Lebanon Pioneer (Newspaper) - October 29, 1914, Lebanon, Indiana
Pages 9to 10
VOLUME 56. NO. 32.
LEBANON, IND^ THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1914.
ESTABLISHED IN 1852.
PBOPERComieRiiie DISCUSSED BV EXPERT
SIX GRADES ARE NOW MADE, INSTEAD OF FOUR.
Grading Is Based on Moisture Content of Corn, Rotten Kernels and Cracked Kernels.
DISPLAY OF FARM PRODUCTS.
First National Bank Has Provided for Interesting Exhibit.
The First National Bank in this city has on display a fine exhibit of grain and farm products. Besides several varieties of com and many kinds of vegetables, there are on display some peanuts grown on the Frank E. Loose farm, and a stalk of cotton grown by John O. Cason, Any Boone county farmer who wishes to display any of his products is invited to bring them in to the bank, where they will te placed on a shelf provided for the purpose.
In view of the fact that the new United States regulations for grain standardization are in effect now, the Indiana grain dealers arranged a tour over the chief com producing counties of Indiana for the purpose of discussing with the farmers and grain dealers these standards.
Dr. J. W. T. Duvel, of the United States bureau of grain standardization, and T. A. Coleman, of the Purdue Extension Department, led a discussion of the grading of corn according to the grading now in use, at a meeting held in the convention hall of the court house on Friday night.
Heretofore corn has been graded into four grades, but now six grades are used, so that corn formerly graded No. 3 will now grade No. 4 or 5. This grading is based on moisture content of corn, damaged or rotten kernels and cracked kernels.
In order that corn may grade high it should he husked when dry and fully mature, the rotten ears at husking time should be separated from the others, and if the corn is shelled at home before marketing care should be taken to avoid using a sheller that will crack the kernels.
Another factor entering into the grading of corn is the mixing of varieties of different colors. White caps on yellow corn or yellow kernels in white corn prevents it from grading as high as it would without these. Dirt and trash lowers the grade. Corn should be husked clean as the surplus shucks cause a lower price being strictly on grade.
According to a chart shown by Dr. Duvel, corn is husked sappy, dried out very slowly from then until spring, the months of January, February and March showing a very high per cent, of moisture. Cora is often sold during cold weather with the idea that it is dry at that time, but a moisture test shows that the corn is as wet as though not frozen, the moisture not showing up on account of the freezing. When this corn is left stored in bulk it soon heats and if left long in that condition lowers in value.
American corn that is exported is often on board ship for from thirty to fifty days, being stored in large bulk. This heats and spoils badly, if wet when loaded. All of these losses fall back to the producer for it is self-evident that the dealer and the consumer will not stand for them. The com should be right when it is started to market.
Coleman on Production.
T. A. Coleman spoke on the production of corn, showing that it costs less per bushel to produce in a high yield than in a small one. In the five-acre com-growing contest of Randolph county last year the man who produced the yield of 110 bushels per
Church Studying Medicine.
Harry Church, a 1913 graduate of the Lebanon high school, who attended Wabash College last year, is now enrolled as a pre-medic at Kansas University, at Lawrence, Kas. He hopes to be ready to take the medical course in a year's time <
Hand Badly Mangled.
Charles Pankenen, a car repairer on the Central Indiana railroad, in closing the door of a freight car Friday afternoon, caught his right hand in the lock, badly mangling his fingers. Dr. G. A. Schultz dressed the injury.HIKE GIRE IN IIISI16 AND KILL IRE PIGEOHS
THIS IS THE WAY TO GET RID OF HOG CHOLERA.
Dr. P. A. Molían, Purdue Veterinarian, Gives Interesting Lecture to Farmers of Jackson.
(Continued on Page Thirteen.)
M. E. MlSSiOlim WORKERS T0H0L0191S MEETING HERE
MRS. WILMA WALKER ONE OF THE OFFICERS OF THE CRAW-FORDSVILLE DISTRICT.
Seventy-five delegates from the various churches of the Crawfords-ville district of t.^^ Methodist Episcopal church were in attendance at the thirty-second annual meeting of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society at Crawfordsville Friday. Next year's meeting, it was decided, would be held in Lebanon.
Officers elected were: Mrs. O. M. Pittinger, Frankfort, president; Mrs. Challes W. Ross, Crawfordsville, first Tlce-presldent; Mrs. J. M. Hixson, At-Uca, second vice-president; Mrs. Wil-om Walker, Lebanon, third vice-presi-dent; Mrs. Lizzie Cuion, Indianapolis, recording secretary; Mrs. Charles Hersey, Colfax, corresponding secre-tarr; Miss Mary Watts, Indianapolis, treuorer; Miss Ruth Jennings, New Attgnsta, superintendent of the Standard Bearers; Mrs. Anna Meharry, Wingate, snperintendent of children's work; Mrs. Fred Remley, Wesley, superintendent of the mite boxes; Mrs. Margaret Learning, Romney, supeiv iniendent of tithing, and Mrs. Irwin A. DeCdion, of Crawfordsville, auper-Intendent of literature. The newly-^•ctad oiBcera were installed by the B«T. Ü. O. Lewwaby, diitrlct ■«pe^ WtttJwt of fk0 CrawftordnTiU« dls-tiM.
"Be careful about your visiting and kill the pigeons" is the advice of Dr. P. A. Molían, of the veterinary department of Purdue University, in describing the causes of hog cholera and the means of prevention of the disease. Dr. Molían, upon invitation of the farmers of Jackson township, gave an interesting talk, illustrated by stereopticon slides, at the high school building id Advance last Thursday evening. About one hundred farmers attended the meeting and frequently interrupted the speaker, at his own invitation, with questions concerning the method of procedure which should be adopted on their own farms and in their own localities. The meeting was presided over by Perry D. Pointer, superintendent of the Advance schools.
It is the plan of the farmers of Jackson township to have some such meeting every month, addressed either by local agriculturists or farm experts from Purdue or elsewhere.
County Agent R. W. Imel, in intro ducing Dr. Molían, spoke briefly of the inroads made by hog cholera in Boone county during the past three or four weeks, stating that the dis ease had swept in here from Clinton and other counties on the north.
Dr. Molían, in giving the history of hog cholera in the United States stated that so far as was known the disease originated in Ohio in 1833 During the succeeding twenty years there were, ninety outbreaks through out the United States. No postmortem reports were made on chol era until 1853, Dr. Snow, of Aurora making the first report of this na ture. The speaker explained the different theories advanced, but as yet he said, the cause of hog cholera is unknown. Knowing that a hog, once having had the cholera, is immune in 1905 the serum treatment was worked out.
Dr. Molían explained in detail the methods adopted by the government in overseeing the serum business the duties and work of the federal inspectors in plants like the Pitman Moore plant at Zionsville, and the experiments made at Purdue. The cheapest way to get the serum for the treatment of sick hogs, he said is from the state university, but this institution is limited in its operations, and does not at all times have the serum on hand for the benefit of farmers who desire it.
The slides used by Dr. Molían pictured the ravages of cholera on the different organs of the hog. the method of securing the blood from infected hogs, the inoculation of animals not yet affected by the disease. 2nd the sanitary precautions used by the workmen in the serum plants and by the veterinaries in giving the treatment. There were also views of many farms which were regular hotbeds for the disease, unclean and unsanitary, and, in contrast, there were shown many pictures of farms with model, sanitary feeding pens and watering places. The speaker advised the use of concrete feeding floors.
Figures taken in Montgomery eona-ty. Dr. MoUan said, iliow that the largest p«r cent, of infactifm la euM4 by owB«n of w«U Uvdt llgttter4wSAFEGUARDING STATE.
Governor Drops Politics to Issue Proclamation to Protect the Public and Prevent Quarantine Against Whole State.
As soon as the real facts could be obtained as to the dangerous character «f the Foot and Month Disease, Governor Raisin to(A the only proper action to protect the public and prevent the threatened danger of a state-wide quarantine by the federal authorities, by issuing a proclamation setting forth the facts and declaring his cooperation with the federal government in the radical measures necessary to the prevention of the spread of that dreadful animal disease, end to the entire extinction of it where it now exists.
The people of every county are interested in this subject and should become familiar with the proclamation, which follows:
Whereas, It has been made to appear that a contagious and dangerous animal disease has invaded two counties of northern Indiana, Laporte and St. Joseph; and,
Whereas, This disease, which is known as the European Foot and Mouth Disease, is not only very infectious but is very hard to eradicate, it having existed in Holland and other foreign countries for more than a century; and,
Whereas, The federal government, in recognition of the menace of this disease has established a quarantine against all inter-state shipments of cattle, sheep and swine from or into the two counties named; and the state of Indiana through its chief veterinarian. Dr. A. F. Nelson, by the authority of law has quarantined said counties against the movement of such animals from the lands and places where they now are; and,
Whereas, There is no fund provided by law in this state sufficient in amount to pay the expense the state will necessarily have to incur to thoroughly eradicate this disease, and the cost of a special session of the legislature called for that purpose would be a heavy burden to the state; and,
Whereas, The federal government has declared the necessity of using the most strejiuous measures in order to stamp out this terrible disease, that threatens not only to ruin the anirnal industry wherever it obtains a foothold, but also threatens the meat supplies, as well as the health, of the people; and has to that end proposed to the state of Indiana, that all nerds of cattle or droves of sheep or swine that are at all infeitv^d by this disease be killed, after examination and under the direction of the proper federal and state officers; and that all the expenses of said quarantine and said work of killing such animals shall be borne by the general government; and that the federal government will share equally with the state the loss sustained by the owners of all such animals killed by such officials, as properly ascertained; and will advance the whole amount of such loss, on condition that it shall be reimbursed by the state for one-half the value thereof through action by the next legislature; and,,
Whereas, I desire to avoid the expense of convening the legislature to make a special appropriation to enable the state authorities to perform their duty in controlling and extinguishing this disease, I shall in lieu thereof recommend the next General Assembly of the State of Indiana to make an appropriation with which to repay or reimburse the federal government for the amount advanced by it for the state in payment for animals killed on the order of the proper authorities;
Now, Therefore, I, Samuel M. Ralston, Governor of Indiana, recognizing the actual conditions existing and the necessity for immediate action in the premises, call upon the county commissioners of the counties of Laporte and St. Joseph aforesaid, and other county officials and county and city health officers, to exercise their authority in this emergency and assist the federal and state officers by policing all farms, lands and places where animals are kept that are in whole or in part infected by the Foot and Mouth Disease; to prevent the removal of such animals, herds or droves or parts thereof; and also to prevent the removal of any hides or skins, hay, straw or similar fodder; any milk or the dressed carcasses of sheep or swine from the places, fields, lands or farms where they are when inspected and condemned by said officers; and I call upon all the farmers, or owners of such animals to assist such officers in all proper ways to enforce the law and all sanitary regulations made thereunder.
IN Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused to be affixed the Great Seal of the State of Indiana, at the Capitol in the City of Indianapolis, this 24th day of October, 1914.
*By the Governor:
Secretary of Stat«.
RUNNERS DOING WELL.
FARM TOPICS-By County Agent Imel.
Andy Overleeae Has Two Winners In the Southwest.
Two running horses oWned by Andy Overleese, of this city, are now being campaigned in the southwest by a Mr. Laverty, of Springfield, HI., under lease. Silver Link, purchased at Kankakee, 111., starts in the dashes, and Blue Lee, purchased at Tuscola, ni., is a long-distance horse. Both horses are doing well, and will be taken to Texas soon for several race meets. On Thanksgiving day Mr. Overleese will take over the horses at New Orleans, where there will be an extended race meet.
Re-Enlists In the Navy.
Charley Padgett, of Gedsden, re-enlisted in the United States navy last Thursday. He has served four years In the navy on the United States Connecticut. He passed the first examination at Indianapolis, but will have to take another at Norfolk, Va.
Shoot all of the pigeons that come on your farm, as they are disease disseminators. In Montgomery county last year it was found that pigeons were responsible for nearly 15 per cent, of the outbreaks of cholera among the hogs.
ASSESSMEm FIXED ON WmilUT STBEH
OWNERS OF SIXTY-FOOT WILL PAY $132.
Money in Street Bond Fund Trans-fered to Treasurer as Trustee for Bondholders.
FEED COTTON-SEED MEAL.
The old saying that It is an ill wind that blows no one good holds true in regard to the European war and the cattle feeding industry. .On account of the war in Europe there will be very little, if any cotton-seed meal exported from the United States this year. This situation Is materially affecting the price of cotton-seed meal in this country. Another-factor entering into cheap cotton-seed meal is the fact that there is a good crop of cotton in the south and hence Kji abtmdant supply of the meal.
Cotton-s^ me*l can now be purchased In the south at from |22 to $24 per ton tn carload lots, accordUkg to government reports. This is at least 15 per ton cheaper than it could
lié purchased last year.
This meal Is very rich in protein and is especially valuable where cattle are bel&g fed on ie^ rich In carbohydrates, as com and stovér. At the Ittdlana experiment station it hM been found that a pound of oottos> seed maal added to the ratl«i^ wfil place 1.87 pouadfl of com aad pounds dt clover hay, when tha oaltl« ara Mnt ft« a nUl^ of «09 WpA atoftrbir. YilMtoifmatIt:
155.40 worth of other feed.
For wintering mature cattle it is hard to find a better or more economical ration than com silage, cottonseed meal and a small quantity of com fodder. Mature cattle can be made to maintain their weight or even gain a little on this ration. The approximate amounts for such a ration as this are 30 pounds com silage, 2 potmds cotton-seed meal and 5 pounds of dry roughage.
In addition to the high feeding value of cotton-seed meal, has a high, fertillilng value, after passing through the cattle. Eighty to ninety per cent, of the fertilising value remains in the manur!» and at the prices now prevailing this alone is enough to pay for 75 per cent of the feed.
Since cotton-seed meal is so efficient a feed and the residve Is rich as a fertiliser, the specialists In the department oi; agriculture are urging that cattle feeders make larger use cf it than ever before. •
It iri a cheaper source of feed than linseed meal and makes a good and cheap additioin to tha ration of a dairy cow Iflag t^ com silage .Ifi baittiMon^
EXPOSED AND INFECTED LIVR STOCK WILL BE KILLED.
Farmers of Laporte and St. Joseph Counties Will Be Paid Full Market Value.
At the regular meeting of the city council Monday evening the primary assessment roll for Walnut street was filed and a resolution passed fixing November 9 as the date for receiving remonstrances. The following pe^ons are assessed |132 each on sixty-foot lots: Ivan Fuller, Ira Wilson, Thcmias McGuire, James D Smith, Wm. F. Smith, Catharine Epperson, O. E. Wilcox, C. O. and Carrie Routh, Christina Stalhut, O. and S. J Clingler, T. M. Anderson, Ettie and O. P. Hinton, Arthur Herrick, U. J Weitzel, Ida B. Reese, Charles Smith four lots, $132 each; S. H. Wilcox, 80 feet, $170; Charles Boyd, $264; Alice Myers, forty feet, $88; Carl Lehman two lots, $132 each, and thirty-two feet of lot 62, $71.50; city of Lebanon $1,407.63.
An ordinance was passed authoriz ing the money now in the street bond and certificate fund to be transferred to Wm. D. Martin, trustee for the bondholders, the money now in the fund being $809.97. This money has heretofore been carried along with other funds in the name of the city Hereafter it will be carried in the name of the treasurer as trustee and paid out by him on his check instead of on warrant from the clerk, the state board of accounts having ruled that treasurers are only agents for the bondholders and that this money does not come under the depository act and therefore the treasurer is entitled to the two per cent, interest received thereon.
During the past week it has been stated that the city council would authorize the purchase of an electrically operated fire whistle, to take the place of the fire bell, which has been in use for many years. The bell tower is getting in bad shape, and a new steel tower would cost $350, while an electric warning whistle could be installed for about $60. The members of the city council talked over the matter before the meeting was called to order, but took no action during the session.
The message of the mayor approving a resolution confirming the primary assessment roll on the south side sanitary sewer was read, and on mrAlon of Councilman Myers ordered ¿^^ead of record.
The city civil engineer submitted his report showing the completion of the contract of Geo. T. Miller for curb and gutter on Noble street The report shows that there Is due the contractor the sum of $3,930.53. On motion of Councilman Ellis the report was adopted.
The primary assessment roll on Noble street curb and'gutter improvement was submitted and a resolution passed flxint November 9 as the date for hearing remonstrances and confirming or modifying said assessment roll. The assessments are 41 cents per front foot, or 124.60 for sixty-foot lot.
The city engineer submitted his final report on West Walnut street pavement,, showing the amount dtie the contractor, Patrick Shahan, to be (4,M7.18. On motion of CouneUmaa Myart tba report was adopted. Tba ellr elvU angibear
The threatened quarantine of the entire state of Indiana by the federal government was averted at a conference between Governor Ralston, representatives of live stock associations and others Friday.
All cattle, hogs and sheep in Laporte and St. Joseph counties that are infected or have been exposed to the mouth and foot disease will be killed and the premises thoroughly disinfected.
Governor Ralston assured his audience that he would recommend to the next legislature an appropriation to meet half the value of the appraised stock which must be killed when he was told by State Veterinarian A. F. Nelson that the federal government had consented to undertake the animals providing Indiana would give assurance that she would reimburse the government. The owners of the live stock are to receive full market value of their stock. The entire cost of the proposed procedure is placed at about $75,000.
While Governor Ralston did not. take the threat of the federal government that the entire state would be quarantined as a basis for action, he fully perceived the seriousness of the situation. The matter of policing the district now under quarantine received considerable attention and the governor suggested that the county commissioners should take this matter in charge and see that the quarantine of Laporte and St. Joseph counties is not violated.
Produce Cut Off from South Bend.
A special from South Bend Tuesday says: "The slaughter of cattle for the South Bend meat markets has been checked by the state authorities working in St. Joseph county in an effort to stamp out the foot and mouth disease, which is spreading across the northern region of the state. An order was issued today by Dr. A. F. Nelson, state veterinarian, to the effect that no farmer in St. Joseph county will be allowed to provide the markets of South Bend with fresh meat. The farmers may slaughter and consume the meat himself, but can not remove it from his farm. The order applies to all other live stock and poultry.
"The milk supply for South Bend dropped more than 100 gallons today. Dealers of this city who have purchased from the infected districts delivered their last pint of milk Saturday.
"The quarantine was rigidly enforced and in many places west of South Bend wires were stretched across the roads.
Valuable Stock Slaughtered.
"The slaughter of infected cattle was resumed near New Carlisle, the value of the destroyed cattle belhg $35,200. The herds on the Trow-
( Continued on Page Thirteen.)
MRS. YOHIIDIIISED BY COURT TO GET HOOD HUSBkNO
DIVORCED HUSBAND'S COM-PLAINT THAT SHE HAD ANOTHER MAN RULED OUT.
Ora Yoh, 3543 Massachusetts avenue, Indianapolis, accused his divorced wife, Mrs. Gertie Yoh, 927 Jefferson avenue, Indianapolis, of nej^ lecting her children. He objected to the attention he said Mrs. Yoh was receiving from another man.
"This woman has a right to have company," said the court, before irhom she wtis arraigned Friday on affidavit of her former husband, "aa long as she doesn't do anything that'a wrong. If she can get a good husband, that's the thing for her to do. I hope she does find a good man.** ,
Mrs. Yoh smUed and thanked the judge. Toh protested that she waa receiving attentions from tha maa whom he accused of breaking up bla home. The court advised Mrs. > Toll to leave this man alone If there was anything wrong about him, or ta marry him if she^ thought en9Uiih' ot him.
"That's what HI. do," said Mri. Toh after she^ angrily |.ad told Toht that she would be living with him yii. If he had treated her rltht.
The Tohs formerly Mfldad A, »QiitaNb wliwa Mr. Toh miiiijjjl,