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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Jolurdoy, April I, THl LFUIiRIDGE HERMD 5 mser Hodgson. When marbles appear springtime is here IF fOW many thousand Limes have I heard that expres- sion when I was kid in school. Did you over hear it? Or wns there some different warning used during your primary edu- cation? IL was whispered, yell- ed, and hollered iii every typo of communication known to kids and caused more nrgue- ments and fights over a ganio of marbles, than any conrroiiln- tion in modern United Nations meetings. The game just couldn't be played without tliis exclamation, it was as much a part of the game as the mar- bles themselves. Every spring a.-j scon as there wns R patch of earth showing through tho .snow, two or more kicis pounced on II with a sack of shooters, alleys, and dubbs, and started the marble season. Quite often these patches from being dry, but a little clean mud never slopped a lioy from playing marbles, and the knee.1) of pants and long black Blockings took a real beating. Fail No dubbs, wns near- ly always called out just before each players (urn to shout. It meant he couldn't do anything e.xlra except shoot from right lii.s shooter v ns lying. No moving it around lo get a heller n n g 1 c. huiL-hing up closer, dribbling for an ndvnn- lage on .second shot, killing your opponent by lulling his shooter and earning anollicr shot, or anything else that migtil be lo his advantage. "Xo dubbs" adder! to the warning wasn't Included in the fan part, BU a very genmnis player rould just SFIV and !rt fbe olher knock or more "dubbs" out of the ring if ho happened to be that, lucky. Older boys in grade 5 to 7 I usual] y discarded the rule, and like veteran gamblers, threw the ceiling off the game with the sky the limit, as long as each paid for his demanded ad- vantage. That is if be wanted to move sideways to line up two or more marbles he had to back away some to pay for tbo move. As you got older it was sort of a gentlemen's unwritten law that you wouldn't kill each other, "hinch'1 up closer, or take any of the other little ad- vantages banned by "fan no dubbs." These games draw quilc an audience at times, something like a high-stake pok- er game in a gambling den. The nwvd stood around out of the players way, and nobody said a word till an extra good shot brought a cheer from Ilia bystanders, just like any n'Jicr serious game watchers. The many different types of marbles ail had special names. To begin with UK cheapest and most plentiful was Ibe dubb, a baked clay product, sometimes glazed, and produced by tha tiious and. Th ey were rcall y used like chips in a card game, only they were won by knocking them out nf a ring marked in the dirt. The shooters were usu- ally twice as big, and made of glass with designs cast through them, and some were pretty fancy. Every boy had a special goodluck shooter, and if he lost it his luck was wry shaky till another proved Itself. Some used steel ball bearings for shooters, and they all had pet names like steely s, aggys (re- sembled glassys, alleys, and pccwces. An Old Chum to- bacco sack madle the best car- rying hag, unless a hoy could talk his mother into making a stronger one on her sewing ma- chine. Most teachers banned loose marbles in pockets, and quite often as many were lost by confiscation as through poor shooting. Accumulating enough cash to buy tbc first supply of marbles was a large undertaking, and if a greenhorn ran into a shark and lost them tbe first day, there was more weeping than when the farm boy lost tbc homestead in a set-up poker game. So the school had a rule for the younger grades that oul- lawcd playing for "keeps." This law was pretty hard to enforce, and most kids ignored it, un- less they changed their minds when they saw Uiey were los- ing. No thought of playing for anything but "keeps" was done aftor grade two, and older boys took Ih-nir losses and winnings just like any gambler. A few consistant winners used their daily increase as slingshot am- munition, as they were sure of replenishing the supply next day. But there was no more despondent looking kid In tho whole world, than the one Lhat lost his new sack ot marbles playinc for "keeps" Uie [irsl day out. 'ilu- game Marled by two or as many as [ire or six boys agreeing, after considerable argument rules, to play [ill any or all decided they had enough. A quick winner bad a hard time quilling the game till the others had a chance lo get Iheir marbles back, just like any other gambling game. Each pul one or more dubbs inside a ring scratched in the dirt, and backed nway eight to ten Feel to a mark called law, n starting point, mid the game. was on. It lasted lil! Die school bell rang, it got too dark to see for accurate shooting, or ono boy had all the marbles. Life or death duties at home somrv limes broke a game up early, but (hcse chores only made it to tbe of a boy's mind it tlxreal.s by parents were very severe. Something like, "if you're not Ivomc by four to dig Ihal garden, you won't pet out a gain for 1 wo weeks.'' And quite of'cn he even forgot a ter- rible ultimatum such as lhal, and kept on wilh a game (ill far too lale, then took off in a hurry hoping to boat, the lino. Several ways of trying to win marbles tried besides tho conventional game, including peep-shows, drop boxes, and guessing games. Poop-shows were made with shoeboxcs or somelliing similar, with (uros cut from comic papers pasted inside. All Uie dubbs thc traffic could stand was charged for a look, and numerous quar- rels started a kirl had already seen the fame comics at home. A few kids did a thriv- ing business if they got hold of an older brother's Police Ga- zelle. Drop-boxes wore made from cigar boxes with a bole cut in the lid, and a smart kid did pretty good by picking out Lbo right box to try his luck. If the owner of the wasn't on- to (Jie proper manufacturing techniques he could play him- self quickly into bankruptcy. A hole cut too small, or a box too deep, wouldn't let a dropped dubb bounce out again, and only those slaving in wop any profit. A box built right won for the owner, and if wrong won for the kid spoiling It. An unskilled builder's busi- ness didn'L last long, and often he never found out why. Guessing games came in A wide variety, but mostly play- ed wiLh three marbles, nnd to win you had to guess the tolal held hidden in the outstretched hands of ell players in tba game. Now they call it "bush- ing." We only played it if the ground was far too muddy, or our shooting thumb too sore to shoot for a day or so. Some kids seemed to have better fin- gers for curling around a shoot- er than others, and could hold a gliray or steely between thumlj-knuckle ana" forefinger in such a way, that they could drive ii. toward a dubb as from a slingshot. vSo lliey were al- ways champions, and never had (o go home crying because they'd last all Uicir marbles. If you never piuyed marbles jour education has neglected. In modern school yards they Ihc yame different than I ever saw it played. One kid sits on the dry cement patio or sidewalk a "boulder" in front of him, and his oppo- nents Iry to hit it one of theirs. Moulders nr Ixnvlors arc just oversized fjlass marbles. The instigator of Ihc seems lo Ire Ihc one willing lo chance iK-ing tlx1 sitter, nnd he slays wilh il till lie wins or loses everything. And girts aro getting into tbe game too, they arc no longer satisfied with just playing liop-scolcli. Only wild tomboy girls played when Regional perspective "SouUicrn Albcrln: A Ile- I'ersnetlivc by [Jr. Jfliihunis (Univrrsily. nf f.clfibiidge, 13j outgrowth of a popular scries of lectures given during a University ol Lclli- bridge Continuing Education program, this hook will be read v Hh inlere.M and apprecia- tion by residents of .southern Alberta. Not even HIR most knowledgeable long-time res- idents of llie area will in possession of all the informa- tion to bo found in it. By far Ihc most cnlcrlaimntf of the nine, chapters is Ihr brief history prepared hy Professor W. ,1. Cousm.s. [fr rnanngcd lo pack a wealth cf information into his survey while still gel- LinR off a few humorous asides, Newcomers to southern Al- Iwrta mny read Professor R. J. Fletcher's account of the cli- mate of the region wilh in the face of (ho I e r h n ve li ad. I Ii s cl n I n vnuld learl one lo expert snnm- tliing Iwller linn IMS been case. Dr. K. 1-.. Milksr, in his chapter on agriculture, reports IhaL there another winter like (his one in 19001907 when serious losses of cattle oc- curred because ranchers weren't prepared for snow to stay the full lenglh of winter. Useful surveys of Ihe geol- ogy, tbc flora and fauna, urban development and the origin of place names arc to be found in the hook. A chapter on contem- porary administrative problems breaks the generally historical character of the book as docs Ihe final one, a literary per- spective and synthesis. Tbo fact IhHl; tlicrc is lilllc, if any. pcrlinenL literature nn life in lliosc parts may come as a sur- prise and serve as a challenge. 1 like Ihis little book. 1 wish It had contained a few more maps. A map would have been especially appreciated in con- junction vilh Dr. E. G. Mar- don's c-haplcr on place names- there w cio some names t harln'L encountered previously, nDi.ro WALKER. I went lo school. Titty were ol- ten whispered about in quiet corners as being bold and for- ward, and grey knce-lcnglJi bloomers sometime.1; flashed beneath long skills. Maybe modern "women's iib" move- ments arc partly responsible, anyway it isn't just a Iwy's game in the schoolyard of lo- day. No more circles of yelling boys ivateliing a close contest of skin and daring in a small ring of marbles, wilh the play- el's intent, on winning, and no amount of outside noise or in- terference could shake their at- tention. And no big bully type "stompcr" roaming Uie yard, pi'cyinu on lilllc kid games his over-grown foot plastered thick with mud, stealing mar- bles by stomping them into his dirty hoots. No plaster mud available, the yards arc all paved. Our parents and teachers, now as the "Establish- had their troubles with us when we went to school, but they didn't have riots and drug abuse to contend wiLli. Maybe if modem students bad to find their recreation with less outside help, some present day difficulties would fndo away. But progress doesn't slop even for a marble game, so sup- pose we will never again bear tbe wild warning cry of "fan no dubbs." Beauty survives llie snow Pholo by Walter Kcrlier Book Reviews Survey of North American Indians American Indians In Historical Perspective" ed- ilcd by Klcanor Burke Lea- rock nnd Nancy Oestrcich J.nric Ut anil Din House, S1G.75, 49S AN EXHAUSTIVE treatment o[ North American Indians Is probably impossible lo pro- duce so Uiis quilc compre- hensive survey will liavc to do. The extensive bibliographies provided at the end of each contribution suggests the wealth of information now ami the liopelessuc-ss of Irving to do justice to il in a single volume. Although I recognize the limi- tations imposed on (he various authors, I was nonf'tholcss dis- appoint cH that in the discus- sion of (lie plains Indians UUTC WHS noininp ahont the Canadian representatives. IL is difficult not to I ha. a typical U.S. prevented Clcnp Ihh from al least nipnlioning tho names of some of the tribes and their famous leaders rorJi of lire bnrdrr. Failure to refer lo Ihc Indians of Mm Canadian plains leaves a bin in nn fairly complete review of lire Indians of Norlli America providing Mexico is ruled out, as belong- ing lo Ccrlrfll America, Follow- ing iji'ro.j'uction and a gen- eral of Indians there arc chapters on the coastal Algonkians; Uie Seminole of Florida; the froquois of the ca.slcm interior; the Chippcv.'a of upper GiTFit tho pi runs Tr.d i a ns; Ihc fndi an.s of the southwest; the Utc a n d I'aintc Indians of Uie G r e a t Basin srnMhcrn rim; the C'fili- fornin tin Tlinpit In- dians of the Pacific Lhc bunting Indians of Subarc- tic Canada; IJie li.skimos; and a rom'ludinf! cssijy on Ilia con- temporary American Indian frrne. Canadians will fiml Iliaf tlic (prin 'American' for once is nal, limited lo the United Stiles. In Uic final essay, for instance, preponderant emphasis, is on the Indians in tho U.S. but a gen: ii no effort is made lo in- eludes th-o Can-'irlian scone and Harold Cardinal a willi whom we arc all ae- 'j'ldJDlcxI is men tinned Iwn or three times. Three of the contributors in this book have positions in Canada (which does not necessarily mean they are Much more significant Is the fact that two of the essayists are Indians. ICdwan! P. Dozier was (he died wliile the book was in prepara- tion) professor of anthropology at Ihc University of Arizona rmd a Pueblo Indian from New Mexico; D'Arcy McNicklc, pro- fessor of anthropology nt the University of Saskatchewan, is a member of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes of Montana. There is as much sociology as history in this book. The title suggests that an attempt was made lo look at Uie contempor- ary situation of Indians in the perspective of their history. It is interesting [o note that de- spite cert ain accommod a I ions to the white man's culture there Is a genuine survival of Intlianness everywhere. An out- standing instance of this is tho way the native religion has per- sisted in spite of an overlay of Christianity. I was struck by the absence of discussion of the genocidal policy pursued by settlers in iho Uniipcl Slates toward (lie Indi- ans. There are brief references to it. of oour.se, but the sense of outrage this should normally arouse is not given expression. The omission of references lo Ihc plains Indians in Canada is most serious in this connection since che policy of Lire Cana- dian government in providing the Indians with police protec- tion stands in such slnrk con- IrasL to what happened across the border. Interesting parallels between the problems and prospects oT Inditjs in Canada and the U.S. today arc macie by Nancy Oos- Ircich Luric in the final essay. Some Canadians may be sur- prised by Ihc statement that Indians in Canada have experi- enced much more real racial prejudice than U.S. Indians. They may also be surprised to learn that Canadian Indians have taken to the idea oC Hed Power more than Iheir U.S. brothers. A problem peculiar lo Canada is ttu.l of the placo of the Metis within snrno.ty in general and Indian .society in particular. It would a pity if this book rend only by students of anthropology. Thorp is much in it, especially in [lie final chapter. Hint shouVI ha exam- ined and debated by those In- dians who are ?eriouslv engag- ed in disciiS5irjii of the re- lalionship of Indians to Cana- dian soeich. America, the ogre? "llrokcn Image, I-'orcign of America" rdiled by Gerald T-'manurl Slcarn (Ilandnm House, 208 pages.) rpu: Toiled States takes an- other literary kick in Irm jianls in lhi.s rollcclion of PS- MIVS cover (he porind from Tlir v ifMi s of IJic. author'-, r-- from the early period, are somewhat unfair although (hey are probably accurate. Several English writers, in- cluding Charles Dickens, take America to task for condoning hl.irV- slavery. Olher aspects of American life were also sub- jected to harsh criticism hy for- eign au'.hors who ig- nored the fact that I lie same things were criticizing America for were taking place in their own countries. A Russian author describes America as "a machine, a cold, un.seen, unreasoning machine in which man is hul an insigni- ficant screw." This sounds slrikingly similar lo vhat life likr in the Soviet Uninn. the true i nlur nf Ihe hook is Ihat il arouses (na reader's indignation Ihat Amer- ica i.s made out to be tho, r.gra of (he world. After thinking about II, (lie reader suddenly discovers Ihat Hie problems of America Him urrc Ihc problems of the world fl> I hey are nnw. RON CALIMVrSLL. Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND A S Ux- result of statements made pub- licly during the past by Pres- ident Bookel and by this writer, all In the context of informing n very interested pub- lic about the university's budget situation for the 1972-73 fiscal year, a good rtc.il of comment and concern seems tn have been generated. Thn fact that the fiscal period in qucslion begins today brings Uie matter even closer to home. What it hoils down to is this the university has received an bud- RcL of .Si.6 million for the next yclr, an amount identical to the sum allocated by the universities commission for the 197V-72 fiscal term, which ended yesterday. How- ever the occupancy of the physical educa- tion and art complex in June combined with normal increases in expenditures pro- duces a budgetary short-fall of about 000. The university is convinced it has been dealt wilh (airly by the universities com- mission, concerning the amount of money allo'jaled lo all four universities by the gov- ernment Vet. it is conceivable that the qual- ity of educational programs offered at The University of IxHhhridge could be adverse- ly affected by this extremely tight budget situation. The existing paradox is of course that any economies undertaken in the way of reducing staff and therefore reduc- ing course offerings will make the uni- versity a less attractive place and could ultimately lead (o reducer! enrolment, On the other band, and I make this point mobf emphatically, the fact that the uni- versity experienced a slight increase ID full- time enrolment this semester along v.itti nn exlrcmely large increase tn part-time Etudenls, can certainly he considered a good sign pointing to the positive general acceptance of University of Lelhbridpe pro- grams. There seems to Ire valid opinion that re- leases such as the ones in queslion and for Ihat matter this column provide [oo much negative comment about the institu- tion and could serve in a (leterent manner. Not so! Universities everywhere are expe- riencing difficulties with enrolment and considerins the points made here previous- ly about enrolments, the university seems lo be weathering the current situation very well. In the past five years the university had advocated a pubb'c information pro- gram of nearly extreme exposure of its internal and external workings. While such activily has on occasion provided some em- barrassment it has very definitely pro- duced a public lhaf U more aware of and more interested in "its university" than are the people from most other Canadian uni- versity cities. I know IhLi from contact with people in similar positions at univer- silies across this country. Certainly there are a lot of people who don't really care, but as a relative percentage of the pop- ulace. Hie interest university-wise in this area has been ttuitc amazing. To wax his- torically for p phrases one needs only lo realize the many extraordinary- kinds of involvement which Ihc people of Lclh- bridge and southern Alberta have chosen to show their support for The University of Lelhhridgc the Three Alberta Universi- ties Fund, tl'C Ixiard of governors, Uie sen- ate, the alumni tlie Province conference ami official opening 72 committees, etc. it i.s in fact s bit risky to bcnin itemizing Uie many good things, but (IMC can hardly avoid the fact that in art! IOCS some very enterpris- ing locals calling themselves the Friends of Ihc Univer.sily collected in excess of S20.000 for scholarships for the univcrsily. And so it is in this o( a lot of people knowing a lot about this institution that a great many individuals take a fair amount of pride in what happens and believe me we the- phone calls and similarly it is our inlrrprela- (ion that these .'-amc people uho csre must be supplied with accurate information .-ilwut Uie nol-so-desirable things too, lik> budget troubles. The university will depend on the con- tinuing support of the people of this arcs if it is to bo able to continue to offer the kinds of excellent academic programs it tins talked about in the pasl years. It is folly to deny Ihr- fart that there ma cur- rcnlly more than 2.000 people In the uni- versity's full-lime, parl time and public ser- vice programs, on campus and in 13 Uwnj throughout soulhnni Albeiia. Certainly wide publkily continually received by tha actual physical plant of Ibis campus its architect is to our advantage. However, and of much more importance, is acknowl- edgement of (he academic attainment o[ our students and faculty and tha accept- ance of this contribution by the commu- nity, Ihe academic world and fha people responsible for the support of this new in- stitution. Adjustments arc being made to programs lo allempt to offer as much as possible lo as many as possible. I say as many as possible because there Always seems to be the problem with the definition of the role of the university and the statement that it doesn't provide just what 'everybody wanls' this is of course impossible ns there are other communily flgencies such as Ihc f.ethbridge Commu- nity College, the City of Lethbridge and to on, wiu'ch provide many kinds of com- modities, more acceptable and more ap- propriate, to certain people. There is how- ever a very large groups o( people Inter- ested in tltc university and the above ref- erences arc but B few of (ha pieces of evidence. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK 5. MORLEY The springtime of ihe soul the Christians buried Iheir dead in the early Church Ihcy used to say, "Eternal spring has conic to another life." But one need not wail until death to enter upon this eternal springtime (or it is the possession at anyone wishes it now. The very ivorcl Kaslcr comes from Ihc old English spring goddess "Eoslre." The gospel of Easier Ls contained in the words, "I am Ihe resurrection and the life: lie that helicvclli in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever jiveth, and bclicveth in me, shall never die." Easier is Ihc time when v.c wear new clolhes which are symbolic of the gospel, "1 make all tilings new." Easter is Ihe lime o{ a now life, of new dimen- sions to life, of a new meaning to life, and of a new hope for life. This tvulli of springtime is expressed hy everyone who was converted (o the Chris- tian faith. C. S. Lewis slates llie tact in the title of his autobiography "Surprised by .toy.'1 Tortullhtri slates it in a different way when he says thai Christ has changed all our sunsets into sunrises. Macneile DLvon slates Ihe same tnilli in anolhcr uay when lie says that immortality Ls an escape from F'latlands and that the man without hope in a future life has no hope in this life and caruiot live victoriously in this life. Kailh in eternal life is the victory in this life and the life to eomc. When Augustine was a pagan and unconverted lo Christianity he lost a friend and groaned 1-l could not see how the sun could shine when half of my soul lay dead." After his conversion he exclaimed cxullantly that in llie eternal life there "We shah rest and we shall sec: we shall tea and we snail love: we shall love and ve, shall praise: hchold what shall he. in Ihe end and shall not Some people hold lhal a fulure life Ls im- hcb'evable. It is life il-self that Is the un- believable, the grcal mystery of the cre- alion of human life and Ihe ultcrly fan- taslic technique of birth. Some people ihink the resurrection of Jesus is miraculous but actually it is His srriva] F.r.'.l no! sur- vival lhal is miraculous The. Easlrr .Mory Is not one of bunnies end birds, of pretty flowers and the awakening growth of the soil, but a vhole philosophy of life, Ins destiny of the human race, and the des- tiny of the individual soul. Without Easter one says "It's all noting. It's n world where bufls and emperors go back to Ihs same dust." All you have at (he end is l frozen planet and B burned out sun. Cos- mos ends in chaos and nolliinp triumphs cxrcpl Dili with Easier il means that "What is excellent as God lives is per- manent." It means, as Rrowning says, "On earth the broken arc, in heaven Hie per- fect round. All we have hoped or dream- ed of good shall exist Knstcr proclaims the power of goodness lo be unconquerable. That is why Paul said in bis grcal 15th Chapter of 1st Corinthians th.il men slinuld no! be Morricd about Ihe struggle life but tn be "steadfast, im- movable, for as rmirh as ynu know that your labor is not in vain." On the olhcr hand Rcnnn warned. 'The rlay in which belief in an after life snail vanish from the earth will witness a terrific moral and spiritual decadence. There is no lever ca- pable of raising an cm ire pooyilc if oncfl they have lost faith in immortality tha soul." Nor is there any lever capable of lifting a life once it lows faith i n eternity. Xo man. can h'vc strongly and no people without failb in elcmal life. War- Deeping told about an army officer who, whenever he was faced with a moral crisis, would say, "Christ is Vic- torious living depends upon Iho Easier Gospel There Ls a (treat deal nf nonsense talk- ed about progress, of mankind's march up- ward and onwards, of science and culture. This notion of progress is ullcrly impas- sible tn prove. Tho. only hope that man has for himself or his rare Ls found in immortality and once (nilh in immortality Ls lost then Ihe reasonableness and jus- tice of Uie ijmM-ine are destroyer] find A man's life i.s of no more value than UiaO of an animal. Tho sprinqtimn of Ihc. soul uhrn you i.vlv lhal oil ?ri rtTnal dimc.n- ;