Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 IHf lElllBRIUGE IIERAin Mondny, Aplil 3, Joseph resistance Legalisation of marijuana use ap- peal s to drawing closer. The dramatic shift in thinking on Ilic part of fame nicnilx'r.s of (he I'.S. Com- mission on Marijuana and Abuse is indicative of a crumbling resistance lo such a niuve. When HIP commission began ils hearings last -Mas some of its mem- bers were openly hostile to witnesses who suggested thai marijuana use be Jegahmf. Bui as a result of what they found, those same people have now recommended Ihal Americans not face jail terms for its use. Perhaps the man whose v lews changed the most during Ihe hear- ings was Michael H. Sonnenrcich, former attorney for Ihe Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. He drafted Ihe Niton administralion's original drag bill with ils harsh pen- alties for the use of marijuana. It fell to him, ironically, to write the commission report calling for (lie elimination of those same penalties. Mthoiigh Ihe commission stopped short of recommending legalization of marijuana use. it is obvious lliat their report actually points that way. The debunking of many commonly held ideas about marijuana takes away, in large part, the defence against legalization. No evidence couKl be found that the moderate use of marijuana is either harmful or unhealthy, thai, if leads to the use of more dangerous drugs, or that it causes crimes or aggressive behav- ior. Concern over the possible long- range effects of marijuana which jibes with a report recently by the International Narcotics Control Board apparently prevented Ihe U.S. panel from going the whole way in its recommendations. The argument of the panel that leg- alized use of alcohol is enough of a problem wilh adding another is not going to prove acceptable to the users of marijuana. It is inconsistent to continue to give sanction to Hie use of alcohol while trying to prevent marijuana from gaining approval. IScsiiles, there seems to be a certain hopelessness about it all. Prohibition isn't working any more effectively against marijuana than it did in the case of alcohol. More than anything else, a glaring weakness in the position of the U.S. commission report will probably be ils undoing. The predicament of would-be marijuana smokers who, in purchasing their supplies, cause another person to break the is such that the distastefulness of it will produce new pressures for legaliza- tion. Noborly yet knows what the Le- Dain commission will recommend to the Canadian government on this same question, but it is a safe bet that it will also a lessened re- sistance to marijuana use and will become another marker on the path to legalization. Crime rates and attitudes One of the more disturbing statis- tics in the plethora unleashed by the government at this of year, are those concerned with the rise in mur- der cases in Canada. In the years from 1962 to 197 L the annual number of murders increased from 217 in 1962 to 435 in 1971, an increase of over 98 per cent, in less than a decade. In attempting to find an explana- tion for this alarming trend many people blame il on the abolition of capital punishment. But Commission- er W. L. Higgit of the RCMP in tes- tifying before a Senate committee recently volunteered a more realis- tic theory. He attributed the increase in crime in general (including mur- der) to a change in social attitudes in Canada, in which a "sense of re- sponsibility" is gradually diminish- ing. It Is difficult to assess what has caused this change. Canada has al- ways prided itself on being a rela- shririking world we have come under lively crime free country, but in oui many influences, not all of them de- sirable. Until recently many people seldom fell the need to lock their doors. In large cities there wasn't the threat of danger after dark. This, however, is changing. Wars and revolts have hardened people lo bloodshed. Drag use has created an underground wave of crime, especial- ly in the young. Violence has been the theme of many movies lately, and box office records indicate it has popular appeal. Responsibility for one's actions may not be inherent in the human condition. Perhaps it has to be taught, If this is the case parents, teachers, leaders and all levels of government will have lo assume the role of intelligent educators in this regard, or accept the consequences, and they will not be pleasant. If our change in social attitudes implies a growing inscnsilivity to the rights and welfare of others, Canadian soci- ety of the future could be menacing indeed. 0, 0, Canada! rPHE new version of 0 Canada has us stand on guard for three times in- slead o[ live. I don't know about thee, but I'm glad lo relax a little. Standing on guard as continuously as 0 Canada formerly required meant you real- ly had to have it in the legs, to be a true patriot. Damn liring. actually. I have seen chaps at football games stand up, on guard, lo sing the national anthem, and hy the time they were relieved from guard duty they had collapsed over their can- teens. The amount of standing on guard order- ed hy the old 0 Canada was particularly arduous for those of us Canadians who were not sure what, or whom, we were guarding agoinsl. I for one had no idea which direction lo face, other than towards the ref. The ref was nn enemy of sorts, no doubt, hut he insisted on standing on guard for thce too, along with the players chewing gum to sustain themselves till the foe was identified. In recent years standing on guard for Canada has required sentry duty against Ihc Russians (north) and the Americans a vigilance obliging us to revolve slowly like a Swiss clockwork figurine. It took a lot out, of iiv The one lime f did .-entry duty In s real senlry box. during the Second World War, my experience somehow sym- bolic ol tho. Canadian dilemma in standing guard. I was told to remain awake during the night and stop any person or vehicle en- tering Ihe training camp. "Halt, or I'll I v .as in.strurtcd to say. I had ampk: time lo rehearse my line, the en- tire military unit having dumped olf lor an all-night route march lhat left me alone Nixon administration faulty on ITT case wild (he rifle for which no ammuniCion had been issued. I thought I hatl successfully duplicated the watch on Uic Rhine when, just before daim, a pair of headlights bore doivn on me. I took my position on the road, rifle at the ready. But (lie vehicle came at me with speed unabated. It was an army truck army, 35 it happened but I had no instructions to discriminate. Leaping clear of the truck's bumper I shouted: "Shoot, or I'll 1 hart a glimpse of (he P.P. sergeant leaning out of Ihe cab as he bellowed: "Get out of the obscenity way, you cb- sccnity obscenity." This was not the password, as 1 under- stood it. The dust settled gently on my uni- form as I stood, on guard, gazing after the red tail-lights rapidly losing themselves in the camp. I think that all Canadians share some- thing of the lack of fulfilment f felt that night, uhcn I stood on guard for thec. On guard have stood for plenty. We are not altogether convinced of our ability to keep anything out of (he country that really wants lo conic in. The Ihings thai ivc effectively guard against, definitely repelling Ihem, arc ilems likr fiuil. vr-xctahles, livp.slock and the fK'casinnal dirly honk. As al) of these zrt. screened hy rinlrimf, il. was hardly ne- cessary for us t- go on al. such length about standing on guard in Ihc national antht-m. This column therefore applauds Ihc gov- ernment for reducing Ihe on guard11 from five lo tlirce. It has set an example for internalional disarmament, culling our guards hy per (onl. 11 is In he hoped flnl tin nuclear powers vull respond with a rompMr- rrdiidirn of mr slrcngth- Vancouver Province feature) WASHINGTON On tile record so far at tiro administration tas r.ol done anything vi-ry "Tout: m 'Is dealings with the Inlcrnalional Telephone and Trlrp-npli Com- pany. nut Macbeth himself never sUrlwt more puillily Mian tlie president and his ini-n. And llw interesting question why. The miijnr diariw against the administration involves the settlement maclo inside the jus- tice department o( a pending court action against ITT's iic- qiu'silion o[ the Hartford Fire Insurance Co. Richard Mc- Laren, the assistant attorney general in charge of the anti- trust division at the lime, want- ed to take the matter to Ihe Su- preme Court, and he liad a case case against Mpiess. But the case was not over- whelming. While big, ITT has dominant market power only in Uic c o m m 11 n i cations field which is government rcgu- lalcd. 11 would not. have dom- inated the field. As Solicitor General Erwin Gris- wold pointed out al Hie lime, the government mighl well h.ivc tost the case in (lie Su- preme Court particularly given the present complexion of the- courl. So it was reasonable for the White House and John Mitchell, the attorney general al tho time, and Richard Kleindienst, tho deputy atlomey general at the time, lo discuss Ihe case wilh ITT officials. II was within their area of discretion to over- rule Mr. McLaren, and decide to s c 111 e oul ol court, par- ticularly when they forced some important divestitures of ITT. Certainly no serious pel-son could believe the charge that such a decision a decision involving billions of dollars would determined by Ilio several hundred thousand dol- lars anted up by an ITT sub- sidiary lo bring the Republican convention to San Diego. The second big charge is that ITT influenced the administra- tion to lake steps designed to prevent Hie accession of Sal- vador Allende, Chile's Marxist president, after his election in Sc-plcniber 1970. It is clear thai ]TT, with a big investment in a Chilean telephone company bound to go down Ihe drain if Senor Allende became pres- ident, did try to push the ad- ministration in tbat direction. Its officials were in touch with tile While House, the stale dcparlmcnt, and Ambassador Kdward Korry in Santiago. They were also in touch mill officials at Uie Central Intelli- gence Agency, and they seem lo have found a sympathetic reception among at least some low-level operatives al tho sneaker factory. ITT is not a very nice company. Bui Ihe administration re- jected the ITT plan for provok- ing trouble and a military in- tervention in Chile, It cliose in- stead a plan lo manipulate the Chilean congress in a way that ivoulrl force a new election is which Alleude would be defeat- ed by Eduardo Frei. the retir- ing president who had not been eligible to run in the Seplcm- x "I don't care what other kids do but if I ever catch you on TOBACCO ber election. Thai idoa col- lapsed only when Senior Fre) refused lo play. I was in Chile jnsl after Se- nor Allende was seated as pres- ident. Al the lime I was in- to u c h with several ITT offi- cials, including Hn] Hcndrix o[ the company's Latin American operation, William Merriam of the Washington office, and vice president Edward Gerrity of Ihe home office in N'ew York. They made H plain thai their advice and counsel had re. ceived scant official attention. They were not pleased at all with (he White House, the department. Ambassador Korry or the CIA. Given that record, the ad- ministration could have stood its E round firmly with n straightforward account o[ what happened. Instead, there was a Niagara of activity to cover tracks anri start falsa hares. Peter Flanigau of Ihe Whila House staff had a report whip- ped up to mako it seem that Mr. McLaren, instead of bow- ing lo superior authority, had come to see Ihe case different- ly. Mr. IsJcn'.dicnst denied meeting the ITT official whom he actually worked out the scltlcineiit. The While House, presumably under the spur of the president himself, put out all kinds reports aim- ed at discrediting the original source of Ihe charges, the col- unmiit Jack Anderson. One for (his cu- rious behavior is that there really is an inner guilt a deeper fix the administration is trying lo cover up. Maybe so. But that suspicion awaits much more evidence than anybody has yet produced. My own impression is quite different. My own impression is that the men in the Nison ad- ministration arc essentially novices in government, little used lo working wilh each oth- er. Public business which Dem- ocrats handle smoothly before breakfast with their lit- Lle fingers every day is done by Ihe present incumbents in an awkward, unprofessional way that leaves loose ends On top of that, Ihe Nixon men arn truly paranoid aboirt the press. When charges aro aired, ti o e v e r improbably, they don'I even try to get a fair hearing or make a clear case. issue blanket denials and put forward countercharges to muddy the waters. If tills interpretation Is cor- rect, we me never going Lo got to Ihe bottom of the tTT case its miasma ol" phony is- sues, artful dodges, false leads and plain trivia The best we can hope for is Ihal, in lime, Lhc Nixon administration, hav- ing become less amateurish and jittery, will learn the art of government. (Fielil rnterpriscs, Inc.) Carl Roivan Indonesia's revival is boost for Nixon doctrine JAKARTA, Indonesia When I last visited this country almost four years ago it seemed to liavc one of the bleakest futures of all the trou- bled nations of Asia. RusUng skeletons of planned skyscrapers stood deserted, testimonials to an economy that in seemingly hopeless stagnation. In the previous 12 months alone, inflation hart soared hy 630 per cent, leaving the rupiah so weak and worthless that even the black marketeers Mere in panic. An inexperienced ILLIIc hand of army generals who lind beer lucky enough to survive a mas- sive Communist coup attempt was trying to rally the support of counlrymcn who had been pretty well brainwashed by the Communist party of Indonesia (PKI) and by the Communists' numlttr one benefactor, Pres- ident Sukarno. Indonesia was deep in debt to virtually every nation that had money lo lend or credit, to give. The Soviet bloc alone had Ihe country in hock for a billion bucks for obsolete planes the Russians had sold to the Ftcd- infesled air force and junk that had peddled to Lhc navy. Twlay the buildings arc coni- pldcd; Ihe rise ID the cost of IMnp waF held to a more 7 n per cpnt last year; Ihr. eco- nomy is growing at about 7 per cent a year; oil production has jumped from to barrels a day in just two years; there is a free money exchange with Ihe black markets gone; lots of invest- ment capital is coming in hr> c.iuse investors are free In like thriv profits oul; uenllhy fniln- nwions v.'ho (o hoard Ilicii1 monr-y in Hong Kong and Ge- neva arfl now keeping it at home, Investing some of it In their country's growth. This new progress, rfiw pride, shows in the dress, tho faces, of Ihe people as well as in the absence of people urinating and defecating in public canals, as once was so commonplace. This is a remarkable devel- opment for the future stability and independence of Soulheast Asia when you consider that Indonesia has more than half the population of the area (321 million) am! more than half the raw resources, most of which has barely been tapped. Indonesia is Ihe foremost ex- Letter to the editor Hospitality The parents of Llic Havre Lions Swim Team from Havre, Montana would like to (hank tho parents of the LcLhbridgc YMCA Swim Team Lhc lios- aj'iii ixiufjncc w li i I c housing our swimmers during the .storm. arc sorry tlial jour .swim tram and ours didn'l get to compete but Old Man Winter seemed (felornwicd Lo show us vho was and keep every- one inside Ihcor homes. A thanks to Gordon who worked hard In set up the meet and Boh Fen- ton called several times on Sunday to reassure us and take care of small problems. Thanks to each and every one of you, and yes, lo the good people al (ho M.irtjuis Elotpl, al.so. Havre, Moutaua, AAli Sports. ample, so far, of the succoss of the "Nixon doctrine" of a low profile for Uncle Sam. This country came 50 close lo be- ing gobbled up as a salcHilc of Communist China that its lead- ers arc obsessed vrilh a cnn- cern for their indepcnrten.ee. The low-key U.S, approach lias loft the ruling group trustful of and imworried by the Uni- ted Slates even as the Suharno government watches Russian diplomats intense suspi- cion and cracks down quickly on anything Ihal looks like pro- China subversion. Maj. Clen. Ilasnan Unltib. one of Ihe country's mo.sl powerful men, .irimilted frnnkly thai In- donesia's air force Ls loo weak lo defend Indonesian air spnre and thai (he navy cannot pro- (eet (lie shores of a country ma d c up of istenris strung out over miles twccn the Indian and Pacific oceans. "The threat lo Indonesia is not direct military llnsnnn lolrl mo. "it is subver- sion. arc trying lo ensure we c.in prated oursHres against the kinr] of subversion disaster that almo.si succeeded in The o n e c awesome Com- munist party has hron rffcc- livdy obliterated, nilli many of ils loaders killed and af 1.1.000 altered parly loaders nr workers still in jail. The army crnrks down quickly on any- thing Ilia! looks leftist, refusing to tolerate even intellectual talk about "personal freedom.11 Soemilro, kingpin of Ihc uriLional security effort (one observer c.ilu-d him com- bination nf CIA Director Rich- Jird Nrlmx Kill Hirerim- -I. adviser Henry (old me thai "Peking is still trying here. They fire morally ob- ligated to help the Communist underground movement in In- donesia to survive." Socmitro also revealed tbat during parliamentary elections la.st July certain Communist embassy personnel were en- gaged in surreptitious cfforls to influence (lie outcome. "We slay in control of Ilia Socmitro said with a wicked smile. "We now have a very sensitive intelligence ap- paratus." Asked lie responded lo cntici.sm Lhnl he is building n police stale, Soemilro replied: "Ihcy keep I Tying lo compare us wilh a U.S or European model, But we have a history that is different. We almost got For all ils anti-Communist, anli-Chinese zeal, the army kncws Ihal rapid iniproveinenL in the lives of the masses is the best defence apainst subver- sion. .So the military has remark able rcsfraint, going iilontf on a (ruly austere arms budget while pumping re- sources into food production, the building of roads, harbors, and irriofilinn canals, and into family planning. An Indonesia Jlial onic seem- ed "lost'' lo communism has not yet found democracy, but H is well nn Ihc way 10 sclf- pre.-erv.-iUon. (FirM Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 Rev. A. M. Gordon, formerly pastor of K n o x church, fx-thbridgc, has been selected as assistant minister to Mir- Rev. Dr. Duncan of the Church of St. Andrew and St. Montreal. IIKCi A s t ron n protest against Ilic government's res- olution lo defer action on tlio petition for the abolition of beer pnrlnrs in the province has been senl to Premier Brounlce, by the sub-executive of ths AL- bcrta Prohibition Association. report of farmers rMiltivalinp land and seeding received in Ilic city from CPU afjeni :it Grassy Lake. AM old fasliionwl opop cttfi, entitled ''M i s s Polly's Piitclnvoik under the di- rection of Mrs. L. A. will be presented hy the SL. An- drew's Church Clioir. TlteLethbtidije Herald 501 711) St. S., LelhbridRe, Alhcila LETIirmiDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class ReqIMradcn No Wl? Member or The Canadian Press Ihe Crinadian Daily Publishers' Associafion and Ihc Auilil Bureau c( CLEO VJ PS, Tclilrr ,in- PnhN'hrr THOMAS >l. PC'J PILI.Uir, VMI t HAY ROY F Manager VVALHTL-R "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"