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Gleaner, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1940, Kingston, Kingston The Need for Bombing Planes Is Great-Give GENEROUSLY NOW To The Jamaica Bombing Planes Fund Give ALL you can NOW. Many arc sacrificing- their . lives in the cause of freedom-so give until it hurls you. ESTABLISHED 1831 ESTABLISHED 1831 hsi.niD.I\Ni\n.\Ki m i OvhRiiYtAHS InWood 1 RED L. MYKKS * SON - (FOUNDED 1879) "The Sugar Wnarf" Kingston TWENTY PAGES Vol. CVI. No. 137. KINGSTON, JAMAICA, FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1910. Price: FE NN Y 11A LF-PENNY TWENTY PAGES HITLER THROWS BATTLE Germans Driven Back Five allies purchase Miles At Point of Approach BRITISH BLOCKADE CUTS ITALY FROM HER AFRICAN COLONIES t French Premier Makes Stirring Appeal To Roosevelt For Help LONDON, June 13.-*The French Prime Minister, M. Raynaud, has appealed to President Roosevelt to send aid to the Allies before it is too late. His appeal was sent since last Monday and was published only this afternoon. The message reads: "I wish to - express my gratitude to you for the generous aid you have decided to grant us in material and armaments. During six days and six nights our divisions have been fighting, without an hour's respite against an enemy which has a superiority in men and materials. "The enemy has nearly reached the gates of Paris. We shall fight in front of X'aris. We shall fight behind Paris. We shall continue the struggle i.' driven to it, from North Africa and it' necessary from our possessions in America. "Part of the Government has already left Paris. I myself am prepared to jo to the army. We shall intensify the struggle with all our forces remaining and we shall not give up. We are resolved to sacrifice ourselves in the struggle we are carrying on for all free man. "At the hour in which 1 am addressing you another dictatorship has decided to stab France in the back. A naval war will start. You have generously answered an appeal by me to you several days a�o but today June 10, 1940, it is my duty to a-k you for even greater help. "At the same time I ask you to explain the situation to the men and wonv-n ot America and I beg you to declare publicly that the United States will afford the Allies all material forces of importance. Mww%msT i *T 1\� /\f* .except sending an expeditionary I f^hlcll/IAN PI 111 force. I beg you to do" this before | \JLi|\lf IJflll "I MJlSJ^M. it is too late. 1 know the gravity ot this gesture, but the great gravity makes it vital the aid should not come topJ*te^.,,,,�..... . , .... Mr Revuaud 'went" "on to recall  .___u . .u � ""  � ".'V""-: " ." that on October,. 5,^ 837, Presidtnl IM f T1JI IA V ^f�en*d,^ut. there were growing sign, it might at any moment Roosevelt'himself'said, "I am com- Inj :' Ul\U VjVJA I The cnief ,,�n w"s "�� discovery by the French the Nasi* were pelled, ns many are compelled, to straining for a quick victory to such an extent that they tent look ahead. The peace, freedom _ training tanks into the fight. and security or 90 per cent ot the ! i _ . . . _ � , D , c ,, . , . . . _ people .if the world are being i (Cn. Press by cable and Wireless The Royal Air Force and Royal South African Air Force threatened hy the remaining 10 per | MONTEVIDEO. .June I.,.- l nc bombers raided Italian airdromes in Africa, damaging field, firing cent. All who believe in interna- | Uruguayan parliament commission j han rs anj destroying aircraft pegged out on the ground, tionnl la-v and order should and \ investigating Nazi activities in Uru- ! ,, , .1-,,-l- k.^l v.;j;,, ,!,�. it*-.. ......j c,,. r.ust find rome way to make their! guay discovered plans for a Gei - j "alian planes struck back, raiding Malta, where they caused five DIVISIONS INTO PARIS LONDON, June 13.-So far to-day has brought no news of any further advance on Paris by the Germans who have been pushed back five miles at the point of their nearest approach north of the capital. The French are making every effort to save the city from being destroyed by street fighting or bombing. To-day the city was declared an undefended town. This is taken to mean that while the outskirts and the approaches to will be defended there will be no fighting insi de it. PRIEMER REYNAUD There are 3till many people in Paris. A message posted m the City this morning said that Paris is t6 be an undefended town and that steps were being taken to ensure the security of the inhabitants and food supplies under all circumstances. The Prefect of Police has assured the people that every effort will � be made to secure the safety of the capital, and expressed j confidence in the traditional coolness of Parisians in the face of | danger. A British division together with some French troops were surrounded by superior forces on the north coast of Normandy, and it is feared that about 6,000 men have been made prisoners. | High cliffs and fog prevented their being evacuated. ALLIES TAKE INITIATIVE AGAINST ITALY The Allies took the initiative Wednesday in the fight against Italy while the battle before. Paris raged on a hew front ton the south Bank of the Marne .'-^n*r�'� thf4pi�r^ai]^^?�.ei|f;;.hwlf^ back twice in the first Great Wi&'when they were believed about, to take ParU. The German attack had hot appeared to'- have" .vill prevail." M. Reynaud said that the situation then v. as very much the situation now. The messi-ty J^v.the city: to. take, hi* Army Ct.mniandaftor, declaring Paris .an open city in order to a void, its destruction. The United Stales Ambassador to France, Mr. Bullitt.. transmitted to the German Government to-da.Y the official notification that Paris will not be defended against invasion, The State Department at Washington said the message was transmitted to the German Foreign Office by way of the American Legation in Switzerland and the Embassy in Berlin. The message said that Mr. Bullitt would remain in Paris as the representative of the entire diplomatic corps of all nations if the city is taken over by the Germans. The message said: "Mr. Bullitt hopes The London Daily Herald printed a story claiming that l^0,^ ^Ih^raS L" Sir Walter Citrine Latest Roosevelt Gives Prompt Answer To French Appeal Wireless news received early this morning: President Roosevelt has given a prompt answer to M. Reynaud's 200,000 Ethiopians had risen against their Italian masters, and t|ie Government of the city takes were fighting with rifles and machine-guns wearing the uniform place without loss of human life" of Haile Selassie. BRITAIN CLOSES MEDITERRANEAN SEA Britain clamped the blockade over the Mediterranean-mined Italian waters, established firm control over her Gibraltar gateway to the west, and the Suez Canal to the east. That meant Ethiopia, Eritrea and Italian Somaliland are all cut off from Italy, except perhaps by air. _Y " \ , . The attitude of Turkey remained one of benevolent neutral- (JolOIIIC* refill. ity toward the Allies. Turkey waits until Russia's attitude _� toward the conflict is clear. Statesmen consider it would be suicidal to enter the war on the Allied side if it meant having to fight Russia as well as Italy. The Anglo-French-Turkish mutual aid pact provides for this eventuality, saying Turkey would not be required to fight with the Allies if such action involved the The message explained that the Military Commander of Paris. General Hering, is withdrawing his armies. It said the police and firemen are remaining. General Dentz will remain as commander of the Paris area, but without any troops.-Wireless and Canadian Pi-ess bv Cable and Wireless Ltd. Thanks A.F.L. Head LONDON, June 13.-Sir Walter Citrine. Genera] Secretary of the Trades Union Congress, has cabled his opposite number in the United States. Mr. William Green, thanking him for his demand that th� Allies should be given all the aid they need.- -Wireless. Two Fascist Officers And 60 Men Captured On Libya-Egypt Border AIR RAIDS IN ABYSSINIA LONDON, June /'/.-British troops have had a skirmish ni/li the Italians on the border of Egypt and Lybia. (ieneral Wilson, firitish Commander-in-Chief in Egypt announced that two Italian officers, HO men and .7 machine* guns were raptured. There were no firitish casualties. ITALY LOSES 3 MORE SHIPS In War Turks Staying Out Of War For The Present last appeal. Mr. .Roosevelt says that [ Soviet. Nevertheless, the Turks continued war-like preparations, mobilizing more troops and constructing air raid shelters. The Polish submarine Orzels was lost, it was announced on Wednesday. The Royal Air Force bombed certain military objectives in northern Italy Wednesday night. Continued on Pagr 7 Col j ANKARA, June i:i.-The Turkish Government has decided to stay out of the war at present but to redouble its defensive preparations. Turkish Government officials said they would await the end of a second emergency Cabinet session before commenting on a British Broadcasting Corporation report that Tur.kcy had severed all trade tics with Italy. However, it was indicated that such a step was contemplated jn view of Italy's entry into the war and Turkey's obligations to Britain and France. The Cabinet met for its second emergency session under, the leadership of President Ismet Inonu. Meanwhile, an additional 200,000 troops had been called up by the Turkish High Command and building of air raid shelters is being r,ushed in'Ankara and Istanbul the United States now is doing everything possible to place its ma-j terial resources behind the Allies, j Kvcn as M. Reynaud appealed to j the New World to save France, ! the relentless advance of two Ger-i man divisions about nine miles cn '. each side of Paris were closing in ! upon the beautiful city. More than ' a million people have now left Paris. Premier Reynaud has returned from the front to the present headquarters of the French Government. He reported to a meeting of Ministers under the chairmanship of President Lebrun. News obtained from a number of prisoners shows that tne Germans sustained heavy losses from air bombardments in the region northeast of Rheims. The latest reports from Malta show that the air raid there kill- . ed 30 civilians, wounded 30 civ-! ilians, and also wounded seven soldiers. In England, a Heinkel bomber was shot down off the southeast coast by two Spitfires. Italians bombed French Riviera at Toulon and attacked French naval bases on the North African coast. Four Italian ships which had been"intercepted under contraband control in Malta before Italy's declaration of war have now.been-seized by the Government,'-v?One of them is being released to' take-Italians back to Italy; a* the Government do-not intend to keep NO NEED FOR MEN FOR FIGHTING NOW FORCES First Duty is To Serve with Local Forces: Essential Services Must be Maintained LONDON, June 13:-Italy lost Iv.-n more ships from her merchant marine ,":v|n the crew of another It iIimii vessel was captured while trying to tv.cape to Portuguese ler-i-'tory. i The Royal Air Force was again ! active in the Middle East and the ; main target has been Italian East Africa. Hangars and buildings were badly damaged during raids on Asmara and r'ritrea and at ' Gura in Abyssinia. One enemy ; fighter was shot down and two '� more were believed to have been destroyed and a fourth damaged. Squadrons of British bombers also ; raided Diredawa in Abyssinia and blew up an ammunition dump. The B.B.C. Cairo correspondent said that this air tick! was very Russia's Attitude Toward War Situation A Secret; New Masses ci uisrr. tnipoi-am from vision of leinforcemenls when re- At Calcu'la. it was announced rJ^v^^^^^C^^^- We mllsl n�l ovcrlook tlT !h;" ,h" '�"foment of India had ' c ^a ve o ^iHment (or: possibility of operations having to ;hc. Calabria-a �51-ton It- Ip FiPhti iB Forces in British Col- i he undertaken in tropics or semi- j.|.;in st.-amc,-. anri in tlial even. |n Durban it was announced that tiie crew of the Italian steamer Timavo y hich was beached on Announi.i-ment liom Melbourne, important because the Italians can-�id that the Italian steamer Ro- ; n(,i send supplies to their colonies io!o had been intercepted. in mid 1 via the Red Sea. A powder house and a patrol dump were also destroyed during a raid on another Itaiian base in Abyssinia. In nonn of these attacks was any British machine lost. Reports reached Djibouti. French Pacific by an Australian cruiser. The liomolo crew set the ship afire and ton',; to the lifeboat-. They were rer."ued by Ihe Australian Troops Along Reich Frontiei Turks were attempting to sound out Russian officials before making definite commitments to the Western Allies.-Wireless and Canadian Press by Cable and Wireless Ltd. A :J MOSCOW, June 13.-The Soviet capital has been alive with diplomatic activity, but the attitude of the Stalin Government toward the new war situation was another secret of the inscrutable Kremlin. The new British and French Am- I bussailors, Sir Stafford Cripps and j Air. Erik I-absnne, arrived by plane. Almost on their heels came the Italian Ambassador, Augusto Rosso, returning to his post after a six-month's lapse In normal diplomatic relations ,between Russia and Italy. The new Chinese Ambassador, Shao Li Tsl, was received by President Kalinin for presentation of his credentials. Some'aort of turning point was reached 'In the mysterious negotiations, ftlth Lithuania, the. Balkan SUtev nearest Germany, In which : the' Kusslan* have charged recently M>*t their army garrfcwms were be STOCKHOLM, June 13__Uncen- having to ....... _ . . he undertaken in tropics or semi- c.iial possessions, has been trans- I Copic ;?limates and in that event mitted Cor publication by the Colo- there would be an urgent need of nial Secretariat: personnel accustomed to such clim- From Secretary of Slate for the1 ales and with Colonial experience. TuesHav had been c- nl � I Colonies, to Governor of Jamaica. Ia the meantime by remaining in i Kalian \a in'i s wr,.P i,e d"P i i 1 have reviewed question of the Colonies they can make a co'i-i pV,i tu�ucs.' border wh-iTl  '"' Colonial Pirvice personnel and of siderable contribution to the com- irapporl wctv man power generally in consulta-[ mon effort. t on with Service and other De- | 4. So far as is possible therefore partments concerned. My object I consider that all essential public -Wireless. sored reports from the Baltic States has been t0 seP whether any fur- services should be maintained and brought reports of large Soviet! ,ller he\o can be given bv Colonies, that caparity of Colonies to sup-troop concentrations throughout i , c,n--'i^on reached "is that in port and oefend themselves as well the area. More than 500,000 Rus-, Rt,norai 'n*re is- at present no dim-| as to produce raw slan troops were said lo have heeir,,,ilv in' n'-ufining in this country , portance l.) war sent to the Baltic countries, most Xmen 'hat can be equipped ano be jeoparded by diversion ot peer them to Lithuania. It was re- j bsoTbed in fighting services. In sonncl whether olf.cial or unoffi-ported that the troops were rein-! he�P urns ances il would be fial. In oach case the decision as forcing the garrisons at points along I .ontrar; , public- interest to re- to where a man should serve must materials im effort should not Colonial Welfare Bill Passed On Third Reading the German frontier. duce efklency of Colonic Sen-ice, be determined by pub�c interest There was no explanation as to,,,,.. _,,, ,, why Russia was strengthening the I *n po" \\ defences between the little Baltic | !,'^,,^f.n countries and Nazi Germany. Wireless. i to den'-te" potential reserves of ' nr.d not by preference of individual , to dep-l P>T , concerned: the desire of so many armed forces in this , meniwho arc cal ed upon to remain country. If there are exceptional in their -ml post for a more aCv-cases in which men are required sbaie in J - " ml.r Merkys left by air for Kaunas, but Foreifn Wnliter, Urbsrs .and t^huanift^^s^iiiy., reprcMentattvea remained ilerfnr^er; consultations. on Malta were rebortetf." ^ silence of one minute \wm ^o^n^d'', ip Nfalta in hQn0Uft;of^hoi�-,hj�l� .'it'.is clr ,wce:.,ir. Air. a-o'-M'.';'.) aci '� j>e"V at present of active service they  of above I propose in the absence fulfill essential purposes, (a) de-j of exceptional circumstances to fence, including discouragement to, answer without reference to Colo-potential iciidcrs, (b) Internal se-i rial Governments that their duty; curity and fc) training and pro-1 is to return to the Colony. l I. LONDON. June 11.-The House of Commons passed on third rradinc t h e Colonial Development and Welfare Bill after Ihe Under Scrretary for the Colonies. Mr. G. Hall, warn ed lhat the establishment of an advisory commission as envisaged in the Bill would have to be postponed because of war conditions. Mr. Hall said Lord Lloyd. Secretary of State for the Colonies, expressed npprc-sii'Uoo ,�f tjie^ arljjon, n� y�e, Legislation Council of Grenada declaring this was not the time In seek redress for grievances from Britain.-Canadian Press by Cable and Wireless Ltd. Somaliland, saw that the. Ethiopian military leader, Fiturari Biru, had been named chief of an Ethiopian force in Kenya which plans to fight against the Italians under the imperial flag of former Emperor Hailc Selassie. While these attacks were going on the domestic situation inside Kgypt was clarified by the newj that the country had severed diplomatic relations with Italy. The Italian Minister has been handed his passport and asked to nomin-. ale a country to look after Italian interest'. The Italians arc reported to havs-bombed Wazir in Nairobi early this morning hy three high flying aircraft. No dctiiils of damage have been received. Sirens were sounded in Nairobi rush! before the last , but il proved lo be a false alarm.- j Wireless. Time Bomb Explodes In British Steamer : ((.an. Presi by Cable and Wireless Ltd.) BUENOS AIRES, June 13:-A time bomb apparently intended to sink the British freighter Gascony at sea, blasted, the, centre of th