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Lebanon Daily News (Newspaper) - November 1, 1965, Lebanon, Pennsylvania Lebanon Daily Ngw8iLebanon Pa Monday 1965 In this day of modern powerequipped farminr an inter ruption of power on a farm can be surprisingly expensive and inconvenient For this reason farmers must he able to operate such items as chick brooders pig automatic furnaces water systems and milking machines when no commerical power is available Standby generation is a very imporlant investment During rleclriral power interruptions a small gasoline engine driven genoralor will help In complete many critical jobs See your county agent or power company representative for advice on the type and capacity of such equipmenl There are several ways to operate electrical equipment without electrical power or to pet by without electricity for short periods of time Here are some suggestions for operating a few of the more critical items during an emergency 1 Milking machines operate by vacuum and the Intake manifold on a tractor oar or truck will provide a limited source of vacuum in case of power failure 2 Contents of a home freezer will usually remain frozen during the first 24 hours of a power outage if the door is kept closed It is seldom the power is off more than one day You can use dry Ice to maintain freezing temperature if it is off for a longer period 3 Whether a waterpump operates on engine or tractor power depends on the type and location of the pump Many pumps have exposed pulleys or shafts where a pulley can be mounted to drive them with an engine or tractor 4 If yon have milk to cool during the summer and the power goes off you can buy ice and use a tanktype cooler for cooling Canned milk Those who have bulk pickup can contact their milk plant for service as soon as possible 5 When necessary you can use such things as camp stoves flashlights candles and car or tractor lights With a lit le patience you can warm the babys bottle on the exhaust manifold of a car The car heater will keep you warm and a car radio may tell you why the power failed Farm Income Tax and Social Security The 1965 Farm Income Taxand Social Security Short Course will be held Dec 6 to 8 on the main campus of The Pennsylvania State University University Park Pa Farmers and those who help farmers prepare returns will receive the latest inoformalion concerning the income lax law The revised 1965 Individual Tax Form 1040 will he dis cussed Other subjects to be presented are farm income farm expenses personal deductions retirement credit Investment tax credit depreciation installment sale privilege sales of per sonal residence business casualty losses condemnation and re investment of proceeds Pennsylvania Sales Tax Collection and Reporting will be discussed by the personnel from the Dickinson Law School and Accounting Division Bureau of Sales and Use Tax A rep resentative of the Social Security Administration will present the changesin Social Security The Importance of Tax Prac titioners will be discussed by an Internal Revenue Agent U S Internal Revenue Service The registration fee is for Pennsylvanians and for rionPennsylvamans Application balnks and a copy of the program can be se cured from the Director of Short Courses Room 212 Armsby Building The Pennsylvania State University University Park Pa 16802 or from your local county agent Hold Hog Evaluation Contest r A market hog evaluation contest will be a feature at the Pennsylvania Livestock Exposition The contest will be held at theFarm Show Building in Harrisburg at 1 pm Nov 7 There are two divisions for judges or evaluators A division for adults 21 years and over with a total of in prize money and a junior division for persons under 21 years of age with a total of 100 in prize money Anyone is eligible to enter and participate There will be about 12 market hogs on which to estimate back fat loin eye length and ham and lin percentage These hogs will be slaughtered and measurement taken Those per sons estimating closest to the actual measurements will be the winneirs This contest offers livestock producers an opportunity to learn check their iudging ability and to make some money Note to County Workers All of you are invited to par ticipate and your cards will be scored for your information but since this contest is primarily for breeders you will not be able to compete for prize money Encourage your 4H Club mem bers to participate in the junior division Appaloosa and Arabian Horses at Exposition Horse activities at the Pennsylvania Livestock Exposition will include breeding and performance classes for Appaloosa and Arabian horses and the State 4H Horse Show The Arabian breeding classes will be held in the large arena of The Farm Show Building Monday Nov 8 beginning at S am The Arabian performance classes will begin at pm on the same day The Appalooss breeding classes will be held on Tuesday Nov 9 beginning at 9 am The Appaloosa performance classes will begin at 7 pm Tuesday evening Admission is free to all horse classes There will be 141 entries in the Arabian horse classes 76 entries in the Appaloosa classes and 295 contestants in the State 4H Hnrse Show The 4H Horse Show will be held Friday and Saturday Nov 12 and 13 James P Gallagher extension livestock specialist at The Pennsylvania State University is superintendent of the Horse Division of the Livestock Exposition Farm Youth Active In Livestock Show Farm youths representing many Pennsylvania counties and other stales will be taking an active role in the Ninth Annual Pennsylvania Livestock Exposition Nov 813 in the State Farm Show Building Harrisburg Both boys and girls will compete in several eventsinclud ing the popular State 4H Club Horse Show all day Friday and Saturday morning Nov 12 and 13 Youlh will participate in swine evaluation contest on Sun day Nov 7 Junior Market Lamb Show on Monday Nov S and Junior Breeding Cattle Shows on the days that their respective breeds show Angus on Tuesday Nov 9 and Hereford and Shorthorn on Wednesday Nov 10 4H Club boys and girls and Future Farmer of America boys will exhibit market steers Championship winners will also be eligible to compete against open class winners for cham pionshipofshow awards State 4H and FFA champion livestock judging teams mil compete in the Junior Judging Contest along with teams from other states Boys in 4H and FFA will participate in seven calf scram bles during theweek Winners will get Angiis feeder calves donated by Pennsylvania Angus breeders Moves by the Pennsylvania State Game Com mission o condemn sizable racls ot land in Berks and Lan caster counties for wildlifeprop agation areas came under heavy ire at the closing session of the 93rd annual convention of Penn sylvania State Grange last week The 800 delegates who repre Loans Available At 93rd Convention For Land Seizure Halt Loan For Rural Water System Approved A loan to a group of 17 rural families in Glen Hope vlearfield County to develop a iiral water system was made on October 20 1965 by the Farm rs Home Administration ac rording to Raymond J Kerset er the agencys slate director Two and one half years ago he rural residents of Glen Hope iltempled to secure sufficient recht to finance the construc tion of Hie necessary facilities In meet Ihe water needs of Ihe residents of the community bill were unable Ib do so The community will how have Ilieir own system financed by the Farmers Hume Administra tion according to Mr kerstet ter The water will be obtained directly from a spring located one mile north of Glen Hope The non profit corporation ob tained permits from the Penn sylvania State Department of Health and the Power Resources Board to install the water sys tem The loan will enable the Glen Hope Water Association Inc to construct a reservoir chlorina tor and lay almost four miles of pipe line Slate Director Ker stetter reports that the construc tion of Ihe water system will mark a milestone in the history of the deaifield County rural development program The sys temwill enable families to mod ernize their homes and will make water available to the schools business establishments and churches in the area He states that hew homes will be built along the waterliue within the coming year Land values and properties will i ii ere a s e throughout the area served The members Will pay a min imum of a month amTwil be billed for the aclual amounl of water used according to met er readings The community will also receive the benefit of fire protection as the rplans include the installation of seven f i re hydrants which will be located along the syatem 1 Rural watersystenr loans are available to organizations oper ating on a non profit basis such as nonprofit corporations and water supply districts Small rural towns and other rurar political subdivisions are also eligible These loans are made only when adequate credit at reason able ratesand terms is not oth erwise available More information concerning his type of loan for your com munity may be obtained from the local Farmers Home Ad ministration office serving your county or by writing to the Farmers Home Administration Room 208 100 N Cameron St Harrisburg Pennsylvania 17101 FARM CALENDAR Mow Grass Until Growth Stops When grass is allowed to grow higher than normal and goes into winter this way it may mat down under the snow This makes grassmore susceptible to snow mold injury than if it were cut to normal height Jack Harper extension lawn specialist at The Pennsyl vania State University says mow your lawn throughout the fall or until growth stops Fall Planted Trees Need Wa ter An imporlant Ihiiig to remember when planting tree in the fall Is to give them plen ty of water reminds Craig 01 iver extension ornamental plant specialist at The Pennsylvania State University It takes much water for young plants to be come well established Remove Leaves Early RE moving leaves as quickly as possible throughout the fall pe riod prevents your grass from smothering reminds Jack Harp er extension lawn specialist at The Pennsylvania State Univer sity Dont burn your leaves itj better to place them in a com post pile to use later as a source of organic matter for flowers and shrub beds Farm Income Tax Course Of fered A short course oh farm income tax and social security will be presented by The Penn sylvania State Universily Dec 6S For application blanks and further information write Di rector of S h or t Courses 21 Armsby Building Colleee of Ag riculture The Pennsylvania Stats University university Park Pennsylvania 16802 64000 Grange members in he state unanimouslyapproved a resolution calling for halting he seizure of valuable ands for such work arid that sites be chosen ivhere submar ginal landareas can utilized The resolution said In part we oppose the seizure of this and not because We are against vildlife propagation but because ve eel the Commission in choosing these sites displayed an abundant lack of good judg ment and lhat the cost of using such valuable land for this pur pose is a flagrant waste ot tax monies John W Scott state Grange master said about 2400 acres in he of Berks bounty and more than 1000 acres in the LancasterLebanon area for condem nation He said the two sections would be used for hunting geese Over 100 resolutions submitted by Pomona county granges were broughtbefore thebody Hat had been meeting here since Monday The Grange also adopted reso utions a constitutional amendment to permitBible reading in schools school busing for ntegration purposes a quota sys em which would encourage Ihe admission of more agriculture students to Pennsylvania State Universily Berks County Soil Conservation Districts rec ommendation that ultrahigh voltage electric lines be placed underground When and where feasible1 a proposal that all advertising billboards be approv ed by legalgoverning bodies the retention of the present state liquor fuel tax for mulawhereby municipalities re ceive reimbursement based 50 per cent on road mileage and 50 per cent on population high salaries being paid to administrators of the federal antipoverty program the Grange will work with state and local agencies to Iry to rectify air pollution legislation which would restrict owning and buy ing of firearms the principle that at least onethird of the operat ing cost of community colleges be borne by the students a legislative study of possible comprehensive water legislation embracing the views of all water users legislation re quiring all food manufacturers and processors1 to slate all in gredients on package labels the federal govern ment to review its proposed bud getand make no cut inits ap propriations to the Agriculture Department legislation requir ing school buses to be equipped with a flashing amber light which would be activated 100 feet before the bus halts The present flashing red light used when the busis stopped would be retained an amendment to the 1921 Dog Law to provide for a 50 per cent share of dog li cense revenue for local use on dog law enforcement to be ad ministered through the Agricul tare Department legislation per mitting the saleof milk on the basis of fresh sample tests since composite sampling for butterfat content is inaccurate and detri mental to pricing pay increases for schoolpersonnel be based on service merit and ability rather than service alone a threeyear pro 3ationary period for newteach ers and a twoyear probationary period for those transferring rom other districts the Agriculture Departments overseeing the Mi grant Worker Law instead of the Labor Department In other action during the con clusion of the state organiza tions 93rd annual session dele gates chose New Castle as the site of next years convention It will be Oct 2427 What When How Much Grain Stocks Lower In State And Nation stocks in both the state and nation on October 1 were considerably less than thevolume in storage a year earlier according to the Pennsylvania Crop Reporting Service Iri Pennsylvania wheat old crop corn oats barley and rye totaled 467 million bushels down 644000 bushels or slight ly more than 1per cent from a year ago stock of the samefive grains totaled 4 284 million hushes 368 mil lion bushels or about 7 per cent less than on October 1 1984 Corn and wheat were respon sible for most of the decline The nations old c r o p corn carryover in both onfarm and offfarm storage amounted to 1160 million bushels It was 24 per cent less than a year ear lier and the smallest October 1 supply since 1955 In Pennsyl vania stocks of old crop corn totaled 56 million bushels com pared to 45 million bushels a year earlier Wheat stocks of 1714 million bushels in the US were 5per cent less thair a year earlier In the state October 1 wheat AUTUMN SCENE NEAR KLEINFELTERSVILLE Doily NEWS Phtta Shade Tree Selection And Planting President Lack of experience In plant ng s h ad e trees commonly prompts three questions What is the best kind of tree to plant What is the best time of year for planting How much will it cost With respect to the best kind no species or variety is sufficiently superior to be call ed the best without some qualification There are many excellent species These include red Norway and sugar maple white red bur and pin oak linden beech sycamore sterile varieties of thornless honeylo cust green and white ash tu lip tree and many others Some are not so good The Na tional Arborist Association ad vises agahisi plantingfor shade tree purposessuch species as cotlbnwootl silver maple Si berian elm usually called Chinese boxelder and oth ers that are highly subject to storm damage are favored hosts of destructive disdases and insect 6rproduce an over abundance of objeclion able seeds or fruit But selecting a tree at ran dom from any given list of de spepies is no guarantee of satisfaction Assuming you want a tree primarily for shade your choice should be based on existing conditions at the plant location These include room for top and root growth type of soiland1sub surface drainage climate and vegetation such as lawn g r a s s e s or flowering shrubsthat shade may injure Shade Tree Selection Inform yourself concerning these and other environmental conditions and then studythe cliaracherislics of Ihe various available tree species Read books or articles on shade trees for homeplanting visit a park or arboretumwhere the trees To Blow Agricultural Almanac Predicts Bad Winter Baers Agricultural Almanac published for its 141st year at Lancaster Pa predicts a win tersimilar to the rough one of 195859 because of the influence plailets Saturn and Jupi ter Mans latest conquests of space have to do with the cliilling forecast of this downtoearth prqgnbsticator of the Penns3Tlvania Dutch This gloomy lOutlopk is based on an an c i e n t computation which says each of seven plan ets rules the weather in turn This is a Saturnine year cold and wef Saturn rules 1965 Jupiter rules 1966 and he gets off to a late start since Saturri with his tedious winter and excessive cold will still hold on until the spring Go easy on your personal antifreeze he publishers ad vice but hold your snow plow on the ready January and February loom as snowier than usual so if youre plan ning a vacation in warmer climes thats the time Baers Almanac is not all nug gets of negativity It says 196fi will bring the twothirds mark of the century exactly at 4 am on Sept 1 It will bring a June date written completely in sixes a onceinacentury item 6666 As for the year 1966 in gen eral the Almanac says it shapes up as a wet one meaning good news for the droughtstruck Northeast The 1966 edition Is decorated with wood engravings of charm ing vintage some real Ameri can primitives William Penn singing a treaty with the Indir ans boys skating in 1793 a lion and a lamb for March hex marks birds and stagecbgches Washingtons recipe for her great cake is featur ed To start it break 40 eggs Other recipes are for parsnip wine Swedish rye and a com bination called Sausages and Peppers from author Richard would have made a good al manac editor It is by John Cavanaugh curator of as tronomy at N o r th Museum Franklin and Marshall College Other gems Include a tale about the Iqttth anniversarj of 1S16 the year with a sum mer data on Phases of the Moon tips on keeping cows happy and curing toothaches by use of roasted onion a calendar that tells when fish btte best The Almanac says through its sage Abner Americanus Dont plant conv and expect to harvest cornucopias dont plant sand and expect lo leap sandwiches It also suggests Dontridicule a manwhose lifes askew There but for the grace of God go you Baers Almanac is published by John Baers Sons Box 328 Lancaster Pa who send in any where in the world for 35 cents a copy postpaid Another author new to the ATmanac named William Shakespeare is quoted at length in an article which shows he stocks totaled 142 million bush els down 4 per cent Hatchery Beports Hatcheries in the Common wealth produced 5654000 chicks in September half a million more than in September a year ago according io the Pennsyl vania Crpp Reporting Service The broilertype chick hatch totaled 4372000 up 12 per cent from a year earlier and the same rate of inoeas recorded in broiler chick production in theination Egg type chicks totaled 1 282000 down 5 per cent from a year earlier States Tobacco Crop Up 3 Percent This Year The states 1965 tobacco crop is estimated at 472 million pounds about 3 per cent lar ger than last year according to the PennsylvaniaCrop Report ing Service Yield is expected to average 1750 pounds per acre 50 pounds more than in 1964 but 50 pounds below the 195963 averageHot weather and high humidity late in September caused curing problems in someareas Slaughter Cattle Down Farmers iii the state had 44 000 cattle and calves on feed October 1 for slaughter mark ets 14 per cent lessthan at the same timelast year according to the Pennsylvania Crop Re porting Sevice This compares to 47000 head on feed last July 1 and 51000 head on feed October 1 1964 Marketings in the OctoberDe cember quarter are expected to total 19000 head about the same as for the period last year In the nations 32 major cat tle feeding states there were 74 million head on feed October 1 an increase of 7 per cent from a year earlier Fed Clover Down Red clover seed production tn the state is expected to total 650000 pounds this year less than half the amount produced in 1964 according to the Penn sylvania Crop Reporting Serv ice Only 10000 acres were har vested for seed this year com pared to 23000 last year when production totaled 1810000 pounds Fall Meeting are labled contact your nursery manor arboristfor advice You will learn thai tree species dif rer greatly in size and shape at maturity amount of shade case rateof growth soil re quirements and tolerance of adversities Armed with this knowledge you should be able to choose a tree that is the best for your use As to the time of planting trees may be planted most suc cessfully and at least cost while they are dormant or during the late fall winter and early spring months Some species such as birch sugar maple magnolia and others thaiare slow in re cove ring from Ihe effects of transplanting generally are best planted iii the spring Costs vary accordingto spe ciesand size Youprobably can get a good quality small tree for or less and do the planting y purs el f Newly de veloped and improved varieties will costmare An increase in costsmust be expectedif you buy a tree large enough to re earth A large tree is advanta geous however inthat no long ivaitingperiod isrequired for it to produce the and other benefits associated with trees approaching maturity Repair Defective Branches The strength and weaknesses of theibranch structure of a tree arefully revealedwhen au tumn leaf drop occurs Take advantage of this andgive your shade trees inspec tion You may find defects that shouldbe Broken branches and branch stubs that are high in the top ofthe tree may hidden by foliage during but are easilyseeii after the leaves fall These branches and stubs should be removed for your own protection and to safeguard the health of the tree Checkthe branch crotches of your trees for cracks or splits these are most likely to be found in crotches that axe nar rowly Vshaped generally where a limb has developed from the trunk and has grown upright and nearly parallel to the cen tral stem The National Arborist Association advises prompl treatment of b r a n c h crotch splits to prevent further split ting and severe damage to the tree in winler storms Treat ment usuallyincludes instafia lion of brace rods at the crotch and placement of supporting cables in the upper part of the tree 4Point Program To headoff complete eco nomic ing rate of ihdebtednesi among dairy am mending a of special premiums tolJroduc ers a hearing to creasing5 the price ofvCiass I milk state legislationtpelim inate price fed eral legislation clarifybar gaining rights1 i This ofthe message hat President Paul Walizer Droughtto delegates of lo cals at the fall meeting of East ern Milk Producers Cdoperativa Association last week TheT conslantly increasing rate of indeblecjnesslis spread ing Jike thfoiighout the said Walizer It whether this situatipn it e m a from the competitive element between farmers prisaresult of high powered salesmen Today it appears to me that many farmVare being managed by or personally productionof ag ricultural commodities r exampiej in one county load among fanners represents 71 percentofr the gross value of in the countyIt would appear ib me that a more healthy andsound relationship something like 33 per the gross value Asa means ofreversing this unhealthy debt trend VWalizer said that he will enlist all ments of thedairy industry1 to unitedly support the fbilowing four point program 1 Special premiums pTbon uses for all producers Many of Ihe members of Eastern arere ceiving premiums for their milk through contracts negotiated with handlers and raens League has announced it will pay premiums of 5 cents per cwtj among its producers in northern New York state 2 Immediately call for a hearing to consider increasing Class I price on termsunder which Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman recently an nounced hearings would be granted 3 Establish and promote the necessary state legislation to eliminate price wars in the market place and thus create stability in the pricing of milk on a retail level1V 4 Developand promote the passage of national legislation to clarify the bargaining rights of producers in negotiating priceswith Watch For The John Deere Power Train 66 NEW USEb Agricultural Equipment You Have Tried The Rest Equipment Sales TRACTORS John Deere H John Deere A John Deere B v John Deere G John Deere 40 John Deere 420 Ford 901 Diesel Oliver 70 Oliver Super 77 Diesel MasseyHarris 44 MasseyHarris 85 Diesel AllisChalmers WC PLOWS 234 Bottom Mounted and Trailer Type Excellent Selection Parts New Holland 616 PTO Row Crop John Deere 12 Row Crop SPREADERS John Deere L John Deere N John Deere R New Idea 12 New Idea 17 NewIdea 18 Ford PTO130 Bushel New Holland PTO No Payment Ti Your Equipment Now v ELMER E 1 36 Evergreen RoatL 717 j2732616 LEBANON PENNSYLVANIA 1704 ;