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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBMDUE. ALBERTA. THl'HSOAY. APHIL 4. 191H m miikr ne THEATRES TAX, Theatre Tax Act Read Second Time-Succession Duties Are Discussed BOLSHEVIK! FORCES IN SERIOUS POSITION Kdmonton, Alia.. April i -The London. April 4.-Sines tht occupation by tho aermans of Poltava, TO mllee asuthweat of Kharkov, tho soeHlen of tho nolens* vikl dctetehmente opposing thorn haa became mora serious, neuter's Moeeow sen^Wpsndsnt cables. Tho Oermsns aro con-dutttng an offensive against Kharkov from Poltava ana* Vorsjba, employing  largo detaohmcnts whleh already havo occusjed Gloutisgky, forty miles from Kharkov. Tho oorraapondont alto taya tho Germans hava aaltad at Poltava 84,000 tons of grain, which they aro exporting to Germany. theatre goers tax act was road st second time in the legislature Wednesday afternoon, and further progress Wus made in committee or the wtiolo on the estimates of the department of education. In a discussion on the latter Hon. 1. K. Boyle definitely stated there was no Intention to transfer the normal school lrom Camrosi; to Kilmonton. The minister uIbo Informed the committee that It wan the intention of tho government to establish at as early u date as possible a faculty of education In the I'niverntty of Alberta. Hon. O. P. Smith, speaking on the theatres tux, said the bill provided for a slight Increase in the schedule of taxation, but it was still lower than that of any other province ho knew] of. In some other provinces children's tickets were taxed. Another change Was the widening of the class of entertainment for which the tax might he imposed. Tho minister mentioned that the exemption in favor of soldiers had been struck out by arrangement with tho O. \V. V. Association in Edmrlnton nnd Calgary in lieu of a, grant of $15,-000 for tho care of the Hick children of soldleru Succession Duties The act to amend tho succession duties act defined, Hon. V. R. Mitchell Informed tlio house, soldier to mean u soldier who had been on overseas service. In the event of the death of such a soldier his estate would be exempted from duties in favor ot his near relatives up. to |25,-000 which was a larger exemption than had heretofore been In effect. In regard to othetf estates there w�s exemption up to $5,000, although the amount might be raised to $10,000 Instead of $25,000 as formerly. At the minimum a small tax would start which would rectify obvious unfairness under the old act. But the old,} tax wouM prevail on $25,000. Where ihere were specific donations of $60,--UOo and over there would be a graduated to*. Mr. Hoadley voiced his objection to succession duties on small estates as they could not tell who they might hurt, it might be the surviving wife. Mr. Kemmis also spoke of the effect the duties might have on such estates from tho point of view of hardship. Pifblic Accounts PEACE OFFENSIVE Purely Bluff, is Opinion of London Papers-Italians Are Warned Seal* Of M.les  .->>>*>�>�>�>>>�>> BIG DRIVE Si London, April 4.-Count Czernln In -spite of the, marked change toward the bellicose in his latest speech, speaks in softer accents than ever have been heard from Berlin, the morning newspapers say in their comment on the Austro-Hungarlan foreign ministers address to the Vienna municipal council. The Dally. Mail characterizes the speech as "Austrian bluff," and says that Count Cxernlu'a assertion that the blockade of Germany Is broken in the east will not till the hungry stomachs ot the Germans and Austrians. It adds that the taatie must be decided by Iron and blood in the battle that is now being pitched. The Dally Telegraph thinks that coming at the moment it does, the speech will demand- but a small share ot the attention it would have received three weeks 'ago. It s*�* that some ot Coast Cternin't statements and professions require and will doubtless soon rpoelve' notice from entente Statedjnen and the United States. The speech, the Moraine Poet says may be regarded as the customary peace offenalvo owning after the temporary detoat'Of (he war offensive of the oeaUral powers.  * ItallMO Worn**, f^mo, April ft-ItaUans are warned against the speech of Count Czernln by the Oiornabj D'ltalla as, Is says, Austria-Hungary has spoken of peace before every new offensive against Italy. HUN TROOPS TO AID OF FINLAND Russians Will Have An Army of Million and Half Moscow, April ..-Russia will form an mrmy of 1,500,000 men, not inferior in power and equipment to the Germane and Japanese, M. Podvlooky, assistant sec-rotary of war, declared today at a conference in Moscow of tho various military department heads. Thlo would be the flrat atop In arming the whole Russian nation. He said tho army organization waa Impossible without tho old officers and outlined a measure to enlist the services of all generals and publish their names, giving to cltiiens the right t� state objectione to any one. M. Pedvoisky reported progress in enlistments for the Red Army, whkeh was satisfactory in aome ploaSS. tinea the beginning of tho a�wiy organisation two weeks ages 11,000 have enlisted In Moscow and have been properly equipped. Nishnl-Novgorod, Vorones, Tula, Kaluga, Kootitj-ma, TchemlgMt, Kharkov and many other cities report considerable numsthrs of recruits, many of whom aro trained. SMALL LOSS BY SUBS THIS WEEK J London. April 3.-There was a sudden and marked decrease in the toss | to British shipping by submarines In the last. woek. The admiralty reports that only "six merchantmen of 1660 tons or over and seven trader that tonnage w-.-re sunk in the week ended March 30. Five fishing vessels also were sent to the atottom. No French Losses. Paris, April a.-German submarines did not sink any French ships last week nor were any attacked unsuccessfully. Eight fighting vessels, however, were sunk by the enemy. ~\lr. Weir asked the speaker was it necessary that the public accounts or tiny portion of them should be referred to the public accounts committee before they could be investigated. The speaker replied that the house must make the order. Premier Stewart replied that the leader of the house was perfectly satisfied with the public accounts of the province and that ii any member desired investigation the leader of the house was perfectly willing to (lye him all the investigation he desired. - The rules were suspended, and on the motion ot Mr. Crawford the public accounts of 1917 were referred to the public accounts committee tor investigation. _ Private Schools. When the house was in committee of the whole upon the estimates ot the department of education, Mrs. McKinney calling attention to private srhoois thought tho teachers should have the regular certificates of the teachers of the public schools, and the schools have the same tests as the ordinary elementary schools. Hon. J. It. Boyle said that In they schools they must use a'proper mods of instruction, and give a proper course of instruction. Nobody need feel alarmed he said about the private schools, oat of them were religious schools, an3 pretty good schools too. Dr. Stanley argued that the same standard tor teachers and pupils should prevail as In the public schools. Mr. Boyle said that when the private schools passed the scrutiny ot such men as John Ross and John Smith the public might be satisfied as to their educational standard. The minister mentioned fhat most ot the teachers had certificates. | Mr. Davidson'complained that four months was too short a period for training In the Norman school. it; �hould be at least a one year term. Mr. Boyle said that the matter was under consideration. v Mr. Davidson raised the question of the government acting as purchasing agent of teit books for schools urging that a very great saving could be effected for the school districts If they acted In this capacity. Mr. Boyle nplleti that the government had considered the matter but the dlfficultyy was the matter ot distribution. It would mean the provision of a two or three depots with the attendant expense, aud the Question, wis would there be a saving? , Mr. Davidson said be was thinking Store of the rural districts. Mr. fcoyle^ said the government would take the question again into onnsideratlon. Speaking on the pur chase of hooka generally the minister said that the bookseller* were �ow fairly watt tied down to a flied price . ... �.. . \ Petrograd, April 3.-Thirty Herman transports with troops have arrived i at Hango on the southern coast ot Finland, southeast of Helslngfors, to aid Finland In putting down the rebels. The Bolshevikl commissary for Finnish affairs reports that M. D'Kstres. the Belgian minister to Russia, has been wounded by White Guards, or government troops, while attempting to pass Into the rebel lines. CALL MORE MEN GOVT JILL PROTECT THE DAIRY II mem Two Men BSdly Burned - All Minors Got Ont Without Loos of Life Oleomargarine Won't Interfere -Men Arrested Under Military Service Act Age Limit of First Class Ex. tended-Second Class Won't Be Called Winnipeg, April 4.-The Free Preae tvenlng �vlletln'e Ottawa ssrraspsndsat sayst "Per the seeuiing of more men, more promptly, ether amendments to the Military Service Aot will be made. One will previse that young men who havd'coma te age subsequent to tho pasainf ef the aot will automatically faH undos the draft. It la not eonaldereS probable that tht second elaaa will bo called out for s otMlder-able time yet. S�t (t I* probable that the ago limit of the first elaaa may be extended te Inalude men (phyaloally W) ever tho ago of thirty-five unmarried." FRENCH CIVILIANS FI Parle, April 4-On*- thousand French clvlllgno from the" occupied dletrlota of Northern Prance have been Mitt to Russia by the Oermana and on being foresd to perform hard labor, aeeerdlng te information obtained by tsron Cochin, a former cabinet member. Thsoe orf>tlon an.l ssto ol oleomargarine In cder thai the dairy industry of Canada should be protect ed. A considerable variety ul opinion was expressed by membf-; on the operation of the order. The roco'u-lion was withdrawn at the requett ot Hon. T. A. Crerar. minister ot agrl culture, who assured Mr. Armstrong that the government' would not dft anything to injure the Canadian dairy industry. Mr. Crerar said that be was not ap prehenatve that the dairy ladsatry waa going to suffer because the price of margarine was cheaper than butter. He believed that the markets for Canadian dairy products would broaden after the war. Fuel Shortage. Immediate action by the govern ment to prevent the possibility pt any fuel shortage during nest winter was urged In a resolution moved by Hon. R. Lemleux. Hon. Arthur Meighen expressed the' view that Fuel Controller Msgrath had handled the situation well but winter, and announced that a conference would he held shortly to consider ways and means of increasing coal production in Canada. The doba'.e was adjourned. " Arrested Under Act. la the afternoon, Arthur Trahaa at Nicolet was told that 3895 moa arrested by the police in vlrtuh of the Military Service Act were divided between the various military districts as follows: No. 1, 205: No. 2, 471; No. t. Ip�, No. 4. 710; No. 5, 108; No. 6, 1st; No. 7, 105; No. 1C, 447; No. It, 3TI; No. II, 406; No. 13, 177. ^ (Special to The Herald) Blairmore, April 4.-A email ex-pleeion occurred in the France-Canadian mine at Frank last nighti during the regular ahlft. A fire resulted, but all the men were gotten out of the mine safely save for two of the miners who were badly, burned. It Is under-Stood the fire is still raging, but la now getting under control. The damage is said to be not very great, E Oppressed People Form Army of Own and Retake Big City London, April 4.-Erzeruro, the principal city of Turkish Armenia. Is reported in an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow to have been recaptured from the Turks by an Armenian corps, aided by a detatchment of Armenian volunteers. The Armenians also are reported to be holding other territories in the Erse rum district. At the conclusion of peace with Turkey Russia evacuated Turkish Armenia, which the Turks reoccupted. They began a fresh series of massacres, and the Armenians undertook the organisation of an army to defend themselves. Ottawa, April 4-The order iii-iimn cil mnkinR reservations of Dominion lands for returned soldiers under the Soldier Settlement Act. has been approved by .council, pursuant to the recommendation of lion. Mr. Meighen, minister of the interior. It is of interest, to all returned soldiers throughout the Dominion who defire to go on the land. Within 15 Miles of Rsilway. It is provided that all vacant and> available lands within approximately IT. miles on any side of a railway, districts where there are sufficient available lands to warrant reservation, shall be reserved for the purpose ot the Soldier Settlement Act. This applies to the Hires of railway in North-urn Alberta, where are situated the hulk of the best remaining honi>;: stead lands. A line ^s drawn alciR the township lines, approximately K> miles from the railway on each side, making a belt of thirty miles in width within v/hlch all remaining vacant lands are held for returned soldiers. The reservation Is effective against all applicants for entries on Dominion lands, except, returned soldiers who have their ordinary homestead right, and except as to existing rights prior to the reservation. A returned soldier who has not exhausted his homestead right may make ordinary homestead entry in the reserved areas as if the reservation bad not been made. Soldier entries under the Soldier Settlement Act will be allowed as soon as the regulations under that act have been completed and passed by council. Elsewhere throughout Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, no continuous areas or belts of lands wilr be sub-reserved as there are no considerable tracts of vacant land contiguous to railways suitable for homestead purposes, although there is good land somewhat removed from existing lines; but individual reservations of blocks, parcels or quarter sections of land anywhere throughout the settled portions of the prairie provinces adjacent to the railways is provided wherever they can be located. All entries throughout the western provinces which in the past few months have been cancelled or abandoned as homesteads, or cancelled grazing leases or lands coming out of reserve, except where rights have been previously acquired, have been reserved for selection by the Soldier Settlement board and this process will be continued. Cancel Them. It is further provided that along any of the railway lines throughout Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt ot British Columbia, where lands are held under entry and) the duties are not being performed in accordance with the regulations, action Is to be taken to have the entries of all such defaulters considered as being subject to cancellation proceedings tor the benefit of the Soldier Settlement Act. Special inspection will be made of all entries thought to be In default If there is no prior claim against the land. The land, if cancelled, may be reserved under the Soldier Settlement Act. Any returned soldier who produces a letter from the soldier settlement board certifying to hi* right under the act to entry Is given the privilege of applying for the cancellation ot any existing entry in default with a view, if cancelled, to re-entry by himself under Soldier entry. Any returned soldier having his right under the Soldier Settlement Act will have the privilege of applying for a quarter section of any vacant and available Dominion lands whether It be in a reserved area or not. , All agents of Dominion lands are further Instructed that within fifteen miles of a railway any vacant Domin Ion lands which lp his opinion or opinion ot the homestead Inspector aro suitable for soldier settlement are "to be placed under reservation. PRICE OF WHEAT TO REMAIN AT PRESENT FIGU Estimate Places Them at \ 25-000 As Against German Loss of 350,000 OPERATIONS ON THE WEST FRONT ARE DYING DOWN NOW Winnipeg, April 4.-The following statement, was given out Shis rooming: "The board of grain supervisors for Canada are or the opinion that the present prjco of Canadian western wheat, namely, 82.21 per bushel for No. A. Northern wheat, Fort William and Port Arthur, is a reasonable price for wheat of tho crop of 1018. In reaching, this conclusion the board has given full consideration to the necessity of stimulating tho production of wheat; to tho Increased cost of productions; and to the relative prices of coarse grains; which have not been fixed during the current year, either in Canada or in the United States. "The board are also of the opinion thot^ this price should be guaranteed and that the guarantee should 'be given immediately and thor*. if for any reason such a guarantee cannot ' be given, the price stated and all regulations connected therewith should end must he reconsidered and revised. WHITE TOO ILL TO ATTEND SESSION Bad Health May Eventually Force His Resignation Front Govt. Ottawa, April -t-Definite word has been received from Sir Thqmas White that he will not return to Ottawa until after parliament prorogues. His physicians have advised him that it would l>e unwise for him to return and participate in the labors of the session, rh the meantime/Hon. A. K. McLean will continue to be acting minister of finance and will deliver the budget speech -which will be made some time this month. Friends of Sir Thomas White are hopeful that at the expiration of the period mentioned he will be so fully recovered that he will be able to resume, his duties as minister of fl nauce. His continuation at his post will depend entirely upon the condl tion of his health at the erioVof the session. If he does not feel sufficiently Improved to permanently resume charge he will insist upon his resignation being accepted.. U. 8J. LiaiRTV LOAN. ^Washington, April 4-The third Uherty Loan campaign will last fear weeks, beginning Saturday sad ending *Iay 4, tho tre*s�rr depsi||pa|a.. -ItSst will *o 0**u� Is the near future. Tdronto, April 13.-J. E. Clarke of Beatrice street has perfected an Invention which he claims will save ships at sea after they have been tor- j pedoed. He lias submitted his invention to Ottawa and the naval authorities there have told him that the Idea appears to be'sound and that it will be tried out. It has been forwarded to tho board of Inventions and re-soaroh, London, England. Mr. Clarke received word today that the consulting engineer at Ottawa wished to see him on Friday. NIW AfttNA Montreal. April 4.-The Arena Company which owns the land ou which tho areata was destroyed by fire soase the ago is having psoas prepared SAY RINGLEADERS IN RIOTS ARE NOW WARN AMIENS IN PLENTY OF TIME Paris, Wareh 4. - General Dumaa, commanding the,French armies In the north, haa signed the following proclamation\postsd In Amiens: "The dangers which have been announced te you do not throat-* on you for the moment. The military authorities give you thst assurance. Yeti see th*m In your midst WsMilngs will be slven In case of peril. Keep confidence lit France's hour." ^COtTATilCAN HSVOLUTION.1" Managua, Nicaragua. April t.-A revolution has broken qut In Southern, Costa Rica. George'Vono has invaded Ooata Rican. territory from Panama and a force under him is attackins' twta" Korea. � a town on tho frostier. The Costa ftican 'government believes that many oT the tavadera are natives of Panama.  Quebec, April 3.-The police, after working quietly for ten days, made seven arrests tonight and they believe they haj|e rounded up the ring leaders in the disturbances. Specific charges ot rioting will be laid against these men. One of the men under arrest has been identified as the man who cut the hose on Thursday night last, when the firomen were ordesed to drench and disperse the crowd. The suspects will bo given a preliminary hearing tomorrow morning in the police court FINE WEATHKR Winnipeg, April 4.-A rapid rise In temperature, accompanied by clear, dry weather is indicated in the weather report from every part of the prairie provinces this mornlag. The forecast Is for fine and warm weather in the west. The average high tem perature( was 45 degrees yesterday throughout the west snd there Is every prospect that needing operations will be resumed In other districts before the week is out �ANK CLfeAltlNM This week S67Q.4SS Last year .......l�f,T7C Increase 18 per cent. �    4)  � 4>o> e>4> >' *4> 0) London. April 4.-There wss little) activity in the battle urea laat night, with the exception of hostile artillery fire nt. points, the War Office announced today. A few prisoners were taken by British patrols. Tho text of the statement, reads: "During the night a Oerman machine gun post In the neighborhood,^ Hehuferne was rushed by our troops and the machine gun captured. A few prisoners were brought In on other parts of the battle front. "Beyond hostile artillery activity at different points on the battle front and also in the Menin Koad and Pass* ohendaele sectors, there is nothing; further to report." Allied Losses Light Washington, Apr" -l- Figured reaching here as to the allied losses in the bitter days Just closed in Pic-ardy. indicate that the British and French casualties have been unexpectedly light in view of the scope of the action. The estimate here - although Its accuracy is open to doubt, fixes the total, including prisoners ui between 125,000 and 13D.QW for the twelve days of ceaseless battle along a 55-mlle front. This Is to be compared, if correct, with French estimates of 350,000 to 450,000 Germans killed, wounded or captured during the same period. The bulk of the German losses were dead and wounded men. as there have been no claims from the allies of having captured any great number ot the enemy although some thousands undoubtedly were' taken. .-. Had No Uniforms London. April 4.-Wounded sold, iers arriving in England say that among tho Oerman troops In the llrst -rash in the groat battle were large numbers without uniforms. The Globe quotes a soldier as saying: They came over the top like a lot, of civilians and it seemed like murder-firing into their ranks. But we know they were trained soldiers and concluded the German lepots had not enough uniforms to fit them out. In striking contrast other Uermans were resplendent in brand new rigs." New Commander London. April 4.-Oeneral Sir Henry Rawlinsoii. who was the Brltlsn repre-sentatlve on the Versailles war council, has been appointed to the command of the fourth army into which several divisions of the old fifth army that was aligned on the St. Quentln sector, huve been absorbed. General Gough. who was In command of the fifth army. Is,.for the time being, unemployed. Alsatians Are Watched. Paris. April -Documents found on prisoners taken by the Frsnoh show that the Herman commanders have no Illusions as to. the sentiments of the men from Alsace and Lorraine. Large numbers of these troops* have now arrived In France with units from tho Russian 'front in which they have been Incorporated and the German Crown prince has found It necessary to'issue confidential orders to his subordinates not to> put Alsatians or Lorraln-lans In the first line nor to employ them as clerks, as officers' servants or in other positions where they are likely to huve stcess to Information. Sad Weather. Amsterdam, April 3.-German newspapers received here assert that tho marked decrease in the fighting in France was made necessary by tho bad weather, but that it soon will begin again. The Cologne Gaiette says that it learns from Berlin that the pause waa a necessity. It asserts that the stormy weather of the past tew days hat) greatly hampered the transport ser� vlnce of the Oermans and cites as s> similar cose the halt in the Italian-campaign when the ' Tagllamantdf river was reached by the Teutonic) allies. The correspondent add* that tuo roods must be repaired and munitions and victuals sent up to the fighting forces, and continues: "The bad weather perhaps may hamper our action, but the enemy soon will realise that we intend to go on with It." i Will Strike Again < London, April J.-(Via Router's OU tawa Agency)--Telegraphing front British headquarters in France toy nifhi, Reuter's correspondent says: * "Our airmen report much movement ot troops, guns and transport In en4 eiuy regions, but the Gei-maae avaf experiencing unexpected difpeajtia*. In thl* regard. While for oaosY laafc. lly. the weather is turning aa%u\st get tive operations, I believe the <~ ' are hound to strike again posKtblo and as hard as admit failure, which alt ho fraught with a*reactlon : the high command shrfeska.' has made the sanremo tost though be Is capable of again aad-again, each r will ha weaker than too 0 ?13354 686?35 378598 1928 ;