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LeMars Sentinel (Newspaper) - November 25, 1890, Lemars, Iowa VOL. X'X, NO. 94. LEMARS, IOWA, TUESDAY, NTOVEMBER 25, m)0. ISSUED SEMI-WEEKLY. J. H. WINCHEL  (SuccEbSOK to WILSON & McLAlN,) REAL ESTATE LOANS anil (lOLLEGTIONS Low Inteuebt for money on real estate. Monet Paid Ovrcn lis goon as piipers (iro mode out. No iNTKKRST Don Until end of year. Rraitel Passengers and baggage taken to any part of the eity. Telephone Mo. 83. HOYT & GOUDIE. ' Bain & Ketcham LU BER WAGONS, MARSEILLES AND ADAMS, Hand and Power Shellers and feed Hills, Star, Champion and Adams Wihd Mills. Hand and Underground Force Puinp, BRASS CYLINDER PDHP. All goods Warranted. BAILEY & CO. tlHt Gus Iluerllng's old stand ALWAYS ON TIME." Thte IB no lino so handsoin'>ly eqnippod for hragh Passenger Borvioe ivs "The North West-rnLrne"-C., St. P., M. 40. B'y. All well posted travelers between THE Twin Cities and Chicago take this lino-partica larly favoring the "Vostibale Limited," which oairies the hnost sleeping oars and ooAohee ever bailt, and also all classes of passengers, without extra fares. On the Lake Sapnrior uortioa of the line, between Minneapolis, Bt. Paul and Duluth, and 3t. I'uul and Ashlunil, Paliman sleepers arc an on night trains and parlor cars on day trains NORTH-WESTERN I'aat tbroDSh trains are also ran betwuon Miime-polla, St. Paul and KauKas City, via Uioax City, with Pullman sleepers the entire distance, St Paol toOmaho, Kansas City, bait Lake, Sun Frou-oirao and Portland. Dining cars are run on all throngh trains over this line between Minneapo-U�, 8t. Paul and Ohicngr. Besidne being the best LINE 'Between these principal cities, the Chicago & :.NoTtli\veslerM system of liiies composed of the ChicBgo, St. Paul^ Minneapolis & Omulia, Chicii-. go dc.Northwestern, and Fremont, Eilkhorn ,!c Missouri Valley; Hallways (aU advertised as -'The Northwestern LineV),ufrec8 the quickest means of reaching all cities and towns in the territory intersected by it. InconxeoMon with the Union Pacific the 0., St. P., M; dt O By., also forms >i through line to the Pacific cnast; operated as the , Lake Superior, St. Paul & Union Pacific ^ Line;' All P'lrticnlars, with maps and time tables, may be obtained at any stBthm, or write direct to T. W.TBABIJALE, ^  . Oen'l Pass. Agt. St. Paul. Minni Plymouth County Jewelry Store Watelies, Clocks, Jewelry. . ^ �, L_THB- ; . .Columbus Movement >; 4; The best made. And 'Wkimmr Elgin, Spring- ^ . , field andother^stspdard Movements' always on hand and guaranteed. GOSSIP OF THE CAPITOL will mr. mills be the next speaker? O. G. BERNER Oppoilto Pnt oliii*. PKOP. nir. Blorrlson's Toarning for Conffi^esi. Mr. lilalno's Good Houltli-Patriarch of llie Supreme Court-Governor Pattl-son's Future-gome Otiior matters. tSpcclal Correspondence.] WAsraNQTON, Nov. 20.-Thero would be spmethinff like poetic justice in the election of Roger Q. Mills, of Texas, to be speaker of the next hoiise of representatives. Mr. Mills is one of the most earaest, most fi-onk, most loyal of men. It was he who first suggested for speaker Mv. John G. Carlisle, then a comparatively unknown congressman from Kentucky. But^for the friendship and ini^uenco of the Texan it is doubtf td if the house would have sought out Mr. Carlisle and elevated him to the station in which lie won so much fame. Merit and learning, when hidden nnder the bushel of modesty, are not always discovered and brought forth. Between Mills'and Cai-lisle there has always existed a warm, an admirable friendship. When the Reptiblicans obtained control of the house and elected Mr. Reed speaker it became necessary for Carlisle to resume his i)lac6 on the floor and on the committees. Mr. Mills had been chairmkn of the committee on ways and means, and Mr. CarUsle had been a member of the same committee before becoming speaker. The question was, which of them should take precedence on the committee? According to custom the precedence belonged to Mills. But Mills insisted that Carlisle should go on ahead of him, and Carlisle insisted that Mills should keep his proper place fit the head of the Democratic members. The nearest these two leaders ever came to quarreling was oyer this question of precedence, so eager was each of them to honor the other. Mills proved the more stubborn, for he is as stuhhom a man as we have in puhlic life, and his name was printed after the ex-speaker's in the list of committees. There is a man in this town whom I feel sorry for. He has a government position Of great honor and usefulness, in which he outwardly seems contented, while at heart he is yearning for the balls of legislation and the great committee in which he once served with such great distinction. There arethon-sands of men in this country who would like' to be an interstate commerce commissioner, a life appointment with a comfortable salary, but William R. Morrison, former coadjutor of Carlisle and Mills, says he has not yet become entirely reconciled to being "buried alive." The friends of Secretary. Blaine tell me he is renewing his youth. Not in ten years has Mr. Blaine seemed so young, viigorous and cheerful as he is today. 1 saw him the other day walking through Lafayette square fi'bm the state department to his residence. He walked at a brisk pace, with a sprightly step and head erect. Perceiving some distance ahead of him a friend sauntering along, the secretary quickened his pace almost into a run and quickly overtook his acquaintance. Four or five times a day, in good weather, Mr. Blaine walks through the park, and there isn't a nurse girl or even a baby among all the habitues of tills retreat that does not know him. For some reason or other Mr. Blaine never walks through the White House grounds, though that route is shorter than'the other. Remarks about Mr. Blaine's health are out of fashion, but one of the secretary's intimate friends tells me that if he hadn't accepted a place in the cabinet, where he finds congenial' employment for his energies, he would not be ahve today. "Had he remained in retirement at Augusta," says this fiiend, "he would have rusted out. The trouble with Mr. Blame is that he is a hypochondiiac when idle. Every little ailment he magnifies into a fatal chronic disease. Without work Mr. Blaine would fret himself into his grave." He doesn't look at all like a man who is worrying hunself to death as he walks through historic Lafayette square. A queer little old fellow is Justice Bradley, the patriarch of the supreme court-a most delusive man. When you see him on the bench weazened, sleepy, seemingly senile, you think it a pity he doesn't retire from active service. Yet this little old mau does more work than any other justice on the bench. He rises always at 0 o'clock in the morning, and for years has made it a rule to eat a peaob and take a bit of exercise or airing 'l)6fdre;;^breakfast.^ A conductor on the Metropolitan horse car line tells me the old justicer^ho lacks only a year and a half of fourscore-rroften takes' a roimd trip rideiwith him on Capitol hill before 7 o'clock inthe morning, standing on the' platform sniflSng the cool air.' Moral-r-work liard^ eat a peach and take a con-stitntional before breakfast. 1 saw Governor Pattison, of Pennsylvania, the other day. Here at Washington the gossips have it the young governor; will be president, some. day. Patti-son is one of the moat surprising men I ever saw. He is so modest and unassum-ii3g, both in: manners.'and appearance, that at first'meeting one naturally underrates him. Afterward you are aston-ivhed at his force, hia fine command of language, his originality, his qWet but persistent masterfulness. He is the sort of mau'^that anew; acquaintance will say of: "Oh,'weili;i can do as.I like-with this f^Uovc.'r'He isa't jnnch." ^ But lie is; aleo^thelsort of man^who; after listening cbeerfolly, ipid just v' U the young go>cmQ]^h^ is W>�';.40r-AffOld ever beooma i�raiapii'|l^^^ (tie Jinest specimen ot manlioott we nave had in that place since George Washington, and the handsomest president. Franklin Pierce, excepted. Speaking of Justice Bradley and the manner ia which ho is pasMiig his old age reminds me of a queer figure I saw I one morning two or three wouks ago in ' Chicago. Wliilo on my way to an early train I saw a tall, angular man with a huge nose emerge from tho stair hall of a building opposite the hoard of trade, bearing in his hand a large bucket filled with slop, potato parings and all sorts of kitchen refuse. He emptied his bucket in a vacant lot, and as he turned I recognized "Old Hutch," tho greatest speculator in Cliieago. Though reputed a millionaire, and the owner of a magnificent home, ho lives in a down town block and cooks his own meals. As to his wealth it is well to add that, while popularly supposed to be a very rich man, the Chicago gossips say "Old Hutch" has lost a great fortune in the last five or six years, and that at the pace he is going ho will be likely to die poor. Ten years ago he was supposed to be worth eight or nine millions of dollars. The pen with which President Harrison signed the McKinley tariff bill did not bring good luck to tho family which secured possession of it. When the president affixed his signature to the bill in the presidential room at tho Capitol, Con-gri,ssman Mason, of Chicago, asked for the pen as a present for his little boy Lawrence, and the president gave it to him. Two or three days after the necent election, in wliich Mr. Mason was defeated in his district, little Lawrence died of diphtheria. A story about this bright little boy, whose death brought his father a tliou-sand times more grief than the result of the election, is worth telling. One day Mr. Mason carried home a bag of candy and passed it out to his seven children piece by piece till at last only three or four caramels remained. When little Lawrence came up, holding out his chubby hand for more candy, Mr. Mason, to try the .lad's temper, remarked that the bag was empty.  "I want somft more candy," persisted the boy. "But, Lawence, f tell you the bag is ampty. You certainly don't think your papa would lie to you?" Something in the congressman's face must haye told the story to the keen syed little fellow, for he watched that bag with eager interest. It was evident that h^ doubted his father's word, and yet was. a^aid to say so. Finally a way out of the;-diiBculty occurred to him, when he sidled up tO his father and in an insinuating tone remarked: "Well, papa, s'pose you just give me that empty bag." Congressman Morror-, of California, 3ome time ago decided to retire from public life, and consequptitly did not stand for re-election. One of his friends asked him what he was tjoing to do after he had left congress, and Mr. Morrowre-plied: "I am going to spend my time organizing societies for the good of mankind. From a politician I am going to rise to the heights of philanthropy. There is a class of unfortunate people in this country who have been neglected by the workers in the fields of charity and relorinatory efforts. They are unhappy, miserable, groveling people, who need just such relief as I hope to be able to afford them." "And what will be the nature of your new organization.'''' "Its title will be, 'The Society for Amelioration of tho Condition of the Rich."' I suppose this was Mr. Morrow's unique way of saying that it was his intention to le.ave congress and to go out into the world as a practicing lawyer in quest of fat fees from people whose money had involved them in litigation and other troubles. A congressman who stood for re-election and was defeated veils me the following story of human ingratitude: "I owo my defeat to ono man, amem-ber,of my own iwrty, and a man on whose friendship I thought I had some claim. A few years ago he was ono of the poorest men in my district. He had served in a dcsnltory sort, of w^y in the army during the rebellion, and had a vague ide.i that he was entitled to a pension. His case was not a very good one, and it strained my conscience a little to take it up; but the man was so poor I finally decided to do so. He had seen so little army service that ho didn't even know the number of the regiment to which he had been assigned, and had never done anything more onerous than camp duty anyway. "1 went to the capital of our state; and after along search found his name on the adjutantgeneral'srolls. Then I came down to Washington and by a good deal of hard pushing and pulling managed to get his case through the pension office, had his name put updn the rolls and secured for him $1,800 back pension money. This sum was thfe foundation of his fortune.'. From that moment his luck changed, and he is now one of the wealthy men of my district. He turned.against me oni a trivial mat^ ter, of no consequence whatever, fought me bitterly and managed to defeat meby � few votes." Walter Wellman. ME. STAN1.EY AT HOME. PEN PICTURe| of the EXPLORER AS he WAS AND IS. A l.cttor from One Wlio Knows the Traveler Well-Thn-CliaVigos That Timo Has Wrought-A Man. of Many Qualities, Not All of Wlilali Are Sovoi'O. [Special C'oiTeapondenoe.] New York, Nov. 20.-When a mah has passed through an experience like that of Henry M, Stanley and conquered his right to fame by the hardest kind of battle; when, afi^er spending years in righting his wa^ among savages, plodding day in and day out through African jungles, carrying his life in his hand and for months not speaking his native tongue; when, after opening a continent to civilization and > bringing back with him a long missing explorer, he returns to Europe, hpnorfed by Idngs and princes, exalted by scientia'-s and praised by all men; and finally,'reachinK his American liome, he greets his old friends with the simple, unaffectfld cordiality that characterized the beginning of his career- it must be con^ssed that success has ueither turned hiS head nor heart. 1 was prepared jto see Stanley changed both iDhysically and socially. It seemed impossible that a man could experience so much vicissitude and not somehow show its impress. But despite the jealousies ho has encountered, the dissensions among some of liis lieutenants, the ingratitude of Emin Pasha, the ugly controversy that ,has grown out of the kilHng of Maj: Barttelot by a savage chief, who, it is alleged, thus resented an injury done to his wife, the criticisms of the foreign press, and lastly the tortures of the inquisition he has undergone at the hands of the interviewers-notwithstanding all these afOictions, I found him the loyal, warm hearted friend of old. In the presence of others than intimate acquaintances, however, the strong individuality of the man asserts itself, and his healing is cold and dignified alinost to the degree-of sternness. Physically, or rather physiognomic-ally, the change was more apparent and startling. When we parted sixteen years ago his figure was like that of an athlete in superb training, his face round and unwrinkled and his hair dark. Now he looks prematurely old. His hair is political revulsions. - , - Advice to Glrls). . � Girls, if you work for yo^irliving, do lay up' some^ money. You don't know whether .you will ever be married "or 'not ^. and if yoa should he you don't "kiiow whether you will "get a man who will support you. We have the word of numerous old, people that "men ain't what they used' to be."So lay up some money, go .4nt0': business for youi-selvesi and achieve success. Don't work for other peojrfe all your lives, but begin now as ^though ,yov expected nijtlnngielse than to be at the head'i^ some flourishing bufliness.of your o\vn. If you stick to .1;%h9pe^ai;d,ambltionyouTnU achieve �.^hen,jfj;ypuV;haie:to,live in this wicke'd.worl^'ttiryotf W'80 or 00 years old,-yQl^TviI]'',JBot have'to roehd'the'last'; j'�'dni of 'yo\ir.czistoucoiimonj; 'tli'^'tabi; bies ii^^im.^oldyw^m4n'H hon-i. dumngi aiiiliiaiaanlinK witl^tl(�reatof tht.m \ stanley when he stakted to find livinqstone. white and there appears to be less elasticity in his movements than formerly, all of which Stanley ascribes to the African fever and the hardship and anxiety incident to his last expedition. There is no mistaking the keenness of his eye, however, and the determination written in every line of his bronzed features. Personally Stanley never was a handsome man, although his broad shoulders and thick neck would attract any one who admired strength, but his face was always, as it is at present, endowed with an intellectuality that is unmistakable. It is the face of a man born to command, resolute, aggressive, and one that at times may become dangerous in its expression. For tliis reason it, is not difficult to understand why even alone and single handed he could both intimidate and encourage his savage followers. Doubtless it is this imperious manner, added to rigid discipline, that not only kept his whito associates in check, but aroused the spirit that has since their arrival lu England found vent in recrimination and complaint. - The most vital points of interest connected with Stanley's last expedition having been already made public with much detail, our conversation chiefly concerned early reminiscences, and it was asurprise to obseiTO how closely his memory retained the incidents of a meeting that took place as far back as 1874. He was then on a visit; to New York, after having found Livingstone, although his reception was, very different from that which has been accorded him now. In fact, some of the newspapers donbted his. exploit and : pronounced v him, little; less than a fraud. He felt it keenly. He reminded me, too, of his proposition during our interview at that time to organize an .American company with a capital of only $100,000, of which he proposed to advanoefrom $."25,000 to $40,000, for the purpose not merely of continuing his explorations', but to estabhsh trading posts; in-theneighborhood of Lake:.Tanganyika and otherlocali ties hehad visited, where were to be found immense stores of ivory, oils and gums. An endeavor was' made among some of the capitalistssin Wall street the very next 'day to raise the required sum, but to a man they turned their backupon; the proposition; and thus lost at once a chance torealize; great fortunes, and to do what Stanley; afterward induced the Mng-of; the Bel-. gians to undertake, namelyi'to plant'his flag there and establish a'state. > -' Stanley also humorously recalled what, he termed one of his "castles in, Spaing'' that 'he saw grovring up as the result of, hisnewly accumulated-wealth. After establishing the 'company'; above de-; scribed he was to return to'New^Yprkj'j majoty,' erect a groat mansionlj.on 'tte; Hudsph;, surround it -vrith bnngaloos^ built;in*4HJutral'Afri^h?style;fiYiiergya^^ lUe,-jquig)alists of Ne:w-,rYork opulS %eet; iiTld en^j llun-^lvL' uul ctock tlio^ gruunU4 Hitb �iia aiiimalii F. G �]i.l''ONTAD.E,''J Since Jackson's Time They Have Malti-plied. [Special Correspondence.] New York, Nov. 20.-The moral of the late election, arithmetically speaking, is self evident-tho older the country grows the more doubtful each election becomes, and a comparatively small change in the popular vote makes an enormous change in the representative vote. Garfield is supposed to have had a "sweeping victory"-214 electoral votes to 155. Yet his plurality on the popular vote was but 7,098 out of 8,891,088 for the two leading candidates-less than one-tenth of 1 per centi A change of one vote in sixty in one state in 1888 would have elected Cleveland. Yet Hai-rison had 283 electoral votes to 168. Fifty thousand votes, or one in 230 of the total, located in close states, would have given Cleveland an "overwhelming �victory" in the electoral college. And where is the politician wise enough to foresee the trifling accident that may change one vote in 230? Except in 1800 the result was a foregone conclusion at each election till 1824. Then the foundations of the great political deep were broken up. Of the four candidates John Quincy Adams was chosen by the house of representatives, although Gen. Jackson had a much larger popular and electoral vote. The people were angry, yet, strange to say, of all the great men then living not one foresaw the revolution of 1828-the first great political revolution of our history. The scandals of that campaign were simply frightful. Tli?)S6 good old people who think the world is growing worse should read some of the campaign papers of 1828. It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that Mrs. Jackson was murdered. She saw her name paraded in the public prints as that of the vilest of women, but bore up till the election was over and then died-^nominally of heart disease. On the day of the election the great Whig leader indulged in a confident prophecy. The whole number of electoral votes was 261, of which Jackson received 178 and Adams 83. For vice president Calhoun received 171, all othera 00. In the house of representatives then elected Andrew Stephenson was chosen speaker by 152 votes to 89 for all others. And yet issues were so little defined that there was -a majority in congress for the United States hank. The election of 1838 could not he called a revolution, yet it was even more surprising. It was exultingly proclaimed, and not denied by Jackson's friends, that nearly all the wealth and three-fourths of the professional men were against him. The number of electoral �Votes was 288, of Avhich Jackson received 219 and Clay 491 Vermont voted for Wirt, anti-Mason, and South CaroUna for John Floyd, whom the historians have charitably allowed to be forgotten. In 1836 Van Buren received 170 electoral votes and Harrison but 73. The panic of 1837 "obiterated the ancient landmarks," as the journals of the day expressed it, and the congress of 1839-41 showed a great falling off. Still the Democrats were able to elect as speaker the once noted and often ridiculed Robert Mercer TaUaferro Hunter, of Virginia. In 1840 the revolution was complete-Harrison received 234 electoral votes and Van Buren 60! This was not so great a surprise then as it now seems, for the country really was in a very bad way. Two years later came the greatest surprise perhaps in our history-the Whigs elected but 69 congressmen and the Democrats 140. In 1844 the figures remained nearly the same, yet in 1840 the Whigs chose 115 congressmen and the Democrats but 108. The election of Taylor in 1848 was due to a Democratic "split" in New York, so the subsequent steady dechne of the Whigs was no surprise. Their last fight was in 1852, when they got but 71 congressmen to the Democrats 159. Two years later came the fourth great political revolution in our history. The division of parties in the Thirty-fourth congress was not clear, but the Democrats were in a minority, and a combination of Republicans and others controlled the house, N. P. Banks being chosen speaker. The slavery agitation was reopened, but parties remained more even y balanced than appears on the surface. At any^ rate, there was no "great revolution," and in 1860 Lincoln received but 41 per cent, of the popular vote, yet he had 180 electoral votes to 137 for all others. The law of politics that the party in power loses ground in the^'ofl year', asserted itself in the very heat and fury of civil strife, andin 1803 all the "close states" went against the administration. The next three''elections, most be rer; garded as exceptions to the general mles;; nevertheless the Democrats, who had elected, but .40 congressmen in 1864, got 88 in 1873, . to the Republicans 195/ Then came the greatest of all "revolutions," both popular and representative. The majority of 743,000 for Grant in 1873 gave place to a Democratic majority of about 400,000 in-1874,  and in the Forty-fourth congress the Democrats had .178 to the Republicans, 108. The change in the popular vote is not easy to estimate, as the Vote on president and congressmen' in' 1873 varied: greatly, but it fell little short of 1,000,000; ' ,The next ;^'revolution" was not so snf-. prising, but it was big. enough, for: thisv 8inaUiBepubUcan,majority in the Fortyi: < seventh (Garfield) congress was changed' inl883toa Democratic majority, of 81, ThecHangefrom 1884 to 1886 was not snf|: 'fidentcto wipe out tiie Democratic ma-jorityi and even in 1888 the apparent popular majority was Democratia So the year 1890 must stand in our history as the era of the greatest overturn unttt r--? From the foregoing summary the Intelligent reader can; properly estimatej the feUow yrho is positive he Imows just; how the next election is gomg. , ' .;j,'f';;''', �'.':s?sii^J;v:H;vBEADLE;f ' In'many shops irirPpKtugal,the sign "American: Spoken 'iHeic^'/has i^lao^t tlifitniditidnal''BSiglisk'Spoken.**-'~' Ig $2.00 PER YEAB SPRING BROS. MAY BE FOUND AS USUAL, RKIHT AT THE FRONT WITH A FULL LINE OF THE "WOULD"" 'qWT" Gold Coin, Base Burners anf B-amiaag- Stoves, With other approved lines for Pall and Winter trade, with everything in COOKING STOVES, Kitchen Purmture and Every Kind of HARDWARE that you* ever desire. They have also Plain and Choice Of Every duBCi'iption to wbicn they invite the .citizens of LoMars and those of neighboring towns, who wish to buy, btf