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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THl UTHMBOI MUU) frW-Y, April J, IWO- fllUI STATION Iricts1 Field Com In Alberta DR. S. FREVMAX. Crop Physiologist The corn plant is one of na- ture's most amazing devices for storing food energy. From a seed that weighs a fraction of an ounce, a plant six to eight feet taU develops in about 12 weeks and in the following two months produces 600 to seeds. In Canada the major acreage of both grain and silage corn is in Ontario, but some corn is also grown is southern Mani- toba, southern Alberta, British Columbia, and in certain areas of Quebec and the Maritime Provinces. enough We do not grow com to supply our needs. Of the million do] lars' worth of corn we use eacl year, about 60 million dollars worth is imported. The regions of corn produc Bon are expanding into areas that until recently have been considered too cool for com growing. These changes ar taking place as a result of th of newly developed early hybrids and changes in management practices. Plant breeders of the Canada Department of Agriculture a Ottawa and Morden, and of sev eral commercial seed con panics, are developing hybrk that mature very early. Eac year these breeders mak available additional early-m hiring hybrids. Most of these hybrids are being tested southern Alberta. Some ha1 been found suitable for grail production. These hybrids anc some of the later maturing mes can also be used here for lage. At the Lethbridge Research station we are selecting vari- and developing cultural practices thai will enable us o produce at least 100 bushels mature grain per acre. Our has shown that sev- ___ hybrids can be successful- y grown in southern Alberta. On irrigated land, corn should X planted in late April or early lay in rows 20 inches to 30 in- hes apart so that there will be ibout plants per acre, iigh soil fertility is necessary or good yields. This is illus- trated by the fact that a 100- bushel crop ot corn uses about 20 pounds'of nitrogen, 30 of phosphorus, and 60 of potas- sium. Corn requires about 20 in- ches of water during the grow- ing season. The greatest use oc- curs during July and August. If soil moisture is in short sup- ply during tasselling, pollen shedding, and the period of rapid increase in grain weight, a poor seed set wiU result. Corn that is to be harvested for grain must mature to a moisture content not exceeding Farm Beat 70 TiUTUKG the past I at-l compared to a man on a Votts- U irrigation His. waiKfl budget trying to sue- tended four irrigation His- meetings, and i FAMILIAR ROUTINE Although the livestock better and ihe in which they ore sold are new, the basic routine at a livestock auction is the same as it was. hundreds of years ago. Here auctioneer Ken Hurlburt of Fort Macleod, sells one of the approximate 300 bulls on offer ot the annual lethbridge spring bull sale, held in the lethbridge Exhibition Pavilion yesterday. Due to the large entry, the selling was not completed yesterday and the sale was carried into today. 32 cent before the first til- ing irost occurs. The ears can then be picked and stored in a crib or left in the field until dry enough (28 per cent mois- ture) for harvesting with a picker-sheller. Silage corn should be nearly ripe by mid September. It should be harvested when the kernels are well dented and in the dough stage. A frost that occurs tefore harvest will low- er' the quality of the silage. Two-Year Summerfallow Program May Have Advantages., Says Specialist learned some of the problems facing Alberta irrigation sys- tems. One of the problems is seep- age, the crop dsisag? ssd land waste which it Little wonder that seepage exists, with water stin carried in canals aod ditches half a century old. In addition to seep- age from the out-moded open canal systems, innumerable other chores such as dredging silt and aquatic weed growth control pop up from the inefficiencies of this method of distributing water. The answer to the dilemma seems. to lie in underground pipeline systems, which would totally eliminate seepage, tic growth and consequently add several thousend acres of irrigable land to the districts with the eradication of canals and laterals. Alberta has in excess of 000 acres of irrigated land, mostly in south Alberta, or about one half of Canada's to- tal irrigated acreage. The only 'catch to this seem- ingly Utopian solution of under- ground piping is money, and whether or not the irrigation farmers of Alberta could jus- tify the terrific expense in- volved in the installation of this system. "The only district of the four (Lethbridge Northern Irriga- tion District, St. Mary River Ir- rigation District, Eastern Irriga- tion District and Taber Irriga- tion District) not contemplating wagen budget trying cessfully finance a Cadillac." Some hint of sunshine hM dawned with the participation of the provincial goyenuneit, contributing some the irrigation districts as'part of its cost sharing program. (The money can only be uwd for rehabilitation of the dis- Funds have not beea received from Ottawa, but Lethbridge MP Deane Gund- lock recently expressed optim- ism about a pending federal de- cision. Just in case, however, the Al- berta Irrigation Projects Asso- cUUon has organized a trip to Ottawa where three officials from the 14 Alberta districts will talk wiih government, offi- cials and try to speed federal participation. It appears Alberta irrigation in for some major change! in the near future, and whether the changes will come as un- derground systems of updating of the present systems with concrete lined ditches B un- decided and SUIT in the of economists and researchers. TALKING COMPUTER COlflRADO SPRINGS, Coto. (AP) A computer that tata and is supposed to be more pa- tient with students will shown in a series of seminars here by Sperry Rand Corp. The concept was devised by Robert Milbura of St. Paul, Minn. says it may be the first "feasi- ble" computer teaching system because it can question, grade answers and even "talk back" The -wheat inventory reduc- tion program will result in rcuch land being left in sum- merfallow for a second year. D. T. Anderson, agricultural engineer, Soil Science Section of the Research Station, points out that many factors may eater into a final decision on the use of two years of summerfallow. Certain types of weed infes- tations can be effectively con- trolled by extended periods of summerfaflow. For example, eradication of perennial weeds Partial Budgeting Farm Management Tool MELTOJ A. CAMERON Regional Farm Economist, Letbbridge Partial budgeting is a tech- nique that can be employed in predicting the outcome of a change in business operation. Farm managers often find it necessary to estimate the ad- vantages of a new production technique before it is adopted. At other times they may wish (o take a look at the expected change in farm income before a new crop or livestock enter- is added. Sometimes ipenses if the change is made. I All other parts of the business, which remain the same and are not affected, are assumed to be constant and hare no influence on the expected outcome. The first step in the partial budgeting procedure is to iden- tify and measure in dollars the aspects'of change that tend to add to income. There are two ways by which a proposed change may add to income. The first, is by the expected returns from the new product that will be produced for market. These pnse is added. Sometimes to be changing prices, markets and elpected. It is necessary to re- nm-rmmiiril vnil it i ___ agricultural programs will cause changes in business op- eration that management will wish to measure. The logic and systematic techniques that are employed in partial budgeting will prove lo be helpful when such problems occur. There are two main areas In which the effects of a proposed change can be studied. There are (1> the aspects of the change that tend to add to in- come, and (2) the aspects of the change that tend to be in- come reducing. The basic logic employed in this procedure is to only examine the aspects that will affect income and ex- Grain May Have New Market .EDMONTON "Why not fill your gas lank with wheat and take a major step in fighting air said Paul Babey, newly elected president of Unifarm, in reply to recent tests conducted in the U.S. that Indicate grain alcohol mixed with gasoline will reduce hydro carbon exhaust emission by 50 per cent. The tests and a proposal have been presented to the U.S. sen- ate for consideration, yet no legislation has been receiv- ed. In addition lo aiding the fight against air pollution, the grain alcohol mixture is said to pro- lory engine life nnrl give added po-.vor without lead additives. Cnsts of producing ihe new fuel would be very similar fo recent estimates given by U.S. oil companies for higher oc- tane, non leaded gasolines, or about five cents per gallon more lhan Is now charged, but the resulting boom in grain pro- duclion by farm communities could justify the increase. member that not all changes live balance will add income. Some changes that will be examined are only new methods of producing the present product. In such cases, there will be no added income. The second thing that tends to add to income will be costs of production that no longer oc- cur if a change is made. Often changes in production techni- ques wiU eliminate some of the present costs of production. Any'reduced costs should be measured in this part of the budget When the manager has iden- tified the income and re- duced costs that will occur if the change is made, he has completed step one of the bud- get. Both sections are added fo determine the value of the as- pects of change that tend to add lo income. The second step in partial budgeting is to identify and measure the aspects of change that tend to be income reduc- important to take such aspects' into consideration if they do oc- cur. Adding the reduced it come and added costs that have been estimated in step two will provide the manager with a measure of the aspects of change which tend to be in- come reducing. Step two is now completed. The final step is to determine if the proposed change will in- crease net farm income. This, of course, can be determined by subtracting the income re- ducing total of step two from Ihe increased income total de- termined by step one. A posi- such as field bindweed, hoary cress, Russian knapweed, blad- der campion, and leafy spurge can usually be accomplished by two consecutive seasons of in- tensive cultivation. Canada thistle and sow thistle some- times require two consecutive years of fallow for complete eradication. The yield a cereal grain may be increased'by two years of fallowing during extended periods of severe drought be- cause of better moisture stor- age. In a ax year study, the av- erage annual yield from a two- year fallow was 26.8 bushels and from a one -.year fallow 23.1 bushels of spring wheat per acre. This six year period in- cluded two years. of below nor- mal precipitation. In a study, that extended over a twenty year period, aver- age annual summerfattow yields were 28.3 and 29.9 bush- els per acre of spring wheat from a fallow fallow-wheat and a fallow wheat rotation. Fallows were tilted with wide blade cultivator, years when above normal res- pipeliasiiistaUaiJonistheEast; u, UB student by name. agents gradually, reduce trash cover maintaining adequate protection against erosion for two consecutive years is provision for the use o! cover crops seeded after July 15, providing 'a means of protecting the fallow in the second fall and EID general manager, said, "The EID system is in the same position as the other districts, but the installation of the pipeline can were an estimated 941, 000 horses in Canada as of June 1, 1969 down 5 per cent from June 1, 19C8. the change is profitable, whereas a negative balance indicates that the change will likely be un- profitable. Managers who use good In- formation and properly employ the logic and techniques of par- tial budgeting have a useful too for predicting the effects of management changes. Estimat- ing the probable outcome of a change prior to actual imple- mentation win help the mana- ger weed out questionable changes and readily identify profitable changes. (due was produced it was pos- sible to maintain .some trasb cover for wind erosion protec- ion during the'third winter, of ihe two-year fallow period. Herbicides can be utilized In- stead of tillage to control some weeds. This may increase the amount of trash coyer avail- able for erosion protection. However, because molds Garbage Is GoodFeed tog. Again, these will occur in two separalo ways. The mana- ger should begin by estimating the added costs of. production that will occur if the change is Implemented. All r.ew produc- tion costs must be listed to complete this step. The mana- ger should have liltle difficulty in estimating the annual cash operating costs that will occur. On the other1 hand, many fixed Investment costs cannot be charged in total in the year In- curred. It will be necessary to estimate Ihe amount of depre- ciation and interest on invest- ment capital that should be charged each year. This will re- quire a knowledge of the ex- peeled lifetime of the capital investments to be made. The next part of step two is fo measure any reduction in in- come that will occur as a re suit of the change. If an enter prise is dropped or reduced ii size, the value of such rcducei production is measured as i tends to reduce income. No1 all changes .will eliminate pres cnt production, but it is very' Cattle, sheep, chickens and Jigs could be used to help solve :he pollution problem, says an assistant professor' at the' Uni- versity of Alberta. Dr. J. P; Bowl and said these animals could be fed garbage. Pigs maintain the ability fo convert proelins, which cannot be used by humans in their nat- ural form, lo highly milrilkmal protein in the form of pork. The nutrients in garbage are readily digestible so basically good garbage has a high feed value when mixed properly with grain for finishing pigs above 80 pounds in weight, he says. Pollution reports suggest Dial much mote attention must be >aid to the potential use of gar- lagc, be said. Soon convention- al garbage and other waalc pro- ducts may have to be process- Advisory Officers Elected TABER (HNS) Dean An- derson, Taber farmer, was elected chairman of the newly formed Taber District Agricul- turalists' Advisory Committee Thursday evening. Other officers named were Kenneth Fletcher of Purple Springs vice chairman and District. Agriculturist Allen Toly secretary. Officers were elected from a committee of 17 farmers and farm women representative the-various areas of Taber Mu- nicipal District No. 14. Committee members are John Wilms, Grassy Lake; Ken- r.eth'Fletcher, Purple Springs; Clyde A. Conrad, Dean Ander- son and Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Barany, Taber; Jerry Kuryvial Cranford; Mrs. Mary Key, Mrs. Anne Stalling, Henry Rempel and Jake Unruh, Vauxhall; James H. Tanner, Bamwell; Erling Mattson, John Whil- more, Hays; and Robert Steen and Lloyd Jacobson, Enchant. District Agriculturalists Advis- ory Committees are functioning throughout Alberta. The purpose of siich commit- Selective sugar beets, grow free Your sugar beets grow free from most grasses and broadleai weeds. Free [rom their comp'elilion for soil moislure, plant nutrients and root growing roam. Free from the growth stress weeds cause your beets. Ro-Neet frees you Irom much of and expense of early, repeated cultivations when you're trying lo establish agpod, healthy stand., .helps avoid possible mechanical damage lo growing roots and foliage.' Ro-Neet control makes thinning and blocking easier... eliminates rnosthand weeding, helps electro-mechanical thinning worksmoothly.- This season, use Ro-Neet... get your sugar beels olf to a good start. Ro-Neet controls most ol the toughest weeds that hold backyour crop, such as nightshade and yellow nutgrass. It also stops watergrass or barnyardgrass, wild oals, redroot pigweed, lambsquailers, ciabgrass and many others. Ro-Neet 7.2E is easy lo handle... lils perfectly into your beet produclion programms. Mix it into the soil as you prepare your field for seeding or inject Ro-Neet liquid into the soil at planting Ground moislure. starts the controlling action. Most susceptible grasses and weeds never come up... some may emerge and then die. Mixed in Ihe soil, Ro-Neet is protected against loss by evaporation and rain runolf. Good weata or bad, Ro-Neel does its job. Used as directed, there's not enough lelt alter harvest to interfere with your next crop. Free yourself from much ol Ihe work and worry... grow bigger yields ol more prolitable sugarbeels wilh Ro-Neel protection. See your local supplier now for Ro-Neel. For bqsl results, use Ro-Neet correctly by following label directions carefully. StauKer Chemical Company of Canada, Ltd., Montreal.; Distributed by: Chipman Chemicals Limited Montreal, Hamilton, Winnipeg ed, not just as a means of mak- ing use of available nutrients, but as a means of disposal. Ices is to advise district agri- culturalists on problems devel- oping in their respective areas, lu courses that lirnely for the district, and lo represent an agricultural body that Is recognized by Ihe Pro- vincial Government. CANADIAN SUGAR FACTORIES LTD. Picture Buflc Taber Raymond Coaldab Bow Wand Vauxhall CO-OP SOUTHERN ALBERTA CO-OP More. Farm News, Page 11 ;