Page 2 of 3 Dec 1862 Issue of Lebanon Advertiser in Lebanon, Pennsylvania

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Lebanon Advertiser (Newspaper) - December 3, 1862, Lebanon, PennsylvaniaSelf to the topics embraced in his original letter. He has extended them and now for the first time and in a sarcastic and 110 kindly spirit refers to the alleged stealing of Public arms by Secretary Floyd and their transportation to the South in anticipation of the rebellion. The most conclusive answer to Quot this allegation is that a notwithstanding the boasting for. Floyd at ,.evidently with the View of conciliating his new allies cited by the general As his authority no Public arms were Ever stolen. This fact is established Liy the rep Orlof the committee on military affairs of the House of representatives now before me made by or. Stanton of Ohio their chairman on the 18th-of february 1861, and to be found in the second volume of the reports of committees of the House for the session of i860�?-61. This report and the testimony before the committee established a that the Southern states received in 1860 less instead of More than the quota of arms to which they were entitled by. Law and that three of them North Carolina Mississippi and Kentucky received no arms whatever and this simply because they did not ask for them. Weil May or. Stanton have said in the House a that there Are a Good Deal of rumours and speculations and misapprehension As to the True state of facts in regard to this 2. Secretary Floyd under suspicious circumstances on the 22d december 18 go and but a Tew Days before he left the department had without the knowledge of the president ordered on Hundred and thirteen 113 column ads and eleven 11 thirty two Pounders to a transported from Pittsburg to ship Island and Galves ton in Mississippi and Texas. This fact was brought to the knowledge of the president by a communication from Pittsburg and Secretary Holt immediately thereafter countermanded the order of his predecessor and the Cannon were never sent. The promptitude with which we acted elicited a vote of thanks dated on the 4th of january1861, from the select and common councils of that City a to the president the attorney general and the acting Secretary of War or. Holt after this statement How shall we. Account for the explicit declaration of general Scott that a a accidentally hearing Early in March that under this posthumous order that of or Floyd of the 22d december the shipment of these guns had commenced i communicated the fact to Secretary Holt acting for Secretary Cameron just in time to defeat the robbery a and this is the same Secretary Holt who had countermanded a the posthumous order in december. And strange to say. These guns but for the alleged interposition of gen. Scott were about to be sent so late As March from the Loyal states in those Over which Jefferson Davis had then for some time presided had gen Scott reflected for a moment he could not have fallen into this Blunder. It is quite Manifest he was a without a printed document and my his own official 3. The government had on hand in the year 1859, about 500,000 old muskets which had been condemned Quot As unsuitable to Public service a under the act of 3d of March 1825.�? they were of such a character that although offered both at Public and private Sale for $2 50 each purchasers could not be obtained at to it rate except for a comparatively Small number. Ohm the 30lh of november 1859, Secretary Floyd ordered one fifth of the whole number 105,000 to be sent from the Spring Fidd armory where they had. Accumulated to five Southern arsenals a in proportion to their respective Means of proper storage.�?�, this order was carried into effect by the ordnance Bureau in the usual course of and m i n i s trait o a a n d w i t h o u t re be tile president. It is but Justice to say that from the testimony before the committee there is. No Rea suspect that. Secretary Floyd issued this order from any sinister motive. Its Date was months before or. Lincoln a nomination for the presidency and nearly a year before his election and whilst the Secretary Wab still an avowed opponent of secession. Indeed the testimony of colonel Craig and capt. Maynadier of the ordnance before the commit tee is. Wholly inconsistent with any evil intention on his part. Andje it these Quot condemned lbs rets a with a few thousand ancient rifles of a calibre then no longer used Are transformed by Genera Scott into o115-,000 extra muskets and rifles Loith All their implements and , this is the first time i have heard certainly there was nothing of the kind before the committee that ammunition was sent with these condemned and inferior arms to their i apes of storage a list As though they had been intended not for Sale but for immediate use in the Field the truth is that it is impossible to steal arms and transport them from one depository to another without the knowledge and Active participation of the officers of the ordnance Bureau both in Washington arid at these depositories. It May be observed that colonel Craig the head of the Bureau at this period was As Correct an officer and As Loyal and As honest a Man As exists in the country a Tara very respectfully a a James Buchanan. Wheatland near Lancaster nov. 17. Moke Monet Washington correspondence of the Boston Herald states that the commission ers under the act emancipating the slaves in the District of Columbia have completed their Zabors. Over three thousand slaves have been freed by them and while the Price paid for each is on Arf average Only about one half or two thirds their estimated Val tie the appropriation of one million dollars has fallen far Short of the amount required and nearly half a million More will have to be appropriated for that object. Rump con Giess now in session will have no Hes stat on in voting the same. Umatum a . Fraud in printing u. S. Treasury charges have Mcclellan a disobedience. It appears that Mcclellan did Diso bej orders under the following Cir i Hon preferred against the Condrac in t a. T tors for printing the Treasury Noten Curn stances. Who Albany Arius save a., ,. J a land Small Surrency. They received w Hill ehg Agea in use Battle of an j the highest prices for paper and Are tie Tain Mcclellan receive repealed a using a very inferior Artic the end Wukon democratic prixc5pi to i instructions from Washington that Ceass to it ave cease i Leos movement in his front was but re a _ a feint and that Isis design was to at we. 1st. editor and i of Rotor. I Lack Washington with the Nuin body aaa,11 a Quot to. A of Tho a Cboin army me Cleilan was Lubain in 1 a. A instructed to fall Back wednesday december 3, 1ss2. Immediately 1 to the defence of Tho capital 1i if lie had followed the order be a a a Golton of ignorance and it panic he Saj a u Hen Abra j won Drave fallen Baek Only to find Ham Lincoln came into Power hoi his retread converted to a rout Avis found the terrible rebellion fully or-1 Troye d, Teoy a Tho courier a Anizan and prepared for the destruction of the Abraham Lincoln said when to came into Power that there is a nothing going wrong that there is nothing that realty hurts anybody that nobody j is suffering we await an explanation from 0110 or both of these parties. To our mind neither knows anything of Tho state of the country now a or did -they1 then. A a Ltd a a a bal the drafted militia of this state a be All ordered to Washington. The War department has ordered the release of All civilians in prisons of forts Warr session of Maryland with the isolated National capital in their Power. Jyo disregarded these Quot unwise instructions fought and won Tho Bat tie drove the enemy from Maryland and saved the capital. For this Little men at Washington removed him and their toadies and dependents throughout the country applaud the act an d to outdo their masters 111 the Little business of pull my Down till i Oil then Ai e adding insult to injury by denouncing Mcclellan As a Semi traitor. But the a people Are yet the supremo Power in the ind de pile the Oil 11 to that 1 ave been made to put a joke upon then decks a and the tune is not far Distant t u1> i when they will assert their Power Lafayette amp a. Their imprisonment fight wrong arid assign both to me was As arbitrary an act As Ever Dis i Fly Quot graced this to entity and now they j which they property belong were Only released from fear of dem. T socratic tii under. Justice will yet j overtake the despots. Ian and his detractors the places y the following appears among the late Batch of news received from Neil Orleans and then Lii a Cut action Procla a to try a True soup i ssi a 3iation.on the first of january in Eadi Iuar it ivies . Of the Gulf graving is said to be even of it which is contracted to be dope on the a eccentric lathe a is produced by what is called a a Rose a a an instrument in the hands of every counterfeiter and jeweler. Many of the designs Are from old Dies which have been multiplied by the Ink is claimed to be Patent but on most of the notes is not Qreen. As is tin Enuine and is h is been tested Here by chemists and Ionno to to of a spurious nature a great saving to the contractors. When Congress i meets we May have some strange i. Inquirer. Olio knows to what amount counterfeiting May to done or to a Liat extent government Money May to in circulation that is not accounted for at the department ? to Wner rte inv t Oyagi it a to what no abolitionists Loyal ? a to the Constitution a the Tiivel suspended it Flo the Union j Hoy boldly proclaim that they Are not for the Union As it was to the slates a they propose to Piot out state lines to the government they ignore the Laws of can Bicsi and scorn the decisions of of Joje supreme court to the i a Sidon t they propose to de pose him if lie does not obey them a Milwaukee news. Next with Tho installation of gov. I new Orleans Jsu orc Lici. 4, 1862., special orders no 518,�? the daily Seymour arbitrary arrests and in advocate having after warning pub prison ment will by abolished in the f Lishco the following article. State of , unless some one j a the ballot Box. Of the secretaries May show himself a it the a 6, of i liberties tins charter. I of our rights he Emblem of democracy has there when the writ of Hareas coi pus \ been speaking in a voice of Thunder As we knew will to suspended in his Eno for a lips a a we ift of people aroused from its of 1.1 is Case of Ino a a Lara Era it Hae Heen our unceasing Endeavor to purpose of hindering ulc dogs biting awake them throughout the natioe., i a a we Yvere Ibe first our readers of its sue Ullin cers in Penn Livania Ohio and Indiana and now j to have Gratifying re Paris from Illinois new s j Jersey and . If these reports Are Eon y firmed an Ari Nistico Atil soon follow. Negotiations being Quot once. , there will not be any More fighting. A whether an armistice results from the democratic Success or for pin foreign in Terra Stinn to shall As n peace measure to be welcomed by nil parties.�?�. The publication of that journal will be discontinued from this Date. By command of major general Butler. Geo. C. Strong a. A. General. of the Fellows now in Power if not so amps arc fools among the latter gen. Butler ranks . As Long As he was a demo Lonal i eat. He was a pretty sensible Man j but since got into the abolition throng be must have got crazy. Military govern issued a Proela in a 1151 the Loyal citizens of a congressional District so f bows i a n a to Send representatives t Congress the third of december is set apart As election Day. This is a scheme to foist some Yankee fanatic upon the National Treasury to draw �3,000 a a ear and help to put through some More of the Nigger schemes of the administration. A Galty the military governor of Louisiana Lias no More right to Cali a Oon arcs election than we have. Ago input conspiracy a the i Adi Cal p Speis charge that since the recent elections a conspiracy has been set on foot to restore Tho we observe by Tho Washington correspondent of the Herald that mrs. A Mccoin has presented the runaway negroes now in Washington with 8203, to buy clothing and food for Winter. A _ Fly a the 2c� session of the 37th Congress met at Washington Oil monday the presidents anecdote was sent in yesterday ttys Day to shall pub-list1, it next week. If Tho country can survive the legislation of the next 8�� their is Den of Tiou ble at Harrisburg with the drafted men. Three companies of Provost guards Are on Dutt to prevent their escape desertions take place every night and it is supposed that the Whoie number of desertions up to this time is not less than 2000 on Friday night a conscript attempted to escape when lie Ivas shot in the leg. And it is feared that the injured limb will have to be amputated. This shooting created i Tonso indignation among Tho militia and it was feared1 time that a general Quot riot would be the result. Ltd Aji eing Liyoi tiny. Tile military escort of the president. The Chicago Post gives the following account of the military escort of the president j we spent a few Days recently at Washington cily and while there saw Many things and heard Many 1 things Vii Rich to us seemed Gettiye. Evidence of the extra Ordina Ity Progress wit ii which the nation is Rushing Onward in its history. The presence of an armed guard at the Gates of the executive mansion every morning and Tho care taken to keep strangers outside of the approaches to the building was to us something 9st the republicans want men now. Upon inquiry to ascertained sent to Congress from Florida. Louis-1lbilt Toaru wus Only employed Iana and other states who a will us Tain the principles and the policy Tho Nigger of Tho present administration a they had better Send men to principles and policy of the Constitution and free government. A the present administration will not and Connot be sustained its Pron i to keep strangers out until the president should arrive from the soldiers Home where lie has resided for Muny months. We saw him leave on Bun Cay afternoon. And the manner was As follows about half past five in the afternoon a mounted guard numbering some thirty or More troopers All armed with drawn a extensive Spears dangling and pies and policy ate Subie Zeive of Latte my soil buds Faiee by Iris t or proof to True govern Mot t 1 of i oof thereof see the miserable condition to which it has brought Hie country by its mis govern edit. A concerning the drafting gamblers for soldiers vanity fair thinks they would not be of much service except in the Case of another Indian out declares the first Man whether Secretary or otherwise who had a hand in the arbitrary arrests and imprisonments in state who sets his foot on the soil of that state will be arrested and served As the jaw directs lawbreakers generally to be served. Ii a it Aiu a a a j6� among the principle lessons taught by the Date elections is this that the people Are Loyal to their government but. Opposed to the administration and that Bastile and bayonets Are not weapons in a free government to make a free people support a tyrannical administration. A 18 a on to a. The latest hews from Tho army of the Potomac Are to Tho effect that a fall is quiet a Dong the gen. Burniside was in Washington on Friday consulting with the president. New rebel earthworks Are appearing daily at Fredericksburg. It is said that gen. Lee has been ordered to i voids Battle on the Tappahannock and that Jackson Hill and Stuart Are to Forin his loft Wing. Geri. Burnside is said to be prepared for the work before him the rebels Are said to be Well clothed and provisioned and 80,000 6trong, at Fredericksburg. Democratic triumphs in Connecticut. A the democrats carried the town elec to n at Hartford last monday by 224 Clear majority on the first selectman and 400 majority on collector. The entire democratic ticket is ejected for the first time in the fall for Twenty years Al the charter election in Norwalk the and revolvers stuck a their holsters dashed furiously through the streets and entered the ground North of the president a a House at the Steps in for Ito the door and under the archway was a Carriage. The officer or one of the officers of the mounted guard alighted and entered the House. I about ten minutes he appeared at the door and giving the signal the Carriage door was opened the guards put themselves in martial altitudes commands were Given and then the president appeared with a portfolio under his Arm and. With one or More soldiers at each Side walked rapidly to. The can i i a ind entered it. The officers jumped m also the door was slammed the guard galloped into position and the Carriage containing the president of the United states was driven off preceded by troopers followed by troopers and flanked on both sides by troopers. At a very rapid Pace the party left the ground and upon reaching the Avenue proceeded at a hand Gallop out fourteenth Street towards the soldiers Home Iii Niico of sic i amp won tided break when it would be quite the thing to Send a brigade of Blackleg entire democratic ticket was also elected to fight the blackfeet. By a Large majority. A there Are now in the 150 general hospitals of the uni Ted states 60,515 sick and wounded soldiers of those 12,655 Are in the Western departments 17,214 in Washington and Vicinity and in win d i n in e v Tribus general hospitals throughout Trio Atlantic and Gull slates. To attend these i opus by it is necessary to deep Peirni cd f i be of 100 be v id Quot 000 vat t a to is tool be a d a ale Mie amp 0�o Iau a a a a it see a. And 2u17 coi i s m 1 g a Tot 1 of 2.308 noncombatants although medical officers arc t chided. I to these c ded the sick in the department of the Pacific and new Mexico those at Home and in regimental brigade division army corps and private hospitals there is no doubt that the number would be swelled to 10 3,000.amcri- can medical times november 15th, Uuele months ii w ill Piave some hops for the future p so it vols sent in on , and hero it is re Quot presidents message. Flow the Senate and a tote of representatives a since your lasy annual assembling another year of health and Bountiful harvests has passed. Anibe holc it. Has not pleased the almighty to Jihu is is with a return of peace we Cau but rl8s on guided by the Best Light he Gas is trusting that in ills own Good t be and Wise Way All will yet be Well. \ a 1 he correspondence touching foreign affairs which Bas then place during the last year is herewitu�?Tr5tjjlmitted,.in virtual compian a Tel a rogues to to t eff t be by us lit use of r pre Cut Tive n to Tae a one of the last i Craton of of Morress if the condition of our relations with other i to i Arffa if Gratis in to an it has c Nasiy Tieu Ai of Jyner periods it is car Tamly More than in nation to in happily v distracted As we Are numb tree son ably have . In the month of june 1 ter q one grounds to expect Miljat the Roann be Powers which at the beginning of fur Domestic difficulties so unwisely and we think recognized the insurgents us a tie in Erent would soon Reevea Erqin that position we fcb has proved Only to them-1 selves than to our oru country. But. The i temporary reverses of Vicli afterwards be 1 fell the National army and which were exaggerated by our own disloyal citizens abroad have hot Herd delayed that act of simple Justice. A Quot 1 a a Ilie civil War Winch has so Quot radically changed Lor the moment the Oenn Klioris Anglia bits of the american people has necessarily disturbed toe. Social condition and affected very deeply the Prosperity of the nations with which we have carried Oil a Commerce that has been steadily increasing through Lieut a period of half a Century. It has at the same Lime excited political ambitions arid apprehensions which have a produced a pro Load agitation thre gout the Civ Zed world., j n tins unusual agitation we have for sortie irom taking part in in Ziy controversy Between foreign Stales and Between parties or factions m such Slafca. E have attempted of Propas nudism. And acknowledged no revolt you. Ijuin we have left to every Nanou the exclusive conduct and Munur Teneni of its own our struggle Tias been of course contemplated by foreign nations with reference less to us own merits than to its supposed and often exaggerated effects and to Tinoso nations nevertheless complaint on the part of this government even if it were just would certainly be treaty Wilh great Britain for the suppression of the slave Trade has been i put Tuto operation. With a Good Prospect 1 of Complete Success. It. Is a occasion of special pleasure to acknowledge that the Mothe part of her allies Tya government. Lias been marked Wuh a Jerious respect for the authority of the United boules. And the rights of their Mora and Loval citizens. J he convention Wuh Hanover for the abolition of the slant dues has been carried into Lull effect Nuder the act of Congress for that purpose. A a a blockade of Olnee thousand Miles of sea co ast could not be established and rigorously enl Oreed in a season of great commercial activity like the present without committing occasional mistakes and inflicting unintentional injuries upon foreign a Lions and their subjects. A civil War occurring m a country where foreigners reside and carry on Trade under treaty stipulations is of complaints of the violation of Neutral rights. All such collisions tend to excite misapprehensions and possibly to produce Mutual recriminations Between nations which have a common interest m preserving peace and Friendship Lueizar eases of this kind 1 have so far As possible heard and redressed complaints which have been presented by Friendly Powers. There is a still however a Large and augmenting number of doubtful eases upon which meet is unable to agree with the governments whose Protection is demanded by theh Simants. There Are moreover Many in which the United states or their citizens suffer wrongs from the naval or military authorities nations which the governments of those states Are not at once prepared to redress. 1 have proposed to some of the foreign states thus interested Mutual Sonve unions to examine and adjust sue ii equip lamps. This proposition has been made especially to great Britain to France to Spain and to Prussia in each Case it has been kindly received but has not yet been formally adopted. I deem it my duty to recommend an appropriation a behalf of the owners of the norwegian bark Admiral p. Torrin Skivold which vessel was in May 18g1 prevented by the commander of the blockading Force off a Burleston from leaving tint port with a cargo notwithstanding privilege had shortly before been4�?Tgranted loan English vessel. I Hare directed the Secretary of state 10 cause the papers in the Case to be communicated to the proper committee. Applications have been made to me by Many Iree americans of african descent to Lavor their emigration View to such colonization is was contemplated in recent acts of Congress. Other parties at Home and abroad some from interested motives others upon patriotic considerations and still others influenced by Phi Ian Tropie have suggested Simi Lar measures Pwhite on the other hand Sev i eral. Of the Spanish american republics have protested against the sending of such colonies to their respective territories. Uti tier these circumstances i have declined to m be any Sach Colony to any state without first the consent of its government with an agreement on its part to receive and protect such emigrants in All the rights of freemen and 1 have at the same time offered to the several states situated within the tropics or Bavins colonies there to negotiate with them subject to the advice and consent of the Senate to favor the voluntary emigration of persons of that class to their respective territories upon conditions that shall be equal just and humane. Liberia and Hayti Are As yet the Only countries to which colonies of african descent from Here could go with certainly of being received and adopted As citizens and i regret to say that such persons As contemplate colonization do not Stem so willing to Migrate to those countries As to some others nor so willing As i think their interest demands. I a believe however the opinion among them in this respect is improving and that Ere Long there will be an augmented and considerable emigration to both these countries from the . R the new commercial treaty be Ween the United states and the Suliin of Turkey earned into execution a con Mickial and consular treaty ha3 been negotiated subject to the Senate a consent with Liberia and a similar negotiation is now pending with Tbs Republic of 11 a to. A Cua id Erable improvement of the National Commerce is expected to result from these measures. Oai relations Wilh Grea t Britain France Spain 1-Urtugal, Russia Pru a d am re Sweden Austria the Netherlands Italy Rome other european. States remain undo ruined. Very Lavo Rable rely Titus also continue to. Be main mined with i or key Morocco Liina and Japan during the last year there has not Only but a no change of our previous relations u ill the Independent states of our own continent hut More Friendly suite i it to n have Are believed to be by these Luia Kliors. Whose safely and s i t i t by on nested Wilh our own. Is t the i t Peci ully applies to me co in Carat a to amp to Licu Iio Idurah Fer ii Rod a Quot ii a i be cd a a miss ii under Khe coat Enuol with the Nejiu Birj of new Brantd t Cio std. To seat ion without having audited and passed upon All the claims which were submitted to it. A proposition is pending to in. Vive the convention that it May be Able to do More Complete Justice. The joint commission Between the urn Ted states and the Republic >1 l u Ric has completed its Zabors and a unrated its report. I have favored the project for connecting the United states with Lur one by i Atlantic Telegraph Ait id a in re be t to extend the Telegraph from s p t connect by a Pacific to a i nth to get line being extended across the russian Empire. The territories of the unit Ted state with unimportant exc epic us v. N de us disturbed by the a Vii War. And they Are exhibiting such evidence of Prosperity justifies an expectation that some of them wiil soon be to a condition to be or Auni Zed Quot a so Tat i and be constitutionally i dust std into the Federal Union. 1. A Umi urine uni re us Urcy i of some of climb to. To. Oug.,. B a8 a puny a to Waible. Lotys Teju Ribac direction we a us a Tia a Tomlin ice to r revenues of the Nuu Dimish to in Desoi Ito people. Tia Vin a a diet Nurr exam Ordinary Ina Azurea to pro tue that tul Cahoot be hdm it a a tei. L be Minns which Kojl a Afcin itself is aunt Lilc to Boh of to in ueral regions a to be if Torios with a to the publication of its results a i a Orn and to foreign Coutv nest results which can hoi Oil 10 Lee nujthuiou8. ? a Thi la Otic Iii Jit of the Lin Ine to will Clairn your most it Ligoni a no in Randi. A my a a it a spa natures Loc deut to Tho mint try and neral Oporto Tigno ref Muired for the Buop riffs of of Tbs the Boliou have hitherto been met Wint Taroiu. Ii Niu anti a a Ruf Juty you dial i he Public a refit has Buen fully a . Imp cont Muzuco of Tho War. u Minbu i it a Faaui u�ad�tjew8siry by the us Ruou Twa ruts now in to to it lil. Tiiu Sauil your by of Iofi eunuch its w Mil Hiudt mode4 of. Providing the Necez it try Lovo Siuy anti but luxury to a us Esil. with the 10-jut to Iofe in Ruedis upes a labor. Quot the Susue visit Noi specie pay Anu the by the Banks so Jiuu inter me of your last eee Sion. Nicatie huge i Tusk i Tow United states notes unav hda Oil. Iau a Osiier was c Giuld the pay Quot of the troops Aito the ion of Othor just Dor totus. By of Van ii Otmany or to won Ortiz ipod f in the j id icons Logia a Tiu of of Morress. A pouring Trio Rococi Vasility of Chunho of to Sior to in Situu int Orivl Trolius. And Ina King Thot a if Gal Tudor for Thor do a Btu i Tho n a. Uni Var a it Cunt Lucy to a has a itt fied . At least and for the the Long Felt an uniform Ercula Ting medium set Vitug theroy to who Pauple Luis use sums in i to uus to Jitia a to Riig cd a return to a Pecio p Typo Entis however at the earlier Sec period compatible with duo regard to All the interests oco cerium should i Var us kit in View Lutua Fiona in the Alne of cur ency Are in Jarious i Endito reduce these fluctuations to thu lows is pop a Bie Judat will always be a Leadin g purpose in wide be gelation con Vori Ibi Ity prompt mud Certia convertibility into Coin is Generaux to to the beat and Anress safeguard Agni st them and it is extremely done Ifni whether a circulation of United states notes payable m sufi Dently Large for the wan the peo be permanently usefully and safely Ray Nti ined. Is Lii of a. Thru other Mode in which be Mien. By by prov Situ k for tote Public wants a a be made a to the great adva utitus of a Safet an i uni form currency be Curt a ? a j a which promises Fucili certain results and is at in Kite Liliuo. Not Yuoi j inti Oliai Loas the or to found in Tho it port of t he Secretary of Trio Treasury i is it Wolfl have Moro than a yen to a boo and smms i invite it our Moat o 10 0f por Plo. A Al inc Sil tie Ritlop shows tooth ter dial and Goa Adorato it teuton., i Ritorti Fly Saed Liing it is tha the nats i flan a Rord Otu or to to Kane a a up. a too Geog Triy. Kro Moro than Briol abstract of too or to it. Too to if Iceni erosion p Dri. To a is to it the magnificent Reg Cut us a Jieping froth the Stocky mountains to the Pacific a Cine the Der Peot and a to the richest in in developed resource. In the p red act ion 6f proviso a nor. grasses and All which pm Recd from them. This great ii to cry or Region is Natura by one a it of Ibex most important in the world. A seem in from the statistics the st no a pro portion of the which. Is yet. Been brought into Eti Turat lbs a in of a to the Large and rapidly amount of very in melons and extensive transactions and operations Coddou Cunti through these is pertinent hot coi ild l give it of them Here upon any principle in sch would a Oujiri of it Sciug a Ucli Shorti r Tuliau the spurts theirs elves. 1 therefore self a Rita laying Raj urts before asking Jour a tto ilium so a it gives my ple Truro to r port n decided improvement in condition of the Post office departments coins tired Wilh Severus Puree Dong you a. Trio receipts j for the fiscal year 1861 Umo Umed to $>8,�14p,236 4b, w. Eni Druceil the Reven the front All the Stales of the Union its product and we shul be overwhelmed with apr three uart Yra of Tomt y�1r. Xiv withstanding the the made tudo of the pro pet presented. As yet not nuke a a a a a a a we a alled seceded states the y Gea East touches no Semb durig thu last fiscal year. Jhu it crests of the Corrospon-1 ,6. W c Donee of the Loyal Stute Dias been stiff Orient to produced anywhere. A part of one nation Lleo a now Revenue during the Aanie year of being find and Tony forever find their Way to a Europe. Ouly $o0,0�� less shun was denied from ail the states of by to South Arnerich and Africa her the a Trio Pic Vious a end. 1 to expenditures 1 jew Orleans and to Asia by san i Raicic a mount bus Burn reduced to sll.l2o 364 13 showing a tons As design ii by the present a eur elision Anur do Creuse of about 2.481,000 a Tho expenditures scour every Man of this great Interior Region a there pm crud with tin. J�i<cc-thn0 Tui my i but 0 00 w by Cut off Indio Sorab on or nor Elf to Csc outlets a a Roux re us Quot a a yrs a Bui by theraid fiscal year it was reduced to 2-il_.8 4 87 j harassing and onerous regulation. Inc Selah Ribic rte Iii wait ii lit of sub Voiht Chetki i and ibis is. True wherever a dividing or Tion of mad 8ervic� in the insurrectionary a tut a and his Boundary Lino Moy a 1i\lj place it Bette ii part to a careful review of All expenditures in that apartment in the interest of Economy. Tiibi efficiency of. The it Fital service it is believed Isas also been Fitch in proved. The postmaster general has also opened nor ression Denv through the department of state with foreign governments proposing a convention of pos Al representatives tor the purpose of simplifying the rates of foreign postage and to expedite the foreign mails this proposition equally important to our adopted citizens and to t he commercial interests of this country has been favourably Eutura tuned. Ana agreed to. By Alt Tho governments from whom replies Imre been ask the attention of Congress to the suggestions of the postmaster general m ins report respecting the farther Legi Dation required in , for the Benefit of the postal services. The amp be rotary of the Interior reports As follows in regard to the Public lands the Public lands havoc Eisch Tobe a source of Revenue from the 1st of july. 1861. To the 30th of september 1s�j2, Tho entire Caw re Cuip a from the Sale of lands were &l�?7,4tb. 2b. A sum much less a imn the expenses of our land system during the Hamo Peri Oil the Homestead Law w Inch will take effect o i the 1st of january next offers such inducements to Sottley a. That a Aleafy it a Cash Emmot be expected Fumu extent sufficient Toniee theex-1 of the Gui maj. La a office and Tho Cost of surveying and bruising the land my of snark it a the disc tsp Anoy Between the sum Here stated r3 Fri Ive country or place it so to Fth run of Ohio and cd their tit the now free and slav of Kentucky or no remains that none rough of it can Trade in any port or place North of it. And Nono North of it. Enn Trade to any port or place Stofft topic j except on terms dictated by a Governa jct fore Gar Tot them. Those outlets cast West acid Soutth fire indispensable to lie Well people inhabiting and to Loha Bif this vast Interior regions Quot which of the three Tuny to the be to is no prop or question. Allure Betler than either in tall of right belong to the people aug to their censors forever. True 10 a Thern solves they Wilt not ask where a line of shall be Hub will vow rather that there Hau he no such line. Nor Are Ibe marginal regions interested a Quot these communications to and through them to a the Groat a uts do world. They too and each of them must have Access to this Egypt of the West without paying toll at the crossing of any Nai tonal Boundary. Oar National strife Spring not from our permanent ? a not from the land we nth Nam not from our Miff Umal Homestead. Sing from the sues of the Public lands and the sum a its 1 our no fit anal Homestead. There is no to Rived firn the same source reported from the try i 1 severing of this but would multiply and not Init game evils among us. In All its adaptations and up Tindes it demands Tirita a no do a a Sony depart Meuse arises As i und Erata f jv0qi the fact that the perils of time though apparently were not it the beginning Point the tim Pury. Repo a considerable sum now which had previously been rnpo1 a gently Largo to greatly the Thiee months now report the Interior and not by the set i e Luchan tribes upon our fron inst a a air. a sent of ii r upon 1 to i Ruti by of j be % ii he Sci til i Minnii Tiric if Iii heir Alle Muce t reaties Wun Luck o Tho United sin Hief of uie Chen recon not ii United its i open coun Iory Giuffi derived from Secretary of Lre sury. Urling the i. Sturl it to i Iuey Aga ust Telhea of l denounced nun entered not. Ned Loval gents. Ill t i and. A it i nun i h irs Sepa Rution. In fact it would Ere Jug Force re Union however much of blood in i treasure the separation might have Cost. Our strife pertains to ourselves to the. Passing generations of men and it can without convulsion be hushed forever with the passing of one generation. 3 5 in this View i recommend the adoption ref the following and articles amendatory Tefr the Constitution of the uus Ted states a a resolved by the Senate and House of represent fives of the United states of America in co egress As pent Bien two thirds of both houses concur mgr that Quot the following article be propos d to tie Legislatures or conventions of t e several states a Amend Meta to the Constitution of the United stares ail or any it which articles ratified by three fourths amp of the said legislature Are to be valid09part or parts of the said coins Tiu to of Viz a a a article. A every state wherein slavery How exists which Shull abolish the a me therein at any time or Tiu fes be fore the first Day of january in the year of our lord one and nine Hundred Eha Trece re coca pen sati ii from the United states As Julij Way to wit a the president of the United states shall deliver to every such states bearing interest at the rate of. Percent Pera unum to an amount qua to the aggregate san of a a a for each Siave shown to have to it Evn therein by the eighth census of the United state Sahi a quids to be delivered to such state by instalments or in one parcel at the completion of the abolishment accordingly As the same shall have been gradual or. At one Timoi within such state nod Lineros a Hall begin Ivy Lux been sustained by the destruction of to Tun upon any such Bond Only from the prope3t�a��� fits delivery is aforesaid. And state havin Ltd received South of. The surge this. Those i us were inv eur Trum the country. To Kees has visited this City for the pm he former Rel tattoos of the tribe with he alleges that they were constrained 0 Emer into treaties with the Sinur 1 la Mietla oaties Leidec de to furnish not uni Oiin Winch their treaty Stipe Layons Rei tired. My Iii main of August last Rise Sioux lmlmu.8, in a tucked the settlements in Mieir Vicinity Cairme Ivi City. A a Disoir . Tsien u . Tins attack was a Hod unexpected Jiei Effie no Means of Deleuze had been provided s pcs it a mated tha not less than eight Hundred per anon win of Eihud by the indians. And a Large amount of pop Unity was destroyed. How this outbreak was in a Tuuu m nut definitely known and suspicious which May l i leed not be stated. was received the Indian Bureau from differ end Sony Cha about the time hostilities were com Niue Una to limit ii a itt ick was to be made upon Tbs Siutu settlements by nil the tribes Between the mis cd Sirju Noti and the it Oeky mountains. The state of Minnesota tao ushered great injury from this Indian War. A Pur Tiou of her Torr tory Haa been All slaves who shall Edomer the can Nam a Tho War at any time before thee a of the re Euion shall be forever free but All owners of Secir who shall not have been disloyal Small be com pen Vutci for them at the same t ate As is provided for tintes ii Deptin g_ab6hsbment of slavery but in Sak Way that no a Lave shall be Thieo Maccou Alceu. For a 4�?T a i ,. ,. Article a.,Congress Way. Appropriate Money a provide for colonizing free coloured pers is with their own consent at any place or places wit but the United Quot a h i beg indulgence to discuss these proposed or tides Ai some length. Wit boat slavery the rebellion could never have existed without slavery it could not continue. Among the friends of Ibe Union there is a great diversity of sentiment and of policy in regard to slavery and the african race amongst. To i some would perpetuate slavery some a -o6 and Fri boat con or i,3 within Tho period of a j son of would u gradually and with compensation some would remove the freed people from of that state Manifest much anxiety for ,.lv,? of Tiu tribes beyond the Inelta of Tostato. Vaive a Ujj tue against future hostilities. of a no Han fun rms Iii asians i juju bin for your Especial consideration whether 6nr a Naif to system shall not be Remote leu. Manv Wise and Good Mou imn impressed me Wuh the Buei that this on be Protti Tuble Uono. A Asi Ibuki in statement of the of the com i a which shows me Progress Rigi Citar upon m Ido m me Emery i the of the Foci fic it Nitro id Rand this Aii Ige to the a rues cumin Oil a of Xhu Sroy a me Favi Rable Ninon of Congress Udo the pro jots now pending before Nom for Marg Imp me Capaci my of the great can a is m Sev York and imn ois Asbe us of 11iid us rapidly. Inc Rensing in Ortance to the a Hole Ini Idun. And especially to the vast Lute tor Region 1 t w be not iced a i some greater Lengum. I Livi in prepared Anu Wuu Otford von. At an Early Day ail Vai Wauie is Aii Zicai information upon tins subject. A ,. To Ami commercial importance of enlarging the i Layw a id Michigan canal and widening the 11 i nor is presented in the report of colonel Webster it my a with my of War and now transmitted Tocon-11aopeeinill v ask attention to it. Ii amid out the in vision of the act of Congress of Uiel Arti of May Iiri to i Imie amazed 1u� to foetus me that within the period Lew i much to dirt Despir truent has Esta listed an Exton a Jivu sys Imu of and exchanges both t borne i and her oath. Which promises to effect highly beneficial Resu to in Lue Evel in sent of Correct knowledge of Lucent improvements in agriculture in the into dec inn of new products and in the collection of the agric Tural statistics of the risk ii but Stales. Also that it wit soon be prepared to dist Hute largely seeds cereals puts Aud cuttings and has no re uly published and liberally diffused much a a Abl inform Tiu in anticipation of h More a Labruto re it it it which time be fur mashed Eui bracing some valuable tests in chemical Sci in Progress in the Lub oratory re a the create not this up nil Tuiner was for the More Ira shall be adopted mediate both of a Large class four most Val Nabe Citi Tio will foil zeus and i Trust that the Liberal basis upon which it Basoe Ltd or Aniced Ali not Only meet your approbation but that it we . At no Distant Day. All the. Fondest an tick canons of sanguine friends and become the sonic of Advani Nye to All our people. On the 22d Dav of december last a Prutki Lantion was issued a by the Hoo Culive. It copy of want Aliyy herewith submitted. In accordance with expressed in the second paragraph of that paper l now respectfully Call your flite upon to what May be called a go Spenst Tivo pm animation. A. A nation May be arid to Cousis of its territory,1 its people Ami i s Law. Tho territory is the otly part which is of certain durability a due generation Passett away and a other Geudra Tiou Cui Ueth but the Earth Arideth forever.-. A a. A. H. W of importance to duly consider and is Tiu Date this Tver ennui Imp part. That portion of the Earth a birr fact we sch a oct a and inhabited by Tbs a people the United states is Well adapted to be the Home of one a Vional family and it a a not Well adapted fur two or Mure its vast extent and its variety of Chi Nate and productions a a of advantage in this age tor one per a ple whatever they might Timve been in former Gas. Toam Texeir rubs. And intelligence have brought these to be. An advantageous combination for Oie United people. In the Imi Uii iral address i by Fly pointed but the total Inadequacy of disunion As Fri a etly Fri a the differences Between the people of the to Soei Sunh. I did so Ira language which i cannot improve and which therefore i beg Lea to repeat a gue Recti of of our country by lives Rlaver is right and ought to be extended while the other believes ii is wrong and ought not to he thid is Tho Only substantial dispute. The fugitive Al vib clause of the Constitution and the Law fir the Sao prestion Ltd the foreign of thu Trade Are each As Well enforce i perhaps is any Laws can Ever to in actin Unity where the Mottl same of the people Imper factly supports the jaw itself. The great body of the people abide by the dry Legal obligations in both cases and a us break Over in each. This i think a a a not be perfectly cured and it would to worse in both cases a Fer the separation of Tbs sections than by Fyrth the us a Ign slave Trade now imperfectly Leuppi Asod would be us mately revived without in on Sec Tiu. While lug trip sift web now enly partially surrendered a it nil Nob e surrendered it All by the other. Pays Cully speaking to Cuba of use Pareto. Cannot remove our respective sections from Enco. Any state having rec Etva Bonds As aforesaid. And afterwards Retro Ueng o a rating slavery therein shall refund to the state the Bonds so received or the it toe thereof All interest paid thereon. Article a. Of banking Asso Clatious. Ander a general Eiroa. Trom a a a. Hytt of of ogre is Well gun did in its provisions to Vot cry nor it us a Tui Pas Able Between a them. A husband and wife May be divorced and go out of the presence and beyond the reach of ouch other but the different parts of a Rich Abs Torii Lonseth government iwo get furnish circus la ing not a Ltd the Security of us Lei so Tel Bonds in Apost iced to Tho tre Ury. These not is. Prepared under the supervision of the proper officers. Big uni Forin in App Otranen and Security a l convertible Al ways into Cuini would at Oace protect labor against the evil of of a vicious facilitate c Umeres by cheap and Safe exec a logos. A moderate . From the interest of the Bonds Woi ild comped Aatu tha Iii to a states for the pre partion and distribution of the notes and a. General supervision of the system and would lighten the Burden of unit part of the Public credit moreover would Boru toy improved and the leg it trait us of new. Loma greatly f i ciliated by thesty Fudy Market Demund de for Goveri mint Bonds which the adopt Iua of the or Odood by Thoi would create. It is an additional recommendation of the m a asure of consider Abl a fight in my. Jud Muht. That h would re Caneth a it far a possible All existing interests by the Opportunity a of fit red to existing a rear Gail to under the act Only the a a cured uniform National circulation fur the and various circulations secured and unsecured now Issue by them i. A ,. The receipts into the tro Aiu by from Alt sources Ioc Lii Ding Loans tid a entice Frera. The prec Diug Yeats for the fiscal ear ending of the 3uth of june. 1862. Were $583.8sa,247 06 of which ftii�n$49.05s,37062 a re derived customs $1,795.331.73 from the direct. Tax from Public lands. $152.203 77 from ml���iuii�ou8 Seucs $931.787 04 in All fur�is$520 692,. 465 59. The remainder $2,287,065 80, Wab the bail Uco from last year. The disbursements during the same period Vero a for congressional executive and jul. For to reign . For Mitcel Ladebu a exp psf ii a a Cludius the mints Loans Post office deficit cies collection of revenues Uther like charges. Expenses under the Lute tor departing put. Under the War department.,. Under the Navy department.,.,. For in rest on Trio Timic debt.,.,. For payment of the Public the reimburse mint of the Tempo. Rory loan nod redemption us 86095.922 09 making an aggregate of. $670 841.700 25 and leaving a Baler coir Tho Treasury on Tho list Day of july 1862, of $13.043,546 81. It should be observed to that Tho sum of $96,096. 922.00expended for the reimbursement and redemption of the Public debt being included also la the Loans made Macy big properly Dean Steid both from the receipt Aud expenditures leaving the act Nal a receipts tor the year $487,788,324.97, and the expend Itma $474,744,778.16, other a formation on the subject of the finances will $ 5 939 009 29 1,339,710 36 14,129,771 50 3.102,985 52 391368.467 36 42,674,5669 13,19 324 45 our country cannot do this. They cannot but remain face to face and Intercourse either Antnie Abl or hostile must continue Between to been. Is it possible then to make that Intercourse More advantageous or wore satisfactory after sep Rution than before can aliens make treaties easier than friends can make Laws can treaties be Iii orc faithfully enforced Between aliens than Laws can among friends ? suppose you go to War you cannot Light always and when after much loss on both sides and no gain on either you cease lighting the identical old quest to to rms of Intercourse Are again upon a a a a a a ,. A. A. There �3 no line straight or crooked suitable for a National Boundary upon which to Divide. Truck through from oust to West upon the Lino Between the free and slave country and we shall find a Little More than one third of its length Aro Rivers easy to be crossed and populated or soon to be populated thickly on both sides while nearly All its remaining length Are merely surveyors lines Over which people May walk Back and Forth without any consciousness of their presence. No part of this line Cun be made More difficult to pass by writing it Dowie on paper or parc Buiest As a National Boundary. The fact of separation if it comes Gires up on the part of the seceding Section the fugitive slave clause along with All other constitutional obligations upon the Section so cd did from while i should expect no treaty stipulation would Ever be Mode to take its place. A but there is a other difficulty. The great Interior Region bounded East by alleghenies nor h by the British Doi mules West by the Rocky soil h by the line wac web the culture of Corn and Porto a meals ,n.\ Ufa Ali in dudes in \ in part 0 t inc Sce All of Kentucky 0u l m i g n Wiscons a Elmo 11 t n to v no on und the the o e f d Kota. = and part of Colorado already has above ton Quot millions of people net to lit Erfy Mit n Ithan of to years if not prevented by any political Folly or mistake. It contains More than one third of the coun try owned by the United Fetalc car Tamly Moro than Mac million of Square Miles a once half As populous As no team a Tiki dog us. And socks would retain them with and there Are yet other minor dive retries. By Yauae of these diversities we waste much strength m struggles among ourselves. By Mutual Concession we hould Haruto Nizu Aud act together. Titis would be Comoro 1 wire but it would be Utu Promise among the friends and run with the Enerre of the uni. On. These Arri cies Are intended to embody a plan of such Rau Tuul concessions. If the pm an i it is assumed that new Ancypa i at least to several of Hon states. R by % As to Tho first Articie the main Points Terv 9 first the emancipation secondly. The length of time for consummating it thirty seven a a lift a and thirdly the compensation. A the Mitu citation will be unsatisfactory to the advocates of perpetual slavery but the length of time should a Carly mitigate Ihu in dissatisfaction the time Spires Bota races a from the. Evil of sudden in fact a from the necessity of Faux Der Angemann who in most of those whose habitual course of thought will be disturbed by the measure wih have pm de away before its consummation. They who never see it. Another class will Hinchy pro pet it of emancipation but will Dupre rare the no a h of time. They will feel in Facit Little to the now living slaves. Hut it really give them much. It saves them from the vagrant destitution which must largely attend Imo edit them a citation in the localities where their numbers Are very Greit a 1 it e the i spin e m Ranee that their pos Tenry shall by free _ the plan Leavas to a Acu state co sing to act a in Der it to abolish flavor or at the Eod of the Century or at any Lucr Madiate time or by degrees extend my Oier the whole or any part of the period and u obliges no two st to a to proceed alike. It also pm Vidus for Conier nation Anil generally the Mode of making it this is would seem must further mitigate the did a it faction of the c we i a perpetual m very to 1 especially of those who arc to rec Ivy the c a i pens Tion. Doubtless some of those Arbo to co pay and not to receive Tail object. A a it the measure is both just and econ Init st it no certain sense the Liber Are an of the a Truo Tinq of property property acquired by the de a scent or by thu As Uther proper is u no less True for having been often s�7d it Batth people if the South Are not More responsible for the Ltd Igi Nul. Intro Dunnon of Ulris pad erty to Annie h n the and when it i remembered Bow Una Sim nov \ o ill u Cottoy and sugar Ami share the profits of dealing in them it May not be quite rate to say i Harte sow of a has been More responsible than the North for if then for a common object a this property is to be sacrificed is it not use that it be done at a co Moti charge ? a or less Money. Or Money Moree a Siy paid we cac preserve the benefits of he Union by this Means than we can by the War alone is it not a Iso eco Ouica to Doit let us Coti Der it thu. Lotus ascertain the Sura we have expended in the Wir Hince open acct emancipation was Projko de ast Birch a Coo. Sider whether if that de i u e a i Ben in up y accepted by even some of the slave state Obj reme Aura would not a e d re exare to of it the War than has been otherwise Dona if so the measure would save Money Atzl in that v Lew would he a Pruder t and get Nom in measure. it is not so easy to Page something As it is to pay nothing but it i v sir to pay a Large sum than it is to Pav a a a Germoe. And it is easier to pay any so. I two , than it is to pay it beef a hand Able. 1�?The War requires Large sums a we arc Theta Tobice. The aggie ate. And required for compensated inane Patio cum. Noo Essary be Large. A course would but it would req i Bonds even an a a 00 ready Cash nor the progresses Quot Tyer than the emancipate or or ruler �?~9, a a set nut and probably Sevi a Veara a 6 to eased of the thirty. Iii that time we shall probably. Durden p in u03 of re0p,e to Shuro the of Twig one Mii Unn a a now Ola tinn a 0e so but 1�?T70 a create pop. N May be esp cited to Oon True for a Lon it. It me after that period As rapidly us before be Ause our territory will not have become full t Dono state this i considerately. At the same ratio of increase which we have maintained on an average from our first us tonal census in 1. J0 unto a Tefft of 1860, we should in 1900 Ynve a population of 103.208,415. And Jbv a May we not font roue that ratio far beyond that Quot pored oar abundant room our Broad Hornet Lead a is our ample resource. Were our Torri tery As limited As the British i a very certainly our population Ronld not expand a a a old Teul of receiving the foreign born

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