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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - April 3, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TEN SATimpAY, Apfct .V' OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Prince of Wales' Plans For His Alberta Ranch (From the I^udoii Times.) . The acquisition by the Prince of Wales of a ranch in Albertn diir.nK his recent visit to Canada arouaed groat interest, at the time on both sides of the Atlantic and south as well as north of the St. .Lawrence. Tho rural piirsuitt; has, hov.'ever, found practical manifestation nt an earlier period ill his career. The E. P. Rarch The oi tiie liappily-nanied E. P. Ranch is an accomplished fact. i The origin of its title was simple. The incident was noteworthy aud E'-atify-1 ^-n^adians arc adepts at, .suggesting f,, ------1 .....1 r.,.., practicing abbreviations, and no ing to Americans in general aud Caua dians in particular, as it showed the disposition and readiness of members of the Royal Family to enter into pursuits aud Enterprises to the people of Uie Empire. The inhabitants of the L"ulted Kins-dom" are familiar from usage extending over many generations with ihis' characteristic of tho reigning ]iouse, aud look upon farm'ng as a natural occupation oC the Sovereign -and his heirs. When the Prince Wales some years ago formed the Home Farm at aoonfir had tho decision of the Prince to acquire a part of the Bedingfieki Ranch become known than the section in point was designated tho "K. P." Ranch, the initial letters of "Edward. I in winter have to bo procured In th?; ; elaborate HriMsh method. AltiiouRh there is no arable land within the I limits of the E. P. Kancll' at present, liie acquisition of cultivated or caltiv-\ able land is contemplated with/a View I to making tlie ranch better adiipted to the requiren ents of tlio Improved classes of .rattle and pheap It is proposed to introduce. With the same' �object suitable buildings and foiicingj arc to be erected in due course. The ranch is to be stocked with cattle, horses and sheep. Hitherto, horses have lioen bred chiefly, but c.tUlo raising "Will form.'tJie main feature under his K'oyftI Hlghness's ownership. The imraeclialo supervision of the ranch will be entrtisted to Professor Carlylo who, with Mr. Lane's approval, will add this. task 10 his managerial duties on the lat- Khor'honis of the booviug t.yne that should he of incbtimahlo importance in iho hu3inoKs oi' stoclchreeding iu r^r.^,!,, i.roniler breed is already well known and highly .u'i'r....i^:o in luy I)(jlnJiUou, but there is boundless scope for. expansion and there, as hor�!, need for improvement so that the new herd. on the IC. P. Ranch will be welcomed as h valuable acquisition. It will not have matters all it^ own way, howov&r, for at the recent Peifth sales tho hlgheBt priced bull calf, costing tho unproco dented sum of 6,600 guineas, waa bought by Mr. J. J. Billot, Guelph, Ontario. This and otUet' purchases added to the meritorlons herds already established in the Dominion, foreshadow.3 formidable competition- wholesome rivalry-for the new Royal herd In Alberta. Smuts of Cereals And Their Control OneSpllar Weekly PAiRMNTSl Toll your obildrsn that. I1.OO dopoaited at {this Bank ^v*^ week lor ten yeare, with Interest at a per cent, oompounded aemi-aunually, will amount to $e06.7S Qnopuraffe your children to save, ASSETS EXCEED $t7*,m,90� Prince.'' The Pedingfiold Ranch is i ter's famous Bar U ranch of 120.000 situatetl among the focn hills of th o Rocky ."Mountains, about r>0 miles soutli-weat of Calgary, and the T.liOO acres acquired by the Prince of Wales, through the.kind offices of Mr. Coorge Lane, one of the greatest aud most suocossfnl ranchers in Western Ca" Stoke^ Clirasland, near CaUingtou,; pda, was part of tho Be:i:ngfieid prop Cornwall, where tJierc are now ostab-lished noted herds of Shorthorn and Devon cattle and a select flock of Dartmoor sheep, and developed and Improved the general farming scheme on Dartmoor itself, his Royal Hlgl-.-ness was only following in new forms eny. Tho Royal Ranch is in, the nei.irhborhood of the village of Pekiako an Indian name fof which, it lias been suggested, a suitable Kngiish equivalent might be substituted in compliance with a custom common when tliere is a change of ownership. The (Experimental Fanns Note) The grain smuts cause serious losses in Canadh, There is lUUe doubt that the total loss each year exceeds twenty milllone "of dollars. -Tho greater part of this loss can be easily'prevented. Tho smuts of grain that cause ser-' ious losses in Canada arc tho lollow-ing: The looso sauit of wheat the stinking smut of wheat or bunt; the loose and .covered smuts of oats, and the loose and covered smuts of barley. The loose smut of wheat can be easily recognized by the dusty black I heads that appear about the .time of blossoming. The black masses of the example of his father and grand-lather. The Prince's predilection for and in a different partof the country,-(jp^^ of can'a'dia'ii piVnc'e-t'own has naturally occurred to some, and would be singularly appropriate. As regards the ranch itself, its 7,000 acres are entirely under grass, and at present it is without suitable or adequate buildings. The soil is a rich alluvial 16am, and the grasses it carries are luxuriant and provide good feeding for stock in summer and winter. A certain area is mowed every for acres. The stock to be sent out from thi.s country will comprise Shorthorn cattle, thoroughbred iKirses, Dartmoor ponies, Dartmoor-Arab crosses, Shropshire and Kerry Hill (Wales) Sheep. The consignments ' of cJittlo, jjonies, and pcny-Arab crosses can he supplied mainly from the Prince'.> f.irnis in Cornwall and Devon, and selection.-? of thoroughbred horses have already been made at Kewmar-, gpo^es are soon scattered by the.wind, ket. while the close-woolled sheep of ^^0 bunt or stinking smut is not so Shropshire and North Wales are pve- g^gjiy recognized in the field as tho ferred because of their proved suit-1 joose smut ability for the clitnate. Pure-Bred Shorthorns The breeding of Shorthorn cattle will be the principal enterprise, and fields in which tliey are not present or from which the smutted heads have been removed before the spores are dispersed. These smuts can bo controlled by treatment with hot water but It is not recommended for general use on tho farm. Summary and recommendations. Good seed should be used that has been thoroughly fanned to remove all light and shrivelled grains and smut; balls. Light kernels are liable to contain the spores of other grain diseases. . Treat the seed with a solution of formalin by the dipping or sprinkling method. This treatment will also kill the spores of many other diseases that injure grai�. Care should be taken that tho moist grain is not allowed to freeze. If the grain is sown when it is still damp UNION BANK OF CANADA Lethbridge Branch\ - A. Dunbar,^ahager' Branches alio nt Carditon and Barons The smutted kernels iu the stinking smut of wheat are.daik, _ but thoy do not break up readily and aiVd .swollen the seeder or drill should in the growing grain are more or less be set to make allowances for the ^_ .... ^........___ ______r..^^,...... concealed by the chaff. These dark swelling. Usually one half bushel the Royal owner is fortunate in being l^ernels can be crushed easily, when more of barley or w-heat and three in a position io supply from his noted , '�^^y ^'"l be seen to consist of a mass qnarters of a bushel of oats. will be herd in England most of th-e shipment! snielljng black powder, the spores reQuired than of dry grain, of about a score of highly-bred Cruick- j �^ smut. At threshing time these P. FRASEK. shank Shorthorns that are to form "the | smutted kernels or spore balls as they Laboratory nucleus of the new herd. The ranch i ire often called are broken up a�id the is capable of carrying about 700 head, spores lod,ge on the sound wheat Plant Pathology,] Saskatoon, Sask. 5"? '^'^'^'^ ^'^ ^eir AUSTRALIAN WORKERS year to provide hay for young stock' cattle in addition to other stock, in winter, but the greater part is -A-t first the herd  will consist prin-grazed throughout the year. The cli- cipally of the ordinary-grade cattle "of mate is severe, but cattle and horses i ^''^ district, but as the pure-bred ^ _____., ,,_____ iui registered Shorthorns WANT FIVE-DAY WEEK Order Your TREES and SHRUBS >row before it is too late to get some at the lowest price Homegrown Nursery Stock has ever been sold in Albe-rta, The Mitchei). Nursery rRANK KN'APP, (Leasee) advantage of grass e.xceeds the present requirements of the stock on a properly managed ranch and tho surplus, then withered and dry but of about the same feeding value as English hay, suffices to carry the animals through the winter. The climate renders this simple system of "haymaking" completely practicable in Alberta, and only the needs of young stock housed known smutty odor. The oat smuts are much alike, but' the chaff is usually destroyed in the . ^'DNEY, N. W. S., April 2.-There'! a very definite movement among of the best families and types. The enterprise "would be important and of wide interest if it were merely to be conducted on the ord.naiT ranching lines; the system of management it is proposed to pursue increases its vahie and intensifies its significance. usually remains enclosing the trade unions of Australia gener-the smutted parts. The spore masses ally in favor of cutting out Saturday of both are soon scattered by the wind.; work. The idea is "forty-four hours In the covered smut of barlev the' and a Ave days' week." Some of the smut masses are dull black in color njore extreme and irresponsible un-and are at first enclosed In a thin gov- ions^mand forty and even thirty-six ering. The spores are scattered about hours a week. Among tho unions the time of the maturity of the grain. Which favor the iive days' week are In the loose sinut of barley the whole some of the bettor class of artisans. ATTRACTIVE YELDS on Government, Municipal and School Bonds can be socured by buying at tha iwesent prevailing prices. We . recommend investors to make all ppiaible purchntti how and so secure the present high interoet rates for a long period. W. ROSS ALGER and COMPANY Investment Bankers 515 MACLEAN BLOCK CALGARY Borrow to Buy Cattle "Mixed Farming" is the big moneymaker today. Of course, grain and fruit  and vegetables pay well-but beef and bacon, butter and cheese, are piling' up the profits for the farmer. Milk more cows-fatten more cattle-raise more hogs. If you need money to do it, come to The Merchants Bank. We are glad to assist all up-to-date famiei-s. TH? MCRCimNTS BANK ho th^ h,r,i. �v�- \ .Mr". .I.iK, C. l-ottuiU'. of HuiiluiKdon, P.Q., �..tUmi?- "W^ 1-l4i-ilesuhuor. O,. Nov. .Tj. we got, ,,,� first e.Tir. For the n"on?h ,-icca rS'^^^h.'n.'o/''?''''''''^''' -T?'" y^"-- in popular i^.iccu i,wga., 01 111 nioii-y-;-,av;i;K 2;,-lb. palls or ICO-lb. bags. MONEY DACK IF NOT SATISFIED. Write for TOKT-I hook on the oarp of Poultrj'. Also use Prattt Animal Regulator. Tho Guarantesd the loose smut of barlej' can be easily controlled by seed treatment with a solution of formaldehyde (sometimes sold as formalin). It is the, safest and most effective treatment for use on the farm. It is easily applied and the cost is low. The object of the treatment is to kill the smut spores that may be lodged on the seed and thus prevent the ^mut beip^ carried over to the season's crop, For this reason it is Importaut that the solution reaches every grain of "the seed treated. The sprinkling, method Is commonly Msed for the treatment of the seed grain. One pound of formaldehyde is mixed with 40 gallons of water. AVhile a stronger solution may be used, it should not exceed the strength of one pint of formaldehyde to 30 gallons of water. Toa.etrong a solution may seriously injure the germination of the seed. TJie grain to be treated may bo placed in-a v/agon box or on a clean floor and sprinkled with thl.i solution, using about one gallon to each bushel of grain, shovelling over the grain at the same time so each grain may become WQt. The pile of grain should then be covered with canvas or sacks for two hour.s or more until the solution has had time to kill the spores of the smut. Thn grain should then be spread out to dry. Seeding should not be delayed long after treatment. Instead of the sprinkling the dipping method may be used. It is more convenient for small quantities of : see;!. The grain to be treated is placed in coarse .sacks through which tho solution can readily pass and is then immersed in a barrel of formaldehyde solution (1 pound formalin to 40 Imperial gallons of water)* for five minutes. The sack should be moved about so that the solution will penetrate thoroughly. The grain is then removed and allowed to drain and theit piled in a convenient place-and covered, as in the sprinkling method. In the case of wheat affected with stinking smut it is best to pour the grain into a box; or cask of the solution and stir until j all the .^^mutteO kernels have risen to! thn surface. Tho smut balls should) then be skimmed off. The .'5ohition j cannot penetrate into the spore balls. Caro must be taken that tho treated grain does not liecome reinfected frnm contaiuers that have held smut.tid grain. The .'iTTes on sacks c.atf be killed by .soakin.ij Ihem in the solution used for .treating the seed and boxes can be sprinklofl with the solution. ; Another merluul of seed treatment has recently ber-n introduced for the trea'.meni of oats. InHhis method a strong solution of formaldp!iyde is u.sed. One pint of fornialuohyde Is mixed with a pint of water and the grain is spravr-d with this soiutlou while it is Iiei"K shovelled over and th(!n ctivored f;ir a few hours as in the sprinklin^i nic'liiu]. Only a (luart of the Fohilion is used "nr each Tt\) ))!ish-els of "jrain. Bxiieriinents have :&''wu that this method is safe and pff'.'c'fvp. The 'flu has carried off eleven persons within a very short time at Fei^ ella. Ont., several homes being broken up. THE COST To your Estate is no greater by appointing a Trust Company as EXECUTOR than an individual but yotk are assured at ail times of the benefit of our experience. Correspond or call on us for further information. The British Canadian Trust Co. PHONE 1843 315 FIFTH 8T. a, LETHQRIDQE 1869  600 Branches � 1919 [ROM BAi OF CANADA The Road from the Farm to the Bank should be well worn. Go to tlic Manager of the nearest Royal Bank branch with your financial difficulties while th-ey are small and he can usually help you. Your affairs will be treated v,-ith strict confidencil The BtMnk's employees are pledged to secrecy about tlie business of every customer. Capital & Reserves.? 35.00t),000 Total Kesources____$627,000,000 Write to our nearest Branch for a set of ten Livestock Biollors, showing photo,jrupii3 of champion bulls, aiaiiions, boar.s and rams. Southern Alberta Branches Le'ihbridgc .. E. K. McKny, y,^,r, Mugratii ...j. K. Atkinson, :\Igr. Cardston . ."\V. TL McKay, ;\!s?r. Taber ...... .T, \V. Dunin, Mgr. Only One Way to Bequeath Your Knowledge and Ability Your business ability and financial acumen are a bulwark ot defense for your wife and children while you live. Unfortunately you cannot bequeath these things to them witli the tangible property you have accumulated for their benefit, and your heirs may no* -le able to "carry on" as you hope they will. But the: u way to project some of'your personality. Into that future ill wU.^a you have no living part. Have your Solicitor draw your win. appointing The Trusts and Guarantee Company. Limited, as your Executor. You will tlien be. assured of the careful, Impartial carrying put of your wishes, and your hefrs will be protected by this strong, experienced, perpetual fully authorized and equipped Company for this special work. Consult ue now about this important matter. The Trusts and Guarantee Companr, limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDQB, ALBERTA LETHFRIDQE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILOINQ. J. W. McNICOL. INSPECTOR. Public Administrator and Official AMiflnee for the Judicial DIstrlett of Lethbrldgo, Macleod, Medicine Hat, Calgary, Red D�er, Stettler. WE ARE THE LARGEST DEALERS IN WESTERN CANADA IN HIDES, WOOL, SHEEP PELTS, RAW FURS, and TALLOW AND SELL DIRECT TO TANNERS WE'LL BE GLAD TO SEND PRICE LIST ON REQUEST. 1251 2nd AVE. S. AGENTS FOR MINED ROCK SALT A. CARRUTHERS Co LETHBRIDGE HEADJDFFICE: WINNIPEG, ., Ltd. PHONE 595 s e Lethbridge Iron Works Co. stock Tonic. Pratt TmA Co. of Canada, Limited 3303 Carlaw Ave., Toronto. PHONE S22 LIMITED. AYING. -The fo u n elation of almost every successful business venture is built on Savings. The Standard Bank of Canada can be of great assist-in helping you to de- 29a auce lor oats if pyoiifrl.v vised and lia^i the . , _ astvivntage of r.w weUing Iho RTain. veioD yoUr business, must be u.siifl with care a.s too much I of tho soliUirniiriatinn of the seed. T)i" koIu-! tion must ho sprayoil on the Ki">in not � spririklod. Il is unsafe to use this: KtronK .'��olutinn for treating oihpr' grains f'.!-.ii('ciany wheat an it often | KericuHly in.itwpR the KevmSnation and I docv; not ahvayw prevent snuit. i Tlior(:m1 0:1 the market. Tho bi'st 0,' these tr.\i( (he seed in a sat-i.sra,roni(', .'iced .'ihould be obtained from THE STANDARD BAHK OF CANADA J. C, SCOTT - - Managir 13TH STREET north G. F. BLETCHEP - Manager 4TW AVii.-JUE south P. BILLINGTOr-J - MAHAcnn New DA-nOK- AMa sterling BLANCHES L. G. THOMAS - - Manager coalhurjT branch V/. S. FKnGUSON - Manager COALDALE EiRANCH C. T. MCKINNON - Manager BURDETT BRANCH We Pay Highest Prices for AND WE ADVISE YOU TO GET OUR OFFER NOIV ON ANY QUANTITY. : : : YMAN & CO. DEALERS IN HIDES, PELTS A.ND FURS PHONE 442 ADDRESS: 320 6lh ST. S. P.O. BOX' mxem ;