in the Norman school. It should be at least a one year term. Mr. Boyle Bald -that the matter was1 snider consideration. ( Mr. Davidson raised the question of the government acting aB purchasing agent of text hooks for schools urging that a very great saving could be effected for the school districts if they acted in this capacity. Mr. Boyle replied, that the government had considered the matter but the difficuityy was the matter of distribution. It would mean the provision of a two or three depots with the attendant expense, and the question., was would there he a saving? " i Mr. Davidson said he was thinking more of the ruml districts. Mr. Boyle) said the government would take the question again into consideration. Speaking on the purchase of books generally the minister said that the bookseller* were now Cairly well tied down to a fixed price. , Petrograd, April 3.-Thirty German \ transports with troops have arrived iat Hango on the southern cbast of Finland, southeast of Helsingfors, to aid Finland in putting down the rebels. The Bolshevik! commissary for Finnish affairs reports that M. D'EBtres, the Belgian minister to Russia, has been wounded by White Guards, or government troops, while attempting to paBs into the rebel lines. Age Limit of First Class Extended--Second Class Won't Be Called Winnipeg, April 4,-The Free -Press Evening Bulletin's Ottawa correspondent ssysi "For the securing �f more men, more promptly, other amendments to the Military Service Act will be made. One will' provide that young men who haveXcome to age subsequent to the passing of the act will automatically fait undec the draft. It is not oonslderea probable that the second class will be called but for a considerable time yet. But it is probable that the age limit of the first class may be extended to include men (physically fit) over the age of thirty-five unmarried." *' F F Paris, April 4,-One thousand French civilians from the occupied districts of Northern France have been sent to Russia by the Germans and are being forced to perform hard labor, according to Information obtained by Baron Cochin, a former cabinet member. These.civilians, 400 of whom are women art among those whom Germany offered to exchange for Alsatians who ' have escaped to France. They vusre sent to Russia after the rejeotlon of the proposal which Germany attempted to place before *he French government through the Holy See and Bacot: Cochin, WHICH IS THE GERMAN OBJECTIVE? Is th� enemy driving at Paris, or is he striving for possession of the channel ports? Recent news of his offensive shows him attacking defences south of Arras at a point which is fiO miles from the const, while the greatest depth of his drive reaches to a point little less than CO miles to Paris. Russians Will Have An Army of Million and Half Moscow, April ..-Russia will form an army of 1,500,000 men, not inferior in power and equipment to the Germans and Japanese, M. Podviosky, assistant secretary of war, declared today at a conference In Moscow of the various military department heads. This would be the first step in arming the whole Russian nation. He said the army organization was impossible without the old officers and outlined a measure to enlist the services of all generals and publish their names, giving to citizens the right ta atate objections to any one. M. Podvoisky reported progress in enlistments for the Red Army, which was satisfactory in some placi*. Since the beginning of the army organization two weeks ago* 11,000 have enlisted in Moscow and have been properly equipped. Nizhni-Novgorod, Voronez, Tula, Kaluga, Kostito-ma, Tchemigost, Kharkov and many other" cities report considerable numsfsrs of recruits, many of whom are tramed. SMALL LOSS VBY SUBS THIS WEEK , London, April 3.-There was a sudden and marked decrease in the loss to British shipping by submarines in the last woek. The admiralty reports that only~slx merchantman of 1600 .tons or over and seveh^liader that tonnage wi-re sunk in the week ended March 30. Five fishing vessels also were sent to the ^bottom. No French Losses. Paris, April 3.-German submarines did not sink any French ships last week nor were any attacked unsuccessfully. Eight fighting vessels, however, were sunk by the enemy. GOVfWILLPROTECT I Oleomargarine Won't Interfere -Men Arrested Under Military Service Act Ottawa, April 3.-Consideration of various resolutions by- private members occupied ihe attention of , the house ot commons until a late ho;:r tonight. There was a prolonged discussion cn a irotion by J. E. Armstrong of Lambtan. calling upon the government to more strictly , enforcs the ' order-in-councll regarding the "anufaciure, Imjort^tlon and'sale ot oleomargarine in o-cler thai the dairy industry ot Canada should be protect ed. A considerable variety of opinion was expressed by members .on the operation of the order. The resolution was withdrawn at the requeit oi Hon. >T. A. Crerar, minister ot agriculture, who assured/Mr. Armstrong that the government' would not do anything to injure the Canadian dairy industry. Mr. Crerar said that he was not apprehensive that the dairy industry was going to suffer because the price of margarine was cheaper than butter. He believed that the markets for Canadian dairy products would broaden after the war. Fuel Shortage. Immediate action by the .government to prevent the nossibility of any fuel shortage during next winter was urged in a resolution moved by Hon. R. Lemieux. Hon. Arthur Meigben expressed the* view that Fuel Controller. Magratli had handled the situation well last winter, and announced that a conference would be held shortly to consider ways and means of increasing coal production in Canada. The debate was adjourned. v Arrested Under Act. In the afternoon, Arthur Trahan of Nicolet was told that 3895 men arrested by the police in vlrtub of the Military Service Act were divided between the various military districts as follows: No. 1, ?95; No. 2, 471; No. 3, S0�; No. 4, 710; No. 5, 108'; No. 6, 292; No. 7, 105; No. 1C, 447; No. 11, 378; No. 12, 405; No. 13, 177..V IN FRANK MINE Two Men Badly Burned - All Miners Got Out Without Loss of Life . (Special to The Herald) Blairmore, April 4.-A small explosion Occurred in the Franco-Canadian mine at � Frank last night, during the regular shift. A fire resulted, but all the men were gotten out of the mine safely save for two of the miners who were badly, burned. It Is understood, the fire is still raging, but .is now getting under control. The damage is said to be not very great, RETAKEN ERZERUM Oppressed People Form Army of Own and Retake Big City (0 OPEN LANDS I Will Establish Belts of Land Within 15 Miles of Railways Which Will Be Available ALL OPPORTUNITY GIVEN FOR RETURNED MEN TO GET LAND London, April 4.-Erzerum, the principal city of Turkish Armenia, is reported, in an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow to have been recaptured from the Turks by an Armenian corps, aided by a detatchment of Armenian volunteers. The Armenians aiso are reported to be holding other territories in the Erzerum district. At the conclusion of peace with Turkey Russia evacuated Turkish Armenia,' which the Turks reoccupied. They began a fresh series of massacres, and the Armenians undertook the organization of an army to defend themselves. U. 8. LIBERTY LOAN. ..Washington, April 4.-The third Liberty Loan campaign will last four weeks, beginning Saturday and �jpd> Govt. Ottawa, April 4,-Definite word has been received from Sir Thomas White that he will not return to Ottawa until after parliament prorogues.. His physicians have advised him that it would be unwise for him to return and participate in the labors of the session. lb the meantimerHon. A. K. McLean will continue to be acting minister of finance and will deliver the budget speech -which will be made some time this' month. Friends of Sir Thomas White, are hopeful that at the expiration of the period mentioned he will be so fully recovered that he will be able to resume his duties as minister,of finance. His continuation at bis post will depend entirely upon the condition of his health at the ehtK-of the session. If ho does not feel sufficiently improved to permanently re^ sumo charge he will insist upon his resignation being' accepted., 1 I ' Quebec, April ?..-The police, after working quietly for ten days, made seven arrests tonight and they believe they ha^e rounded up the ring leaders in the disturbances. Specific charges of rioting will be laid against these men. One ot the men under arrest has boen identified as the man who cut the hose on Thursday night last, when the firemen were ordered to drench and disperse the crowd. The suspects will be given a preliminary hearing tomorrow morning in the police court. FINE WEATHER Winnipeg, April 4.-A rapid riso in temperature, accompanied by- clear, dry weather is indicated-in the weather report from every' part 'of the prairie provinces this' morning. The forecast is for fine and warm weather in the west. The .average high tem-perature^ waB 45 degrees yesterday throughout the we,st and there is every prospect that needing operations will be resumed in other districts before the week is out. .' -* among tho German troops in the lirst rush in, the great battle wero large numbers without uniforms. -The Globe quotes a soldier as saying: "They came over the top like a lpt^ of civilians and it seemed like murder^ firing into their ranks. But we know they were trained soldiers and concluded the German lepots had not enough uniforms to fit them out. In striking contrast other Germans were resplendent in brand new rigs." New Commander London, April 4.-General Sir Henry Rawlinsou, who was the British representative on the Versailles war council, has been appointed to the command of the fourth army into which several divisions of the old fifth army that was aligned \on the St. Quentin sector, have been absorbed. General Gough, who was in command of the fifth army, is,.for the time being, unemployed. Alsatians' Are Watched. Paris, April M.-Documents found on prisoners taken by the French show that the German commanders have no illusions as to. the sentiments of the men from Alsace and Lorraine. Large numbers of these troops, have now arrived in France with units from the Russian 'front in which they have been incorporated and the German Crown prince has found it necessary to'issue confidential orders to his subordinates not to�put Alsatians or Lorraln-ians in the first line nor to employ them as clerks, as officers' servants or in other positions where they are likely to have afceess to information. Bad Weather. Amsterdam, April 3.-German newspapers received here assert that tho marked decrease in the fighting in France was made necessary by tho bad weather, but that It soon will begin again. The Cologne Gazette says that it learns from Berlin that the' pause was a necessity. It asserts that the stormy weather ot the past few days has greatly hampered the transport ser-vince of the Germans and cites as a similar case tho halt in the Italian campaign when the ' Tagliamentd river was reached by the Teutonic allies. ; The correspondent add,s that tho: roads must be repaired and munitions' and victuals sent up to the fighting forces, and continues: "The bad weather perhaps m�y; hamper our action, but the enemy soon) will realize that we intend to go on with it.'" Will Strike Again London, April 3.-(Via Reuler's Ot-1 tawa Agency)-Telegraphing from British headquarters in France to-, nipht, Reuter's correspondent says: ; "Our airmen report much movement of troops, guns and transport in enemy regions, but the Germans are* .experiencing unexpected difficulties in this regard. While for once, luckily, the weather is turning against active operations, I believe the German* are bound to strike again as soon as possible and as bard as possible, or admit failure, which alternative - wanloT, bo fraught with a'reactjon from which the high command shrinks. The CB�l�y has made the supreme test and �1+ though he is capable ot . noundJos; again and again, each successive Mo* will ba weaker than the last.'* 88229?