Lebanon Advertiser in Lebanon, Pennsylvania
13 Aug 1862

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Lebanon Advertiser in Lebanon, Pennsylvania
13 Aug 1862

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Lebanon Advertiser (Newspaper) - August 13, 1862, Lebanon, PennsylvaniaFall Jim titty a11 a Patasy a tabs Arnob Cipa it Ace it say promptly ext Cutty at the advertiser office Lebanon Penn a this establishment is now suppl ind with an Cut entire assortment of Job Type which wiil he increased As the patronage demands. It can now turn nut . Of Mery description in a neat and expeditious Maulvi a Ami on very reasonable terms. Such As pamphlets checks business cards handbills circulars labels Bill headings Blanks programmes Bills of fare invitations tickets &c., a. Ass deeds of All kinds. Common and judgment Losos. School Justice constables and other Blanks printed correctly and neatly on the Best paper constantly kept for Bale at this office at prices a to suit to a subscription Price of the Lebanon advertiser one Dollar and a half a year. Address am. Ii. Breslin Lebanon a. Appeal of the president to flip Border states congressmen. Response of the delegation. The representatives and senators of the Border slave holding states having by special invitation of the president been convened at the executive mansion on saturday morn ing the 12th ult., or. Lincoln addressed them As follows from a written paper held in his hand gentlemen a after the adjournment of Congress now near 1 shall have no Opportunity of seeing you for several months. Believing that you of the Border states hold More Power for Good than any other equal number of members i feel it a duty which i cannot justifiably waive to make this Appeal to you. 1 intend no reproach or complaint when i assure you that in my Opin. Ion if you All had voted for the Resolution in the gradual emancipation message of last March the War would now be substantially ended. And the plan therein proposed is yet one of the most potent and Swift Means of ending it. Let the states which Are in rebellion see definitely and certainly that in no event will the states you represent Ever join their proposed confederacy and they cannot much longer maintain the but you cannot divest them of their Hope to ultimately have you with them so Long As you show a determination to perpetuate Tho institution within your own states. Beat them at elections As you have overwhelmingly done and nothing daunted they still a claim you As to Weir own. You and i a know what the lever of their Power is. Break that lever before their fees and they can shake you no More forever. Most of you have treated me with kindness and consideration and i Trust you will not now think i improperly touch what is exclusive you own for the Sake of the whole country i ask a can Yon for your states do better than to take the course 1 urge a discarding up Natilio and maxims adapted to More manageable times and looking Only to the unprecedentedly Stern fact of our Case can you do better in any possible event f you prefer that the constitutional relation of the states to the nation shall be practically restored without disturbance of Tho institution and if this were done my whole duty in this respect under Tho Constitution and my oath of office would to performed. But it is not done and we Are trying to accomplish it by War. Tho incidents of the War cannot be avoided. If the War continues Long As it must if the object be no sooner obtained the institution in your states will be extinguished by Mere friction and abrasion by the Mere incidents of War. It will be gone and you will have nothing valuable in Lien of much of its value is gone already How much better for you and for your people to Tako the step which at once shortens the War and secures substantial compensation for that which is sure to to wholly lost in any other event i How much better to thus save the Money which else we 1 sink forever in the War How much better to do it while we can lest the War Ere Long Render us Pecunia Rily unable Todo it 1 How much better for you As seller and the nation As a buy. Or to sell out and buy out that with out which the War could never have been than to sink both the thing to be sold and the Price of it in cutting one another a throats 1 i do not speak of emancipation at once but of amp decision at once to emancipate gradually. Room in South american for colonization can be obtained cheaply in abundance and when numbers shall be Large enough to be a company and encouragement for one another the freed people will not be so reluctant to go. I am pressed with a difficulty not yet mentioned one which threatens division among Hose who United Are a none too Strong. An instance of it is known to you. Gen. Hunter is an honest Man. He was and i Hope still is my Friend. I valued him none the less for his agreeing with me in the general wish that All men everywhere a could to freed. He proclaimed ail men free within certain states and i repudiated the proclamation. He expected More Good and less Barm from it the measure than i could believe would follow. Yet in repudiating it i gave dissatisfaction if not offence to Many whose support the country cannot afford to Loose. And this is not the a end of it. The pressure in this direction is still upon to and is increasing. conceding what i now ask Yon can relieve me and much More can relieve the country in this important Point. Upon these consideration i have again begged your attention to the message of March last. Before leaving the Capitol consider and discuss it among yourselves. You Are patriots and statesman and As such Spray you consider this proposition and at the least commend it to the consideration of your states and people. As you would perpetuate popular government for the bes people in the world i beseech you that Yogi do in no Wise omit this. Our common you try is in great peril demanding the loftiest views and boldest action to bring a speedy Relief. Once relieved its form of government s saved to the world vol. 14-�?no. 8. Lebanon pa., wednesday August 18, 1862. Its beloved history and cherished Mem or is Are vindicated and its Happy future fully assured and rendered inconceivably grand. To you More than to any others the privilege is Given to assure that happiness and swell that grandeur and to link your forever. With a View to a statement of their position the members thus addressed met in Council to deliberate on the reply they should make to the president and As the result of a comparison of opinions among themselves they determined upon the adoption of a majority and. A minority answer. Reply of the majority. The following paper was sent to the president on thursday the 17th ult., signed by a majority of the repro Quot Senta Tives from the Border slave holding states Washington july 14, 1862. To the president a the undersigned representatives of Kentucky Virginia. Missouri and Maryland in the two houses of Congress have listened to your address with the profound sensibility naturally inspired by the High source from which it emanates the earnestness which marked its delivery and the overwhelming importance of the subject of which it treats. We have Given it a most respectful consideration and now Lay before you our response. We regret that want of time has not been permitted to us to make it More perfect. We have not been wanting or. President in respect to you and in Devotion to the Constitution and the Union. We have not been i differ. Ent to the great difficulties surrounding you compared with which All former National troubles have been but As the summer Cloud and we have freely Given you our sympathy and support. Repudiating the dangerous heresies of the secessionists we believed with you that Tho War on their part is aggressive and wicked and the objects for which it was to be prosecuted on ours defined by your message at the opening of the present Congress to be such As All Good men should approve we have not hesitated to vote All supplies Newessa to carry it on vigorously. We have voted ail the men and Money you asked for and even More we have imposed onerous taxes on our people and they Are paying them with cheer fullness and alacrity we have encouraged enlistments and Jent. Field Many of our Best men and some of our number have offered their persons to the enemy As pledges of their sincerity and Devotion to we have done All this under the most discouraging circumstances and in the face of measures most dust artful to us and injurious to the interests we represent and in the hearing of doctrines avowed by those who claim to be your friends most abhorrent to us and our constituents. But for All this we have never faltered nor shall we As Long As we have a Constitution to defend and a government which protects us. And we Are ready for renewed efforts and even greater sacrifice when we Are satisfied it is required to preserve our admirable form of government and the priceless blessings of constitutional Liberty. A few of our number voted for the Resolution recommended by your message of the 6th of March last the greater portion of us did not and we will briefly state the prominent reasons which influenced our action in the first place it proposed a Radical change of our social system an was hurried through both houses with undue Hesto without reasonable time for consideration and debate and with no time at All for consultation with our constituents whose interests it deeply involved. It seemed like an interference by this government with a question which peculiarly and exclusively belonged to our respective states on which they had not sought advice or solicited Aid. Many of us doubted the constitutional Power of this government to make appropriations of Money for the Objet act designated and All of us thought our finances were in no condition to Bear the immense outlay which its adoption and faithful execution would impose upon the National Treasury. If we pause but a moment to think of the debt its acceptance would have entailed we Are appalled by its magnitude. The proposition was addressed to All the states and embraced the whole number of slaves. According to the census of 1860 there were nearly four millions slaves in the country from natural increase they exceed that number now. At even the Low average of three Hundred dollars Tho Price fixed by the emancipation act for the slaves of this District and greatly below their real Worth their value runs up to the enormous sum of twelve Hundred millions of dollars and if to that we add the Cost of deportation and colonization at one Hundred dollars each which is but a fraction More than is actually paid by the Maryland colonization society we have four Hundred millions Morel to were not willing to impose a tax on our people sufficient to the interest on that bum in addition to the vast and daily increasing debt already fixed upon them by the exigencies of the War and if we had been willing the country could not Bear it. Stated in this form the proposition is nothing less than the deportation from Tho country of sixteen Hundred millions dollars . Producing labor and the substitution in its Placo of an interest bearing debt of the same amount i but if we Are told that it was expected that. Only the states we represent would accept the proposition we respectfully submit that even then it involves a sum too great for the financial ability of this government at this time. According to the census of 1860�? Kentucky bad Maryland Virginia Delaware Missouri Tennessee 825,490 slaves. 87,000 a 490,887 a a 1,798 a 114,985 a a 275,785 a a making in the whole 1,198,112 slaves. At the same rate of valuation these would amount to $358,833,600 add for Depoi Tat ion and colonization $100 each 119,244,533 and we have the enormous sum of $478,078,133 we did not feel that we should be justified in voting for a measure which if carried out would add this vast amount to our Public debt at a moment whom the Treasury was reeling under the enormous expenditures of the War. Again it seemed to us that this Resolution was but the annunciation of r sentiment which could not or was not Likely to be reduced to an actual tangible proposition. No movement was then made to provide and appropriate the funds required to carry it into effect and we were not encouraged to believe that funds would be provided. And our belief has been fully justified by subsequent not to mention other Ireum stances it is quite sufficient for our purpose to bring to your notice the fact that while this Resolution was under consideration in the Senate our colleague the senator from Kentucky moved an amendment appropriating $500,000 to the object therein designated and it was voted Down with great unanimity. What Confidence then could to reasonably feel that if we committed ourselves to the policy it proposed our constituents would reap the fruits of Tho Promise held out and on what ground could we As fair men approach them and Challenge their support f the right to hold slaves is a right appertaining to All the states of this Union. They have the right to Cher ish or abolish this institution As their tastes or their interests May prompt and no one4s authorized to question the right or limit its enjoyment. And no one has More clearly affirmed that right than you have. Your inaugural address does you great Honor in this respect and inspired the country with of Tidence in your fairness and respect for the Law. Our states Are w u do not feel called on to defend the institutional to affirm that it is one which ought to to cherished perhaps if to were to make the attempt we might find that we differ even among our selves. It is enough for our purpose to know that it is a right and so knowing we did not see Why to should now be expected to yield to it. We had contributed our full share to relieve the country at this terrible crisis we had done As much As had been required of others in like circumstances and we did not see Why sacrifices should be expected from us from which others no More Loyal were exempt. Nor could we see what Good the nation would derive from it. Such a sacrifice submitted to by us would not have strengthened the Arm of this government or weakened that of Tho enemy. It is not Nee Esary As a pledge of our loyalty for that had been manifested beyond a reasonable doubt in every form and at every place possible. There was not the remotest probability that the states we represent would join in the rebellion nor is there now or of their electing to go with the Southern Section in Tho event of a recognition of the Independence of any part of the dissatisfied Region. Our states Are fixed unalterably in their Resolution to adhere to and support Tho Union they see no safety for themselves and no Hope for constitutional Liberty but by its preservation. They will under no circumstances consent to its dissolution and we do them no More than Justice when we assure you that while Tho War is conducted to prevent that deplorable catastrophe they will sustain it As Long As they can Muster a Man or command a Dollar. Nor will they Ever consent in any event to unite with the Southern confederacy. The bitter fruits of the Peculiar doctrine of that Region will forever prevent them from placing their Security and happiness in the custody of an association which Inis incorporated in its organic Law seeds of its own destruction. We cannot admit or. President that if we had voted for the Resolution in the emancipation message of March last the War would now be substantially ended. We Are unable to see How our action in this particular has Given or could give encouragement to the rebellion. The Resolution has passed and if there be virtue in it it will be quite As efficacious As if we had voted for it. We have no Power to bind our state in this respect by our votes Here and whether we had voted the one Way or the other they Are in. The same condition of Freedom to reject its no sir the War has not been prolonged or hindered by our action on this or any other measure. We must look for other causes for that lamented fact. We think there is not much difficulty not much uncertainty in pointing out others far More probable and potent in their agencies to that end. The rebellion derives its strength from the Union of All classes in the insurgent states and while that Union lasts the War will never end until they Are utterly exhausted. We know Tea that the inception of these troubles Southern society was divided and that a Large portion perhaps a majority Wero opposed to secession. great mass of Southern people Are United. To discover Why they Are so we must glance at Southern society and notice the class into which it has been divided arid which till distinguish it. They Are in arms but not for the same object they Arp moved to a common end but by different and inconsistent reasons. The leaders which comprehends what was previously known As the state rights party and is much the lesser class seek to break Down National Indi Pend nce Ana s it up state denomination. I with them it is a War against nationality. The other class is fighting As it supposes to maintain and preserve its rights of property and Domestic safety which it has been believe Are assailed by this government. This latter class Are Dot disunion Sasper be they Are so Only because they have been made to believe that this administration is inimical rights and is making War on their Domestic institutions. As Long is. These two classes act together hey will never assent to peace the policy then to be pursued is obvious. The former class will never be reconciled but the latter May be. J remove their apprehension. Satisfy them that no harm is intended to them and their institutions that this government is not making War on their rights of property but is simply defending its legitimate authority and they will gladly return to their allegiance As soon As the pressure of military Dominion imposed by the Confederate authorities is removed from them. Twelve months ago both houses of Congress adopting the spirit of your message then but recently sent in declared with singular unanimity the objects of the War and the country instantly bounded to your Side to assist you in carrying it on. If the spirit of that Resolution had been adhered to we Are confident that we should before now have seen the end of this deplorable conflict. But what have we seen f in both houses of Congress we have doctrines subversive of the principles of the Constitution and seen measure after measure founded in substance on those do clones proposed and carried through which can have no other effect than to distract and Divide Loyal me and exasperate and drive still further from us and their duty the people of the rebellious states. Military officers following the Deyot Ity in the same direction until in several instances you have Felt the necessity of interfering to arrest them. And even the passage of the Resolution to which you refer has been ostentatiously proclaimed As the Triumph of the principle which the people of the Southern states regard As ruinous to them. The effect of these measures was foretold and May now be seen in the indurated state of Southern feeling. To these causes or. President and not to our omission to Voto for the Resolution recommended by you we solemnly believe we Are to attribute the terrible earnestness of those in arms against the government and the continuance of the War. Nor do we permit us to a 7, or. President with All respect for you agree that the institution of slavery is a the lever of their Power a but we Are of the opinion that a the lever of their Power is the apprehension that the Powers of a common government created for common and equal protect ion to the interests of All will be wielded against the institutions of the Southern states. There is one other idea in your address we feel called on to notice. After stating the fact of your repudiation of general Hunters proclamation you add a yet in repudiating it i give dissatisfaction if not offence to Naoy whose support the country cannot afford to lose. And this is not the end of it. The pressure in this direction is still upon the and is increasing. conceding what i now can relieve toe and much More can relieve the country in this important to have anxiously looked into this passage to discover its True import but we Aroy Etin painful uncertainty. How can to by conceding what you now ask relieve Jitou and Tho county from the increasing pressure to which you refer f we will not allow ourselves to think that Tho proposition is that we consent to give up slavery to the end that the Hunter proclamation May be let Loose on the Southern people for it is too Well known that we would not be parties to any such measure and we have too much respect for you to imagine you would propose it. Can it mean that by sacrificing our interest in slavery we appease the spirit that controls that pressure cause it to be withdrawn and rid the county of the pestilent agitation of the slavery question Fowe Are forbidden so to think for that spirit would not be satisfied with the liberation of 700,000 slaves and cease its agitation while three millions remain in bondage. Can it mean that by abandoning slavery in our states to Are removing the pressure from you and the country by preparing for a separation on the line of the Cotton states f we Are forbidden to to to inc because it is known that to Are and we believe that you Are unalterably opposed to any division at All. Vve would prefer to think that you desire this Concession As a pledge of our support and thus enable you to withstand a pressure which weighs heavily on you and the country. Or. President no such sacrifice is necessary to secure our support. Confine yourself to your constitutional authority confine. Your subordinates within Tho same limits conduct his War solely for the purpose of restoring Tho Constitution to its legitimate authority concede to each state and its Loyal citizens their just rights and we Are wedded to you by indissoluble ties. Do this or. President and you touch the american heart and invigorate it with new Hope. You will As we sincerely believe in due time restore peace to your country lift it from despondency to a future glory and preserve to your countrymen their posterity and Man the inestimable treasure of constitutional government. Or. President we have stated with frankness and Candor the reasons on which we forbore to vote for the Resolution you have mentioned but you have again presented this proposition and appealed to us with an earnestness and eloquence which have not failed to impress us to a consider it and Quot at the least to commend it to the consideration of our states and thus appealed to by the chief magistrate of our beloved country in the hours of its greatest peril we cannot wholly decline. We Are willing to Trust every question relating to their interest and happiness to the consideration and ultimate judgment of our people. While differing from you As to the necessity of emancipating the slaves of our states As a Means of putting Down the rebellion and while protesting against the propriety of any extra territorial interference to induce the people of our states to adopt any particular line of policy on a subject which peculiarly and exclusively belongs to them yet when you and our Brethren of the Loyal states sincerely believe that the retention of slavery by us is an obstacle to peace and National Harmony and Are willing to contribute pecuniary Aid to compensate our states and people for the inconvenience produced by such a change of system we Are not unwilling that our people shall consider the propriety of putting it aside. But we have already said that we regarded this Resolution As the utterance of a sentiment and we had no Confidence that it would assume the shape of a tangible practical proposition which would yield the fruits of the sacrifice it required. Our people Are influenced by the same want of Confidence and will not consider the proposition in its present impalpable form. Tho interest they Are asked to give up is to them of immense importance and ought not to be expected even to entertain the proposal until they Are assured that when they accept it their just expectations wiil a Quot Quot Iregui u j but plan As a proposition from the nation to Tho states to exercise an admitted constitutional right in a particular manner and yield up aval Abie interest. Before they ought to consider the proposition it should be presented in such a tangible practical efficient shape As to command their Confidence that its fruits Are contingent Only upon their acceptance. We can not Trust anything to the contingencies of future legislation. If Congress by proper and necessary legislation shall provide sufficient funds and place them at your disposal to be applied by you to the payment of any of our states or the citizens thereof who shall adopt the abolishment of slavery either gradual or immediate As they May determine and the expense of deportation and colonization of the liberated slaves then will our states and people take this proposition into careful consideration for such decision As in their judgement is demanded by their interest their Honor and their duty to the whole country. We have the Honor to be with great respect c. A. Wickliffe chairman. Garrett Davis r. Wilson j. Crittenden. Jno. S. Carlisle j. W. Crisp eld j. S. Jackson ii. Grider. John s. Phelps Francis Thomas. Charles b. Calvert c. L. L. Leary Edwin ii. Webster r. Mallory Aaron Harding James s. Rollins j. W. Menzies Thos h Price g. A Dunlap we. A. Hall. Who can he drafted. As it is now determined that drafting shall take place an interest is Felt to know who is exempt. A Section of the Bill passed by a ingress july 15,1862.provides a a that whenever the president of the a juiced states shall Call Forth che militia of the states to be employed in the service of the Unis a states be May specify in his Call the i nod for wbk cd Euen service will be required it i Xci Ding nine Mont to and the a militia to c shall 0e in Tomci continue to serve fair and during the term so specified Widess sooner Dacha Redby command of the vesture of. If by reason of defects in exist aug Laws or in the execution of them in the sever a i a Sites or any of them it Bull be found necessary to provide for enrolling the militia and otherwise potting this act Luto president in such cases to make All Neces by rules to us Urguia Tiona and the enrolment of the militia shall in ail Cater include All Able bodied mate citizens bid been the tits of eighteen and forty five and shall be apportion Vej among the is tales according to representative it will be seen from the above that the president has no Power to draft except for nine months. Each state has its own Laws in regard to the Miro Ilmet of the militia Force and and these Laws generally embody the manner in which drafting shall be carried oat Beu called for by the National government. According to the Laws of Pennsylvania All Able bodied White male citizens Between the Ages of 21 and 45 years residing in the state and not exempted by the Laws of the a United states shall be subject to military duty excepting i. All Persay a in the Arm sad Navy of the United state u. Minister and preacher the gospel and pro Frasor of College and school directory and All Jad Gea of the several Mourta of thie co it a now in Ltd. Ill a to a a Vrh is Abaft be. Regularly and Bon rally Dise Harsad from a Tea army and Navy of to consequence of Ehy performance of military duty port Mac of any tar of this Jav. Loammia Sonad officers who shall have served As such in the my it of this tata or any one of the unite whole no. 686. States for the apace of five consecutive years hut no office shall be so exempt unless by his resignation after such term of service duly accepted or in such other lawful manner he shall have been honorable discharged. Y. Every non commissioned officer musician Aud private of every uniformed troop raised who has or shall hereafter uniform himself according to the provisions of Auy tar of this state and who shall have performed service in such company or troops for the space of seven consecutive years from the time of his enrolment thereto exempt from military duty except in Case of War insure Ecton or invasion. member of such company or troop who shall have been regularly uniformed and equipped shall upon his removal out of the beat of such company or troop or upon the disbandment thereof enlist in any other uniformed company or troop and uniform and equip himself therefor and serve in the same whenever the whole time of Hie Bervice in such companies or troops computed together shall amount to seven years to shall be exempt from military duty in like manner As if he had served for the whole period in the company or troops in which he was first enrolled the certificates from the commanding officers of such companies a Lari a the proof of such service. the Laws of the United states the persons exempted from military duty Are the vice president of the United states the officers judicial and executive of the government of the United states the members of both houses of Congress and their respective clerks All custom House officers with their clerks All Post officers and stage Drivers who Are employed in the care and conveyance of the mail of the Post office of the United states All ferryman employed at any ferry on the Post Road All inspectors of exports All mariners actually employed in the sea service of any citizen or merchant within the United states All postmasters Post riders and Drivers of mail stages assistant postmasters and clerks regularly employed and engaged in Post offices. Idiots lunatics papers habitual drunkards and persons convicted of infamous crimes Are also exempt. The enrolment of persons subject to military duty is conducted As follows the assessors chosen in each City shall make a return of All persons in their respective districts Between the Ages of 21 and 45 years liable to be enrolled by the Laws of the general government. All those exempted from service shall annually the sum of fifty cents. Every person embraced in the military Roll shall receive a notice that he is enrolled. As soon As the Roli is completed the assessors shall cause notices to be put up in conspicuous Public places setting Forth that they have made their Roll of persons liable to draft and that the Roll is with one of their number where Ali interested can Call and examine until the said assessors meet to review the enrolment. Any person claiming exemption on a Cono of physical defect or bodily infirm to or by the Laws of this Staie or of the United states May before the Day specified in the notice make an affidavit before some one qualified to take the same of his exemption which shall be filed in the office of the Gity or county commissioner and any person swearing falsely shall be liable to a prosecution for perjury of the Day the commissioners shall meet to review the enrolments they shall make a certified list of the persons they shall determine to be exempt and shall tile said list in their office for the future guidance of assessors Aud commissioners. A draft for 300,000 militia former a i Washington aug. 4.�?the following order has just been issued War department 1 Washington d. J., aug. 4, 1862. J order calling for militia from the several states ordered�?1st. That a draft of 300,000 militia be immediately called into the service of the United states to serve for nine months unless sooner the scr tary of War will assign the quotas to the slates Aud establish regulations for the draft. 2d. That if any state shall not by the 15th of August furnish its quota of the additional 300,000 volunteers authorized by Law the deficiency of volunteers in that state will also be made by special draft from the militia. The Secretary of War will establish regulations for this. 3d. Regulations will be prepared by the War department and presented to the president with the object of securing the promotion of a officers of the army Aud volunteers for meritorious end distinguished services and of preventing the nomination or appointment in the military service of incompetent or unworthy officers. The regulations will also provide for ridding the service of i Ucli incompetent persons As now hold commissions. order of the president. Edwin m. Stanton Secretary of War. From Gap. Weidman continued. Describing the Battles before Bic Hmoud. Cut. Biddle As he came by passed directly to front of Usu and i was struck with the expression of his countenance and the oddness of his manner. I had met him several times to be sure even on the Field of Battle and been much pleased by the elegance of his address his Courtesy and the cheerfulness of Bis countenance and conversation even when suffering from a severe head ache in which condition be once was. On the present occasion he looked steadily at me but did not return Iny Salute or that of any of the other officers with the majority of whom he was Well Mcqua suied personally both since and before the War. At the time 1 attributed it to pre ecu Patin of mind although be was not at All the kind of Man to neglect any of the Ameni ties of life. I Buve since thought he was in that state which the scotch Call a a Fey am which Means one exactly the contrary to that Frame of mind in which a Man usually is Aud in their opinion denotes the immediate happening of some great stroke of Good or bad fortunes to the individual. I suppose i should have thought nothing of the kind had he not been killed. I did not of course hear the conversation Between col. Childs and him but i wag told that he insisted that there could not be a stronger position and that 500 men could hold it against ten thousand which May be True fur All x know but it did not look so. Geol Seymour when be came up to me which he shortly after did also approved of it but it was by his order i believe the infantry were put Between the artillery and cavalry. Col. Childs soon after they left the Field became so convinced of Tho extreme danger to which our Squadron would be exposed that be took us away and put us in a Wood to the rear and right of the remainder of the regiment but entirely disco noted with it. He left Cut. Herron with no positive orders but pointed out a Wood Road Lead Ngop the slight Bill 10 front of us from the left of the Squadron and told him if anything could be done that was the Road to do it by. This led to the Edge of the Woods which was bounded by the swamp the extremity of which nearest to the ennui a had been uncovered by the removal of our Squadron and which was now on the right of the left Wing composed of the cos. Of captains Young Dart tor Abler do Ean Mccullough and such men As Cut. Taylor bad been Able to collect after the disastrous dispersion suffered by them As Gene a Micah s bodyguard on Friday. The whole Force of the Reg my it on the Field wag about 400 men. Colonel Childs also set a party of men., to work Toter Down the fences in the neighbourhood and throw enough rails into the swamp a bout two lengths wide to enable the horses to Oros the swamp safely if not easily. This he bed done it two places in the repair of his right and in rear of his centre., we did the sate lying on the right and rear of our position to one place having the a tim fist. A family paper for town and country. Is fainted and published weekly by we. M. Bees in 2d Story of Funk a a new building Cumberland 8c one Dollar and fifty cents a year. 45 kits inserted at the usual Ratos. The friends of the establishment and the Public Getty ally Are respectfully solicited to Send in their order. Fig Ais Billls printed at an hours to Tom r t rates of pos Taos. In Lebanon county postage free in Pennsylvania out of Lebanon county cents it Quarter or 13 cents a year. Out of this state 6 cts. Per Quarter or 26 cts. A or if the postage a not paid in Advance rate Are doubled new Market Road touching on our right so that we could go off at once if necessary. Our Squadron did not dismount. We remained in the positions described a Long while until at length the first Shell howled through the air above us. Then ensued n storm of Shell and musketry and for Alt i know grape and canister of the most fearful character. The fire itself was hotter and heavier than any we had been exposed to and swept our former ground like a Broom. It was also More concentrated and the hustling of the larger Mia. Siles As they flew Over our Heads into the swamp or Field behind or exploded in the air Over our beads sometimes not More than ten feet above behind or before a received additional effect front the crashing of the limbs of Trees As they were cd t away and the reverberation of the sound through the Woods. Our men and horses stood quietly one of the latter occasionally making a plunge which was met by the shout of his officer a steady there in the Centre in the left flank to the right or in the rear rank a As the ease might be. At length when we had stood this about half an hour or three quarters indications of what bad happened began to show themselves. Half a dozen wagons and ambulances first passed Down the Road at full Speed a next came stragglers at first one or two then half a dozen and at last in crowds. Seven or eight ride less horses flew by also As Bard As they could Pelt mid capt. Herron filed us out and also moved us Down the Road at a steady Trot calling on the infantry to Stop threatening to shoot them with his raised pistol and otherwise doing Bis Best to Reform the men. It was however in Vamp in. The remonstrances of the Kev. Or. Colt chaplain of the sixty sixth p. V. Col. Cake who displayed the most perfect coolness in All the turmoil seemed to have some effect but not much. After to bad gone about a mile the colonel rejoined us with a portion of the left Wing and then As wer formed from time to time across the Road or retired As we saw our efforts were unavailing to a new position we Learned from oar Ceaura amp Des what bad happened. The enemy in heavy Force came across the Field in front of our six pieces receiving their fire with steadiness and returning it As fiercely until it got lobe too hot for their stay and As the infantry was not advanced to their support they timbered up three pieces and retired with them before their men and horses were All destroyed ? the infantry Rose from the ground where they were lying Down to protect themselves delivered one two or three follies. Some deny that they fired at All and broke. They fled directly Back on our dismounted left Wing who sharing their panic tubed along with them seme mounted and some dismounted. Itwara Ivain that col. Taggart in the first instance and col. Childs afterwards tried to Stop the rout to that part of our lice it was Complete. Col. Childs sent adj. Biddle to Stop those farthest off and it was whilst on ibis duty that be was wounded in the leg just below the knee. He was soon attended to by or. Marsh the regimental surgeon who on this occasion displayed an unexpected solicitude for the wounded and did his duty nobly and Well. Our Gallant colonel remained the last Man on the Field calling on the men Sot to desert him be finally the second platoon of capt. Mccullough company which were on the extreme left rallied around him and swore they would sever desert him. With this nucleus he managed to collect the most of the left Wing and rejoined our Squadron As i before stated. Another platoon of Tbs left Wing behaved very creditably and did real service. This was the first platoon of co. B., under the immediate command of 1st Lieut. Parke a Young officer of whose Good conduct i have had several occasions to speak highly with some faults natural to a High spirited and impulsive youth of Twenty he has Many excellent qualities and Superior although uncultivated natural abilities. Capt. Young than whom there is no better officer of Bis rank ordered his company to wheel first by forming the right and then to the left which of course brought them nearer to and still facing the rebels. This platoon Only obeyed the command the others flying with of Tho aft Wing. With Lieut. Pfc Rke on the Nib Tana Verc of Fuffy in a be behalf eve a Bey advanced at a walk then a Trot and finally Drew their sabres to charge when Tien i Seymour himself ordered them Back. At this moment an infantry officer shot through the right wrist Cam up and pointed out a 20-Pound Parrott gun belonging to amp new York Battery close by deserted and suggested that it might be saved. Capt. Yeung withdrew his platoon to the Woods and himself and Lieut. Parke went out with ten dismounted men hauled it into the Woods from whence it was finally removed and saved. As the rebels were coming up a amp tour troops deserting the Field the fire severe and heavy and the gun one of the Best sort of Field pieces we have i think that i do not say too much when i say that both capt. Young Lieut. Parke and the men of that platoon deserve a More permanent and authoritative notice of their achievement than the sketches of an obscure writer or the columns of a country newspaper will give them. From this Point our whole duty consisted in stopping stragglers and sending them Back to the new lines forming and As reinforcement had now come up and the tide of Battle was Turu ing against the rebels we not much to do except to Eit to our saddles and listen to the Roar of the Cannon and musketry from the Battle about 2 Miles distance. This we did retaining however our formation and never dismounting. This continued until it became Manifest thatch enemy was repulsed and it must have been with great loss. Our own was heavy and the Hospital in the immediate neighbourhood where we encamped was crowded by sick and wounded so that Many had to be Laid on stretchers on Tho Lawn and in the Garden. We then bivouacked on Fine ground behind the Hospital and about one o clock were roused to commence a March which i shall never think of without feelings of profound shame regret and the deepest sympathy and pain for those whose Fate was involved to its haste and who might so easily in my judgment have bees saved from the Captivity impending Over them. I suppose capt. Herron had his orders. As was Bis right and duty he led off the column but at such a rate of Speed that we the second division of Bis Squadron had lost the time we reached the Road we were to go. Which was not two Hundred Yards Distant. As he had Given me no orders of any kind except that we were to Anarch and As i was therefore not bound to proceed faster than the usual gait i Felt no responsibility but i did not like to see affairs conducted in this Way. .hard Riding we caught up with his rear before a great while but great part of his men were far before and we bad lost our own. The roads were filled with artillery and Wagon trains and this is what made me feel. Ashamed Many of the wagons being empty owning to the destruction of stores at Savage s Star Tia i All of which a sed by the old cd Orch in. Welch our poor sick and wounded were laying without an Effort or an offer so far As i know from the Quarter masters in a Barge of the train to. Transport them to the place of entire safety to which we and they were hurrying. At any rat a it was not done. The conveyance would Bav a been rough and some would have died but the great majority would soon have been enjoying the kind attentions and fond caresses of dear ones As Many who were removed now Are and. The Sublime Devotion of the surgeons who remained with them in their peril would have been saved for some More necessary occasion. It waa to this Church that or. Marsh Lieut. Biddle and several of the wounded of our regiment wer it placed and Here they were taken Beu the enemy came up for besides the transportation i have alluded to there was none and those in charge of that seemed wholly occupied in securing their own safety. Lieut. Biddle was much beloved in the regiment. Humanly form and generous open character repossessed All involuntarily in his favor and be displayed great coolness and. Courage amid the confusion of the panic. Co. Childs is doubtful whether be was not wounded at the time a went in obedience to Bis order to Stop the rout of the men it is certain that he. Was before that end was attained Aud he soon had to be supported on hib horse where he fainted and was finally removed from Tbs Field on a Stretcher. I a a. The result it our Hasty night March was teat when the captains reached the ground appoint of for the assembling of our regiment As Well As whole army each of us had about six men jts kept capt. Herron who bad managed to keep about forty of his with him. However they gradually came up and we were moved once i search of Inore favourable ground for cavalry but. Finally returned to the immense Field in a Boob an army corps or two made their appearance a a rounding gen. Mcclellan s head quarters which were within 500 Yards of us. That night we were again on the March for Harrison i expecting an attack of guerrillas on tha maro.h�, which did not however happen and Drw up on our arrival in front of the Landing to. Rest an attack of the enemy s cavalry in Force Urfe Tolx we were Given to understand would certainly happen. As there were several infantry regiment

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