Kingsport Times Newspaper Archives Sep 21 1953, Page 2

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Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - September 21, 1953, Kingsport, Tennessee2 monday september 21, 1953, Kingsport farm news Kingsport office of Extension service in chamber of Commerce building seeing is pictorial proof that f. E. Har Rison Kingsport Gardener in t just handing out a line about growing tomatoes on Jimson weeds. Harrison Points to the Jim son Weed stalk through which the tomatoes seen above Drew All the nutrients they needed for full development. The scene is the Back Yard of Harrison s Home at 129 Warpath drive. Times news photo by Byland Harrison grows tomatoes from Jimson Weed stalks Cocoa research aiming at better chocolate flavor Washington chocolate in t As Good As it was when you were a child it in t your imagination say u. S. Department of agriculture Plant scientists who Are working with governments of tropical american countries to help Cacao growers improve this raw mate which chocolate is rial from made. The High Quality flavor varieties have gradually been giving Way to less flavoursome Varie ties easier and More profitable to grow. Also the old painstaking methods of harvesting and fermenting have been abandoned in Many areas. As a result the chocolate consumed in the United states has definitely changed in flavor Over the past 50 years. Plant scientists Are trying to develop a High yielding disease resistant variety of tree that will be easy to grow yet will give the Market a top Quality Fine Fla voted bean. Cacao producing countries Are lending support to this Long term project in Agri cultural research. Greene youth wins in welding contest a Kingsport Man f. E. Har Rison 129 Warpath drive grew his tomatoes on Jimson Weed stalks this year. They were Nice looking Toma toes too and free of the diseases and insect pests that have so frequently ruined tomatoes in recent years. That s the reason for the novel Experiment. The theory which appears to have proved a fact is that the luscious roots of to Mato plants provide a tasty meal for underground Worms and burrowing insects. But the roots of Jimson weeds Are too coarse fare for the bugs. They leave them strictly alone. Diseases that attack Tomato plants also seem to strike the vines close to or beneath the nation As whole has Good crops despite drouth heal of August Nashville May be Small Consolation to East ten Nessee banners but for the nation As a whole this has been a highly successful agricultural year despite the widespread a gust drought the Federal state cooperative crop service says. In a general crop report As o september .1, the Agency said the Index of All crop production dropped nearly 2 Points below that of August 1 and also was Points less than in 1952. Bui that still would make this the third largest crop year of record the e period of dry weather even brought improved prospects for some Otton sorghum and peanuts prospects declined for Corn soy Beans and Spring grains and changed Little for a Large num Ber of crops. Flue cured Leaf markets set for 1953 season High Greeneville ground. So Harrison a retired ten Nessee Eastman co. Employee who now has time for the Horti cultural experiments he always wanted to try. But could t seem o get around to in earlier Days grafted Tomato Plant cuttings to Jimson weeds. It in t complicated he said. All you have to do is slice be Neath the surface of the Jimson Weed Branch place the Tomato cutting on that spot and Clamp hem together with clothespins. N about two weeks they grow together and the clothespins can be removed. The idea was t new with har Rison who read about it in an Atlanta newspaper. But so far As is known he is the first to try it in this Section. The Atlanta paper said first fellow who grafted Raleigh n. C. Cured tobacco prices on the East in North Carolina and Caro Inas Border belts set a new sea on High last week and dropped of slightly on the Middle Belt. The Federal state Market fews service reported the Price average on the Eastern Belt was 59.03 per Hundred on Gross sales f pounds. This topped he previous week s average by on the Border Belt sales last week totalled pounds averaging up 49 cents for the season is run Ning around million pounds ahead of last year and the Price verage is about higher. South Carolina markets last week sold pounds aver Ging while North Caro Ina markets sold a ends averaging on the Middle Belt sales grossed pounds averaging Down 5 cents. Average rices by grades were mostly Teady compared with the Previ us week. Old Belt Leaf markets Are open Raleigh n. C. In nine old Belt markets the last of the flue cured tobacco auction Cen ters to launch the 1953 season will begin sales monday. An opening Day average of be tween and per 100 pounds is forecast by w. Phil tobacco marketing specialist with the state department of agriculture. The Belt s 1952 opening aver aged on Gross sales of pounds. The old Belt crop is a Little better than we had Hedrick said. The old Belt opening originally set for sept. 14, was delayed be cause of the late Harvest due to dry weather and because of a delay in closing of Border Belt markets. Buyers generally move from Border auction floors to i the old Belt. Drought spread and was intensified in Tennessee in a gust causing increasing damage to pastures and crops statistician s. T. Marsh reported. The drought was worst in the North Leral state Western and Northwestern parts reporting of the state where it had started earlier but practically All of the state suffered moderate to extreme damage. The drought was damaging to Corn especially late plantings. The indicated Tennessee yield of 29.5 bushels per acre is 2.5 Bush Els less than the August 1 Esti mate. Production is forecast at bushels a crop this size would be 31 per cent larger than last year s drought blasted crop but it would be 18 per cent smaller than the 1942-51 aver age. Tennessee soybean production is forecast at bushels this year based on september 1 prospects. The outturn May be substantially reduced if Lack of september rain prevents poc development and causes Farmers to make Hay from acreage in ended for Beans. Production in 1952 was bushels. The 1942-51 average was bushels. Hay below average the prospective Tennessee Hay crop for this year is on. This is More than a third larger than last year s Small Rop but is about one sixth less Han the 1942-51 average. Early Hay crops made Good to excellent yields but yields of Les Pedreza and other late Hays have been generally curtailed by drought. Continued drought i a gust caused a decline in prospects for Burley and Western dark fired tobacco. Production of Burley in the state is fore cast at pounds. This is 12 per cent less than the All time record of pounds produced in 1952. The 1942-51 average was pounds. For the eight state Burley Belt the crop As of september 1 was estimated at 579 million pounds the same As the a gust 1 forecast. This compares with the 1952 record of 650 million pounds and the 10-year average of 528 million pounds. More cutting than usual occurred during August As a result of the dry weather particularly in East Tennessee. Tennessee Farmers Are producing Small crops of Irish potatoes and Sweet potatoes this year. Production of Irish potatoes is estimated at bushels compared with bushels in 1952. This year s crop is the smallest since 1874. Title Lola Tilda Beauty above already had won grand Cham Pion Holstein honors at several shows before entering the Tennessee Valley agricultural and Industrial fair in Knoxville last week. She was among two Railroad cars full of fair entries shipped to Knoxville from the Carnation milk farms of Seattle wash., the same farm that produced Carnation Daisy Madcap Holder of the present world s record in butterfat production pounds in one year. Jackie Mcdonald right holds a title too. She s miss Pacific North Wes prices Are better despite heavier volume of cattle Atlanta largest number of cattle in several years moved to Southern and mid Western markets last week and the outlet to buyers was generally Good with prices even showing improvement the production and marketing administration reported. At Montgomery where sup plies were the largest in four years prices for most classes and grades wound up the week s period Strong to 50 cents a Hundred pounds higher. The plenitude of cattle saw More movement Back to the country As stockers. At Nashville where supplies were at least the larges of the year so far with baby Beeves and grassed steers and heifers predominating prices for baby Beeves advanced 50 cents to and showed a net gain Over the House commit fee asked to look into meat prices by Bernard Brenner United press staff correspondent Bristol a. Farmers and cattlemen Here saturday urged Congress to investigate exorbitantly High re Tail meat prices in the face of Low cattle prices and sen. John Sherman Cooperr by said he shortage of Zinc in soil May Cut Corn production Knoxville spa Indis Criminate use of minor element t fertilizers can be an unnecessary ing 7n will demand a Price support program for cattle. Sharp applause demands for a probe of the meat problem brought Sharp applause in a Public hearing As the House agriculture commit new Dairy show to draw a huge number of cattle Chicago entries from the continent s Lead ing breeders of purebred Dairy cattle indicate a huge showing of All the Breeds at the first in Dairy show scheduled to open Here october 10 for an eight Day run through octo Ber 17. It will be held in the spacious recently air conditioned inter National amphitheatre one of the country s largest and finest exhibition buildings which is also the Home of the world famed International live Stock exposition. The first entries reported by the management came from owners from the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and from Canada to compete for Continental Hon ors of the year and the Lii Cash prizes that Are offered in the competitions for six Ayrshire Brown Swiss Guern Seys holsteins jerseys and milking shorthorn. Officials of the show predict an entry of Over head. There also will be classes for 4-h and . Members to exhibit animals of their own Rais ing in All the Breeds. The new show will be under the same management As the 53-year-old International live Stock exposition the nation s leading annual show of the meat making Breeds of farm animals. The International Dairy show coming the week immediately following the National Dairy cattle Congress in Waterloo Iowa will Center attention of the nation s dairymen on the Midwest where these two National events will take place in consecutive weeks. Officers of the International a Ducc i. tee resumed its coast to coast be study of the nation s farm problems. Cooper who attended the grass roots session of the Mittee said he will Confer with Secretary of agriculture Ezra Taft Benson to demand that he Institute a Price support pro Gram for cattle. Without a government Price support the orderly marketing of cattle would be impossible Cooper said. Doubts Benson i. J. Huff a Farmer represent expense to Tennessee Farmers but Zinc May be a limiting Factor past two weeks amounting to com production on some soils research results at the University of Tennessee agricultural sex or More. However calves of less than More Sweet potatoes the Sweet potato crop is placed at bushels compared with last year and the 10-year average of bushels. Continued dry weather has been injurious to the crop. But for the nation As a whole he 1953 Sweet potato crop is expected to total bushels per cent larger than the relatively Small 1952 crop 37 per cent smaller than the 1942-51 average. Reduced prospects from a month earlier in the mid West Tennessee North Carolina and Alabama were More than offset by an improvement in the out ook in important states else where. Production now is Indi 500 pounds were not wanted even at Sharp discounts in Price. Mature grassed steers and heifers lost As much As they gained the week before with late sales reflecting a decline of As much As though boning types held about steady. Cows dropped off 50 cents but bulls advanced by the same amount. Stickers and feeders sold steady to lower and the mild Advance of the week before was erased. Meanwhile plentiful dealers and calves saw veal ers jump to while calves sold no better than steady at the close. Extremely heavy cattle sup plies at Memphis left steer and Heifer prices steady to lower but the decline applied to the lower grades. Cows dropped about 50 cents but bulls sold pediment station show. Significant yield responses to Zinc were obtained in several tests run for the past two years on Corn in areas where deficiency symptoms had previous years. Been noted in addition regular fertilization the plots were treated with Zinc sulfite magnesium sulfite and a combination of minor elements including the sul fates of Zinc cop per manganese magnesium and Iron. Treatment with the other minor elements did not increase yields More than the treatment with Zinc alone indicating that in the areas studied Zinc was the element limiting growth. Response to the addition of Zinc sulfite to the fertilizer often obtained spectacular increases in yields. In 1951, one yield was Cutshall of nearby Tusculum has been awarded As one of 104 farm boy winners of a. Nation wide contest sponsored by the James f. Lincoln arc welding foundation. The and started Blooming plants successfully wrapped after the graft. And heavy Desive tape around the graft. The Georgia experimenters 1and Lack of moisture baked soils but a later experimenter found clothespins served just As Well. Harrison said the combination Plant grew faster and bigger than Ordinary Tomato plants found they could grow seed for More Jimson weeds at the same time As the tomatoes by placing the graft above the lowest Branch. Fertilizer can restore parched Lawn by Henry free written for Nea service application of a Standard Gar Den fertilizer will do much to hasten recovery of your parched Lawn and restore the grass to a healthy condition for Winter. If the usual commercial fertilizer can be spread raked or groomed and then watered into the soil so it will not Burn the foliage the recovery in appear Ance is Likely to be rapid. One of the newest devices a soluble fertilizer applied through the Garden Hose will undoubtedly Appeal to Many gardeners. The Flower Garden May not be As dejected in appearance As the Lawn but the chances Are that some Plant food worked into the soil around the plants will do much to improve their appear Ance. A 4-12-4 commercial fertilizer two or four pounds per 100 Square feet of area will pro a Good fertilizer will help re store the appearance of your parched Lawn. Corn beets carrots and some of the Vine crops. Strawberries Benefit by a feed ing at this season since the number and size of leaves is a Good Index of the vigor of the vide the necessary stimulus to plants As they go into the Winter. Growth and Flower. The soil should be moist be fore applying a fertilizer and it is important not to cultivate it so deeply into the soil As to in Jure the Plant roots. The fall vegetable Garden is More than Likely to need extra Plant food at this season to in sure sizeable harvests of Good Quality nutritious crops. Summer heat Likely depleted the Supply of available Plant food and a feeding of two to four pounds per 100 Square feet of area will do much to improve the growing crops. Apply the Plant food and then Wash it into the soil after a Light cultivation so that it will reach the Root area quickly. Often the faster a vegetable grows the better is Ita Quality say Garden specialists. An extra dose of fertilizer Plant food is recommended to accelerate cabbage greens there is a direct correlation be tween the Leaf area and the yield the following season. Many Home fruit gardeners have found that the usual com Mercial practice of feeding fruit Trees in the Early fall increases the size of the crop the follow ing season. The Choice Between soluble Plant foods and the Standard commercial fertilizer mixture should not confuse the Issue both Are useful. The soluble Plant foods Are Likely to be the More expensive per unit of Plant food. However the soluble materials May be in a form readily accessible to the plants and will pro Duce results More quickly. The main not the Brand that counts but the food that reaches the plants. Quizzing the Gardener Are the cultural mands of the Madonna Lily lilies like full Sun a Well drained location Protection from Strong winds and Gravelly humus soil to which Lime is added. Though the bulbs Are planted but two inches deep soil preparation must be deep to provide ample space for the roots. Trunks of two Good size Maples transplanted this Spring Are wrapped with Burlap. When can it and the three Guy wires be removed Best results retain both for another year. Are several Mossy spots in the Lawn in which grass is very sparse. Will an application of Lime restore the grass and sweeten the soil Moss is generally an indication of an impoverished soil. So loosen the Bare spots to a depth of six inches or More work in some peat Moss and a 10-6-4 or similar fertilizer and reseed. The recently introduced Crimson King Maple be suitable As a Shade tree for a Small Lawn Crimson King is a variety of the Norway Maple and its Low branches and dense habit of growth prevents a Thrifty growth of grass under its spread. However if you remove the lower branches to let in Sunshine and fertilize the Lawn twice a year it should be satisfactory. Henry free is unable to answer directly individual ques ions from readers. However with each column he will answer the most interesting and most frequently asked questions i j or Waclo rated to be two per cent to 50 cents higher. Veal raised from 50 bushels per acre i 11 mint 1 1 __3_________1 a4 i to 80 bushels. Last year some yields were doubled. Stunted Corn with yellowing of some leaves can be a sym deficiency the first symptoms than on August 1. Lers advanced three while favourable for harvesting i calves held steady Small grains and Hay the heat which delayed blowing and preparation of Fields except in the Western great Plains. Pas Tures were poorer than usual in most areas. The decline in crop prospects appears to have been checked however by cooler weather and general Rains in Early september. Cora still plentiful the nation s Corn production Prospect dropped 114 million bushels during August making it million bushels As of september 1. Such a crop would be three per cent or 91 million bushels smaller than last year but six per cent or 180 million bushels bigger than average. A continued shortage of moisture and extremely hot Days in late August from the 100th Meridian East to the Atlantic Are responsible for the reduction. A total 1953 Hay crop of 104.4 million tons is estimated on the basis of september 1 conditions this is a reduction of less than one million tons from a month earlier and reflects some losses in late cutting caused by dry weather and diversion to Pas Ture. The current crop is practically the same As the relatively Large tonnage produced in 1952. It is about two per cent above the 1942-51 average of 102.3 Mil lion tons and has been exceeded in Only three previous years. Increases in Hay crops Over August 1 were shown in several North Atlantic and East North Central states and in the West. Decreases on a larger scale resulting from further drought in roads on late Hay crops were for most South Atlantic and South Central states. New Board members Wise a. E. Dowdy and 8. G. Mullins Are new Mem Bers of the Southern states co operative local advisory Board Here and mrs. A. E. Dowdy and mrs. Emerson Mullins Are Mem Bers of the farm Home advisory committee. They were elected for year terms at the annual membership meeting Here earlier this month. New test measures fatness of animal Washington spa live Stock breeders will find it easier to select their Best Young Ani Mals to be kept for Breeding Stock with the help of a test for fatness of live cattle sheep and hogs developed by scientists of the u. S. Department of Agri culture. The test uses a drug anti torn of Zinc scientists say develop on the lower leaves when the Corn is six to eight inches High. The yellowing continues up Plant often giving a strip ing effect with the veins remain ing Green and the Intra Vernal tissue turning yellow. As the Plant grows the lower leaves die and take on a purplish cast. The scientists note that the Zinc deficiencies rarely cover an entire Field but Are usually found in spots varying in size Ginia counties Drew applause with an attack on Benson. That Man just does t know farming too Huff said. He wants to take Power away from local state sen. Harry c. Stuart of Elk Garden va., a cattleman told the committee that if con Sumers could get meat at the Price it should be any surplus would soon be eaten research emphasis Tom hitch of Columbia tenn., president of the Tennessee farm Bureau federation advised placing major emphasis on research and education in future farm programs. The farm Bureau the nation s biggest private farm organization has favored Price supports at shifting flexible Levels instead of the current system of fixed High supports. Other spokesmen and members of the committee defended the current plan under which cot ton Corn tobacco and other Basic crops Are supported at 90 Power parity level. And Educa conjunction Lys that will nutritional and values of milk and us products. Spectacular entertainment in connection with the Chicago Dairy show is assured i a big time Rodeo Competition in which cowhand of North and South America will compete for Rich Money prizes and Points to de Termine International championships of the year in bronc Eduig calf roping Bull dogging and Brahma Bull Riding con tests. Leo Cremer big Timber Mon throughout the West As or. Will pro Duce the round up. Cowpokes who have been winning big Money at the nation s important rodeos this year will All be Here Cremer said. It Corn hybrids growing Well in far away India Knoxville spa Corn hybrids developed at the University of Tennessee agricultural Experiment station Promise to become real Jass adors of Good will in India by helping increase production of Corn in that country. In experimental plantings of per cent of the fair earning such hybrids along with local wer parity level. Varieties at 14 locations repro Cooper testified that most Sentine India s major Agricula Kentucky Farmers want the Tural and climatic areas Dixie 22 and Dixie 33, both Tennes see developed hybrids gave out standing results. Dixie 22, a yellow hybrid was among the top five in yield at 11 locations Dixie 33, White at seven Loca samples. By applying the test to a few of his Best Bull calves a cattle Man May be in a better position to select a Herd sire with the ability to transmit Early Market finish to his calves without Hay ing to wait for the first crop of calves for each prospective sire. The hog breeder also May be Able to select boars and gilts with Small amounts of fat and with the ability to make rapid growth with minimum feed requirements the scientists Point out. Pyrite which is injected into the i from a few Square Yards to Sev blood Stream of the animal being Jeral acres. Most of the deficiency treated. After a period of in the tests were found on blood samples Are taken at soils High in available phosphor Lar intervals. The fatter the Ani rus which had been limed up pm the concen values above 6.5. In the blood if Zinc deficiency symptoms appear after the Corn is up Side dressing with Zinc sulfite will not Correct the difficulty the scientists warn. Good results have been obtained by some Farmers by spraying with a Solu Tion of 5 pounds of Zinc sulfite per 100 Gallons of water with 5 pounds of hydrated Lime added to reduce foliage burning. On Fields where Zinc deficiency symptoms have appeared in the past 20 pounds of Zinc sulfite Mon hydrate or equivalent can be added to the regular fertilizer in the Row at planting. Rigid supports extended at least two More years. Drouth hurts Cotton Nashville spa fed iral state cooperative crop re porting service forecasts ten Nessee s 1953 Cotton crop at 000 Bales on the basis of information As of september 1. This is Bales or 3.8 per cent below the August 1 fore cast and compares with a crop of Bales in 1952. It still exceeds the 10-year average of Bales. The crop was late and deteriorating rapidly at the end of August therefore the final out turn will be affected More than usual by weather conditions tons. The research was conducted by the Indian agricultural re search Institute through a four Way cooperation among the u. S. Department of agriculture the food and agriculture organization the technical co operation administration and the american seed Trade association. The two Tennessee hybrids were developed through Corn Breeding work at it in cooperation with the us a. The co operative Corn Breeding program in Tennessee is supervised by after september 1, the crop re id. F. D. Richy head of the porting service said. Drought and heat caused premature opening and heavy shedding of squares and Small bolls. Bureau of Plant Industry soils and agricultural engineering quartered at Thetje Experiment station. Thresher out of the past might resemble an ancient train chugging along at full Speed but it s Only an old steam powered threshing machine owned by Arthur Flack of Alpha i. Flack said he bought the machine just for some but he s been Able to thresh 37 acres of Oats on his 160-acre farm without any trouble. We also made a hit with his neighbors who flocked to they saw smoke test shows Winter grass hikes profits for Dairy Knoxville spa Winter grazing for Dairy cows boosts milk profits according to results of tests made at the it Middle Tennessee agricultural Experiment station. Comparisons were made Over a three year period of the production and returns of Jersey cows that were barn fed and housed those pastured from three to five hours daily and those pastured continuously with Access to Hay in an open shelter shed. All cows were fed 10 pounds of Corn silage daily and Grain at the rate of one. Pound per three pounds of milk and All had free Access to Alfalfa Orch Ard grass Hay. Winter pasture grazed was usually an Early seeded Balbo Rye Clover combination. The tests started november 1 and continued for 150 Days each year. Both groups of cows pastured returned More per cow above iced costs than did the barn fed and housed cows. The cows on pasture three to five hours daily produced 33 per cent More milk ate 31 per cent less Hay and returned 33 cents More per Day above feed costs than did the barn fed cows. Those on pasture continuously averaged 10 per cent More milk ate 54. Per cent less Hay and re turned 26 cents More per Day above feed costs. The average cow on both Pas Ture systems returned More above feed costs for the 150 Days maintained better production and nearly the same weight stayed cleaner and required less labor and housing costs than did those entirely Bairn fed the tests showed. Farmers highest Market Fob your hens City poultry co. Phone 471 e. Sullivan St

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