Industrial Press Newspaper Archives Nov 1 1870, Page 1

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Industrial Press (Newspaper) - November 1, 1870, Cincinnati, Ohio Vol. 1—No. 5.] CINCINNATI, NOVEMBER 1,1S70. ^nteLB Copies 10 Cents U, f ' ¥ 0*HABA*S POCKET OIAHT COBE SHEIXER. We have frequently called the attention of onr readers to the importance and great value of small, and apparently insignificant inventions, and have the pleasure now of publishing an illustration* of one of the most valuable, and at the same time, most insignificant looking invention we have seen for a long time. It is O’Hara’s Pocket Giant Corn Sheller, and consists of three concave and corrugated plates pf suitable size, hinged together, and is attached to the hand by two leather loops, and worn, just as a mitten is, forming in fact a toothed hand, and instantly adapting itself to any sized ear. We have seen it in operation, and were surprised to see the ease with which it shelled even wet corn. It also has a meri^t possessed by no other Sheller i. e, that of shelling different parts of the same ear into different receptacles, thus making it a necessity eveo to the fanner who has a large Sheller, for the purpose of shelling his seed corn, and for the frirmer of small means, or one who only makes corn ^u^jpr his own cqnj|imption. It ans^ra reqnééxiái^ involves a much smaller outlay, the price being onl^    This    lit tle invention, laughed at only' six months ago by wisaorcs, who thought it too little a thing to be worthy of notice, has met with an immense sale, and placed its inventor on the highway to wealth. There are already depots established in all the principal cities, and agents traveling in every direction, making this article a specialty. We recommend onr agricultural friends to possess themselves of one at the first opportunity; and to young inen out of business we suggest the sale of this machine as a highly honorable and remunerative employment. Address the inventor, CHAS. MELSOM O’HARA, 144 West Fourth St., Cincinnati, 0. tants in a variety of ways, which we shall profeirtly describe. The ancient inhabitants of Europe, and of Britain in particular, constructed their frail canoes of tiie twigaand bark of the birch; and they are stUl used for tib same purpose by the North American Indian^. In Russia and Poland the same substances are vmé to thatch houses, and build fences and par-titiona, and split into fibers, are plaited into durable THB BIBCH THEE. The common birch belongs to the natural family of    or    those trees which bear catkins (in Latin, Amenta), These comprise our principal forest trees, as the oak, beech, sweet chestnut, alder, etc., and form the most noble and valuable of all vegetable tribes. The tree we are describing grows in luxuriant specimens to the hight of forty feet, and is found, together with its allied species, in the coldest and most inhospitable regions of the north. The dwarf birch is the last tree observed in approaching the Arctic Circle. In these solitudes the birch affords a welcome shelter to a number of birds who would otherwise j^erish, aua is useful to the scantily furnished inbabi- o’hara’s pocket giant corn sheller, mats and ropes. The timber is* used in all countries for a great variety of turners’ ware packing-cases, posts, gateways, shepherds’ hurdles, and brooms for the housewife. The thin bark, which peels off in the spring season, was used by the ancients in place of paper; it must have been, however, but an inconvenient substitute. The books which Numa composed about 700 years before Christ were written on the bark, and were said to have been found in bis tomb after a lapse of 400 years. The bark has also been used by the ¡^oor, inhabitants of Sweden to mingle with their bread corn. The wood makes the best charcoal, and is largely used in the manufacture of gunpowder. The sap has a sugary quality, and is often made by country people into a light and wholesome wine. But the most important uses to which the tree ifr] applied, occurs in the Scottish Highlands. In the Library of Entertaining Knowh edge {Timber Trees) it is said of those parts, “where the pine is not to be had,” to be “ a timber /or all uses.'* “ The stronger stems are the rafters of the cabins; wattles of the boughs are the walls and the door; even the chests and the boxes are of this rude basket-work. To the Highlander it forms his spade, his plow, and, if he happen to have one, his cart and his harness; and when other materials are used, the cordage is still withies of twisted birch.” —Guide to Knowledge, . The maiiita ire^,.i|'|iamed fr the resemblance of its fiower to a    (manita)    is    a species of plant unkaowB in dialogue of botanists. It is sometimes supposed Aat only three specimens are in existence, two in ¿tall botanical garden at the palace of the cit^^^exico, and one at the town of Toluca. It ia c«ni£ii nobody in Mexico can tell whence they origMly ewe, or where they may be i||ni growing in a wild state; but •l^y were preserved with many r foreign productions by the ij^or Móntezuma, it is imagined eitlisr himself or ancestors must hafe dbftained them from the interior‘of South America. The tree hi about forty fret high, with a smooth trunk, without branches almost to the top; but the boughs then stretch over a considerable distance, with large leaves and numerous .flowers hanging downward front amongst the foliage^ It bears a strong ^resemblance to the tulip tree. Two of the species were found by the Spaniards at the time of their conquest, and form a solitary exception to the deyastation I probably Srtei    p i^palace for ÍIÍ' 0^10^ frsiddbbe, aná thewfore coveted the shade ot the gtfdsn^ The smaller plant now growing'át Mexico is considered to have b^6i^ ft suck^ from the other. Tradition states, thx| although the Indians did not actually worship the manita tree, yet they regarded the flower-with a sort of religious veneration.—Jfexican IHmtrg^tions. \ THE SUN nr MOTION. The discovery of a proper motion with which our Sun is found io be endowed completes the analogies which bind it to all other known stars; for as sidereal astronomy progresses, the number of stars whose motion is perceptible increases, and we are forcéd to the conclusion that everything in the Universe is in motion, that nothing is still, or in absolute repose ; the immensity of the distance only gives an apparent fixity to this multitude of celestial bodies which shine with sufficient brightness to cause their light to reach us. Nevertheless, years—thousands and millions of years in the case of some of them—^have elapsed since the vibrations of their surfaces occurred, which causes the impression of light to be now felt by us, and the motions which we at the present time detect with so much difficulty, have been accomplished long ago. The diameter of Jupiter is 88,000 miles. This makes it about 1,350 times as bulky as the earth. But its mass is only about 312 times that of the earth. We have no reason to believe that its material is really different in character from that of the earth, but that it represents the condition of our planet before it had completely cooled down— when the oceans could not exist as water on the earth, but surrounded it as an impenetrable mass of vapor. The solid mass of Jupiter will then be about 48,000 miles in diameter, not much more than half its present diameter; and Jupiter’s future oceans now* form a cloudy blanket about herewith a thickness of 20,000 miles.

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