Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
_ THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tofitiay, April 3, 1973 ta Ask Andy The starfish Andy a complete 20- volume of the Merit Stu- dents Encyclopedia to Bar- bara Hanison, age 13, of Fort St. James, B.C for her ques- tion: How do slarfisncs twuce. The parents do no more than cast their egg cells into the water, which is one reason why infant mortality rate among the starfish is at least 09.9999 per cent. Among mil- lions of male and female_ cells, just a few thoutarJ unite to form fertilized cmbrjos. Of these, perhaps a dozen or so, if that, survive to become adult starfish The rest are devoured by boides cf hungiy creatures that populate the sea. The starfishes arc not true fishes and nowadays a lot cf people call them sea stars. After all, they do in the sea and many of the common types are shaped like five-point- ed stars However, there are at least species and some ten or more tapeted ten- tacles. Most lecognuable ani- mals are two-sided, or bilater- al But not the sea stars. They are remarkable because they have a radial body plan, with a rnimmum cf five sides. The development of this un- usual body plan can be traced through the stages of the sea star's reproductive cycle. The great event begins when spring warms the oceans. In the angles between the arms, there are pockets where the females develop egg ceDs and the males develop sperm cells. When tem- perature and other conditions are just right, they simply re- lease millions of these opposite cells into the water. .That as tne limit of the sea stars' repro- ductive role and also ths limit of their parental respon- sibilities. The cells are microscopic and finding each other while drift- ing in the hungry sea is very chancy. But now and then a swimming sperm cell manages to find and fertilize a female egg cell. The swarms of unfer- tilized cells can survive only a short while. The rare fertilized cell immediately becomes a a thriving embryo. The egg cell duplicates it- self, then divides into four, eight and sixteen and so on This multiplication by twos con- tinues and by the end of the first day, the embryo has en- ough cells to build a tiny hol- low ball. The outer surface is ciliated, or hairy The tiny hairs wave and the tiny bail goes swimming through the sea. This free swimming embryo in no way resembles an adult sea star. What s more, during the next few hours changes occur that make the young larva even less like its parents. The sur- face of the hollow ball forms dents and hollows that indicate its future features. But for a time, the immature sea star is a bilateral animal with a left and right side. The free swimming larva keeps this two-sided bcdy plan until it is ready to settle down. Then for a time it remains fixed to some solid object en the sea floor. Meantime, its body is completely remodeled. A new mouth opens on the left side, a rear opening forms on the right side The former lefi and right sides become the top and bottom and the radial arms form around the center. When the remodeling is com- plete, the young adult sea star sets forth to hunt for food. With luck, it may live about five years. Questions asked by children of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box 765. Hnntir-gton Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Your horoscope By JEANE DIXON WEDNESDAY, Al'lllL, 4 Your bilVJay todjj: Finds you in early stages of long- term upward movement. This is mainly a year of trial and error, slow but permanent gains with occasional abrupt pauses. Today's natives an eye for the odd or unusual. ARIES (March 21-April Plunging into quick deals doesn't work well. Tension and temper are best worked out in exercise. TAURUS (April 20-May Expect resistance to mam ven- tures differences of opinion are normal and wilt develop over trivial matters as well as serious ones. GEMINI (May 21-Juue Keeping personal contacts sim- ple is a fine art under today's crosscurrent conditions. CAN'CER (June 21-July People show the harsh side of their natures, one then another, and it's up to you to reconcile them LEO (July 23 Aug. Your course slows and you must verify your position. Take npthine f-r granted. Temporary discord is not to be assumed permanent. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Unreasonable associates are not to enjoy an equal response, be and prevail. It is a mixed day, all sorts of experi- ences to sort out. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Organize your main effort to obtain your due from group or community resources. Accept challenge to debate, but think big. CCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Your recent career effort ccmes to test today, and ycu learn what to do next. Prepare for a fresh start tomorrow. SAGITTARIUS 22-Dcc. Vigorous self-expression is spontaneous. Discipline your- self net to go beyond reason- able limits; it's so easy to over- simplify. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Your organizing talents fall into heavy use as you get the chance to consolidate your position. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. You may find yourself changing your opinion after having fussed too much about 1C. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Distant conditions seem worse than they are, so stay put rather than rush to change matters 1973, The Chicago Tribune LAWRENCE E. LAMB, M. D. Too many vitamins can be harmful WITHHOLD MARKS TORONTO (CP) York W- versity senate has decided to withhold grades of students who have withheld fees as part of a province-wide protest sponsored by Ontario university student councils against the tuition fee increase by the provincial government The new university policy is aimed students who owe about in fees, a report said. GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN e MR, TM TriBuM Both vulnerable. West deals. NORTH AK52 S7A73Z OA6 AQ9S TOST EAST 41087 4AQJ9S WOA OKQ1098542 O3 SOUTH A43 O J7 J10 7 2 The bidding: ftest North East South I O Dble. Pass 4 V Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: King of 0 Altbo North's double of West's preemptive four dia- mond bid is intended prima- rily for penalty, partner is permitted some latitude in leaving the double in. South displayed good judg- ment in bidding four hearts for, with the favorable lie of the cards, West cannot be defeated on the deal In fact, he can actually via u tricks, for North can do no more than cash out his two minor suit aces. If he does not take the ace of dobs promptly, West vrill be able to discard his two clubs eventually on his partner's long spades. Against four hearts, West opened the long of diamonds and the ace was played from dummy. The ace oi hearts was cashed and, when West showed out, discarding a dia- mond, Eak was revealed to hold a sure trump trick. Sonth's outlook was not Teiy promising for, with two apparently inescapable los- ers in the red suits, be must hold his remaining loss to only one more trick. A heart was led from dummy and when East played the nine, South cov- ered with the jack to win the trick. The jack of clubs was put thru, West played the king and North the ace. Having overcome the first obstacle, South cashed his third high heart, the king, leaving the queen outstand- ing, and then proceeded to run the clubs. East followed for two more rounds; how- ever, on the last discarded a spade. The moment of decision for South had arrived. He could lead a spade toward dummy's king, playing West for the ace. However, this prospect did not appear promising for, if West held that card in addition to the king of clubs and his dia- mond honors, he mfeht have teen expected to open the bidding with one diamond1 rather than make a preemp- tive call. East's failure to ruff the fourth round of clubs provid- ed further enlightenment to the declarer. It appeared to him that, if East had anoth- er diamond, it would have been routine for him to trump in and then return his partner's suit apparent reluctance to be on lead strongly sug- gested that he had no con- venient exit once he was in. South, therefore, ted a fourth round cf hearts and awaited the result East won the trick with the queen of hearts and, having .nothing left bat spades, he could do no more than cash the ace of that suit, thereby establishing North's king for the fulfilling toick. South's "losses on the deal consisted of ore trick each in spades, hearts and diamonds. Dear Dr. Lamb Just read in one of your articles that one of the few vitamins that can cause vitamin poisoning is a very high dose of vitamin A. I have before me a bottle and there's a label on it that reads A units. What is all this about, the big old dollar? Dear Reader I am afraid so. The big old buck aided and abetted by competition and a lot of misinformation plus too many people who think if a lit- tle's good, more is better. The simple truth is the American Medical Association's Council on Drugs states there is no dence that anyone, even those deficient in vitamin A, can get any additional benefits by dos- ages higher than units a day. Moreover, there is con- siderable evidence that in peo- ple who do not have a defici- ency, doses of over units a day taken regularly can in- duce vitamin A toxicity. The Food and Drug Adminis- tration recently had a few words to say about the problems imposed by too much Vitamin A and D in a number of the vit- amin preparations available to the public and their toxic ef- fects. Since a lot of our food is fortified with both vitamin A and D, this includes milk, breads, cereals, and perhaps a few other things, it's clear that anyone who's taking a vitamin tablet that contains units cf vitamin A on a dailv basis is getting an excess of Vitamin A regularly. Incidentally, the daily re- quirement for normal healthy people appears to be in the range of units daily. I am all for vitamins for people who need them, in the proper amounts. Many people who live by themselves or for other rea- sons aren't able to get a balanc- ed diet need vitamin supple- ments. But the preferable way to get the needed vitamins is to eat a proper diet and regardless of their benefits or the fact that they are essential to good health, vitamin A and D can also be harmful when taken in excess amounts. In short, if a little's good, more is not bet- ter. Drar Dr. Lamh I hate two questions I hope >cii can an- swer. I am 50 jcars and am a For the past three month> I nnl drunk any water. Howcicr. 1 dnnk a Jot of and milk and d'et cola. Is Uus a harmful habit? Also 1 am m my cnanec of life. I am not dieting but 1 have sud- dcnh pamcd welcht in the past three months. Can you explain what ttiK means'1 Drar ficadrr It means that there are a lot more calories in juices, milk, and diet cola than there are in water. You are no doubt quenching your thirst with fruit juices, milk and diet cola because the body must have water. Fruit juices are ex- cellent for people but they do contain calories and if you use enough of them you'll sig- nificantly increase your calorie intake. Even fortified skim milk contains calories and if you drink a lot of it as a substitute for water it will increase your calories. Diet colas are limited in calories but if you drink enough of them it'll add up. I think you should try to drink more water and drink less amounts of fluids that contain calories. You may also need to increase jour exercise level to get rid of the weight you've gained because of increasing your calorie intake. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this news- paper. P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10010. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on balanced diet, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for "Balanced Diet" booklet. Fun with figures By J. A. H. HU.NTFR Each distinct letter in this addition stands for a particular but different digit We've had them easier, but j see u" >ou can get this MISS, i 'Answer Yesterday's answer: Jack had -30 pennies. GUN STOLEN VANCOUVER (CP) Thieves greeted the Moscow cir- cus whsn the show opcsed at the Agrodome in Vancouver. Police said a .22-calibre starting pistol, used in one of Ore acts, I was stolen from a box back stage. The gun was valued at HAGAR the HORRIBlE-By Dik Browne CAUSES MVS5LF MANA6ER, Mf 610VE 15 50 STIFF I CAN'T CATCH THE BALL! THAT'S W HAVEN'T U56P IT ALL WINTER jRf A HTM MEATS-FOOT OIL INTO IT 'I HATE HOU HAVE TO TAKE CAKE OF 1WR EQUIPMENT! TUMBLEWEEDS-By Tom K. Ryan WHILST BfiffTINfrlHE BARRENS HJRA STRAY CAYU5E, 1 CHANCE? UPON THIS HF15EP SPECIMEN CANARY, WHICH I TO APPROPRIATE. AM UNCANNY 1-ACK OF INSOMNIA. BlONDIE-By Chic Young BUMSTEAD, W llx THAT WAS A STUPlC? MISTAKE YOU MADE OM THE PIU53Y BUT, MR. OtTHERS, DID YOU FORSET? YOU CLOBBERED ME FOR THAT SAME MISTAKE i YESTERDAY c WEUL-TMEY HAVE RE-RUNS ON TELEVISION, THEY? BEETLE BAILEY-By Mort Walker I IT TASTES KNDA FIAT 111 ABNER-By Andy Capp TOSS ITOM THE ALL EXCEPT THE. RAREST COLLECTION! TABLE IM THE: AU. HO VEARS MUST OF 'CORPORAL COMIC CONTRIBUTED APIECE TO BUY YOU THIS FIRST FOLIO OF SHAKESPEARE. ARCHIE-By Bob Montana I'M VWR STUDENT TEACHER WHILE AUSSANTHROPE IS NOW, WHO'Lt TELL ME YOUR NAMES? TEACHER CALLS .THIS AN SHE ANCWHAT CALLS HIM J I DOES SHE HI AND LOIS-By Dik WHV DIDN'T I THINK TO TURN ON THE TV AND A WA3M SUNBEAM YOU DONT NEED SHORT RIBS-By Frank O'Neal BUGS BUNNY HAPPEKEP Pit? FAU. A POWN TH' W3UU7 VOJ F15 TWUCTJCM BOOK THERE ON THE IVE TO FIND OUT 1 t WOW TO !f'