Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
World Conference On Environment April I, TM irrVMICOl MKALB By R.E. Heford, la The Winnipeg Fret Press TTNTTED NATIONS The deterioration of our envir- onment has become the num- ber one item of concern to man- kind, and the UN has started preparations for the first global conference to consider the Is- sue. It will take place in Stock- holm in 1972. Secretary General U Thant hu invited Maurice Strong, president of the Canadian Inter- national Development Agency, to organize the conference, with the prospect of becoming the UN's Mr. Clean when it is over. Mr. Strong apparently is in- terested in the job, but Prime Minuter Trudeau does not want to low him. If he wants to leave the foreign aid business, the minister has offered him another key position in sen-ice: U Thant has asked Mr. Trudeau to re- lease him, and Mr. Strong does not want to come here without the prime minister's blessing. The possibility of holding a UN conference "on the environ- ment was first brought up by Sweden in 1963, and the General Aiitmbly approved the idea in principle. Lak .year, the secretary-general submitted a report outlining the problems and suggesting a format for the conference itself. The General Assembly accepted it and es- Carl Rowan lablished a 27-nation prepara- tory committee to plan the de- tails. It U this committee which has been meeting here this month. Canada is a member. Our delegation is headed by Da- vid Reece, the number two man at the permanent mission here, and includes representatives from the National Research Council, the departments of en- ergy, mines and resources, agriculture, Indian affairs and northern development, and ex- ternal affairs. A new' division dealing with scientific relations and environmental problems has recently been irt up within the external affairs department, la a we are involved in a fight against the benefits of technology. Industry has de- veloped the disposable bottle and the plastic container, which are indestructible. It has found methods of extracting raw ma- terials, of fighting pestilence and disease, of growing more food, which threaten the bal- ance of nature. It has led to Ufc construction of cities and o-uper-highways which scar the countryside. In another field, science and technology have brought us nuclear weapons. We have lived with the balance of terror, but we face simultaneously tbe im- balance cf escalation. The con- cept of weapons systems such as ABM and S1IRV has brought about the strategic arms limita- tion talks between the United States and the Soviet Union. U Thant expressed his con- cern about these problems in forthright terms last May in an address to the Institute of Man ar.d Science. He said: "I do not wish to be over- dramatic, but I can only con- clude from information avail- able to ir.e that the members of the United Nations liave per- haps ten years in which to sub- ordinate their ancient quarrels and launch a global partnership to curb the ?rms race, to im- prove the human environment, to defuse th.3 population eipto- sioo and to supply' the re- quired momentum to world de- velopment efforts. "If such a global partnership is not forged within the next de- cade, then I fear very much that the problems I have men- tioned will have readied such' staggering proporticos tUt they will be beyond our capacity to control." Disarmament is being tackled in Geneva by the Committee of the Conference on Disarma- ment. The Stockholm confer- ence in 1972 will be devoted ex- clusively to environmental questions. Since tlie UN is cot a world government, its powers to roll back the deterioration of our emiromnent are limited. 11 can- not pass legislation, for exam- ple. That is still the responsibil- ity of governments, at whatever level is appropriate. On the other hand, this is a problem which does not respect national boundaries, and the UN is the best organization to provide a framework for international co- operation. The specialized agencies are already actively involved. The Food and Agriculture Organiza- tion is concerned with the con- servation of land and waler, as an obvious example. Less ap- parent U the work of the Inter- Governmental Maritime Con- sultative Organization which has 'drafted liability conven- tions if super tankers break up at sea, or tbe International Civil Aviation Organization which U writing on the problem of noise at airports. Sometimes there is a conflict of ratwest. Scientists are wor- ried about the effects of DDT on wildlife, but the World Health Organization says flatly that its prohibition would create a major disaster in the efforts to eradicate malaria. In a different perspective, we on tlu's continent are worried stout the effects of industrializ- ation. We have the death of Lake Erie and the creation of smog around our major cities. The developing coun- tries, on the oliwr hand, would prefer to have the factories with their smokestacks, even if pollution is a byproduct. The objective of the Stock- Mm conference takes account of these tilings. It was set out in these words in the resolution approved by the General As- sembly: "To serve as a practical means to encourage, and to provide guidelines for, action by governments and international organizations designed to pro- tect and improve the human en- vironment, and to remedy and prevent its impairment, by means of international co-oper- ation, bearing in mind the par- ticular .importance of enabling the developing countries to fore- stall the occurrence of such problems." The preparatory committee is trying to translate this general directive into a specific struc- ture through which the rations of the world can tackle the problem at Stockholm in 1972. Among The Missing Frtnt Tbt Whmipeg Tribune AIISSLNG from 5Ir. Benson's budget was .any provision for old-age pensioners. Senator Croll of the poverty commission had openly predicted that the government would announce a pension Mr. Benson must have used that page of- his budget speech to light his pipe old-age pensions were not mentioned by him In the House. Ottawa has been expressing great concern about the plight of persons on fixed incomes as a result of inflation. Vet the government failed to do anything to ease the lot of the most vulnerable group of all the elderly. It cannot be too strongly emphasized that old-age pensions are no longer a matter of official charity. Those reaching the age of 65 are entitled to peosioOB as a matter of right They contributed their hard-earned cash during their working years in order to pay for pensions. Take a look at tbe income tax forms. Every individual is required to pay four per cent of hfc taxable income, up to a maxi- mum of (240, for old-age security. In addi- tion, million of the federal sales Ur paid by all coisumers is specifically ear- marked for the pension fund. Finally, then is a special three per cent levy on corpora- tion incomes for the fund. Thus old-age pen- sions are bought and paid for. The levies for pension purposes are than sufficient to pay for the pensions. This year, for example, M. Benson will collect }2 billion from old-age security levies. Unless Ottawa relents and increases pensions, me total paid out will be million. Thus Mr. Benson stands to gain million from pension levies which vill go bolster hit surplus. It is true that an escalation clause permits pensions to rise at the rate of two per cent a ..vear. But living costs have been rising at tbe rate of five per cent a year. As a con- sequence, the living standard of pensioners who have no other income has been reduced by three per cent. Few would argue that this sort of thinf has a place in the just society. Labor's Stand Unrealistic From The OUawa Citizen Is Cambodia A Laos-Type Blunder By U.S.? WASHINGTON Recent de- velopmenls In Cambodia suggest that the United States has not learned as much from history as it might have. With onseemingly haste ve have bestowed 'our blessing on the anii-communist group that overthrew Prince Norodom S- hrinouk while he was out of tbe country. A brief review of the record in Laos should have reminded American officials that the day might soon come when we will be delighted to have Sihanouk back in power, however much he might irritate Uncle Sam from time to time. During John Foster Dulles' tenure as secretary of state, France and Britain wanted a neutralist, Prince Souvanna Phouma, as premier of Laos. They figured the best the West could hope for in that troubled hiOe land-locked country was a government that was friendly enough to both sides of me Cold War not to Become a major military battleground. But _ Dulles felt neutralism was immoral. Souvanna was deemed too much a Leftist to be acceptable to the Eisenhower Administration, especially since he professed a desire to keep Laos a key fink in his Asian "bastion against so the U.S. poured in some (300 million by 1960 in an effort to build a royal Laotian army of men that would be a car- bon copy ot the VS. Army. But the pro-communist Pathet Lao got stronger while the Lao- tian army remained a joke and Souvanna finally had to negoti- ate a coalition government wfth his h a 1 f brother, Prince Soup- hanouvong, w1w had joined Ho CM Minh in North Vktnam and formed the Palhet Lao to "free Laos of the imperialists." A coalition that included communists or pro-communists struck terror in Dulles' heart, so Reversing The Brain Drain T ONDON British science graduates at universities across Canada want to return to Britain but are unable to find jobs. They have been trapped by what Technology Minister An- thony Wedgewood Benn refer- red to the other day as the "reverse brain drain." Five years ago there was i lot of publicity and concern here about the flow of talent to greener fields hi North Am- erica. Now the traffic is the other way. I The government supported Scientists' Appointments Ser- 'vice reports that 120 applica- tions have been received from expatriate Britonj in most in universiUes, a few in Industry. Another 230 have come from the United States. Tbe vital difference between the applications from Canada and the United States is that those in Canada generally went for post-graduate studies, in- lending to return all along, while those who went to the U.S. were older and intended to stay. But they, all'face the same problem now. They want to come back. Several factors have combined to make suitable jobs extremely rare. For a start industry has not expanded as rapidly as expect- ed a few years ago. There has been a levelling off in tbe scien- tific civil service. And British universities have turned out too many graduates to be absorb- ed. The campaign to win back talent is closing down at the the U.S. msnoeuvrfcd to oust Souvanna and replace him with a collection of righlwingers, the dominant one turning out to be a slick character named Phou- :mi'Nosavan, who was hustled back to Laos from Paris by CIA operatives. There is not space here to re- late all the farcical, tragi-comi- cal gyrations of policy and in- trigue that took place in Wash- inglon, Saigon, Bangkok and Vieliane. The upshot is that by I960 vx had undercut Souvanna 'I'UK MIND boggles as one watches the struggle of Canada's two major union groups to disengage themselves from the fight againet inflation. The CLC and the 'CNTU challenge credibility in their attempt to justify thrir own non-participation by criticizing the present strategy of voluntary restraint. The CLC has no aritmative program to offer. The union leaders fall to notice that be refusing to endorse lestraints, they force the government to bear down more heavily on the fiscal and monetary controls the union leaders so vocally oppose. They fail to acknowledge the stake their own members have in the success of the government'! pre- sent efforts. It is dishonest to suggest, as the CLC bin to do that at mis juncture wage increases are not themselves putting significant pres- sure on prices, that they are merely follow- ing other costs upward. II inflation is la be licked without throwing the economy into reverse gear, both business and labor mist disabuse themselves on the expectation mat they must make up for all the increase in costs and, to boot, obtain an extra margin of incomes as a cushion. Tlie alternative is more tight money, more unemployment, and the labor movement is going to have to bear a considerable snare 'of the blame. Television, And News Fnm TV. Christtii Science Monitor end of March. All told 536 ap- plications were received from abroad during the last two years. Only 17 have been sue- t and sent him running inlo exile cessfully placed, only one of the in Cambodia; we were banking on a rightist regime that was both crooked and cowardly; and 120 from Canada, an applicant from the University of Alberta. The applications .were in re- sponse to advertising placed by the government-supported agen- cy. A spokesman estimated that most o( the applications from Canada were from graduates who left during the brain drain to take up various forms of re- search, expected to complete it and return. Cutbacks in the space and aeronautical industries in the U.S. are forcing'many British scientists to look around and many have tried without suc- cess to "come home." (Herald Ixindon Burea) We Try to Please YOUR PALATE FOOD GROUND BEEF..... FRESH FORK PICNIC SHOULDER ROAST RED OR BLUE BRAND RIB STEAK.......... Ib. Ib. 69 M or trand Crou Rib Roast.......ft. iy HM Bologna ib. ly Cut MAX Side Bacon D3p Ctntrt Cut Side Bacon Sausage ,.v Slked Meats 591! CeckMJ OCi< or BI" tnnt CCi OOP Chuck Roast DO MANDARIN ORANGES FREEZER BEEF SPECIAL SIDES 200-Z30 Ib. ovtrag. Ib. HINDS 170-m fc. Ib. 78C FRONTS 120-125 Ib. Ib. 54C RED OR BLUE BRAND BEEF CUT ANtf WRAPPED FOR YOUR FREEZER MALKINS KTTFR BUT WHITI PINK Bathroom TRsne BURNS ROY-AU Luncheon Meat ......u-n MAZC4A PUKE Corn Ofl................ ALPHA Powdered Milk botll. 79c ITOON sin Shredded Wheat ALPHA CREAMED Honey MULCTS WHOLE Kernel Com Scott Towel fin 1 ,00 pkg. Mfe. 69c lln for J roll pk9. for 1.00 SUNK1ST CALIFOimiA MAVU ORANGES Carrots cmad< i., 69C 27c Tomatoes Carafe 1, vim ripened Ib. 33C 10 Canada Fancy Red GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 701 3rd South PHONE AND SAVE FREE DELIVERY GROCHKS 317-5434, 357-S4J1 MEATS 127-1113 OPfN THURSOAr TILL P.M. Laos had been plungad deeply into a civil war that might rage on for decades. It became obvious to Presi- dent John F. Kennedy that it was absurd to try to make Laos a pro-Western bastion. So he re- versed policy and worked out a compromise that restored Sou- vanna to tbe premiership of a coalition government. But by this time the commun- isfs had lasted enough military success to believe they could win everyOiing. They never kept promises they made in Geneva m Souv'ar.na, faced with com- munist duplicity and an obvious effort by North Vietnam to overwhelm his country, turned out to be anything but the r e d patsy that Dulles had judged him to be. He has co- operated with file U.S. in ways covert and overt, turning out to be a real patriot and friend of freedom. But current events in Laos suggest that we may have wised up loo late. Because of U.S. bumbling in the late 1950s and 1960 we face a Laotian crisis in 1970 that seems be- yond satisfactory solution. The recent tendency has been to view Cambodia's Sihanouk with the distaste with which Dulles viewed Souvanna. The mercurial piince has an- gered American officials often by publicly assailing the U.S., by breaking off diplomatic rela- tions, by seeming to turn his (ace to the fact that communist troops were using his country as a sanctuary from whkh to launch murderous forays into South Vietnam. The problem was that these things made headlines in the U.S. But Americans rarely read of Sihanouk's verbal assaults against outside communists whom he accused of trying to overthrow his government. The man ninny 'Americans viewed as a "pro-communist neutral1' seemed really to' be frying, in his inscrutable way, to keep Cambodia from becom- ing Just another bloody battle- ground. Alas, the coup has row push- ed Sihanouk into at least a ver- bal alliance with Peking and Hanoi. Ho is now threatening (he "liberation" of his country from those who have seized power, with military help from Red China and North Vietnam. We can hope that Cambodia Is rwl Laos history repeating scll. But all the indicators are ominous. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) So They Say Only the naive can believe a coalition government will pre- vent a Communist lake-over. -President Nguyen Van Ttneu of South Vietnam. JIOWEVER dubious the phrases in which they were couched, Vice-President Ag- new's poiKs on the need for greater im- partiality and straightforwardness in news report ing'raise a valid issue. They call attention to a situation which every television commentator, radio importer, and newspaperman knows exists. This is the need of seeing that the American people be given a fuller, more and exact picture of events and trends. Few persons in the news media would deny that (a) a personal viewpoint, on pre- ference too often gets In the way of a fully impartial presentation of the news, and (b) too frequently newspapers, television and radio still taxi to emphasize the sensa- tional and the bad, rather than the con- structive and the good. Indeed, there is probably a greater awareness of such shortcomings among newsmen than there is within the general public. The great and difficult problem is to know hew to correct this situation. Wtiite House communications director Herbert Klein has said that, much as he is opposed to government intervention on news cover- age, this would be invited by failure of the television networks to regulate themselves. Such intervention would be great tragedy and a major mistake. We utterly oppose it both on the grounds of an infringe- ment of the constitutional right of freedom of expression and also because, instead of righting a situation, it would almost cer- tainly worsen it Yet the times increasingly demand great- er sensitivity on this issue. Television par- ticularly has become sn almost inconceiv- ably mighty and effective means of In- fluencing the thought of every roan, wom- an, and child m the world. It has the enor- mous impact of the picture as contrasted with the lesser emotional impact of the spoken and written word. Thus critics of television, such as the vice-president, are literally right wtoen they say that this en- ables a mere handful of individuals lo mold public outlook. These critics are also right when they say that such power a. justified only when used with the utmost coriscience. and wisdom. We see no practical way of improving this level of conscience and wisdom other than through public pressure. For this rea- son .the Agnew statements ended, in their general purpose, i in the right direction. They would, however, have been consider- ably more effective, had they been couched in more measured tones, tones which led to a debate on the merits of the points he raised rather than on the way be raised them. The important thing now h to get the discussion firmly onto what needs doing and off the discussion of the personality. At the same time it must bs realized that television, by its very nature, must always remain no more than a par- tially successful purveyor of hews. The deeper and fuller discussion of events can only be satisfied by the written word. Second Round Coming Up r'ANADA'S experiment in dividing mur- der cases into capital and non-capital categories must be reviewed before 1972 when the five-year (rial period ends. Meanwhile the British parliament has given a strong lead by abolishing capital punishment for murder entirely. Technical- ly the crimes of treason and piracy are subject to the death penalty but there have been no peacr-time executions for such offences in the past century. With 314 murders reported in Canada during 19G8 vs 281 in 1967 md 220 in 1966, there will doubtless be new arguments against abolition. But with the murder ralo rising no more between the early 1960s and the late 1960s than between Inn late 1950s and the early 1960s, the Ottawa Par- Front The Financial Post b'amcnt should be ready to give a lead to opinion, as Westminster has just done, and abolish (he death penalty entirfly. In actual fact, there have been no exe- cutions since 1962, with successive govern- ments commuting death penalties when these imposed. Recent Canadian administrations have resorted to "free votes" on capital punish- ment because of sharp differences within their own follouings. In Britain, Home Sec- ret ary Callagrran threw the authority of. the Labor government behind abolition. Surely the Trudeau government, which has not hesitated to tackle such prickly sub- jects as abortion, should be able to make up its mind on capital punishment and ac- cept responsibility for abolition. Home-Made Kites By Herb Johnson IT IS A WELL KNOWN FACT that today's younger generation is soft. Having been handed everything on a silver platter, they lack the moral fibre that can be ac- quired only through fighting for life's re- wards. If Ihis (act requires further clocumenfa- lion (most esperts agree that it one need only observe the youlh of today engaging in the time-honored spring past- lime o( kite flying. Take a good look around the city on the nest windy day; you'll see a dozen different types of pre- fabricated, store-bought kites. But you won't find the home-made kites we used to fly back in the good old days. To UMM you bad to go out and split some rtiunks off a neigh- bor's cedar fence post, get some brown elevator paper (the kind the elevator agenls used to line the box car doors so the wouldn't leak borrow roll of binder twine and make your own'glue put of flour, water and salt (tire salt was the magic ingredient, that made it With this kind of material you caild fash' ion a huge, sturdy kite that would with- stand any number of crashes. It was big, heavy and practically Indestructible. With a 40 mile-an-hour wind you could even get it off UN ground. That's what the youlh of (oday needs. More home-made kites to build up moral fibre.