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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 11074-THCLrrMMMDMNVUlO-.tr Continental program probably here to stay "Canada first' energy cry muted by U.S. capital Caaadiaa 041 policies aave debated M both tides of the border. Here li a Uilted States view of the Canadian situation teea by Peter Arnett, AP's Pnlitter Prlie- winning correspoadeat. By PETER ARNETT CALGARY (AP) The winter energy crisis doused the lights of New York's Empire State building and darkened many other famous landmarks across the United States. Bat in Canadian cities the skylines gleamed luminously at night, and envious U.S. visitors were reminded of the remark by Canadian Energy Minister Donald McDonald, who said last year "Sure we are going to be friendly and helpful. But if anybody's lights have to be turned out why should they be ours'" They weren't. And no cars needed to wait in line at the brimming-full gas stations of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. For Canadians, the energy crisis brought a taste of inde- pendence from the U.S. they tad rarely enjoyed. "We come first, after said a Toronto newspaper editor of he longheld Canadian viewpoint that the U.S. dipped nto Canadian resources whenever she needed them, irrespective of what Ca- nadians felt. DEMAND GROWS This cry for "Canada first" has been echoed in the capital at Ottawa. Increasing numbers of Canadians are looking at the huge energy .resources in the Athabasca oil Bands, and in the Arctic, and fare saying these should be 'retained for Canadian use in the future. The "continental" concept of energy use, which envisaged Canada and the developing and using their energy resources together, has become a dirty word here. But a three-week visit by this reporter indicated that the "continental" concept is still very much alive, and that Canada seems to becoming more dependent than ever before en U.S. money and markets. "Whatever the government tries to do politically, the U.S. has developed a powerful moral right to have first call on supplies that we don't said one of the best- known energy experts in Canada, Carl Nickle, formerly publisher of the Daily Oil Bulletin. Canada has enormous energy resources.. The oil sands may be producing three million barrels of crude oil a day by the turn of the century, half as much as the world's biggest exporter, Saudi Arabia, now sells. Oil and natural gas hi the Mackenzie Delta and high Ar- ctic might come in bountifully soon. The offshore potential is considerable. Huge hydroelectric dams have peen built or are in con- struction. CONTROL AN ISSUE What irks many Canadians is that the vast sums of U.S. money spent on the develop- ment of these energy sources enables the U.S. to continue to dominate the economy. Al- ready, U.S. companies own 60 per cent of the Canadian oil and gas industry, and 56 per cent of the smelting and mining. "Everyone wants do 'do something about said Nickle. "But the question is whaf" NlcUe then added can do tittle And while the government in principle Is opposed to this American dominance, in principle they are going along with it. It is the only way to operate." One problem for Canada Is that it needs much less energy than it is economical to produce from the tar sands at Athabasca, and the Arctic. Canada's needs each year can be expected to increase by about barrels a day, but plans are to build refineries at the oil sands at the rate of probably one a year in the 1960s. Each of these plants will produce double the annual Canadian increase in require- ments. More natural gas is being found in Canada than it can profitably use, in the opinion of industry experts. Hydroelectric power output from plants at James Bay and Churchill Falls wiU also be more than is needed at home. INDEPENDENCE WANTED Canada's desire to be more independent against its need for closer ties with the U.S. is illustrated in the case of the proposed Mackenzie Valley pipeline. An opposing scheme has Alaskan gas travelling only on U.S. territory. The'Canadian government is pushing hard for the Mackenzie line because it realizes a Canada- only pipeline would cost far more than the gas finds would make it worth "Only a link with Alaska gas would make it said an official of Imperial Oil, one of the companies involved in frontier exploration. A similar situation exists at the oil sands. The enormous costs make anything less than major production uneconomic, so foreign capital has to be brought in. Canada has yielded much of its economic sovereignty in the energy field by default. "Canadians just don't want to spend their savings on things like oil said Peter Newman, editor of Maclean's Magazine. "They like safer investments." Canadians have been trying to fight back, however. The government purchased a con- trolling sbtre in Ike Texas Gulf Corporation. The backers of the Mackenzie Valley pipeline say that under current financing plans, Canadians can win control by investing a little more than million in the fS-MIlion scheme. But this is little enough for Canadian nationalists. The best to you from Palm. Sour Cream. PHLM PALM DAIRIES LIMITED OlMJIY... ITS FROM SAFEWAY SIDE BACON Burnshire Rlndlesn Sliced 1 Ib. vac pak pkg. Cottage Rolls Swifts Special 129 ._. SMOKED HAMS Burns, Canada Packers, Swifts o Whole or Shank Half Ib. Canada Grade A Frozen 6-1 Olb. size, Ib......... Standing Rib Canada Grade A, Ib. TURKEYS BEEF ROAST TOP ROUND ROAST BOTTOM ROUND STEAK or ROAST OR FULL CUT ROUND STEAK Check These Specials OR ROAST. Boneless Can. Grade A Beet, Ita. Pork Shoulder 14% mm Ranch Brand Smoked Picnic Slyto. Ib. BBOStonButt Canada Grade A Beef, Ib. All Canada Grade A Beef, Ib. RUMP ROAST SIRLOIN TIP ROAST Boneless Can. Grade A Beef, Ib. 69' 89' 149 Lunch Meats 4 no Olympic PteM-Plnwito, Mae 1 chMM, Loif IT W Beef Wieners 770 Pot Roast QRC Bomtan. Cmwta Greta A Ib.............................WW 135 Short Ribs of Beef 700 f W 1eo Beef Stew 119 I Pish Cakes 2 Fresh Bread Polly Ann White or Brown Sliced, 20 oz. net wt. loaf SPECIAL SPECIAL.' Fish Cakes Hlghlltw Frozon, 12 ex. wt. pkg. TEA BAGS Casino 2-Cup, 100 bags, 12oz. net wt. pkg. CRYSTALS Tang, Orange, Pkg. of 4 7 02. net wt. In cello bag, SPECIAL HAIR SPRAY Lady Patricia, unscentad, 10 oz. net wt. tin PIE FILLER Sun-Rypa apple, 19 fl. oz. tin. SPECIAL WHITE FLOUR Robin Hood All Purpose. 20 Ib. bag, SPECIAL 2J9 2 39 STUFFED OLIVES 7Qo EmpressL.P.Manzanllla, W SOCKEYE SALMON 1" Sea Trader 7.75 oz. net wt. tin............................... 6INGER SNAPS 70c Davld2loz.rwtwt.bag fl W Sea Trader 7.75 oz. net wt. tin LARD Mapta Leaf 11b. boi Yourself Ency- clopedia i Helps you beat the high-cost of repairs, alterations and .services. VolumelC on sale nows1.79 [Cottage Cheese; 1 IKMTM fintmtt aflLV a4Kt aHfe LUGStlN CmMMl, LMfl trSmllCanl 16 it. Ml wt. CM. SPECIAL 2 ;