Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
14-THI LETHiRIDuc HMALD AprH t, 1174 Chile 'castoffs' hunt for jobs Solzhenitsyn analysis SANTIAGO (AP) Former congressmen peddling under- wear; college professors cleaning chicken sheds; jailed journalists printing prison these are some of the of Chile's military coup. The September armed forces rebellion which ousted Marxist President Salvador Allende left thousands of his followers with bleak futures. Many of them fled abroad. Thousands stayed at home, but were fired from their if not arrested. Ironically they are competing now with Allende members of the National and Christian Democrat who also lost their jobs when the military junta barred all po- litical activity and dissolved Congress. After taking power the junta outlawed the left-wing parties that had elected Allende in 1970. shut down leftist newspapers, and purged the schools and universities of alleged pro-Marxist teachers. It is estimated that teachers were discharged. Also "out of jobs" were 50. senators and 150 congressmen who had received salaries exceeding a month under the exchange rate effective a year ago. Also scrounging for jobs Print Litho QUALITY PRODUCTS were lawyers and doctors who were closely aligned with Allende's government. About other persons are being held in detention camps throughout Chile, according to best estimates. At the Cnacabuco camp in an abandoned northern mining town 'a dozen journalists who once worked for leftist news- papers are putting out a hand- written paper that is read to the other prisoners at meal time. Self-censorship, imposed on all other news media in Chile, also is observed at Chacabudo. A professor at the University of Chile was arrested but released a month later with a notation on his employment papers that he had been fired for political reasons. This has made it impossible for him to return to the academic field and he has taken a job cleaning chicken roosts. "It is ridiculous but I am making more money sweeping manure than I could make teaching philosophy." he said. Most of the former congressmen went back to their earlier professions but it wasn't an easy transition. Their congressional salaries were more than adequate, by Chilean standards, and they also had free passage on the state airlines, railways and ships. Two former presidents of the House of Deputies, Luis Pareto and Eduardo Cerda, joined with another ex- congressman, Arturo Frei, in opening a women's wear shop. ____4 U'tilf Vca ll'iiil ftnnf Instant Printing TUr NOOK Business Forms DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED IN LETHBRIDGE Few repercussions follow exile action By HEDR1CK SMITH New York Times Service MOSCOW Despite the initial shock in the west jwer the forced exile of Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn, the Soviet leadership has been successful in ridding itself of the country's most celebrated dissenter without serious policy repercussions. After the expulsion six weeks ago, protests were raised by Western intellectuals and even some government figures. But the Solzhenltsvn affair has not become a point of contention in any important East- Western negotiations, or in discussions on the issues of human rights or freer flow of ideas between East and West. Reprisals The banishment of the 55- year-old author has demoralized a number of his friends and other iconoclastic Soviet intellectuals. They say privately that they now fear official reprisals. The authorities let his wife depart last week with her family and her famous husband's archives without problems or harassment. They had evidently calculated that this would quickly close the case and hasten the decline of Russia's most powerful and controversial writer of mid-century into oblivion in the West. The one risk for Moscow is that it will face both propaganda and policy repercussions later when Sotzhenitsyn's book The Gulag Archipelago, 1918-1996 comes out in large editions in the west. By sentencing its author to permanent exile, the Kremlin gave the book far wider publicity and attention than it will be Opening Soon! Writer's family together Alexander Solzhenitsyn greets his wife and children at Zurich airport. and probably insured that this devastating account of the Soviet prison system before, during and after Stalin will be one of the moat widely read books in a decade. x Suspicion Some Western diplomats suggest.that this could have repercussions, reinforcing the skepticism of some Western political factions toward detene with Moscow, and reviving suspicions about Stalinism, much as did the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. Only a few copies of the small Paris edition of Gulag are reportedly circulating here in Moscow, but interest in the work is intense among intellectuals and young people. Black market prices run from 30 to 80 rubles (about to Lists to read the circulating 606-page copies are said to be long. More than 200 established writers and intellectuals have taken part in the campaign of public declarations endorsing the Kremlin's decision to exile Solzhenitsyn and to predict, in the words of Sergei Mikhalkov, a writers' union official, that the controversial writer is already a "marked- down commodity" in the West and that "sooner or later, he will witness his inevitable, inglorious oblivion." Sympathizers of Solzhenitsyn have gotten together and circulated an unofficial book, recounting the Solzhenitsyn affair and containgin 39 letters of support for Solzhenitsyn, including those from Yevgeny Yevtushenko, the poet, and Viktor Nekrasov, an extremely well-known Soviet novelist Hold stroke Western diplomats privately concede, the bold stroke of expelling Solzhenitsyn has been a success for the Kremlin. Privately, Russian voice some surprise tknt the protest in the West died down so quickly. As the preparatory in Geneva for a European security conference, where human rights and freer movement of people and ideas are central points of controversy between negotiators between East and West, reports from Geneva indicate that the matter has not even come up in the negotiations. Solzhcnitsyn's banishment was unique in that he had refused to bow to intense and unrelenting official pressures, refused to quit his homeland voluntarily, and had to be physically deported with an escort of eight ,security agents. Tactic But the Soviet technique of exiling dissenters has become a fairly widespread tactic of the Kremlin for coping with domestic dissent over the last two years. Less celebrated iconoclasts have reluctantly accepted exile abroad or to camps in Siberia or other 'punishment. Along with Soviet Jews who have gone to Israel, they form what is becoming the third great exodus from Russia in this century. The first was at the time of the revolution and civil war; the second, from the Soviet Union generally, during and after the second world war. Cominf to MEHCME HAT Stop at the FRONTIER MOTEL Excellent Accommodations. Reasonable Rates Also Weekly and Commercial Rales. 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